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Building Code Act, 1992
Loi de 1992 sur le code du bâtiment

ONTARIO REGULATION 403/97

Amended to O. Reg. 350/06

BUILDING CODE

Historical version for the period June 28, 2006 to August 28, 2006.

Disclaimer: The HTML version of this consolidation is not an official copy of the law because some portion of it may not be fully legible. The Word version remains an official copy of the law.

Note: This Regulation is revoked on December 31, 2006. See: O. Reg. 350/06, ss. 4.2, 4.3.

This Regulation is made in English only.

PART 1
SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS

Section

1.1.

General

 

1.1.1.

Administration

 

1.1.2.

Scope

 

1.1.3.

Definitions of Words and Phrases

 

1.1.4.

Abbreviations

PART 1
SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1.General

1.1.1.Administration

1.1.1.1. Conformance with Administrative Requirements

(1) This Code shall be administered in conformance with the Building Code Act, 1992.

1.1.2.Scope

1.1.2.1. Application

(1) Reserved

1.1.3.Definitions of Words and Phrases

1.1.3.1. Non-defined Terms

(1) Definitions of words and phrases used in this Code that are not included in the list of definitions in this Part shall have the meanings which are commonly assigned to them in the context in which they are used in this Code, taking into account the specialized use of terms with the various trades and professions to which the terminology applies.

1.1.3.2. Defined Terms

(1) The words and terms in italics in this Code have the following meaning for the purposes of this Code, and where indicated, the following meaning for the purposes of the Act as well.

Absorption trench means an excavation in soil (as defined in Part 8) or leaching bed fill, being part of a leaching bed, in which a distribution pipe is laid and which allows infiltration of the effluent into the soil (as defined in Part 8) or leaching bed fill.

Accessible means when applied to a fixture, connection, plumbing appliance, valve, cleanout or equipment, having access thereto but which first may require the removal of an access panel, door or similar obstruction without the cutting or breaking of materials.

Access to exit means that part of a means of egress within a floor area that provides access to an exit serving the floor area.

Adfreezing means the adhesion of soil to a foundation unit resulting from the freezing of soil water.

Air barrier system means the assembly installed to provide a continuous barrier to the movement of air.

Air break means the unobstructed vertical distance between the lowest point of an indirectly connected waste pipe and the flood level rim of the fixture into which it discharges.

Air-conditioning is the process of treating air to control simultaneously its temperature, humidity, cleanliness, and distribution to meet the comfort requirements of the occupants of the conditioned space.

Air gap means the unobstructed vertical distance through air between the lowest point of a water supply outlet and the flood level rim of the fixture or device into which the outlet discharges.

Air-supported structure means a structure consisting of a pliable membrane which achieves and maintains its shape and support by internal air pressure.

Alarm signal means an audible signal transmitted throughout a zone or zones or throughout a building to advise occupants that a fire emergency exists.

Alert signal means an audible signal to advise designated persons of a fire emergency.

Allowable bearing pressure means the maximum pressure that may be safely applied to a soil or rock by the foundation unit considered in design under expected loading and subsurface conditions.

Allowable load means the maximum load that may be safely applied to a foundation unit considered in design under expected loading and subsurface conditions.

Alternative measure means a substitute for a requirement of Part 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 of the Code or for a compliance alternative.

Appliance means a device to convert fuel into energy and includes all components, controls, wiring and piping required to be part of the device by the applicable standard referred to in this Code.

Architect means, for the purposes of the Act and this Code, the holder of a licence, a certificate of practice or a temporary licence under the Architects Act.

Artesian groundwater means a confined body of water under pressure in the ground.

As constructed plans means, for the purposes of the Act and this Code, construction plans and specifications that show the building and the location of the building on the property as the building has been constructed.

Assembly occupancy means the occupancy or the use of a building, or part thereof, by a gathering of persons for civic, political, travel, religious social, educational, recreational or like purposes, or for the consumption of food or drink.

Attic or roof space means the space between the roof and the ceiling of the top storey or between a dwarf wall and a sloping roof.

Backflow means a flowing back or reversal of the normal direction of the flow.

Backflow preventer means a device or a method that prevents backflow in a water distribution system.

Back-siphonage means backflow caused by a negative pressure in the supply system.

Back-siphonage preventer means a device or a method that prevents back-siphonage in a water distribution system.

Back vent means a pipe that is installed to vent a trap off the horizontal section of a fixture drain or the vertical leg of a water closet or other fixture that has an integral siphonic flushing action and “back vented” has a corresponding meaning.

Backwater valve means a check valve designed for use in a gravity drainage system.

Barrier-free means that a building and its facilities can be approached, entered, and used by persons with physical or sensory disabilities.

Basement means a storey or storeys of a building located below the first storey.

Bearing surface means the contact surface between a foundation unit and the soil or rock upon which it bears.

Boarding, lodging or rooming house means a building where,

(a) building height does not exceed 3 storeys and building area does not exceed 600 m2 ,

(b) lodging is provided for more than 4 persons in return for remuneration or for the provision of services or for both, and

(c) lodging rooms do not have both bathrooms and kitchen facilities for the exclusive use of individual occupants.

Boiler means an appliance intended to supply hot water or steam for space heating, processing or power purposes.

Bottle trap means a trap that retains water in a closed chamber and that seals the water by submerging the inlet pipe in the liquids or by a partition submerged in the liquids.

Branch means a soil or waste pipe connected at its upstream end to the junction of 2 or more soil or waste pipes or to a soil or waste stack, and connected at its downstream end to another branch, a sump, a soil or waste stack or a building drain.

Branch vent means a vent pipe that is connected at its lower end to the junction of 2 or more vent pipes and is connected at its upper end either to a stack vent, vent stack or header, or is terminated in open air.

Breeching means a flue pipe or chamber for receiving flue gases from 1 or more flue connections and for discharging these gases through a single flue connection.

Building area means the greatest horizontal area of a building above grade within the outside surface of exterior walls or within the outside surface of exterior walls and the centre line of firewalls.

Building Code website means the website at www.obc.mah.gov.on.ca.

Building control valve means the valve on a water system that controls the flow of potable water from the water service pipe to the water distribution system.

Building drain means sanitary building drain or storm building drain.

Building height means the number of storeys contained between the roof and the floor of the first storey.

Building sewer means sanitary building sewer or storm building sewer.

Building trap means a trap that is installed in a sanitary building drain or sanitary building sewer to prevent circulation of air between a sanitary drainage system and a public sewer.

Business and personal services occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the transaction of business or the rendering or receiving of professional or personal services.

Camp for housing of workers means a camp in which buildings or other structures or premises are used to accommodate 5 or more employees.

Campground means land or premises used as an overnight camping facility other than a recreational camp.

Canopy means a roof-like structure projecting more than 300 mm from the exterior face of the building.

Care and treatment occupancy (Group B, Division 2) means an occupancy in which persons receive special care and treatment.

Care occupancy (Group B, Division 3) means an occupancy in which persons receive special or supervisory care because of cognitive or physical limitations, but does not include a dwelling unit.

Care or detention occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof by persons who,

(a) are dependent on others to release security devices to permit egress,

(b) receive special care and treatment, or

(c) receive supervisory care.

Cavity wall means a construction of masonry units laid with a cavity between the wythes. The wythes are tied together with metal ties or bonding units and are relied on to act together in resisting lateral loads.

Certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed means a certificate described in Sentence 2.22.5.3.(5).

Chamber means a structure that is constructed with an open bottom and contains a pressurized distribution pipe.

Check valve means a valve that permits flow in one direction but prevents a return flow.

Chimney means a primarily vertical shaft enclosing at least 1 flue for conducting flue gases to the outdoors.

Chimney liner means a conduit containing a chimney flue used as a lining of a masonry or concrete chimney.

Circuit vent means a vent pipe that functions for two or more traps connecting to a horizontal branch where the lower end of the vent pipe connects to the waste pipe on the downstream side of the highest fixture of the group and the upper end connects to a branch vent, vent stack, stack vent or extends to open air independently and “circuit vented” has a corresponding meaning.

Cleanout means a fitting access in a drainage system or venting system that is installed to provide access for cleaning and inspection and that is provided with a readily replaceable air tight cover.

Clean water means water that has passed through a recirculation system.

Clear water waste means waste water containing no impurities or contaminants that are harmful to a person’s health, plant or animal life or that impair the quality of the natural environment.

Closure means a device or assembly for closing an opening through a fire separation or an exterior wall, such as a door, a shutter, wired glass or glass block, and includes all components such as hardware, closing devices, frames and anchors.

Combustible means that a material fails to meet the acceptance criteria of CAN4-S114, “Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials.”

Combustible construction means that type of construction that does not meet the requirements for noncombustible construction.

Compliance alternative means a substitute for a requirement in another Part of the Code that is listed in Part 10 or 11, and “C.A.” has a corresponding meaning.

Computer room means a room containing electronic computer/data processing equipment such as main frame type, which is separated from the remainder of the building for the purpose of controlling the air quality in the room by a self-contained climate control system and in which the occupant load of the room is not more than one person for each 40 m2 of the room.

Conditioned Space means any space within a building the temperature of which is controlled to limit variation in response to the exterior ambient temperature or interior differential temperatures by the provision, either directly or indirectly, of heating or cooling over substantial portions of the year.

Construction index means a level on a scale of 1 to 8 determined in accordance with Table 11.2.1.1.A. designating the expected performance level of the building structure with respect to the type of construction and fire protection of an existing building, and “C.I.” has a corresponding meaning.

Contained use area means a supervised area containing one or more rooms in which occupant movement is restricted to a single room by security measures not under the control of the occupant.

Continuous waste and vent means a vent pipe that is a vertical extension of a vertical waste pipe and includes the vertical waste pipe.

Critical level means the level of submergence at which the back-siphonage preventer ceases to prevent back-siphonage.

Day camp means a camp or resort that admits persons for a continuous period not exceeding twenty-four hours.

Day nursery means a day nursery as defined in the Day Nurseries Act.

Dead end means a pipe that terminates with a closed fitting.

Dead load means the weight of all permanent structural and nonstructural components of a building.

Deep foundation means a foundation unit that provides support for a building by transferring loads either by end-bearing to a soil or rock at considerable depth below the building, or by adhesion or friction, or both, in the soil or rock in which it is placed. Piles are the most common type of deep foundation.

Design activities means the activities described in Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act.

Design bearing pressure means the pressure applied by a foundation unit to a soil or rock and which is not greater than the allowable bearing pressure.

Design capacity, when used in the definition of the term sewage system, means total daily design sanitary sewage flow determined in accordance with Article 8.2.1.3.

Designer means the person responsible for the design.

Design load means the load applied to a foundation unit and which is not greater than the allowable load.

Detention occupancy (Group B, Division 1) means an occupancy in which persons are under restraint or are incapable of self preservation because of security measures not under their control.

Developed length means the length along the centre line of the pipe and fittings.

Directly connected means physically connected in such a way that water or gas cannot escape from the connection.

Distributing pipe means a pipe or piping in a water distribution system.

Distribution box means a device for ensuring that effluent from a treatment unit is distributed in equal amounts to each line of distribution pipe in a leaching bed.

Distribution pipe means a line or lines of perforated or open jointed pipe or tile installed in a leaching bed for the purpose of distributing effluent from a treatment unit to the soil (as defined in Part 8) or leaching bed fill in the leaching bed.

Diving board means a flexible board.

Diving platform means a rigid platform that is not a starting platform.

Drainage system means an assembly of pipes, fittings, fixtures and appurtenances on the property that is used to convey sewage and clear water waste to a main sewer or a private sewage disposal system, and includes a private sewer but does not include subsoil drainage piping.

Drinking-water system has the same meaning as in Subsection 2 (1) of the Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002.

Drum trap means a trap that has the inlet and outlet ends in the sides of the cylindrical body of the trap.

Dwelling unit means a suite operated as a housekeeping unit, used or intended to be used as a domicile by 1 or more persons and usually containing cooking, eating, living, sleeping and sanitary facilities.

Earth pit privy means a latrine consisting of an excavation in the ground surmounted by a superstructure.

Effluent means sanitary sewage that has passed through a treatment unit.

Electric space heating means an electric energy source that provides more than 10% of the heating capacity provided for the building and includes the following types:

(a) electric resistance unitary baseboard heating,

(b) electric resistance unitary cabinet heating,

(c) electric resistance ceiling cable or floor cable heating,

(d) electric resistance central furnace heating,

(e) electric hot water space heating, or

(f) air source heat pumps in combination with electric resistance backup heating.

Excavation means the space created by the removal of soil, rock or fill for the purposes of construction.

Exhaust duct means a duct through which air is conveyed from a room or space to the outdoors.

Exit means that part of a means of egress, including doorways, that leads from the floor area it serves, to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare, or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare.

Exit level means the level of an enclosed exit stair in a building governed by Subsection 3.2.6. at which an exterior exit door or exit corridor leads to the exterior.

Exit storey means a storey having an exterior exit door in a building governed by Subsection 3.2.6.

Exposing building face means that part of the exterior wall of a building which faces one direction and is located between ground level and the ceiling of its top storey, or where a building is divided into fire compartments, the exterior wall of a fire compartment which faces one direction.

Exterior cladding means those components of a building which are exposed to the outdoor environment and are intended to provide protection against wind, water or vapour.

Factory-built chimney means a chimney consisting entirely of factory-made parts, each designed to be assembled with the other without requiring fabrication on site.

Farm building means a building or part thereof which does not contain a residential occupancy and which is associated with and located on land devoted to the practice of farming and used essentially for the housing of equipment or livestock, or the production, storage or processing of agricultural and horticultural produce or feeds.

Fill means soil, rock, rubble, industrial waste such as slag, organic material or a combination of these that is transported and placed on the natural surface of a soil or rock or organic terrain. It may or may not be compacted.

Fire compartment means an enclosed space in a building that is separated from all other parts of the building by enclosing construction providing a fire separation that may be required to have a fire-resistance rating.

Fire damper means a closure which consists of a normally held open damper installed in an air distribution system or in a wall or floor assembly, and designed to close automatically in the event of a fire in order to maintain the integrity of the fire separation.

Fire detector means a device which detects a fire condition and automatically initiates an electrical signal to actuate an alert signal or alarm signal and includes heat detectors and smoke detectors.

Fire load means the combustible contents of a room or floor area expressed in terms of the average weight of combustible materials per unit area, from which the potential heat liberation may be calculated based on the calorific value of the materials, and includes the furnishings, finished floor, wall and ceiling finishes, trim and temporary and movable partitions.

Fire-protection rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a closure will withstand the passage of flame when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as otherwise prescribed in this Code.

Fire-resistance rating means the time in hours or fraction thereof that a material or assembly of materials will withstand the passage of flame and the transmission of heat when exposed to fire under specified conditions of test and performance criteria, or as determined by extension or interpretation of information derived therefrom as prescribed in this Code.

Fire-retardant treated wood means wood or a wood product that has had its surface-burning characteristics, such as flame spread, rate of fuel contribution and density of smoke developed, reduced by impregnation with fire-retardant chemicals.

