Public Works Protection Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55Skip to content
Public Works Protection Act
R.S.O. 1990, Chapter P.55
Consolidation Period: From December 11, 2014 to the e-Laws currency date.
Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, this Act is repealed. (See: 2014, c. 15, Sched. 1, ss. 1, 2)
Last amendment: 2014, c. 15, Sched. 1, s. 1.
1. In this Act,
“guard” means a guard appointed under this Act; (“gardien”)
“highway” means a common or public highway or a part thereof, and includes any street, bridge and any other structure incidental thereto and any part thereof; (“voie publique”)
“public work” includes,
(a) any railway, canal, highway, bridge, power works including all property used for the generation, transformation, transmission, distribution or supply of hydraulic or electrical power, gas works, water works, public utility or other work, owned, operated or carried on by the Government of Ontario or by any board or commission thereof, or by any municipal corporation, public utility commission or by private enterprises,
(b) any provincial and any municipal public building, and
(c) any other building, place or work designated a public work by the Lieutenant Governor in Council. (“ouvrage public”) R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55, s. 1.
2. (1) For the purpose of protecting a public work, guards may be appointed by,
(a) the Solicitor General;
(b) the Commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police Force;
(c) any inspector of the Ontario Provincial Police Force;
(d) the head or deputy head of the municipal council or the chief of police of the municipality in which the public work is located, or the person acting in the place or stead of the head or deputy head;
(e) the chair or other person who is the head of a board, commission or other body owning or having charge of the public work, or the person acting in the place or stead of the chair or other person.
Powers of guard
(2) Every person appointed as a guard under this section has for the purposes of this Act the powers of a peace officer.
Duties of guard
(3) Subject to the regulations and to any special direction of the Solicitor General or the Commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police Force, every guard shall obey all directions of the person appointing him or her, any inspector of the Ontario Provincial Police Force, the chief of police of the municipality in which is located the public work that he or she is protecting, and the person who is in charge of the protecting of the public work.
Breach of duty of guard
(4) Every guard who,
(a) neglects or refuses to obey a direction that he or she is required to obey under subsection (3);
(b) fails in any manner to carry out his or her duties as guard;
(c) leaves the location to which he or she is assigned as guard or ceases to act as guard without leave of any of the persons mentioned in subsection (3); or
(d) otherwise conducts himself or herself in a manner not consistent with his or her duties as guard,
is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $500 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two months, or to both. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55, s. 2.
Powers of guard or peace officer
3. A guard or peace officer,
(a) may require any person entering or attempting to enter any public work or any approach thereto to furnish his or her name and address, to identify himself or herself and to state the purpose for which he or she desires to enter the public work, in writing or otherwise;
(b) may search, without warrant, any person entering or attempting to enter a public work or a vehicle in the charge or under the control of any such person or which has recently been or is suspected of having been in the charge or under the control of any such person or in which any such person is a passenger; and
(c) may refuse permission to any person to enter a public work and use such force as is necessary to prevent any such person from so entering. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55, s. 3.
Statement under oath to be conclusive evidence
4. For the purposes of this Act, the statement under oath of an officer or employee of the government, board, commission, municipal or other corporation or other person owning, operating or having control of a public work, as to the boundaries of the public work is conclusive evidence thereof. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55, s. 4.
Refusal to obey guard, etc.
5. (1) Every person who neglects or refuses to comply with a request or direction made under this Act by a guard or peace officer, and every person found upon a public work or any approach thereto without lawful authority, the proof whereof lies on him or her, is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $500 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two months, or to both.
(2) A guard or peace officer may arrest, without warrant, any person who neglects or refuses to comply with a request or direction of a guard or peace officer, or who is found upon or attempting to enter a public work without lawful authority. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55, s. 5.
6. The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations,
(a) providing for the organization, co-ordination, supervision, discipline and control of guards;
(b) defining the areas that constitute approaches to public works, either generally or with regard to a particular public work;
(c) respecting any matter necessary or advisable to carry out effectively the intent and purpose of this Act. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.55, s. 6.