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Farm Products Grades and Sales Act
Loi sur le classement et la vente des produits agricoles

R.R.O. 1990, REGULATION 379

No Amendments


Historical version for the period December 31, 1990 to May 18, 2005.

This Regulation is made in English only.

1. In this Regulation,

“carcass” means the carcass of an animal of the swine species, including the head, leaflard, kidneys, tongue including hyoid bone, tenderloins, diaphragm, tail, backbone and feet;

“Commissioner” means the Livestock Commissioner of Ontario;

“establishment” means any establishment registered under the Meat Inspection Act (Canada), or the Meat Inspection Act (Ontario) or approved under the Hog Carcass Grading Regulations under the Canada Agricultural Products Act;

“grader” means a grader assigned to an establishment for the purpose of grading carcasses;

“inspector” means an inspector appointed under the Act;

“operator” means a person operating an establishment;

“shipper” means a shipper licensed under the Ontario Pork Producers’ Marketing Plan;

“veterinary inspector” means a person appointed or designated as an inspector under the Meat Inspection Act (Canada) or the Meat Inspection Act (Ontario). R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 1.

2. Carcasses are designated as farm products. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 2.

3. The following grade names for carcasses and the grades and standards therefor, established under the Canada Agricultural Products Act, are hereby adopted in whole:

1. Canada Index 112.

2. Canada Index 110.

3. Canada Index 109.

4. Canada Index 107.

5. Canada Index 105.

6. Canada Index 103.

7. Canada Index 102.

8. Canada Index 100.

9. Canada Index 98.

10. Canada Index 97.

11. Canada Index 95.

12. Canada Index 92.

13. Canada Index 88.

14. Canada Index 91 (heavy).

15. Canada Index 87 (heavy).

16. Canada Index 87 (light).

17. Canada Index 85 (extra-heavy).

18. Canada Index 82 (extra-heavy).

19. Canada Index 80 (deficient).

20. Canada Index 67 (ridgling).

21. Canada Stag.

22. Canada Sow Class 1.

23. Canada Sow Class 2. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 3.

4. Every operator shall ensure that each carcass measured for the purposes of this Regulation is,

(a) completely and accurately split with the spinous processes of the thoracic vertebrae remaining on the left side;

(b) open through the tailhead to within one inch above the atlas joint; and

(c) measured on the left side. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 4.

5. (1) The standards for Type demerits established under the Canada Agricultural Products Act are hereby adopted in whole.

(2) The standards for Quality demerits established under the Canada Agricultural Products Act are hereby adopted in whole.

(3) Before a grader applies a Quality demerit to any carcass the operator may elect to hold that carcass for final appraisal after it has been chilled. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 5.

6. (1) No carcass shall be graded,

(a) by a person other than a grader;

(b) at a place other than an establishment;

(c) unless the grader is provided with a sufficient number of efficient helpers to assist in his or her duties;

(d) if the operator is of the opinion that he or she does not have freedom from interference in carrying out his or her duties; and

(e) unless the carcass is from an animal slaughtered in the establishment where it is to be graded.

(2) A grader is not required to grade a carcass unless it is presented to him or her during reasonable working hours.

(3) In grading any carcass the grader shall not take into account bruises or other marks that are evident at the time of grading unless he or she determines that such bruises or marks are the result of physical injury of farm origin. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 6.

7. (1) A grader who has graded a carcass may, at the request of any consignor or the consignor’s agent, issue a grade certificate for any carcass or carcasses graded by the grader at an establishment if the consignor or agent,

(a) has placed on each of the animals to be carcass graded the distinct and specific tattoo mark of identity referred to in section 8; and

(b) has completed and filed with the grader at the establishment at the time of delivery of the animal or animals, as the case may be, to the operator of the establishment the manifest referred to in section 8.

(2) A grader may refuse to issue a grade certificate for any carcass where he or she believes, on reasonable and probable grounds, that the provisions of the Act or this Regulation have been contravened by means of or in relation to such carcass until such time as he or she is satisfied that such provisions have been complied with.

(3) A grade certificate shall indicate any carcasses that have been condemned by a veterinary inspector. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 7.

8. (1) A shipper, upon taking delivery of animals from a producer, shall place a tattoo mark of identity on the shoulder of each animal of each producer’s lot before any of the lot has mingled with any other producers’ animals.

(2) No shipper shall ship, transport or deliver to an assembly yard under the Ontario Pork Producers’ Marketing Plan or to an establishment animals that do not bear a tattoo mark of identity.

(3) A shipper shall complete a manifest in a form approved by the Commissioner before the animals in a shipment are delivered to an assembly yard or establishment.

(4) The shipper shall deliver the manifest to the person in charge of the assembly yard to which the animals are delivered or to the inspector at the establishment at which the animals are to be slaughtered, as the case may be.

(5) Where animals are delivered to an assembly yard, the person in charge of the assembly yard shall forward the manifest to the inspector at the establishment at which the hogs are to be slaughtered. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 8.

9. (1) Where an inspector detains a carcass, the inspector shall place thereon a tag indicating that the carcass is under detention.

(2) Except as authorized by an inspector, no person shall remove from a carcass a tag placed thereon by an inspector pursuant to this section. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 9.

10. A carcass bought by an operator shall be deemed to be bought on the basis of the grade shown on any grading certificate issued respecting such carcass. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 379, s. 10.