Fire separation means a construction assembly that acts as a barrier against the spread of fire.

Fire service main means a pipe and its appurtenances which are connected to a source of water and that are located on the property:

(a) between the source of water and the base of the riser of a water-based fire protection system,

(b) between the source of water and inlets to foam making systems,

(c) between the source of water and the base elbow of private hydrants or monitor nozzles,

(d) used as fire pump suction and discharge piping not within a building, or

(e) beginning at the inlet side of the check valve on a gravity or pressure tank.

Fire stop flap means a device intended for use in horizontal assemblies required to have a fire-resistance rating and incorporating protective ceiling membranes, which operates to close off a duct opening through the membrane in the event of a fire.

Firewall means a type of fire separation of noncombustible construction which subdivides a building or separates adjoining buildings to resist the spread of fire and which has a fire-resistance rating as prescribed in this Code and has structural stability to remain intact under fire conditions for the required fire-rated time.

First storey means the storey with its floor closest to grade and having its ceiling more than 1.8 m above grade.

Fixture means a receptacle, plumbing appliance, apparatus or other device that discharges sewage or clear water waste, and includes a floor drain.

Fixture drain means the pipe that connects a trap serving a fixture to another part of a drainage system.

Fixture outlet pipe means a pipe that connects the waste opening of a fixture to the trap serving the fixture.

Fixture unit (as applying to drainage systems) means the unit of measure based on the rate of discharge, time of operation and frequency of use of a fixture that expresses the hydraulic load that is imposed by that fixture on the drainage system.

Fixture unit (as applying to water distribution systems) means the unit of measure based on the rate of supply, time of operation and frequency of use of a fixture or outlet that expresses the hydraulic load that is imposed by that fixture or outlet on the supply system.

Flame-spread rating means an index or classification indicating the extent of spread-of-flame on the surface of a material or an assembly of materials as determined in a standard fire test as prescribed in this Code.

Flood level rim means the top edge at which water can overflow from a fixture or device.

Floor area means the space on any storey of a building between exterior walls and required firewalls including the space occupied by interior walls and partitions, but not including exits, vertical service spaces, and their enclosing assemblies.

Flow control roof drain means a roof drain that restricts the flow of water that is discharged from a surface as a result of rainfall or snowfall into the storm drainage system.

Flue means an enclosed passageway for conveying flue gases.

Flue collar means the portion of a fuel-fired appliance designed for the attachment of the flue pipe or breeching.

Flue pipe means the pipe connecting the flue collar of an appliance to a chimney.

Food premise means a floor area where food or drink for human consumption, or an ingredient of food or drink for human consumption, is manufactured, processed, prepared, stored, displayed, handled, served, distributed, sold or offered for sale, but does not include,

(a) a private residence,

(b) a boarding house that provides meals for fewer than ten boarders,

(c) a building to which Regulation 554 or 568 of the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990 applies,

(d) a plant, as defined in the Milk Act, that is required to be operated under the authority of a licence issued under that Act,

(e) a plant, as defined in the Meat Inspection Act, that is required to be operated under the authority of a licence issued under that Act,

(f) an egg-grading station or a processed egg station that is required to be operated under the authority of a licence issued under the Livestock and Livestock Products Act,

(g) a floor area occupied by a church, service club or fraternal organization for the purpose of,

(i) preparing meals for special events for its members and personally invited guests, or

(ii) conducting bake sales, or

(h) a farm building.

Forced-air furnace means a furnace equipped with a fan that provides the primary means for the circulation of air.

Force main means a sanitary drainage pipe through which sanitary sewage is conveyed by mechanical or pneumatic propulsion.

Foundation means a system or arrangement of foundation units through which the loads from a building are transferred to supporting soil or rock.

Foundation unit means one of the structural members of the foundation of a building such as a footing, raft or pile.

Fresh air inlet means a vent pipe that is installed in conjunction with a building trap and terminates in open air.

Frost action means the phenomenon that occurs when water in soil is subjected to freezing which, because of the water ice phase change or ice lens growth, results in a total volume increase or the build-up of expansive forces under confined conditions or both, and the subsequent thawing that leads to loss of soil strength and increased compressibility.

Furnace means a space-heating appliance using warm air as the heating medium and usually having provision for the attachment of ducts.

Gaming premise means a gaming premises as defined in the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation Act, 1999.

Gas vent means that portion of a venting system designed to convey vent gases to the outdoors from the vent connector of a gas-fired appliance or directly from the appliance when a vent connector is not used.

Grade means the average level of proposed or finished ground adjoining a building at all exterior walls.

Graded lumber means lumber which has been graded and stamped to indicate its grade as determined by the NLGA “Standard Grading Rules for Canadian Lumber”.

Greywater means sanitary sewage of domestic origin which is derived from fixtures other than sanitary units.

Gross area means the total area of all floors above grade measured between the outside surfaces of exterior walls or between the outside surfaces of exterior walls and the centre line of firewalls except that, in any other occupancy than a residential occupancy, where an access or a building service penetrates a firewall, measurements shall not be taken to the centre line of such firewall.

Groundwater means a free standing body of water in the ground.

Groundwater level means the top surface of a free standing body of water in the ground.

Ground water means water below the surface of the ground occupying a zone of the earth’s mantle that is saturated with water.

Ground water table means the elevation of the upper surface of the ground water existing in the area of the sewage system.

Guard means a protective barrier around openings in floors or at the open sides of stairs, landings, balconies, mezzanines, galleries, raised walkways or other locations to prevent accidental falls from one level to another. Such barrier may or may not have openings through it.

Hauled sewage means sanitary sewage that,

(a) is not finally disposed of at the site where it is produced and is not conveyed by a sewer to a sewage works, and

(b) is stored or retained at the site where it is produced for periodic collection, handling, treatment, transportation, storage or processing prior to final disposal at a place other than where it was produced,

and includes sanitary sewage that is removed from a sewage system for purposes of cleaning or maintaining the system.

Hauled sewage system means works, installations, equipment, operations and land used in connection with the collection, handling, treatment, transportation, storage, processing and disposal of hauled sewage as regulated under the Environmental Protection Act.

Hazard index means a level on a scale of 1 to 8 determined in accordance with Tables 11.2.1.1.B. to 11.2.1.1.N. designating the life safety hazard to occupants of the building based on,

(a) use and occupancy,

(b) occupant load,

(c) the use and function of floor spaces,

(d) the difficulty of egress,

(e) the fire load of contents, finishes and furnishings,

(f) the configuration or compartmentation of floor spaces, and

(g) the size of building,

and “H.I.” has a corresponding meaning.

Hazardous classroom means a classroom supplied with flammable gas, containing hazardous substances such as chemicals or explosive dusts, containing large quantities of combustible materials or where cooking equipment is used.

Hazardous room means a room containing sufficient quantities of a substance which because of its chemical nature may create an atmosphere or condition of imminent hazard to health.

Header means a vent pipe that connects two or more vent stacks or stack vents to open air.

Header line means a line of pipe with watertight joints installed in a sewage system for the purpose of distributing effluent from a treatment unit to the distribution pipe in a leaching bed.

Heat detector means a fire detector designed to operate at a predetermined temperature or rate of temperature rise.

Heavy timber construction means that type of combustible construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by placing limitations on the sizes of wood structural members and on thickness and composition of wood floors and roofs and by the avoidance of concealed spaces under floors and roofs.

Heritage building means a building designated under the Ontario Heritage Act, or a building that is certified to be of significant architectural or historical value by a recognized, non-profit public organization whose primary object is the preservation of structures of architectural or historical significance and which certification is accepted by the chief building official.

High ground water table means the highest elevation at which there is physical evidence that the soil (as defined in Part 8) or leaching bed fill has been saturated with water.

High hazard industrial occupancy (Group F, Division 1) means an industrial occupancy containing sufficient quantities of highly combustible and flammable or explosive materials which, because of their inherent characteristics, constitute a special fire hazard.

Holding tank means a tank designed for the total retention of all sanitary sewage discharged into it and requiring periodic emptying.

Home for special care means a home for the care of persons requiring nursing, residential or sheltered care.

Horizontal branch means that part of a waste pipe that is horizontal and installed to convey the discharge from more than one fixture.

Horizontal exit means an exit from one building to another by means of a doorway, vestibule, walkway, bridge or balcony.

Horizontal service space means a space such as an attic, duct, ceiling, roof or crawl space oriented essentially in a horizontal plane, concealed and generally inaccessible, through which building service facilities such as pipes, ducts and wiring may pass.

Hotel means floor areas, a floor area or part of a floor area containing 4 or more suites which provide sleeping accommodation for the travelling public or for recreational purposes.

Hub drain means a drain opening for indirect liquid wastes that does not serve as a floor drain, that has the same pipe size, material and venting requirements as a floor drain and that has a flood level rim above the floor in which it is installed and receives wastes that are discharged directly into the drain opening.

Impeded egress zone means a supervised area in which occupants have free movement but require the release, by security personnel, of security doors at the boundary before they are able to leave the area, but does not include a contained use area.

Indirect service water heater means a service water heater that derives its heat from a heating medium such as warm air, steam or hot water.

Indirectly connected means not directly connected.

Indoor pool means a public pool where the pool and pool deck are totally or partially covered by a roof.

Industrial occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the assembling, fabricating, manufacturing, processing, repairing or storing of goods and materials.

Interceptor means a receptacle that is designed and installed to prevent oil, grease, sand or other materials from passing into a drainage system.

Interconnected floor space means superimposed floor areas or parts of floor areas in which floor assemblies that are required to be fire separations are penetrated by openings that are not provided with closures.

Leaching means dispersal of liquid by downward or lateral drainage or both into permeable soil (as defined in Part 8) or leaching bed fill.

Leaching bed means an absorption system constructed as absorption trenches or as a filter bed, located wholly in ground or raised or partly raised above ground as required by local conditions, to which effluent from a treatment unit is applied for treatment and disposal and that is composed of,

(a) the soil (as defined in Part 8), leaching bed fill or other filter media that is contained between the surface to which the sanitary sewage is applied and the bottom of the bed,

(b) the distribution pipe and the stone or gravel layer in which such pipe is located, and

(c) the backfill above the distribution pipe, including the topsoil and sodding or other anti-erosion measure, and the side slopes of any portion elevated above the natural ground elevation.

Leaching bed fill means unconsolidated material suitable for the construction of a leaching bed placed in the area of the leaching bed in order to obtain the required unsaturated zone below the distribution pipes, and the required lateral extent such that the effluent is absorbed.

Leader means a pipe that is installed to carry storm water from a roof to a storm building drain or sewer or other place of disposal.

Limiting distance means the distance from an exposing building face to a property line, the centre line of a street, lane or public thoroughfare, or to an imaginary line between 2 buildings or fire compartments on the same property, measured at right angles to the exposing building face.

Listed means equipment or materials included in a list published by a certification organization accredited by the Standards Council of Canada.

Live load means the load other than dead load to be assumed in the design of the structural members of a building. It includes loads resulting from snow, rain, wind, earthquake and those due to occupancy.

Live/work unit means a dwelling unit that contains a subsidiary business and personal services occupancy or a subsidiary low hazard industrial occupancy, has an area of not more than 150 m2, and is used and operated by one or more persons of a single household.

Loadbearing as applying to a building element means subjected to or designed to carry loads in addition to its own dead load, excepting a wall element subjected only to wind or earthquake loads in addition to its own dead load.

Loading rate means the volume, in litres, of effluent per square metre applied in a single day to the soil (as defined in Part 8) or leaching bed fill.

Low hazard industrial occupancy (Group F, Division 3) means an industrial occupancy in which the combustible content is not more than 50 kg/m2 or 1200 MJ/m2 of floor area.

Low human occupancy (as applying to farm buildings) means an occupancy having an occupant load of not more than one person per 40 m2 of floor area during normal use.

Major occupancy means the principal occupancy for which a building or part thereof is used or intended to be used, and shall be deemed to include the subsidiary occupancies which are an integral part of the principal occupancy.

Make-up water means water added to a public pool from an external source.

Marquee means a canopy over an entrance to a building.

Masonry or concrete chimney means a chimney of brick, stone, concrete or masonry units constructed on site.

Means of egress means a continuous path of travel provided for the escape of persons from any point in a building or contained open space to a separate building, an open public thoroughfare, or an exterior open space protected from fire exposure from the building and having access to an open public thoroughfare. Means of egress includes exits and access to exits.

Medium hazard industrial occupancy (Group F, Division 2) means an industrial occupancy in which the combustible content is more than 50 kg/m2 or 1200 MJ/m2 of floor area and not classified as high hazard industrial occupancy.

Mercantile occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof for the displaying or selling of retail goods, wares or merchandise.

Mezzanine means an intermediate floor assembly between the floor and ceiling of any room or storey and includes an interior balcony.

Modified pool means a public pool that has a basin-shaped floor sloping downward and inward toward the interior from the rim.

Modified stack venting means a stack venting arrangement where the stack vent above the connection of the highest stack vented fixture is reduced in diameter.

Municipal drinking-water system has the same meaning as in Subsection 2 (1) of the Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002.

Nominally horizontal means at an angle of less than 45° with the horizontal.

Nominally vertical means at an angle of not more than 45° with the vertical.

Noncombustible means that a material meets the acceptance criteria of CAN4-S114, “Standard Method of Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials”.

Noncombustible construction means that type of construction in which a degree of fire safety is attained by the use of noncombustible materials for structural members and other building assemblies.

Occupancy means the use or intended use of a building or part thereof for the shelter or support of persons, animals or property.

Occupant load means the number of persons for which building or part thereof is designed.

Offset means the piping that connects the ends of 2 pipes that are parallel.

Open air means the atmosphere outside a building.

Open-air storey means a storey in which at least 25% of the total area of its perimeter walls is open to the outdoors in a manner that will provide cross ventilation to the entire storey.

Outdoor pool means a public pool that is not an indoor pool.

Pail privy means a latrine in which the receptacle for human waste consists of a removable container surmounted by a superstructure.

Partition means an interior wall 1 storey or part-storey in height that is not loadbearing.

Party wall means a wall jointly owned and jointly used by 2 parties under easement agreement or by right in law, and erected at or upon a line separating 2 parcels of land each of which is, or is capable of being, a separate real-estate entity.

Perched groundwater means a free standing body of water in the ground extending to a limited depth.

Percolation time means the average time in minutes that is required for water to drop one centimetre during a percolation test or as determined by a soil evaluation or analysis.

Performance level means that level of performance under which all or part of an existing building functions with respect to its building systems.

Pharmacy means a premises or the part of a premises in which prescriptions are compounded and dispensed for the public or in which drugs are sold by retail.

Pile means a slender deep foundation unit, made of materials such as wood, steel or concrete or combination thereof, which is either premanufactured and placed by driving, jacking, jetting or screwing, or cast-in-place in a hole formed by driving, excavating or boring.

Plenum means a chamber forming part of an air duct system.

Plumbing appliance means a receptacle or equipment that receives or collects water, liquids or sewage and discharges water, liquid or sewage directly or indirectly to a plumbing system.

