O. Reg. 112/11: DESIGNATED DRUGS AND STANDARDS OF PRACTICESkip to content
Optometry Act, 1991
Loi de 1991 sur les optométristes
ONTARIO REGULATION 112/11
Designated Drugs and Standards of Practice
Consolidation Period: From February 6, 2017 to the e-Laws currency date.
Last amendment: O. Reg. 17/17.
This Regulation is made in English only.
Drugs that may be prescribed
1. For the purposes of paragraph 2.1 of section 4 of the Act, and subject to sections 2, 3 and 4 and Part II of this Regulation, a member may prescribe a drug set out under a category and sub-category heading in Schedule 1. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 1.
2. Where a limitation or a route of administration is indicated with respect to a drug listed in Schedule 1, either in a sub-category heading or with respect to that particular drug, a member shall only prescribe the drug in compliance with the limitation and in accordance with the route of administration specified. O. Reg. 17/17, s. 1.
3. No member may prescribe any drug unless he or she has successfully completed the relevant training in pharmacology that has been approved by the Council. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 3.
4. Every time a member prescribes a drug the member shall record the following in the patient’s health record as that record is required to be kept under section 10 of Ontario Regulation 119/94 (General) made under the Act:
1. Details of the prescription, including the drug prescribed, dosage and route of administration.
2. Details of the counselling provided by the member to or on behalf of the patient respecting the use of the drug prescribed. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 4.
5. In the course of engaging in the practice of optometry a member may prescribe any drug that may lawfully be purchased or acquired without a prescription. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 5.
Standards of Practice — Glaucoma
Prescribing of antiglaucoma agents
6. It is a standard of practice of the profession that in treating glaucoma a member may only prescribe a drug set out under the category of “Antiglaucoma Agents” in Schedule 1. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 6.
7. (1) Subject to subsection (2) and to section 8, it is a standard of practice of the profession that a member may only treat a patient with glaucoma where the patient has primary open-angle glaucoma the treatment of which is not complicated by either a concurrent medical condition or a potentially interacting pharmacological treatment. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 7 (1).
(2) It is a standard of practice of the profession that a member may only treat a patient having open-angle glaucoma, the treatment of which is complicated by either a concurrent medical condition or a potentially interacting pharmacological treatment, in collaboration with a physician with whom the member has established a co-management model of care for that patient and who is,
(a) certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as a specialist in ophthalmology; or
(b) formally recognized in writing by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario as a specialist in ophthalmology. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 7 (2).
Referral to physician or hospital
8. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), it is a standard of practice of the profession that a member shall immediately refer a patient having a form of glaucoma other than primary open-angle glaucoma to a physician or to a hospital. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 8 (1).
(2) It is a standard of practice of the profession that a member may initiate treatment for a patient having angle-closure glaucoma only in an emergency and where no physician is available to treat the patient. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 8 (2).
(3) It is a standard of practice of the profession that a member shall immediately refer any patient being treated in accordance with subsection (2) to a physician or hospital once the emergency no longer exists or once a physician becomes available, whichever comes first. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 8 (3).
(4) In this section,
“hospital” means a hospital within the meaning of the Public Hospitals Act. O. Reg. 112/11, s. 8 (4).
9. Omitted (provides for coming into force of provisions of this Regulation). O. Reg. 112/11, s. 9.
polymyxin B/neomycin/ bacitracin
Antibacterials (oral) – for corneal or eyelid infections only and for a duration not exceeding 14 days
Antivirals (oral) – for corneal or eyelid infections only
Corticosteroids (topical) – for the purpose of treating conditions of the eye and adnexa
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (topical)
Antibacterials /corticosteroids (topical)
Antiallergic agents (topical)
tacrolimus – for the purpose of treating conditions of the eye and adnexa and for a duration not exceeding 42 days
β-Adrenergic blocking agents (topical)
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (topical)
Prostaglandin analogs (topical)
α-Adrenergic agonists (topical)
α-Adrenergic agonists/β-adrenergic blocking agents (topical)
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors/β-adrenergic blocking agents (topical)
Prostaglandin analogs/β-adrenergic blocking agents (topical)
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (oral) – to lower intraocular pressure only and a member shall immediately refer the patient to a physician or to a hospital
Secretagogues (oral) – for Sjögren’s syndrome only and only in collaboration with a physician with whom the member has established a co-management model of care
O. Reg. 112/11, Sched. 1; O. Reg. 17/17, s. 2.