About the trade

A Brick and Stone Mason builds and repairs walls, floors, arches, pavings, partitions, fireplaces, chimneys, smokestacks and other structures. They often work on industrial, commercial, institutional and residential buildings, many times in high-temperature environments. Specifically, a Brick and Stone Mason:

  • erects, installs, maintains, repairs and alters walls, floors, arches, pavings, partitions, fireplaces, chimneys, smokestacks and other structures
  • works with materials such as brick, natural stone, manufactured stone, tiles, precast masonry panels, glass blocks, concrete blocks, lightweight insulated panels, other masonry units, insulation and membranes

In Ontario this trade is voluntary, which means completion of an apprenticeship program is optional and certification is not legally required to practice the trade.

Apprenticeship program

The Brick and Stone Mason (401A) apprenticeship program consists of on-the-job and in-school training. The program typically takes three years to complete and consists of:

  • 4,880 hours of on-the-job training/work experience
  • 720 hours of in-school training

A minimum of Grade 8 education or its equivalent is required to qualify for the Brick and Stone Mason apprenticeship program. 

On-the-job training

A Brick and Stone Mason apprenticeship involves practical training provided on-the-job by a skilled worker or trainer. The skills or competencies to be developed through this training include:

  • using and maintaining tools and equipment
  • inspecting and using material handling and safety equipment
  • establishing job requirements
  • preparing work site
  • adapting job site environment

See all skills and competencies in the Apprenticeship Training Standard (PDF). 

In-school training

A Brick and Stone Mason apprenticeship includes three levels of theoretical training delivered in a classroom, which includes subjects such as:

  • health and safety
  • use of tools and equipment
  • worksite preparation
  • wall systems
  • job layout

See all in-school training subjects in the Curriculum Training Standard (PDF).

Red Seal Program

The Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program is the nationally recognized standard for skilled trades workers in Canada. In Ontario, this trade is part of the Red Seal Program under the title Bricklayer.

If you are a tradesperson who holds a Red Seal-endorsed trade certificate, learn how  you can apply to obtain an Ontario Certificate of Qualification in that trade without further training or examination. 

Trade certification for experienced workers

If you have work experience and/or training in a skilled trade, from another province or territory in Canada, or from another country, you may be eligible for certification through a Trade Equivalency Assessment.