Plumbing system means a system of connected piping, fittings, valves, equipment, fixtures and appurtenances contained in plumbing.

Point of entry treatment unit has the same meaning as in Subsection 1 (1) of Ontario Regulation 170/03 made under the Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002.

Pool deck means the area immediately surrounding a public pool.

Portable privy means a portable latrine in which the receptacle for human body waste and the superstructure are combined structurally into one unit.

Post-disaster building means a building essential to provide services in the event of a disaster, and includes hospitals, fire stations, police stations, radio stations, telephone exchanges, power stations, electrical substations, water and sewage pumping stations and fuel depot buildings.

Potable means fit for human consumption.

Potable water system means the plumbing that conveys potable water.

Pressurized distribution system means a leaching bed in which the effluent is distributed through the use of pressurized distribution pipes.

Private sewage disposal system means a sewage system or a sewage works which is not owned and operated by the Crown, a municipality or an organisation acceptable to the Director responsible for issuing a Certificate of Approval under the Ontario Water Resources Act.

Private sewer means a sewer other than a building sewer that,

(a) is not owned or operated by a municipality, the Ministry of Environment or other public agency,

(b) receives drainage from more than one sanitary building drain either directly or through more than one sanitary building sewer or receives drainage from more than one storm building drain either directly or through one or more storm building sewers, and connects to a main sewer, or

(c) serves as a place of disposal on the property,

but does not include:

(d) a sewer that carries only the sanitary waste or storm sewage from two semi-detached dwelling units,

(e) a sewer that carries only the sanitary waste or storm sewage from one main building that is of industrial, commercial or care or detention occupancy and one ancillary building, or

(f) a sewer that carries only the sanitary waste or storm sewage from a row housing complex having five or fewer single family residences.

Private water supply means piping on the property that conveys potable water from a drinking-water system to more than one water service pipe.

Privy vault means a latrine in which the receptacle for the human waste consists of a constructed vault from which the waste is periodically removed.

Professional engineer means, for the purposes of the Act and this Code, a person who holds a licence or a temporary licence under the Professional Engineers Act.

Public corridor means a corridor that provides access to exit from more than 1 suite.

Public heritage building means a heritage building where occupancy in whole or in part includes viewing thereof by the public provided that displays therein are limited to those relevant to the heritage significance of the building.

Public pool means a structure, basin, chamber or tank containing or intended to contain an artificial body of water for swimming, water sport, water recreation or entertainment but does not include,

(a) pools operated in conjunction with less than six dwelling units, suites or single family residences or any combination thereof,

(b) pools that are used only for commercial display and demonstration purposes,

(c) wading pools,

(d) hydro-massage pools, or

(e) pools that serve only as receiving basins for persons at the bottom of water slides.

Public spa means a hydro-massage pool containing an artificial body of water that is intended primarily for therapeutic or recreational use, that is not drained, cleaned or refilled before use by each individual and that utilizes hydrojet circulation, air induction bubbles, current flow or a combination of them over the majority of the pool area, but does not include,

(a) wading pools, or

(b) spas operated in conjunction with less than six dwelling units, suites or single family residences, or any combination of them, for the use of occupants or residents and their visitors.

Public use (as applying to the classification of plumbing fixtures) means fixtures in general washrooms of schools, gymnasiums, hotels, bars, public comfort stations and other installations where fixtures are installed so that their use is unrestricted.

Public way means a sidewalk, street, highway, square or other open space to which the public has access, as of right or by invitation, expressed or implied.

Range means a cooking appliance equipped with a cooking surface and 1 or more ovens.

Recirculation system means a system that maintains circulation of water through a public pool by pumps, and that provides continuous treatment that includes filtration and chlorination or bromination and any other process that may be necessary for the treatment of the water.

Recreational camp means a camp for recreational activities consisting of 1 or more buildings or other structures, established or maintained as living quarters with or without charge for 10 or more persons, for temporary occupancy of 5 or more days.

Relief vent means a vent pipe that connects at the upper end to a vent stack and connects at the lower end to a horizontal branch between the first fixture connection and the soil stack or waste stack.

Repair for the purposes of clause 15 (5) (b) of the Act includes taking any actions that the chief building official considers necessary for the protection of the public.

Repair garage means a building or part thereof where facilities are provided for the repair or servicing of motor vehicles.

Residential occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part thereof by persons for whom sleeping accommodation is provided but who are not harboured or detained to receive medical care or treatment or are not involuntarily detained.

Return duct means a duct for conveying air from a space being heated, ventilated or air-conditioned back to the heating, ventilating or air-conditioning appliance.

Riser means a water distributing pipe that extends through at least one full storey (as defined in Part 7 of this Code).

Rock means that portion of the earth’s crust which is consolidated, coherent and relatively hard and is a naturally formed, solidly bonded, mass of mineral matter which cannot readily be broken by hand.

Roof drain means a fitting or device that is installed in the roof to permit storm sewage to discharge into a leader.

Roof gutter means an exterior channel installed at the base of a sloped roof to convey storm sewage.

Sanitary building drain means a building drain that conducts sewage and connects to the sanitary building sewer.

Sanitary building sewer means a pipe that is connected to a sanitary building drain 1 000 mm outside a wall of a building and that conducts sewage to a public sewer or private sewage disposal system.

Sanitary drainage pipe means all piping that conveys sanitary sewage to a place of disposal, including the sanitary building drain, sanitary building sewer, soil pipe, soil stack, waste stack and waste pipe but not the main sewer or piping in a sewage treatment plant.

Sanitary drainage system means a drainage system that conducts sanitary sewage.

Sanitary sewage means liquid or water borne waste,

(a) of industrial or commercial origin, or

(b) of domestic origin, including human body waste, toilet or other bathroom waste, and shower, tub, culinary, sink and laundry waste.

Sanitary sewer means a sewer that conducts sewage.

Sanitary unit means a water closet, urinal, bidet or bedpan washer.

Self-service storage building means a building that is used to provide individual storage spaces to the public and that is open to the public only for those purposes.

Septic tank means a watertight vault in which sanitary sewage is collected for the purpose of removing scum, grease and solids from the liquid without the addition of air and where solids settling and anaerobic digestion of the sanitary sewage takes place.

Service room means a room provided in a building to contain equipment associated with building services.

Service space means space provided in a building to facilitate or conceal the installation of building service facilities such as chutes, ducts, pipes, shafts or wires.

Service water heater means a device for heating water for plumbing services.

Sewage means sanitary sewage or storm sewage.

Sewage system means,

(a) a chemical toilet, an incinerating toilet, a recirculating toilet, a self-contained portable toilet and all forms of privy including a portable privy, an earth pit privy, a pail privy, a privy vault and a composting toilet system,

(b) a greywater system,

(c) a cesspool,

(d) a leaching bed system, or

(e) a system which requires or uses a holding tank for the retention of hauled sewage at the site where it is produced prior to its collection by a hauled sewage system,

where these,

(f) have a design capacity of 10,000 litres per day or less,

(g) have, in total, a design capacity of 10,000 litres per day or less where more than one of these are located on a lot or parcel of land, and

(h) are located wholly within the boundaries of the lot or parcel of land on which is located the building or buildings they serve.

Sewage works means a sewage works as defined in the Ontario Water Resources Act.

Shallow buried trench means an absorption trench that contains a chamber.

Shallow foundation means a foundation unit which derives its support from soil or rock located close to the lowest part of the building which it supports.

Size means the nominal diameter by which a pipe, fitting, trap or other similar item is commercially designated.

Smoke alarm means a combined smoke detector and audible alarm device designed to sound an alarm within the room or suite in which it is located upon the detection of smoke within that room or suite.

Smoke detector means a fire detector designed to operate when the concentration of airborne combustion products exceeds a pre-determined level.

Soil means that portion of the earth’s crust which is fragmentary, or such that some individual particles of a dried sample may be readily separated by agitation in water; it includes boulders, cobbles, gravel, sand, silt, clay and organic matter.

Soil pipe means a sanitary drainage pipe that carries the discharge of a sanitary unit with or without the discharge from any other fixture.

Soil stack means a vertical soil pipe that passes through one or more storeys and includes any offset that is part of the stack.

Space heater means a space-heating appliance for heating the room or space within which it is located, without the use of ducts.

Space-heating appliance means an appliance intended for the supplying of heat to a room or space directly, such as a space heater, fireplace or unit heater, or to rooms or spaces of a building through a heating system such as a central furnace or boiler.

Sprinklered means equipped with a system of automatic sprinklers.

Stack vent means a vent pipe that connects the top of a soil or waste stack to a header or open air and “stack vented” has a corresponding meaning.

Stack venting when used with reference to fixtures means an arrangement such that the connections of the drainage piping from the stack vented fixtures to the stack provide venting to the fixture traps so that no additional vent pipe is required.

Stage means a space designed primarily for theatrical performances with provision for quick change scenery and overhead lighting, including environmental control for a wide range of lighting and sound effects and which is traditionally, but not necessarily, separated from the audience by a proscenium wall and curtain opening.

Starting platform means a rigid platform located entirely on the pool deck consisting of a top which, if projected horizontally over the water surface, would be less than 1 000 mm in vertical height above the surface and that is designed to be used by a swimmer to dive from at the start of a swimming race.

Storage garage means a building or part thereof intended for the storage or parking of motor vehicles and which contains no provision for the repair or servicing of such vehicles.

Storage-type service water heater means a service water heater with an integral hot water storage tank.

Storey means that portion of a building which is situated between the top of any floor and the top of the floor next above it, and if there is no floor above it, that portion between the top of such floor and the ceiling above it.

Storm building drain means a building drain that conveys storm sewage to a storm building sewer.

Storm building sewer means a building sewer that conveys storm sewage to a place of disposal and commences 1 000 mm from the building.

Storm drainage pipe means all the connected piping that conveys storm sewage to a place of disposal and includes the storm building drain, storm building sewer, rain water leader, catch basin and area drain installed to collect water from the property and the piping that drains water from a swimming pool or from water cooled air conditioning equipment, but does not include,

(a) a main storm sewer,

(b) a subsoil drainage pipe, or

(c) a private sewage treatment and disposal facility designed for the treatment or retention of storm sewage prior to discharge to the natural environment.

Storm drainage system means a drainage system that conveys storm sewage.

Storm sewage means water that is discharged from a surface as a result of rainfall, snow melt or snowfall.

Storm sewer means a sewer that conveys storm sewage.

Stove means an appliance intended for cooking and space heating.

Street means any highway, road, boulevard, square or other improved thoroughfare 9 m or more in width, which has been dedicated or deeded for public use, and is accessible to fire department vehicles and equipment.

Subsoil drainage pipe means a pipe that is installed underground to intercept and convey subsurface water, and includes foundation drain pipes.

Subsurface investigation means the appraisal of the general subsurface conditions at a building site by analysis of information gained by such methods as geological surveys, in situ testing, sampling, visual inspection, laboratory testing of samples of the subsurface materials and groundwater observations and measurements.

Suite means a single room or series of rooms of complementary use, operated under a single tenancy, and includes dwelling units, individual guest rooms in motels, hotels, boarding houses, rooming houses and dormitories as well as individual stores and individual or complementary rooms for business and personal services occupancies.

Supply duct means a duct for conveying air from a heating, ventilating or air-conditioning appliance to a space to be heated, ventilated or air-conditioned.

Surface water means water on the surface of the ground.

Theatre means a place of public assembly intended for the production and viewing of the performing arts or the screening and viewing of motion pictures, and consisting of an auditorium with permanently fixed seats intended solely for a viewing audience.

Trap means a fitting or device that is designed to hold a liquid seal that will prevent the passage of gas but will not materially affect the flow of a liquid.

Trap dip means the lowest part of the upper interior surface of a trap.

Trap seal depth means the vertical distance between the trap dip and the trap weir.

Trap standard means the trap for a fixture that is integral with the support for the fixture.

Trap weir means the highest part of the lower interior surface of a trap.

Treatment unit means a device which when designed, installed and operated in accordance with its design specifications provides a specific degree of sanitary sewage treatment reducing the contaminant load from that of sanitary sewage to given effluent quality.

Tribunal means the License Appeal Tribunal established under the Licence Appeal Tribunal Act, 1999.

Ungraded lumber means lumber which has not been grade stamped to indicate its grade as determined by the NLGA “Standard Grading Rules for Canadian Lumber” but which meets the following visual attributes:

(a) it is rough sawn to full nominal size,

(b) it has no evidence of decay,

(c) it has no tight knots which exceed 25% of the cross section and which are spaced closer than 150 mm on centres,

(d) it has no loose knots or holes which exceed 25% of the cross section and which are spaced closer than 600 mm on centres,

(e) it has the slope of grain not exceeding 1 (vertical) in 4 (horizontal), and

(f) it is free of excessive warp.

Unit heater means a suspended space heater with an integral air circulating fan.

Unprotected opening as applying to exposing building face means a doorway, window or opening other than one equipped with a closure having the required fire-protection rating, or any part of a wall forming part of the exposing building face that has a fire-resistance rating less than required for the exposing building face.

Vacuum breaker means back-siphonage preventer.

Vapour barrier means the elements installed to control the diffusion of water vapour.

Vent connector as applying to heating or cooling systems means the part of a venting system that conducts the flue gases or vent gases from the flue collar of a gas appliance to the chimney or gas vent, and may include a draft control device.

Vent pipe means a pipe that is part of a venting system.

Vent stack means a vent pipe that is connected at its upper end to a header or is terminated in open air and that is used to limit pressure differential in a soil or waste stack.

Venting system means an assembly of pipes and fittings that connects a drainage system with open air for circulation of air and the protection of trap seals in the drainage system.

Vertical leg means the vertical portion of a fixture drain and includes the portion of a drain from the outlet of a water closet bowl to the point where the connecting piping changes to horizontal.

Vertical service space means a shaft oriented essentially vertically that is provided in a building to facilitate the installation of building services including mechanical, electrical and plumbing installations and facilities such as elevators, refuse chutes and linen chutes.

Walkway means a covered or roofed pedestrian thoroughfare used to connect 2 or more buildings.

Waste pipe means a sanitary drainage pipe that carries the discharge from a fixture directly to a waste stack, soil stack, sanitary building drain, branch or sewage system.

Waste stack means a vertical waste pipe that passes through one or more storeys and includes any offset that is part of the stack that conducts liquid waste from fixtures other than sanitary units.

Water distribution system means an assembly of pipes, fittings, valves and appurtenances that conveys potable water to water supply outlets, fixtures, plumbing appliances and devices from the water service pipe or from a point of entry treatment unit located in the building.

Water purveyor means the owner or operator of a drinking-water system.

Water service pipe means a pipe on the property that conveys potable water from a drinking-water system or a private water supply to the inside of the building.

Water system means a water service pipe, a private water supply, a water distribution system, a fire service main or parts of any of them.

Wave action pool means a public pool equipped with a means for inducing wave motion in the water.

Wet vent means a waste pipe that also serves as a vent pipe.

Working capacity means the volume of liquid that a treatment unit or holding tank is capable of holding without overflowing while it is in its working position, but does not include the volume of liquid contained in a compartment in which a pump or siphon is installed.

X-ray equipment includes x-ray imaging systems, processing equipment and equipment directly related to the production of images for diagnosis or directly related to irradiation with x-rays for therapy.

X-ray machine means an electrically-powered device producing x-rays for the irradiation of a human being or an animal for a therapeutic or diagnostic purpose or for industrial use.

Yoke vent means a vent pipe that is connected at its lower end to a soil or waste stack and at its upper end to a vent stack or a branch vent that is connected to a vent stack.

1.1.3.3. Applicable Law

(1) For the purposes of Section 8 of the Act, applicable law means:

(a) the statutory requirements in the following provisions with respect to the following matters:

(i) Revoked: O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1 (1).

(ii) Section 5 of the Charitable Institutions Act, with respect to the approval by the Minister of the site and plans for a new building or an addition to an existing building used or to be used as a charitable institution,

(iii) Section 5 of Regulation 262 of the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990, made under the Day Nurseries Act, with respect to the approval of plans for a new building to be erected or an existing building to be used, altered or renovated for use as a day nursery or for alterations or renovations to be made to premises used by a day nursery,

(iv) Revoked: O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1 (1).

(v) Section 194 of the Education Act, with respect to the approval of the Minister for the demolition of a building,

(vi) Revoked: O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1 (1).

(vii) Revoked: O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1 (1).

(viii) Section 6 of Regulation 314 of the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990, made under the Elderly Persons Centres Act, with respect to the approval of the Minister for the construction of a building project,

(ix) Section 5 of the Environmental Assessment Act with respect to the approval of the Minister or the Environmental Review Tribunal to proceed with an undertaking,

(x) Revoked: O. Reg. 349/06, s. 2 (1).

(xi) Section 46 of the Environmental Protection Act with respect to the approval of the Minister to use land or land covered by water that has been used for the disposal of waste,

(xi.1) Section 168.3.1 of the Environmental Protection Act with respect to the construction of a building to be used in connection with a change of use of a property,

(xi.2) Paragraph 2 of Subsection 168.6 (1) of the Environmental Protection Act if a certificate of property use has been issued in respect of the property under subsection 168.6 (1) of that Act,

(xii) Section 9 of Regulation 469 of the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990, made under the Funeral Directors and Establishments Act, with respect to the provision to the Registrar of architectural plans or drawings of the proposed construction or alteration of a funeral establishment,

(xiii) Section 14 of the Homes for the Aged and Rest Homes Act with respect to the approval of the Minister for the erection or alteration of a building for use as a home or a joint home,

(xiv) Section 14 of the Milk Act with respect to the permit from the Director for the construction or alteration of any building intended for use as a plant,

(xv) Section 4 of Regulation 832 of the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990, made under the Nursing Homes Act, with respect to the provision to the Director of plans and specifications and such information and other material as may be required by the Director in respect of the construction, alteration, addition to or renovation of a nursing home or conversion of an existing building into a nursing home,

(xv.1) Section 11.1 of Ontario Regulation 267/03 (General) made under the Nutrient Management Act, 2002 with respect to a proposed building or structure to house farm animals or store nutrients if that regulation requires the preparation and approval of a nutrient management strategy before construction of the proposed building or structure,

(xv.2) Subsection 30 (2) of the Ontario Heritage Act with respect to a consent of the council of a municipality to the alteration or demolition of a building,

(xvi) Section 33 of the Ontario Heritage Act with respect to the consent of the council of a municipality for the alteration of property,

(xvii) Section 34 of the Ontario Heritage Act with respect to the consent of the council of a municipality for the demolition of a building,

(xvii.1) Section 34.5 of the Ontario Heritage Act with respect to a consent of the Minister to the alteration or demolition of a designated building,

(xvii.2) Subsection 34.7 (2) of the Ontario Heritage Act with respect to a consent of the Minister to the alteration or demolition of a designated building,

(xviii) Section 42 of the Ontario Heritage Act with respect to the permit given by the council of a municipality for the erection, alteration or demolition of a building,

(xviii.1) Section 14 of the Ontario Planning and Development Act, 1994 with respect to any conflict between a development plan made under that Act and a zoning by-law that affects the proposed building or structure,

(xix) Section 41 of the Planning Act with respect to the approval by the council of the municipality or the Municipal Board of plans and drawings,

(xx) Revoked: O. Reg. 349/06, s. 2 (3).

(xxi) Revoked: O. Reg. 349/06, s. 2 (3).

(xxii) Section 2 of Ontario Regulation 453/96, made under the Public Lands Act, with respect to the work permit authorizing the construction or placement of a building on public land,

(xxiii) Section 34 or 38 of the Public Transportation and Highway Improvement Act with respect to the permit from the Minister for the placement, erection or alteration of any building or other structure or the use of land,

(b) the following provisions of Acts and regulations:

(i) Sections 28 and 53 of the Development Charges Act, 1997,

(ii) Sections 257.83 and 257.93 of the Education Act,

(iii) Subsection 5 (4) of the Environmental Assessment Act,

(iv) Subsection 133 (4) of the Municipal Act, 2001,

(v) Subsection 24 (3) of the Niagara Escarpment Planning and Development Act,

(vi) Subsections 4 (3) and (5) of Regulation 832 of the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990, made under the Nursing Homes Act,

(vii) Revoked: O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1 (5).

(viii) Revoked: O. Reg. 349/06, s. 2 (4).

(ix) Section 46 of the Planning Act,

(x) Section 33 of the Planning Act except where, in the case of the demolition of a residential property, a permit to demolish the property is obtained under that Section,

(xi) Revoked: O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1 (7).

(xii) Subsection 22 (1) of the Private Hospitals Act,

(c) regulations made by a conservation authority under Clause 28 (1) (c) of the Conservation Authorities Act with respect to permission of the authority for the construction of a building or structure if, in the opinion of the authority, the control of flooding, erosion, dynamic beaches or pollution or the conservation of land may be affected by the development,

(d) by-laws made under Section 34 or 38 of the Planning Act or under Section 3 of Ontario Regulation 246/01 made under that Act,

(d.1) by-laws made under Section 40.1 of the Ontario Heritage Act,

(e) orders made by the Minister under section 47 of the Planning Act or subsection 17 (1) of the Ontario Planning and Development Act, 1994, and

(f) by-laws made under any private Act that prohibit the proposed construction or demolition of the building unless the by-law is complied with.

(2) For the purposes of Clause 10 (2) (a) of the Act, applicable law means any general or special Act, and all regulations and by-laws enacted under them that prohibit the proposed use of the building unless the Act, regulation or by-law is complied with.

1.1.4.Abbreviations

1.1.4.1. Abbreviations of Proper Names

(1) The abbreviations of proper names in this Code shall have the meanings assigned to them in this Article. The appropriate addresses are shown in brackets following the name.

ACI

American Concrete Institute

(38800 Country Club Drive, Farmington Hills, Michigan 48331 U.S.A.)

ACNBC

Associate Committee on the National Building Code

(National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6)

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

(11 W. 42nd St., New York, New York 10036 U.S.A.)

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

(1791 Tullie Circle N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30329-2305 U.S.A.)

ASPE

American Society of Plumbing Engineers

(3617 Thousand Oaks Blvd., Suite 210, Westlake, California 91362 U.S.A.)

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

(1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103-1187 U.S.A.)

AWWA

American Water Works Association

(45 23rd. Street, Toronto, Ontario M8V 3M6)

BRMD

Bureau of Radiation and Medical Devices

(Department of National Health and Welfare 775 Brookefield Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1C1)

CAN

National Standard of Canada designation

(The number or name following the CAN designation represents the agency under whose auspices the standard is issued.

CAN1 designates CGA,

CAN2 designates CGSB,

CAN3 designates CSA, and

CAN4 designates ULC.)

CGA

Canadian Gas Association

(178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario M9W 1R3)

CGSB

Canadian General Standards Board

(11 Laurier St. Hull, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5)

CLA

Canadian Lumbermen’s Association

(27 Goulburn Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 8C7)

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

(178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario M9W 1R3)

DBR

Division of Building Research

(now called the Institute for Research in Construction) National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6

FINA

Federation Internationale de Natation Amateur

(208-3540 West 41st Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia V6N 2G8)

HI

Hydronics Institute

(35 Russo Place, P.O. Box 218, Berkeley Heights, New Jersey 07922 U.S.A.)

HRAI

Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Institute of Canada

(5045 Orbitor Drive, Building 11, Suite 300, Mississauga, Ontario L4W 4Y4)

HUD

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

(Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research, Washington, D.C. 20410 U.S.A.)

MOEE

Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Energy

(135 St Clair Avenue West, Toronto, Ontario M4V 1P5)

NBC

National Building Code of Canada

(National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6)

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association

(1 Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, Massachusetts 02269-9101 U.S.A.)

NLGA

National Lumber Grades Authority

(103-4400 Dominion Street, Burnaby, British Columbia V5G 4G3)

SMACNA

Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association Inc.

(4201 Lafayette Centre Drive, Chantilly, Virginia 20151 U.S.A.)

ULC

Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada

(7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario M1R 3A9)

WCLIB

West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau

(6980 Southwest Varns Street, P.O. Box 23145, Portland, Oregon 97223 U.S.A.)

WH

Warnock Hersey Professional Services Ltd.

(3210 American Drive, Mississauga, Ontario L4V 1B3)

WWPA

Western Wood Products Association

(1500 Yeon Building, Portland, Oregon 97204 U.S.A.)

1.1.4.2. Symbols and Other Abbreviations

(1) The symbols and other abbreviations in this Code shall have the meanings assigned to them in this Article.

1 in 2

slope of 1 vertical to 2 horizontal

ABS

acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene

BOD5

the five-day biochemical oxygen demand

CBOD5

the five-day carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand

Cm

centimetre(s)

cm2

square centimetre(s)

CPVC

chlorinated poly (vinyl chloride)

dB(A)

decibel-weighted sound level

°

degree(s)

°C

degree(s) Celsius

Diam

Diameter

DWV

drain, waste and vent

G

gram(s)

Ga

Gauge

Gal

imperial gallon(s)

gal/min

imperial gallon(s) per minute

H

hour(s)

HVAC

Heating, Ventilating and Air-conditioning

Hz

Hertz

In

inch(es)

Inc.

Incorporated

J

joule(s)

Kg

kilogram(s)

kg/m2

kilograms per square metre

KN

kilonewton(s)

kPa

kilopascal(s)

KW

kilowatt(s)

L

litre(s)

L/s

litre(s) per second

Lx

Lux

M

metre(s)

M2

square metre(s)

M/s

metre(s) per second

Max.

Maximum

mg/L

milligram(s) per litre

Min.

Minimum

Min

minute(s)

MJ

megajoule(s)

Mm

millimetre(s)

Mpa

megapascal(s)

N

Newton

N/A

not applicable

Ng

nanogram(s)

No.

number(s)

Nom.

Nominal

o.c.

On centre

OSB

oriented strandboard

Pa

pascal(s)

PB

Polybutylene

PE

Polyethylene

PE/AL/PE

Polyethylene/Aluminum/Polyethylene

PEX

cross-linked polyethylene

PEX/AL/
PEX

Crosslinked Polyethylene/Aluminum/
Crosslinked Polyethylene

PVC

poly (vinyl chloride)

RSI

thermal resistance, International System of Units

S

second(s)

SDR

standard dimension ratio

temp.

Temperature

T&G

tongue and groove

W

watt(s)

Wt

Weight

%

per cent

O. Reg. 403/97, Part 1; O. Reg. 22/98, s. 1; O. Reg. 278/99, s. 1; O. Reg. 593/99, s. 1; O. Reg. 205/00, s. 1; O. Reg. 220/02, s. 1; O. Reg. 304/03, s. 1; O. Reg. 305/03, ss. 1, 2; O. Reg. 389/05, s. 1; O. Reg. 349/06, ss. 1, 2.

PART 2
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Section

2.1.

Application

 

2.1.1.

Buildings

 

2.1.2.

Designated Structures

 

2.1.3.

Building Size Determination

     

Section

2.2.

Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment

 

2.2.1.

General

 

2.2.2.

Building Materials Evaluation Commission

     

Section

2.3.

Design and General Review

 

2.3.1.

Design

 

2.3.2.

General Review

     

Section

2.4.

Permits & Inspections

 

2.4.1.

Permits

 

2.4.2.

Site Documents

 

2.4.3.

Occupancy of Unfinished Building

 

2.4.4.

Fire Department Inspection

 

2.4.5.

Notices and Inspections

 

2.4.6.

As Constructed Plans

     

Section

2.5.

Climatic Data

 

2.5.1.

Climatic and Seismic Values

     

Section

2.6.

Referenced Documents

 

2.6.1.

Application

 

2.6.2.

Conflicting Requirements

 

2.6.3.

Effective Date

 

2.6.4.

Alternate Test Standards

     

Section

2.7.

Equivalents

 

2.7.1.

Application

 

2.7.2.

Acceptance of Equivalents

     

Section

2.8.

Rulings and Interpretations

 

2.8.1.

Designated Materials Evaluation Bodies

 

2.8.2.

Minister’s Ruling

 

2.8.3.

Interpretations By Minister

     

Section

2.9.

Search Warrant

 

2.9.1.

Forms

     

Section

2.10.

Building Code Commission

 

2.10.1.

Hearings

     

Section

2.13.

Designated Persons and Powers

 

2.13.1.

General

     

Section

2.14.

Prescribed Person

 

2.14.1.

General

     

Section

2.15.

Enforcement of Provisions of the Act and Building Code Related to Sewage Systems

 

2.15.1.

General

     

Section

2.16.

Qualifications for Chief Building Officials and Inspectors

 

2.16.1.

Scope

 

2.16.2.

Chief Building Officials

 

2.16.3.

Supervisors and Managers

 

2.16.4.

Inspectors

 

2.16.5.

Updating of Qualifications

 

2.16.6.

Information

 

2.16.7.

Fees

 

2.16.8.

Public Register

 

2.16.9.

Categories of Qualifications

     

Section

2.17.

Qualifications for Designers

 

2.17.1.

Scope

 

2.17.2.

General

 

2.17.3.

Definition

 

2.17.4.

Qualifications — Persons Engaged in the Business of Providing Design Activities to the Public

 

2.17.5.

Qualifications — Other Designers

 

2.17.6.

Public Register

 

2.17.7.

Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

     

Section

2.18.

Qualifications for Persons Engaged in the Business of Constructing On Site, Installing, Repairing, Servicing, Cleaning or Emptying Sewage Systems

 

2.18.1.

Scope

 

2.18.2.

Definition

 

2.18.3.

Qualifications

 

2.18.4.

Public Register

     

Section

2.19.

Qualifications for Registered Code Agencies

 

2.19.1.

Scope

 

2.19.2.

Definition

 

2.19.3.

Qualifications

 

2.19.4.

Public Register

 

2.19.5.

Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

     

Section

2.20.

Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

 

2.20.1.

Scope

 

2.20.2.

Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

     

Section

2.21.

Insurance

 

2.21.1.

Scope

 

2.21.2.

Insurance for Registered Code Agencies and Persons Referred to in Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act

     

Section

2.22.

Registered Code Agencies

 

2.22.1.

Appointment of Registered Code Agency under Section 4.1 of the Act

 

2.22.3.

When a Registered Code Agency may not be Appointed or Continue to Act under an Appointment

 

2.22.4.

Additional Functions that Registered Code Agencies may be Appointed To Perform

 

2.22.5.

Manner in which Registered Code Agency shall Perform Functions

 

2.22.6.

Termination of Appointment of a Registered Code Agency

 

2.22.7.

Information to be Provided

 

2.22.8.

Referral of Stop Work Order

     

Section

2.23.

Fees

 

2.23.1.

Fees

PART 2
GENERAL REQUIREMENT

Section 2.1.Application

2.1.1.Buildings

2.1.1.1. Parts 1, 2, 7 and 12

(1) Parts 1, 2, 7 and 12 apply to all buildings.

2.1.1.2. Parts 3, 4, 5 and 6

(1) Except as provided in Article 2.1.1.5., Sentence 2.1.1.6.(1) and Subsection 2.1.2., Parts 3, 4, 5 and 6 apply to all buildings occupying an area greater than ten square meters and

(a) used for

(i) Group A, assembly occupancies,

(ii) Group B, care or detention occupancies, or

(iii) Group F, Division 1, high hazard industrial occupancies, and

(b) exceeding 600 m2 in building area or exceeding 3 storeys in building height used for major occupancies classified as

(i) Group C, residential occupancies,

(ii) Group D, business and personal services occupancies,

(iii) Group E, mercantile occupancies, or

(iv) Group F, Division 2 and 3, medium and low hazard industrial occupancies.

2.1.1.3. Part 9

(1) Except as provided in Sentences 2.1.1.4.(2), 2.1.1.6.(1) and Article 2.1.1.5., Part 9 applies to buildings occupying an area greater than ten square metres

(a) of 3 storeys or less in building height,

(b) having a building area not exceeding 600 m2, and

(c) used for

(i) Group C, residential occupancies,

(ii) Group D, business and personal services occupancies,

(iii) Group E, mercantile occupancies, or

(iv) Group F, Division 2 and 3, medium and low hazard industrial occupancies.

2.1.1.4. Site Assembled and Factory-Built Buildings

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2) and Article 2.1.1.7., this Code applies to the design and construction of site assembled buildings and manufactured buildings.

(2) Except as provided in Sentence (3), a manufactured building intended for residential occupancy is deemed to comply with this Code if it is designed and constructed in compliance with

(a) CAN/CSA-Z240.2.1, “Structural Requirements for Mobile Homes”, CAN/CSA-Z240.8.1., “Light Duty Windows” and CAN/CSA-Z240.3.1., “Plumbing Requirements for Mobile Homes”, if the building is constructed in Sections not wider than 4.88 m, or

(b) CSA A-277 “Procedure for Certification of Factory-Built Houses”.

(3) The requirements of this Code shall apply to

(a) building components designed and constructed outside the place of manufacture, and

(b) site installation of such buildings.

2.1.1.5. Farm Buildings

(1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) and (3), farm buildings shall conform to the requirements in the CCBFC National Farm Building Code of Canada 1995.

(2) Articles 1.1.1.2. and 3.1.8.1. and Subsections 3.1.4. and 4.1.4. in the National Farm Building Code of Canada do not apply to farm buildings.

(3) In the National Farm Building Code of Canada, references in Articles 1.1.1.3., 1.2.1.2., 2.2.2.1., 2.2.2.2., 2.3.1.1., 2.3.2.1., 3.1.1.1., 3.1.1.2., 3.1.2.1. and 3.1.6.1. to the National Building Code of Canada are deemed to refer to this Code.

2.1.1.6. Renovation of Existing Buildings

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), Part 11 applies to the design and construction of existing buildings, or parts of existing buildings, that have been in existence for at least five years.

(2) Where a building has been in existence for at least five years but includes an addition that has been in existence for less than five years, Part 11 applies to the entire building.

2.1.1.7. Existing Buildings

(1) Except as provided in Section 3.15., Article 7.1.2.2., Section 9.41. and Part 11, where an existing building is extended or subject to material alteration or repair, the Code is applicable only to the design and construction of the extensions and those parts of the building that are subject to the material alteration or repair.

(2) Where an existing previously occupied building is moved from the original location to be installed elsewhere, or is dismantled at the original location and moved to be reconstituted elsewhere, the Code applies only to changes to the design and construction of the building required as a result of moving the building.

2.1.1.8. Radon

(1) In addition to all other requirements, a building in the following designated areas shall be designed and constructed so that the annual average concentration of radon 222 does not exceed 250 millibecquerels per litre of air and the annual average concentration of the short lived daughters of radon 222 does not exceed 0.02 working levels inside the building

(a) The Town of Elliot Lake in the Territorial District of Algoma,

(b) The Township of Faraday in the County of Hastings, and

(c) The geographic Township of Hyman in the Territorial District of Sudbury.

2.1.1.9. Durability of Parking Structures

(1) Parking structures shall be designed in conformance with CAN/CSA-S413, “Parking Structures”.

2.1.1.10. Language Used on Required Signs

(1) All required signs in this Code shall be displayed in the English language or in the English and French languages, including operational material on all life safety equipment and devices.

2.1.1.11. Energy Efficiency

(1) Except for buildings of residential occupancy within the scope of Part 9, farm buildings and areas of buildings intended primarily for manufacturing or commercial or industrial processing, the energy efficiency of all buildings shall be designed to good engineering practice such as described in

(a) the ASHRAE/IES 90.1-1989, “Energy Efficient Design of New Buildings Except Lowrise Residential Buildings” and the Supplementary Guidelines to the 1997 OBC, or

(b) the Model National Energy Code for Buildings, 1997.

2.1.1.12. Change of Use

(1) Part 10 applies to existing buildings requiring a permit under Section 10 of the Act.

2.1.1.13. Building in Flood Plains

(1) Buildings constructed on flood plains shall

(a) be designed and constructed in accordance with good engineering practice to withstand anticipated vertical and horizontal hydrostatic pressures acting on the structure, and

(b) incorporate floodproofing measures that will preserve the integrity of exits and means of egress during times of flooding.

2.1.1.14. Sewage Systems

(1) Part 8 applies to the construction, operation and maintenance of all sewage systems and to the construction of buildings in the vicinity of sewage systems.

2.1.2.Designated Structures

2.1.2.1. Part 4

(1) Part 4 applies to the following designated structures:

(a) a retaining wall exceeding 1 000 mm in exposed height adjacent to

(i) public property,

(ii) access to a building, or

(iii) private property to which the public is admitted,

(b) the structural requirements for signs regulated by Section 3.14.,

(c) a communication tower exceeding 16.6 m above ground level,

(d) a pedestrian bridge appurtenant to a building,

(e) a crane runway,

(f) an exterior storage tank and its supporting structure which is not regulated by the Gasoline Handling Act or the Energy Act,

(g) a dish antenna or a solar collector that is mounted on a building and has a face area equal to or greater than 5 m2, and

(h) an outdoor pool that has a water depth greater than 3.5 m at any point.

(2) Public pools are designated structures to which Section 3.11. applies.

(3) Public spas are designated structures to which Section 3.11A. applies.

2.1.3.Building Size Determination

2.1.3.1. Building Divided by Firewalls

(1) Where a firewall divides a building, each portion of the building so divided shall be considered as a separate building, except for the purpose of

(a) gross area determination in Section 2.3.,

(b) a fire alarm and detection system in Sentence 3.2.4.2.(1) or Article 9.10.17.1., or

(c) a plumbing system interconnected through a firewall.

2.1.3.2. Building Divided by Vertical Fire Separations

(1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), where portions of a building are completely separated by a vertical fire separation that has a fire-resistance rating of at least 1 h and extends through all storeys and service spaces of the separate portions, each separated portion is permitted to be considered as a separate building for the purpose of determining building height provided

(a) each separated portion is not more than 3 storeys in building height and is used only for residential occupancies, and

(b) the unobstructed path of travel for the firefighter from the nearest street to one entrance of each separated portion is not more than 45 m.

(2) The vertical fire separation in Sentence (1) may terminate at the floor assembly immediately above a basement provided the basement conforms to Article 3.2.1.2.

Section 2.2.Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment

2.2.1.General

2.2.1.1. Characteristics of Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment

(1) All materials, appliances, systems and equipment installed to meet the requirements of this Code shall possess the necessary characteristics to perform their intended functions when installed in a building.

2.2.1.2. Recycled Materials, Used Materials, Appliances and Equipment

(1) Unless otherwise specified, recycled materials in building products may be used and used materials, appliances and equipment may be reused when they meet the requirements of this Code for new materials and are satisfactory for the intended use.

2.2.2.Building Materials Evaluation Commission

2.2.2.1. Application Fee

(1) The fee on an application to the Building Materials Evaluation Commission is $950.00.

Section 2.3.Design and General Review

2.3.1.Design

2.3.1.1. Design by Architect or Professional Engineer

(1) Except as permitted in Sentences (2) and (3), the construction, including, for greater certainty, enlargement or alteration, of every building or part thereof described in Table 2.3.1.1. and this Article shall be designed and reviewed by an architect, professional engineer or both.

(2) An architect may provide the services within the practice of professional engineering in any building described in Table 2.3.1.1., or a professional engineer may provide the services within the practice of architecture in any building described in Table 2.3.1.1. where to do so does not constitute a substantial part of the services provided by the other profession related to the construction of the building and is necessary

(a) for the construction of the building and is incidental to the other services provided by the architect or professional engineer, or

(b) for coordination purposes.

Table 2.3.1.1.(4)

Design and General Review

Forming Part of Sentence 2.3.1.1.(1)

Building Classification by Major Occupancy

Building Description

Design and General Review by:

Assembly occupancy only

Every building

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Assembly occupancy and any other major occupancy except industrial

Every building

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Care or detention occupancy only

Every building

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Care or detention occupancy and any other major occupancy except industrial

Every building

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Residential occupancy only

Every building that exceeds 3 storeys in building height

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area and that contains a residential occupancy other than a dwelling unit or dwelling units

Architect(2)

Residential occupancy only

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area and contains a dwelling unit above another dwelling unit

Architect(2)

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in building area contains 3 or more dwelling units and has no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit

Architect(2)

Residential occupancy and any other major occupancy except industrial, assembly or care or detention occupancy

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Business and personal services occupancy only

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Business and personal services occupancy and any other major occupancy except industrial, assembly or care or detention occupancy

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Mercantile occupancy only

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Mercantile occupancy and any other major occupancy except industrial, assembly or care or detention occupancy

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect and professional engineer(1)

Industrial occupancy only and where there are no subsidiary occupancies

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect or professional engineer(3)

Industrial occupancy and one or more other major occupancies where the portion of the area occupied by one of the other major or subsidiary occupancies exceeds 600 m2

The non-industrial portion of every building

Architect and professional engineer(1)

The industrial portion of every building

Architect or professional engineer(3)

Industrial occupancy and one or more other major occupancies where no portion of the area occupied by one of the other major or subsidiary occupancies exceeds 600 m2

Every building that exceeds 600 m2 in gross area or 3 storeys in building height

Architect or professional engineer(3)

Column 1

2

3

Notes To Table 2.3.1.1.

(1)An architect shall provide services within the practice of architecture and a professional engineer shall provide the services within the practice of professional engineering.

(2)An architect may engage a professional engineer to provide services within the practices of professional engineering.

(3)Only a professional engineer may provide services within the practice of professional engineering.

(4)Requirements for design and general review by an architect or professional engineer or a combination of both for the construction, enlargement or alteration of a building are set out in the Architects Act and the Professional Engineers Act.

(3) The requirement for an architect does not apply to the preparation or provision of a design for interior space for a building, including finishes, fixed or loose furnishings, equipment, fixtures and partitioning of space, and related exterior elements such as signs, finishes and glazed openings used for display purposes, that does not affect or is not likely to affect

(a) the structural integrity,

(b) a fire safety system or fire separation,

(c) a main entrance or public corridor on a floor,

(d) an exit to a public thoroughfare or to the exterior,

(e) the construction or location of an exterior wall, or

(f) the usable floor space through the addition of a mezzanine, infill or other similar element,

of the building.

(4) Where a building or part of it described in Table 2.3.1.1. is designed by an architect or a professional engineer or a combination of both as required by this Article, all plans, sketches, drawings, graphic representations, specifications and other documents that are prepared by an architect, professional engineer or both and that form the basis for the issuance of a permit under Section 8 of the Act or any changes to it authorized by the chief building official shall bear the signature and seal of the architect, professional engineer or both, as applicable.

(5) Where the foundations of a building are to be constructed below the level of the footings of an adjacent building and within the angle of repose of the soil, as drawn from the bottom of the footings, the foundations shall be designed by a professional engineer.

(6) The thermal design of a building in accordance with Section 9.38. shall be prepared and provided by an architect or professional engineer or a combination of both.

2.3.2.General Review

2.3.2.1. General Review by Architect or Professional Engineer

(1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), a person who intends to construct or have constructed a building required to be designed by an architect, professional engineer or both, shall ensure that an architect, professional engineer or both are retained to undertake the general review of the construction of the building in accordance with the performance standards of the Ontario Association of Architects or the Association of Professional Engineers of Ontario, as applicable, to determine whether the construction is in general conformity with the plans, sketches, drawings, graphic representations, specifications and other documents that are prepared by an architect, professional engineer or both and that form the basis for the issuance of a permit under Section 8 of the Act or any changes to it authorized by the chief building official, copies of written reports arising out of the general review shall be forwarded to the chief building official or registered code agency, as the case may be, by the architect, professional engineer or both who have been retained to undertake the general review of the construction of the building.

(2) An architect or a professional engineer need not be retained to undertake the general review of construction of a building where the building is designed in accordance with Section 9.38.

2.3.2.2. Restriction for General Review

(1) Only an architect may carry out or provide the general review of the construction of a building

(a) that is constructed in accordance with a design prepared or provided by an architect, or

(b) in relation to services that are provided by an architect in connection with the design in accordance with which the building is constructed.

(2) Only a professional engineer may carry out or provide the general review of the construction of a building

(a) that is constructed in accordance with a design prepared or provided by a professional engineer, or

(b) in relation to services that are provided by a professional engineer in connection with the design in accordance with which the building is constructed.

2.3.2.3. Demolition of a Building

(1) The applicant for a permit respecting the demolition of a building shall retain a professional engineer to undertake the general review of the project during demolition, where

(a) the building exceeds 3 storeys in building height or 600 m2 in building area,

(b) the building structure includes pre-tensioned or post-tensioned members,

(c) it is proposed that the demolition will extend below the level of the footings of any adjacent building and occur within the angle of repose of the soil, drawn from the bottom of such footings, or

(d) explosives or a laser are to be used during the course of demolition.

Section 2.4.Permits and Inspections

2.4.1.Permits

2.4.1.1. Requirement for Permits

(1) A person is exempt from the requirement to obtain a permit under Section 8 of the Act

(a) for the demolition of a building located on a farm,

(b) subject to Sentence (1.1), for the construction or demolition of a building in territory without municipal organization, or

(c) for the construction of a Class 1 sewage system.

(1.1) The exemption in Clause (1) (b) from the requirement to obtain a permit does not apply to the construction of a sewage system in territory without municipal organization.

(2) Where a permit is required for the demolition of a building in Sentence 2.3.2.3.(1), descriptions of the structural design characteristics of the building and the method of demolition shall be included in the application for a permit to demolish the building.

(3) No person shall commence demolition of a building or any part of a building before the building has been vacated by the occupants except where the safety of the occupants is not affected.

(4) Reserved.

(5) A tent or group of tents is exempt from the requirement to obtain a permit under Section 8 of the Act and is exempt from compliance with the Code provided that the tent or group of tents are

(a) not more than 60 m2 in aggregate ground area,

(b) not attached to a building, and

(c) constructed more than 3 m from other structures.

2.4.1.1A. Applications for Permits under Section 8 of the Act

(1) An application for a permit under Section 8 of the Act to construct or demolish a building shall be made after June 30, 2005 by

(a) the owner of the property on which the proposed construction or demolition is to take place, or

(b) the authorized agent of the owner referred to in Clause (a).

(2) An application referred to in Sentence (1) that is made after June 30, 2005 shall be in a form approved by the Minister.

(3) In Sentence (1),

owner includes, in respect of the property on which the construction or demolition will take place, the registered owner, a lessee and a mortgagee in possession.

2.4.1.1B. Period Within Which a Permit is Issued or Refused

(1) Subject to Sentences (2) and (3), if an application for a permit under Subsection 8 (1) of the Act that meets the requirements of Sentence (5) is submitted after December 31, 2005 to a chief building official, the chief building official shall, within the time period set out in Column 3 of Table 2.4.1.1B. corresponding to the class of building described in Column 2 of Table 2.4.1.1B. for which the application is made:

(a) issue the permit, or

(b) refuse to issue the permit and provide in writing all of the reasons for the refusal.

(2) If an application made after December 31, 2005 for a permit under Subsection 8 (1) of the Act proposes construction or demolition of two or more buildings of different classes described in Column 2 of Table 2.4.1.1B. that have different time periods in Column 3 of Table 2.4.1.1B., the longer of the time periods shall be the time period for the purposes of Sentence (1).

(3) If an application for a permit under Subsection 8 (1) of the Act proposes construction or demolition of a building described in Sentence (4), the time period for the purposes of Sentence (1) shall be the longer of

(a) 10 days, and

(b) the time period corresponding to the class of the building described in Column 2 of Table 2.4.1.1B. that the building in Sentence (4) serves, if any.

(4) A building referred to in Sentence (3) is:

(a) a structure occupying an area of 10 m2 or less that contains plumbing, including the plumbing appurtenant to it,

(b) plumbing not located in a structure,

(c) a sewage system, or

(d) a structure described in Article 2.1.2.1.

(5) The requirements for an application referred to in Sentence (1) for a permit under Subsection 8 (1) of the Act are:

(a) that the application be made in the form described in Sentence 2.4.1.1A.(2),

(b) that the application be signed by a person described in Clause 2.4.1.1A.(1)(a) or (b),

(c) that all applicable fields on the application form and required schedules are completed,

(d) that all attachments indicated as being attached to the application are submitted with the application, and

(e) that the application be accompanied by the types and quantities of plans and specifications that are prescribed by the applicable by-law, resolution or regulation made under Clause 7 (1) (b) of the Act.

(6) The time period described in Sentences (1) to (3) shall begin on the day following the later of

(a) the day on which an application meeting the requirements of Sentence (5) is submitted to the chief building official, and

(b) the day on which payment is made of all fees that are required, under a by-law, regulation or resolution made under Clause 7 (1) (c) of the Act, to be paid when the application is made.

(7) Subject to Sentences (8) and (9), the time periods described in Column 3 of Table 2.4.1.1B. shall not include Saturdays, holidays and all other days when the offices of the principal authority are not open for the transaction of business with the public.

(8) The time period in Sentence (9) applies where

(a) an application is made for the construction of a building that is served by a sewage system,

(b) construction is proposed in respect of the sewage system that serves the building, and

(c) a board of health, conservation authority, planning board or the council of an upper-tier municipality is responsible for the enforcement of the provisions of the Act and this Code related to the sewage system under Section 3.1 of the Act or pursuant to an agreement under Section 6.2 of the Act.

(9) The time period described in Sentences (1) to (3) for an application referred to in Clause (8)(a) shall begin on the day following the latest of

(a) the day on which an application meeting the requirements of Sentence (5) is submitted to the chief building official,

(b) the day on which payment is made of all fees that are required, under a by-law, regulation or resolution made under Clause 7 (1) (c) of the Act, to be paid when the application is made, and

(c) the day on which a permit for the construction of the sewage system referred to in Clause (8)(b) is issued.

TABLE 2.4.1.1B.

Period Within Which Permit Shall be Issued or Refused Forming Part of Article 2.4.1.1B.

Row Number

Class of Building

Time period

1

    (a) A detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse, or row house where no dwelling unit is located above another dwelling unit.

10 days

    (b) A detached structure that serves a building described in Clause (a) and does not exceed 50 m2 in building area.

    (c) A tent to which Section 3.13. applies.

    (d) A sign to which Section 3.14. applies.

2

    (a) Buildings described in Clauses 2.1.1.3.(1)(a), (b) and (c), other than buildings described in Column 2 of any of Rows 1 and 4 of this Table.

15 days

    (b) Farm buildings that do not exceed 600 m2 in building area.

3

    (a) Buildings described in Clause 2.1.1.2.(1)(a) or (b), other than buildings described in Column 2 of any of Rows 1 and 4 of this Table.

20 days

    (b) Farm buildings exceeding 600 m2 in building area.

4

    (a) Post-disaster buildings.

30 days

    (b) Buildings to which Subsection 3.2.6. or any provision in Articles 3.2.8.3. to 3.2.8.11. applies.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

2.4.1.2.Permits under Section 10 of the Act

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), the following changes in use of a building or part of a building constitute an increase in hazard for the purposes of Section 10 of the Act and require a permit under Section 10 of the Act:

(a) a change of the major occupancy of all or part of a building that is designated with a “Y” in Table 2.4.1.2. takes place,

(b) a suite of a Group C major occupancy is converted into more than one suite of Group C major occupancy,

(b.1) a suite or part of a suite of a Group A, Division 2 or a Group A, Division 4 major occupancy is converted to a gaming premise,

(c) a farm building or part of a farm building is changed to a major occupancy, or

(d) the use of a building or part of a building is changed and the previous major occupancy of the building or part of the building cannot be determined.

(2) A person is exempt from the requirement to obtain a permit under Section 10 of the Act where the change in use of the building or part of the building will result from proposed construction and a permit under Section 8 of the Act has been issued in respect of such construction.

(3) A person is exempt from the requirement to obtain a permit under Section 10 of the Act for the change of use of a building in unorganized territory.

Table 2.4.1.2.

Permit Required for Change of Use

Forming Part of Sentence 2.4.1.2.(1)(1)

 

FROM(2)

A-1

A-2

A-3

A-4

B-1

B-2

B-3

C

D

E

F-1

F-2

F-3

TO(3)

A-1

N(5)

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

A-2

Y

N(5)

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

A-3

Y

Y

N(5)

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

A-4

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

B-1

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

B-2

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

B-3

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

N(5)

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

C

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

N(5)

N(5)

(4)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

D

N(5)

N(5)

Y

N(5)

Y

N(5)

N(5)

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

N(5)

N(5)

E

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

F-1

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

F-2

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

N(5)

Y

F-3

Y

N(5)

Y

N(5)

Y

Y

Y

Y

N(5)

N(5)

N(5)

N(5)

N(5)

Notes to Table 2.4.1.2.:

(1)See Clauses 2.4.1.2.(1)(a), 3.15.1.1.(1)(a) and 9.41.1.1.(1)(a).

(2)Major occupancy of all or part of a building before change of use.

(3)Major occupancy of all or part of a building after change of use.

(4)See Clauses 2.4.1.2.(1)(b), 3.15.1.1.(1)(b), 9.41.1.1.(1)(b) and 11.4.2.3.(1)(b).

(5)“N” is only applicable where the major occupancy of the entire suite is changed.

2.4.1.3. Conditional Permits

(1) The chief building official shall not issue a conditional permit for any stage of construction under Subsection 8 (3) of the Act unless compliance with the following applicable laws has been achieved in respect of the construction of the proposed building:

(a) regulations made under Clause 28 (1) (e) of the Conservation Authorities Act,

(b) Subsection 5 (3) of the Environmental Assessment Act,

(c) Reserved

(d) Subsection 24 (3) of the Niagara Escarpment Planning and Development Act,

(e) Section 30, Subsections 33 (1), 34 (1) and Section 42 of the Ontario Heritage Act.

(f) Revoked: O. Reg. 305/03, s. 7 (1).

(2) For the purposes of issuing a conditional permit under Subsection 8 (3) of the Act, a person is exempt from the requirement in Clause 8 (3) (a) of the Act of compliance with by-laws passed under Sections 34 and 38 of the Planning Act where

(a) a committee of adjustment has made a decision under Section 45 of the Planning Act authorizing one or more minor variances from the provisions of any by-laws made under Sections 34 and 38 of that Act,

(b) such minor variance or variances result in the achievement of full compliance with such by-laws, and

(c) no person informed the committee of adjustment of objections to the minor variances either in writing or in person at the hearing of the application.

(3) For the purposes of issuing a conditional permit under Subsection 8 (3) of the Act, a person is exempt from the requirement in Clause 8 (3) (a) of the Act of compliance with by-laws passed under Sections 34 and 38 of the Planning Act where the construction in respect of which the conditional permit is issued is required in order to comply with an order issued under Subsection 21 (1) of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997 or under Subsection 15.9 (4) of the Building Code Act, 1992.

(4) A permit issued under Subsection 8 (3) of the Act shall indicate its conditional nature.

2.4.2.Site Documents

2.4.2.1. Permit Posting

(1) Where a permit has been issued pursuant to the Act, the person to whom it is issued shall have the permit or a copy thereof posted at all times during construction or demolition in a conspicuous place on the property in respect of which the permit was issued.

2.4.2.2. Documentation on Site

(1) The person in charge of the construction of the building shall keep and maintain on the site of the construction

(a) at least one copy of drawings and specifications certified by the chief building official or a person designated by the chief building official to be a copy of those submitted with the application for the permit to construct the building, together with changes that are authorized by the chief building official or a person designated by the chief building official, and

(b) authorization or facsimiles thereof received from the Building Materials Evaluation Commission, including specified terms and conditions.

2.4.3.Occupancy of Unfinished Building

2.4.3.1. Occupancy Permit

(1) Except as permitted in Sentence 2.4.3.2.(1), a person may occupy or permit to be occupied any building or part thereof that has not been fully completed at the date of occupation where the chief building official or a person designated by the chief building official has issued a permit authorizing occupation of the building or part thereof prior to its completion in accordance with Sentence (2).

(2) The chief building official or a person designated by the chief building official shall issue a permit authorizing occupation of a building, where

(a) the structure of the building or part thereof is completed to the roof,

(b) the enclosing walls of the building or part thereof are completed to the roof,

(c) the walls enclosing the space to be occupied are completed, including balcony guards,

(d) all required fire separations and closures are completed on all storeys to be occupied,

(e) all required exits are completed and fire separated including all doors, door hardware, self-closing devices, balustrades and handrails from the uppermost floor to be occupied down to grade level and below if an exit connects with lower storeys,

(f) all shafts including closures are completed to the floor-ceiling assembly above the storey to be occupied and have a temporary fire separation at such assembly,

(g) measures have been taken to prevent access to parts of the building and site that are incomplete or still under construction,

(h) floors, halls, lobbies and required means of egress are kept free of loose materials and other hazards,

(i) if service rooms should be in operation, required fire separations are completed and all closures installed,

(j) all building drains, building sewers, water systems, drainage systems and venting systems are complete and tested as operational for the storeys to be occupied,

(k) required lighting, heating and electrical supply are provided for the suites, rooms and common areas to be occupied,

(l) required lighting in corridors, stairways and exits is completed and operational up to and including all storeys to be occupied,

(m) required standpipe, sprinkler and fire alarm systems are complete and operational up to and including all storeys to be occupied, together with required pumper connections for such standpipes and sprinklers,

(n) required fire extinguishers have been installed on all storeys to be occupied,

(o) main garbage rooms, chutes and ancillary services thereto are completed to storeys to be occupied,

(p) required fire fighting access routes have been provided and are accessible, and

(q) the sewage system has been completed and is operational.

(3) Where a registered code agency has been appointed to perform the functions described in Clause 4.1 (4) (b) or (c) of the Act in respect of the construction of the building, the chief building official or a person designated by the chief building official shall issue the permit referred to in Sentence (2) after receipt of a certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed issued by the registered code agency in respect of the building.

2.4.3.2. Conditions for Residential Occupancy

(1) A person may occupy or permit to be occupied a building intended for residential occupancy that has not been fully completed at the date of occupation provided that

(a) the building

(i) is not more than 3 storeys in building height and 600 m2 in building area,

(ii) has not more than 1 dwelling unit above another dwelling unit,

(iii) has not more than 2 dwelling units sharing a common means of egress, and

(iv) has no accommodation for tourists,

(b) the following building components and systems are complete, operational and inspected:

(i) required exits, handrails and guards, fire alarm and detection systems, and fire separations,

(ii) required exhaust fume barriers and self-closing devices on doors between an attached or built-in garage and a dwelling unit, and

(iii) water supply, sewage disposal, lighting and heating systems,

(c) the following building components and systems are complete, operational, inspected and tested:

(i) water systems,

(ii) building drains and building sewers, and

(iii) drainage systems and venting systems, and

(d) where applicable, the building conforms to Article 2.1.1.8.

2.4.3.3. Notification

(1) Where a person has occupied or permitted the occupancy of a building under this Subsection, such person shall notify the chief building official forthwith upon completion of the building.

2.4.4.Fire Department Inspection

2.4.4.1. Fire Department Approval

(1) Subject to Sentence (2), if the council of a municipality assigns specific responsibility for the enforcement of any portion of this Code respecting fire safety matters to an inspector who is the chief of the fire department of the municipality, the chief building official shall not issue a permit to construct a building unless the inspector approves the drawings submitted with the application for the permit as complying with that portion of this Code.

(2) If a registered code agency has been appointed under Clause 4.1 (4) (a) or (c) of the Act

(a) a municipality shall not assign responsibility under Sentence (1) to the chief of the fire department with respect to a building for which the registered code agency has been appointed, and

(b) any assignment of responsibility under Sentence (1) with respect to a building for which the registered code agency is appointed shall be cancelled as of the date of the appointment.

2.4.5.Notices and Inspections

2.4.5.1. Prescribed Notices

(1) This Article sets out the notices that are required under Section 10.2 of the Act.

(2) The person to whom a permit under Section 8 of the Act is issued shall notify the chief building official or, where a registered code agency is appointed under the Act in respect of the construction to which the notice relates, the registered code agency of:

(a) readiness to construct footings,

(b) substantial completion of footings and foundations prior to commencement of backfilling,

(c) substantial completion of structural framing and ductwork and piping for heating and air-conditioning systems, if the building is within the scope of Part 9,

(d) substantial completion of structural framing and roughing-in of heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and air-contaminant extraction equipment, if the building is not a building to which Clause (c) applies,

(e) substantial completion of insulation, vapour barriers and air barriers,

(f) substantial completion of all required fire separations and closures and all fire protection systems including standpipe, sprinkler, fire alarm and emergency lighting systems,

(g) substantial completion of fire access routes,

(h) readiness for inspection and testing of:

(i) building sewers and building drains,

(ii) water service pipes,

(iii) fire service mains,

(iv) drainage systems and venting systems,

(v) the water distribution system, and

(vi) plumbing fixtures and plumbing appliances,

(i) readiness for inspection of suction and gravity outlets, covers and suction piping serving outlets of an outdoor pool described in Clause 2.1.2.1.(1)(h), a public pool or a public spa,

(j) substantial completion of the circulation/recirculation system of an outdoor pool described in Clause 2.1.2.1.(1)(h), a public pool or public spa and substantial completion of the pool before it is first filled with water,

(k) readiness to construct the sewage system,

(l) substantial completion of the installation of the sewage system before the commencement of backfilling,

(m) substantial completion of installation of plumbing not located in a structure, before the commencement of backfilling, and

(n) completion of construction and installation of components required to permit the issue of an occupancy permit under Sentence 2.4.3.1.(2) or to permit occupancy under Sentence 2.4.3.2.(1), if the building or part of the building to be occupied is not fully completed.

2.4.5.2. Additional Notices

(1) A principal authority may pass a by-law or resolution or make a regulation under Clause 7 (1) (e) of the Act, as part of its responsibility for the enforcement of the Act, in order to establish time periods within which notice of one or more of the following stages of construction must be given:

(a) commencement of construction of the building,

(b) substantial completion of structural framing for each storey, if the building is a type of building that is within the scope of Parts of this Code other than Part 9,

(c) commencement of construction of:

(i) masonry fireplaces and masonry chimneys,

(ii) factory-built fireplaces and allied chimneys,

(iii) stoves, ranges, space heaters and add-on furnaces using solid fuels and allied chimneys,

(d) substantial completion of interior finishes,

(e) substantial completion of heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and air-contaminant extraction equipment,

(f) substantial completion of exterior cladding,

(g) substantial completion of site grading,

(h) substantial completion of the pool deck and dressing rooms for a public pool or public spa and readiness for inspection of the emergency stop system for a public pool or public spa, and

(i) completion and availability of drawings of the building as constructed.

(2) The person to whom a permit under Section 8 of the Act is issued shall notify the chief building official or, if a registered code agency is appointed under the Act in respect of the construction to which the notice relates, the registered code agency of the stages of construction for which a time period for giving notice is required under Sentence (1).

2.4.5.3. Prescribed Inspections

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), an inspector or registered code agency, as the case may be, shall, not later than two days after receipt of a notice given under Sentence 2.4.5.1.(2), undertake a site inspection of the building to which the notice relates.

(2) Where a notice given under Sentence 2.4.5.1.(2) relates to matters described in Clause 2.4.5.1.(2)(k) or (l), an inspector or registered code agency, as the case may be, shall, not later than five days after receipt of the notice, undertake a site inspection of the sewage system to which the notice relates.

(3) When undertaking an inspection required under Sentence (1) or (2), the inspector or registered code agency, as the case may be, may consider reports concerning whether the building or a part of the building complies with the Act or this Code.

(4) The time periods referred to in Sentences (1) and (2) shall begin on the day following the day on which the notice is given.

(5) The time periods referred to in Sentences (1) and (2) shall not include Saturdays, holidays and all other days when the offices of the principal authority are not open for the transaction of business with the public.

2.4.5.4. Exemption

(1) A person is exempt from the requirement in Sentences 2.4.5.1.(2) and 2.4.5.2.(2) to give notice to the chief building official in respect of construction if

(a) a permit in respect of the construction was issued to the person under Section 8 of the Act before July 1, 2005, and

(b) the person notifies the chief building official in accordance with

(i) Sentence 2.4.5.1.(1) as it read on June 30, 2005, and

(ii) the by-law passed by the municipality under Clause 7 (e) of the Act, as the by-law read on June 30, 2005.

(2) Article 2.4.5.3. does not apply to construction to which Sentence (1) relates.

2.4.5.5. Construction of Sewage Systems

(1) The following information is prescribed for the purposes of Subsection 15.12 (3) of the Act and must be provided to the chief building official before the commencement of the construction of a sewage system:

(a) the information described in Sentence 2.18.4.1.(2) as it relates to:

(i) the person registered under Article 2.18.3.2., and

(ii) the person with the qualifications described in Clause 2.18.3.2.(1)(a) who will supervise construction on-site of the sewage system, and

(b) the name and telephone number of the representative of the person described in Subclause (a)(i) who may be contacted by the chief building official in respect of the construction of the sewage system.

2.4.5.6. Orders

(1) An order issued after June 30, 2005 under Subsection 12 (2), 13 (1), 13 (6) or 14 (1) or Clause 18 (1) (f) of the Act shall be in a form approved by the Minister.

2.4.6.As Constructed Plans

2.4.6.1. Application

(1) Where the council of a municipality has passed a by-law pursuant to Subsection 7 (g) of the Act, the chief building official may require that as constructed plans for the whole of, or any part or system of, a building or any class of buildings be provided by the persons responsible for the construction.

Section 2.5.Climatic Data

2.5.1.Climatic and Seismic Values

2.5.1.1. Design Values

(1) The climatic and seismic values required for the design of buildings under this Code shall be in conformance with the values provided in Table 2.5.1.1.

Table 2.5.1.1.

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Table 2.5.1.1. (Cont’d)

Design Data For Selected Locations in Ontario

Forming part of Sentence 2.5.1.1.(1)

Section 2.6.Referenced Documents

2.6.1.Application

2.6.1.1. Limitation

(1) The provisions of referenced documents in this Code apply only to the extent that they relate to buildings or to structures designated in Subsection 2.1.2.

2.6.2.Conflicting Requirements

2.6.2.1. Governing Documents

(1) In the case of conflict between the provisions of this Code and those of a referenced document, the provisions of this Code shall govern.

2.6.3.Effective Date

2.6.3.1.Edition of Standard

(1) Unless otherwise specified herein, the documents referenced in this Code shall include all amendments, revisions and supplements effective to September 1, 1997.

2.6.3.2. Designated Editions

(1) Where documents are referenced in this Code, they shall be in the editions designated in Column 2 of Table 2.6.3.2.

Table 2.6.3.2.

Documents Referenced in the Ontario Building Code

Forming Part of Sentence 2.6.3.2.(1)

Issuing Agency

Document Number

Title of Document

Code Reference

ANSI/
ASME

A112.19.8M-1987

Suction Fittings for Use in Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, Hot Tubs, and Whirlpool Bathtub Appliances

3.11A.4.1.(9)

ANSI/
ASME

B16.3-1992

Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings (Classes 150 and 300)

7.2.6.6.(1)

ANSI/
ASME

B16.4-1992

Cast Iron Threaded Fittings (Classes 125 and 250)

7.2.6.5.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ANSI/
ASME

B16.12-1991

Cast Iron Threaded Drainage Fittings

7.2.6.3.(1)

ANSI/
ASME

B16.15-1985

Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings (Classes 125 and 250)

7.2.7.3.(1)

ANSI

B16.18-1984

Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings

7.2.7.6.(1)
7.2.7.6.(2)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ANSI/
ASME

B16.22-1989

Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings

7.2.7.6.(1)

ANSI/
ASME

B16.24-1991

Bronze Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings (Class 150 and 300)

7.2.7.2.(1)

ANSI/
ASME

B16.26-1988

Cast Copper Alloy Fittings for Flared Copper Tubes

7.2.7.7.(1)
7.2.7.7.(2)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ANSI/
ASME

B16.29-1986

Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings — DWV

7.2.7.5.(1)

ANSI

B18.6.1-1981

Slotted and Recessed Wood Screws (Inch Series)

9.23.3.1.(2)

ANSI

Z21.22-1986

Relief Valves and Automatic Shut-off Devices for Hot Water Supply Systems

7.2.10.11.(1)

ANSI/
ASHRAE

62-1989

Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality

6.2.2.1.(2)

ANSI/
AWWA

C104/A21.4-90

Cement-Mortar Lining for Ductile-Iron and Gray-Iron Pipe and Fittings for Water

7.2.6.4.(2)

ANSI/
AWWA

C110/A21.10-93

Ductile-Iron and Gray-Iron Fittings, 3 in. Through 48 in., for Water and Other Liquids

7.2.6.4.(3)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ANSI/
AWWA

C111/A21.11- 90

Rubber-Gasket Joints for Ductile-Iron and Gray-Iron Pressure Pipe and Fittings

7.2.6.4.(4)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ANSI/
AWWA

C151/A21.51- 91

Ductile-Iron Pipe, Centrifugally Cast in Metal Molds or Sand-Lined Molds, for Water or Other Liquids

7.2.6.4.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ASTM

A53-93a

Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated Welded and Seamless

7.2.6.7.(4)

ASTM

A123-89A

Zinc (Hot Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products

Table 9.20.16.1.

ASTM

A153-82 (1987)

Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware

Table 9.20.16.1.

ASTM

A252-93

Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe Piles

4.2.3.8.(1)

ASTM

A283/A283M-93a

Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel Plates, Shapes, and Bars

4.2.3.8.(1)

ASTM

A518M-92

Specification for Corrosion-Resistant High-Silicon Iron Castings

7.2.8.1.(1)

ASTM

A570/A570M-93

Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Sheet and Strip, Structural Quality

4.2.3.8.(1)

ASTM

A611-94

Steel, Cold-Rolled Sheet, Carbon Structural

4.2.3.8.(1)

ASTM

A653-94

Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvanealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

9.3.3.2.(1)

ASTM

A924-94

Steel Sheet, Metallic-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

9.3.3.2.(1)

ASTM

B32-94

Solder Metal

7.2.9.2.(2)

ASTM

B42-93

Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes

7.2.7.1.(1)

ASTM

B43-94

Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes

7.2.7.1.(2)

ASTM

B68-92

Seamless Copper Tube, Bright, Annealed

7.2.7.4.(3)

ASTM

B88-93a

Seamless Copper Water Tube

7.2.7.4.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

ASTM

B306-92

Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)

7.2.7.4.(1)

ASTM

C4-62 (1991)

Clay Drain Tile

9.14.3.1.(1)

ASTM

C5-79 (1992)

Quicklime for Structural Purposes

9.20.3.1.(1)

ASTM

C27-93

Classification for Fire Clay and High Alumina Refractory Brick

9.21.3.4.(1)

ASTM

C36

Gypsum Wallboard

3.1.5.11.(4)
9.29.5.2.(1)

ASTM

C37

Gypsum Lath

9.29.5.2.(1)

ASTM

C126-94

Ceramic Glazed Structural Clay Facing Tile, Facing Brick, and Solid Masonry Units

9.20.2.1.(1)

ASTM

C207-91 (1992)

Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes

9.20.3.1.(1)

ASTM

C212-93

Structural Clay Facing Tile

9.20.2.1.(1)

ASTM

C411-82 (1992)

Hot-Surface Performance of High-Temperature Thermal Insulation

6.2.3.4.(3)
6.2.9.2.(2)

ASTM

C412M-94

Concrete Drain Tile

9.14.3.1.(1)

ASTM

C442

Gypsum Backing Board and Coreboard

3.1.5.11.(4)
9.29.5.2.(1)

ASTM

C444M-94

Perforated Concrete Pipe (Metric)

9.14.3.1.(1)

ASTM

C588

Gypsum Base for Veneer Plaster

9.29.5.2.(1)
3.1.5.11.(4)

ASTM

C630

Water Resistant Gypsum Board Backing

3.1.5.11.(4)
9.29.5.2.(1)

ASTM

C700-91

Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength, Standard Strength and Perforated

9.14.3.1.(1)

ASTM

C931

Exterior Gypsum Soffirt Board

3.1.5.11.(4)
9.29.5.2.(1)

ASTM

C960

Predocorated Gypsum Board

3.1.5.11.(4)
9.29.5.2.(1)

ASTM

C1002-93

Steel Drill Screws for the Application of Gypsum Board or Metal Plaster Bases

9.24.1.4.
9.29.5.7.

ASTM

C1053-90

Borosilicate Glass Pipe and Fittings for Drain, Waste and Vent (DWV) Applications

7.2.8.1.(1)

ASTM

D374-94

Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation

3.14.4.1.(1)(c)

ASTM

D568-77

Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Flexible Plastics in a Vertical Position

3.14.4.1.(1)(b)
3.3.4.6.(1)
9.11.1.1.(1)

ASTM

D635-91

Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Self- Supporting Plastics in a Horizontal Position

3.14.4.1.(1)(a)

ASTM

D2178-89

Asphalt Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

5.6.1.2.(1)

ASTM

D2898-94

Test Method for Accelerated Weathering of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing

3.1.5.5.(4)
3.1.5.5.(5)

ASTM

D3261-93

Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing

7.2.5.5.(3)

ASTM

E90-90

Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions

3.3.4.6.(1)
9.11.1.1.(1)

ASTM

E96-94

Test Methods for Water Vapour Transmission of Materials

5.5.1.2.(4)

ASTM

E283-91

Standard Test Method for Rate of Air Leakage through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls and Doors

9.6.5.4.(1)
9.6.5.5.(1)
9.7.1.7.(1)
9.38.6.1.(1)

ASTM

E336-90

Measurement of Airborne Sound Insulation in Buildings

3.3.4.6.(1)
9.11.1.1.(1)

ASTM

E413-1994

Classification for Rating Sound Insulation

3.3.4.6.(1)
9.11.1.1.(1)

ASTM

F476-1991

Standard Test Methods For Security of Swinging Door Assemblies

9.6.8.10.(1)

AWPA

M4-91

Care of Preservative-Treated Wood Products

4.2.3.2.(2)

BNQ

NQ3624-115-1991

Thermo-Plastic Pipe-Flexible Corrugated Tubing and Fitting for Soil Drainage

9.14.3.1.(1)

CGA

CAN1-4.4-M80

Temperature, Pressure, Temperature and Pressure Relief Valves and Vacuum Relief Valves

7.2.10.11.(1)

CSA

CAN/CGA-6.19-M93 (R1999)

Residential Carbon Monoxide Detectors

6.2.5A.3.(1)
9.33.4.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-1.501-M89

Method of Permeance of Coated Wallboard

5.5.1.2.(3)
9.25.4.2.(5)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-7.1-86

Cold Formed Steel Framing Components

9.24.1.2.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-7.2-94

Adjustable Steel Columns

9.17.3.4.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-10.3-92

Air Setting Refractory Mortar

9.21.3.4.(2)
9.21.3.9.(1)
9.22.2.2.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-11.3-M87

Hardboard

9.27.10.1.(2)
9.29.7.1.(1)
9.30.2.2.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-11.5-M87

Hardboard, Precoated, Factory Finished, for Exterior Cladding

9.27.10.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.1-M90

Tempered or Laminated Safety Glass

3.3.1.18.(2)
3.4.6.14.(3)
9.6.6.2.(2)
9.7.3.1.(1)
9.8.8.7.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.2-M91

Flat, Clear, Sheet Glass

9.7.3.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.3-M91

Flat, Clear, Float Glass

9.7.3.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.4-M91

Heat Absorbing Glass

9.7.3.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.5-M86

Mirrors, Silvered

9.6.6.3.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.8-M90

Insulating Glass Units

9.7.3.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.10-M76

Glass, Light and Heat Reflecting

9.7.3.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.11-M90

Wired Safety Glass

3.4.6.14.(3)
9.6.6.2.(2)
9.7.3.1.(1)
9.8.8.7.(1)
4.3.6.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-12.20-M89

Structural Design of Glass for Buildings

3.3.1.18.(2)
9.7.3.2.(1)

CGSB

19-GP-5M-1976

Sealing Compound, One Component, Acrylic Base, Solvent Curing

9.27.4.2.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-19.13-M87

Sealing Compound, One Component, Elastomeric, Chemical Curing

9.27.4.2.(2)

CGSB

19-GP-14M-1976

Sealing Compound, One Component, Butyl-Polyisobutylene Polymer Base, Solvent Curing

9.27.4.2.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-19.22-M89

Mildew Resistant Sealing Compound for Tubs and Tile

9.29.10.5.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-19.24-M90

Multi-Component, Chemical Curing Sealing Compound

9.27.4.2.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.4-M89

Siding, Asbestos-Cement, Shingles and Clapboards

9.27.8.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.5-M89

Sheets, Asbestos-Cement, Corrugated

9.27.8.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.9-M87

Pipe, Asbestos-Cement, Sewer

7.2.5.1.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.14-M89

Sheets, Asbestos-Cement, Decorative

9.27.8.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.16-M89

Sheets, Asbestos-Cement, Flat, Fully Compressed

9.27.8.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.17-M89

Sheets, Asbestos-Cement, Flat, Semicompressed

9.27.8.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.21-M89

Panels, Sandwich, Asbestos-Cement with Insulating Cores

9.27.8.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.22-M87

Pipe, Asbestos-Cement, Drain

7.2.5.1.(1)
9.14.3.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-34.23-M87

Pipe, Asbestos-Cement, Sewer, House Connection

7.2.5.1.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.1-M89

Chemical Emulsified Type, Emulsified Asphalts for Dampproofing

9.13.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.2-M88

Emulsified Asphalt, Mineral Colloid Type, Unfilled, for Dampproofing and Waterproofing and for Roof Coatings

9.13.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.3-M89

Application of Emulsified Asphalts for Dampproofing or Waterproofing

9.13.1.4.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.4-M89

Fibrated, Cutback Asphalt, Lap Cement for Asphalt Roofing

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.5-M89

Cutback Asphalt Plastic Cement

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-6Ma-1983

Asphalt, Cutback, Unfilled, for Dampproofing

9.13.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.8-M88

Asphalt, Cutback, Filled, for Roof Coating

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-9Ma-1983

Primer, Asphalt, Unfilled, for Asphalt Roofing, Dampproofing and Waterproofing

5.6.1.2.(1)

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-12Ma-1984

Application of Unfilled Cutback Asphalt for Dampproofing

9.13.1.4.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.16-M89

Filled Cutback Asphalt for Dampproofing and Waterproofing

9.13.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-18Ma-1985

Tar, Cutback, Unfilled, for Dampproofing

9.13.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-18Ma-1985

Tar, Cutback, Fibrated, For Roof Coating

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.22-M89

Application of Unfilled Cutback Tar Foundation Coating for Dampproofing

9.13.1.4.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-36M-1976

Application of Filled Cutback Asphalt for Dampproofing or Waterproofing

5.8.2.3 (1)

CGSB

37-GP-37M-1977

Application of Hot Asphalt for Dampproofing or Waterproofing

5.8.2.3 (1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.50-M89

Hot Applied, Rubberized Asphalt for Roofing and Waterproofing

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-37.51-M90

Application for Hot Applied Rubberized Asphalt for Roofing and Waterproofing

5.8.2.3.(1)
9.26.15.1. (1)

CGSB

37-GP-52M-1984

Roofing and Waterproofing Membrane, Sheet Applied, Elastomeric

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-54M-1979

Roofing and Waterproofing Membrane, Sheet Applied, Flexible, Polyvinyl Chloride

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-55M-1979

Application of Sheet Applied Flexible Polyvinyl Chloride Roofing Membrane

9.26.16.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-56M-1980

Membrane, Modified, Bituminous, Prefabricated, and Reinforced for Roofing

9.13.2.1.(1)
9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

37-GP-64M-1977

Mat Reinforcing, Fibrous Glass, for Membrane Waterproofing Systems and Built-up Roofing

5.6.1.2.(1)

CGSB

41-GP-6M-1983

Sheets, Thermosetting Polyester Plastics, Glass Fiber Reinforced

9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

41-GP-24Ma-1983

Siding, Soffits and Fascia, Rigid Vinyl

9.27.13.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.20-M87

Thermal Insulation, Polystyrene Boards and Pipe Covering

Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

51-GP-21M-1978

Thermal Insulation, Urethane and Isocyanurate, Unfaced

Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.23-M92

Spray Applied Rigid Polyurethane Cellular Plastic Thermal Insulation

5.3.1.2.(2)
9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.25-M87

Thermal Insulation, Phenolic, Faced

9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.26-M87

Thermal Insulation, Urethane and Isocyanurate, Boards, Faced

Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

51-GP-27M-1979

Thermal Insulation, Polystyrene, Loose Fill

9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN2-51.32-M77

Sheathing, Membrane, Breather Type

9.20.13.9.(1)
9.23.17.1.(1)
9.26.2.1.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.33-M89

Vapour Barrier, Sheet, Excluding Polyethylene, for Use in Building Construction

9.25.4.2.(4)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.34-M86

Vapour Barrier, Polyethylene Sheet for Use in Building Construction

9.13.2.1.(1)
9.13.2.1.(2)
9.18.6.2.(1)
9.25.3.2.(2)
9.25.4.2.(3)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.39-M92

Spray Application of Rigid Polyurethane Cellular Plastic Insulation for Building Construction

5.3.1.3.(3)
9.25.2.5.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-51.60-M90

Cellulose Fibre Loose Fill Thermal Insulation

9.25.2.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-63.14-M89

Plastic Skylights

9.7.7.1.(1)
9.7.7.2.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-82.1-M89

Sliding Doors

9.6.5.2.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-82.5-M88

Insulated Steel Doors

9.6.5.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-82.6-M86

Doors, Mirrored Glass, Sliding or Folding, Wardrobe

9.6.6.3.(1)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-93.1-M85

Sheet, Aluminum Alloy, Prefinished Residential

9.27.12.1.(4)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-93.2-M91

Prefinished, Aluminum, Siding, Soffits and Facsia for Residential Use

9.27.12.1.(3)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-93.3-M91

Prefinished Galvanized and Aluminum-Zinc Alloy Steel Sheet for Residential Use

5.6.1.2.(3)
9.27.12.1.(2)

CGSB

CAN/CGSB-93.4-M92

Galvanized Steel and Aluminum-Zinc Alloy Coated Steel Siding and Fascia, Residential, Prefinished

5.6.1.2.(3)
9.27.12.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A5-M93

Portland Cement

9.3.1.2.(1)
9.20.3.1.(1)
9.28.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A8-M93

Masonry Cement

9.20.3.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A23.1-94

Concrete Materials and Methods of Concrete Construction

4.2.3.6.(1)
4.2.3.9.(1)
9.3.1.3.(1)
9.3.1.4.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A23.3-94

Design of Concrete Structures

Table 4.1.9.1.B.
4.3.3.1.(1)

CSA

A60.1-M1976

Vitrified Clay Pipe

7.2.5.4.(1)

CSA

A60.3-M1976

Vitrified Clay Pipe Joints

7.2.5.4.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A82.1-M87

Burned Clay Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

A82.3-M1978

Calcium Silicate (Sand-Lime) Building Brick

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

A82.4-M1978

Structural Clay Load-Bearing Wall Tile

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

A82.5-M1978

Structural Clay Non-Load-Bearing Tile

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

A82.8-M78

Hollow Clay Brick

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A82.27-M91

Gypsum Board

3.1.5.11.(4)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.29.5.2.(1)

CSA

A82.30-M1980

Interior Furring, Lathing and Gypsum Plastering

9.29.4.1.(1)

CSA

A82.31-M1980

Gypsum Board Application

9.10.12.5.(1)
9.29.5.1.(2)

CSA

A82.56-M1976

Aggregate for Masonry Mortar

9.20.3.1.(1)

CSA

CAN3-A93-M82

Natural Airflow Ventilators for Buildings

9.19.1.2.(4)

CSA

A101-M1983

Thermal Insulation, Mineral Fibre, for Buildings

9.25.2.3.(1)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.

CSA

A123.1-M1979

Asphalt Shingles Surfaced with Mineral Granules

9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

A123.2-M1979

Asphalt Coated Roofing Sheets

9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

A123.3-M1979

Asphalt or Tar Saturated Roofing Felt

9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

A123.4-M1979

Bitumen for Use in Construction of Built-Up Roof Coverings and Dampproofing and Waterproofing Systems

9.13.2.1.(1)
9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A123.5-M90

Asphalt Shingle Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules

5.6.1.2.(1)
9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

A123.17-M1963

Asphalt-Saturated Felted Glass-Fibre Mat for Use in Construction of Built-Up Roofs

9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN3-A123.51-M85

Asphalt Shingle Application on Roof Slopes 1:3 and Steeper

9.26.1.2.(1)

CSA

CAN3-A123.52-M85

Asphalt Shingle Application on Roof Slopes 1:6 to Less than 1:3

9.26.1.2.(1)

CSA

A165.1-94

Concrete Masonry Units

9.15.2.2.(1)
9.17.5.1.(1)
9.20.2.1.(1)
9.20.2.6.(1)

CSA

A165.2-94

Concrete Brick Masonry Units

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

A165.3-94

Prefaced Concrete Masonry Units

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

A165.4-94

Autoclaved Cellular Units

9.20.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A220.0-M91

Performance of Concrete Roof Tiles

5.6.1.2.(1)
9.26.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A220.1-M91

Installation of Concrete Roof Tiles

9.26.17.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A247-M86

Insulating Fibreboard

9.23.15.6.(3)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.25.2.3.(1)
9.25.3.1.(1)
9.29.8.1.(1)

CSA

A257 Series-M92

Standards for Circular Concrete Pipe and Manholes

7.2.5.3.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A257.4-M92

Precast Reinforced Circular Concrete Manhole Sections, Catch Basins, and Fittings

7.2.5.3.(6)

CSA

CAN3-A266.1-M78

Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete

9.3.1.8.(1)

CSA

CAN3-A266.2-M78

Chemical Admixtures for Concrete

9.3.1.8.(1)

CSA

CSA B66-00

Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks

8.2.2.2.(1)
8.2.2.2.(2)
8.2.2.2.(2.1)
8.2.2.3.(7)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A277-M90

Procedures for Certification of Factory-Built Houses

2.1.1.4.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A324-M88

Clay Flue Liners

9.21.3.3.(1)

CSA

A371-94

Masonry Construction for Buildings

5.6.1.2.(3)
5.6.1.3.(3)
9.20.15.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A405-M87

Design and Construction of Masonry Chimneys and Fireplaces

9.21.3.5.(1)
9.22.1.4.(1)
9.22.5.2.(2)

CSA

CAN3-A438-M84

Concrete Construction for Housing and Small Buildings

9.3.1.1.(1)
9.3.1.7.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A440-M90

Windows

3.7.2.2.(3)
9.7.2.1.(1)
9.7.6.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-A440.2-M92

Energy Performance Evaluation of Windows and Sliding Glass Doors

9.25.2.1.(12)
9.38.5.4.(4)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B44-M94

Safety Code for Elevators, Escalators, Dumbwaiters, Moving Walks and Freight Platform Lifts

3.3.3.9.(1)
3.8.3.5.(1)
Table 4.1.10.5.

CSA

CAN/CSA-B45.O Series-94

General Requirements for Plumbing Fixtures

7.6.4.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B52-92

Mechanical Refrigeration Code

6.2.2.4.(4)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64 Series-M94

Backflow Preventers and Vacuum Breakers

7.6.2.3.(4)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.0-M94

Definitions, General Requirements, and Test Methods for Vacuum Breakers and Backflow Preventers

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.1.1-M94

Vacuum Breakers, Atmospheric Type (AVB)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.1.2-M94

Vacuum Breakers, Pressure Type (PVB)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.2-M94

Vacuum Breakers, Hose Connection Type

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.2.1-M94

Vacuum Breakers, Hose Connection Type (HCVB) with Manual Draining Feature

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.2.2-M94

Vacuum Breakers, Hose Connection Type (HCVB) with Automatic Draining Feature

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.3-M94

Backflow Preventers, Dual Check Valve Type Atmospheric Port (DACP)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.4-M94

Backflow Preventers, Reduced Pressure Principle Type (RP)

7.2.10.10.(1)
7.6.2.3.(4)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.5-M94

Backflow Preventers, Double Check Valve Type (DCVA)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.6-M94

Backflow Preventers, Dual Check Valve Type (DuC)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.7-M94

Vacuum Breakers, Laboratory Faucet Type (LFVP)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.8-M94

Backflow Preventers, Dual Check Valve Type with Intermediate Vent (DuCV)

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B64.10-M94

Backflow Prevention Devices - Selection, Installation, Maintenance and Field Testing

7.2.10.10.(1)

CSA

B67-1972

Lead Service Pipe, Waste Pipe, Traps, Bends and Accessories

7.2.7.8.(1)
7.2.9.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B70-M91

Cast Iron Soil Pipe, Fittings and Means of Joining

7.2.6.1.(1)

CSA

B111-1974

Wire Nails, Spikes and Staples

9.23.3.1.(1)
9.26.2.2.(1)
9.29.5.6.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B125-93

Plumbing Fittings

7.2.3.3.(1)
7.2.10.6.(1)
7.2.10.7.(1)
7.2.10.7.(2)
7.2.10.10.(2)

CSA

B127.1-M1977

Components for Use in Asbestos Cement Drain, Waste and Vent Systems

7.2.5.1.(1)

CSA

B127.2-M1977

Components for Use in Asbestos Cement Building Sewer Systems

7.2.5.1.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.1-M89

Polyethylene Pipe, Tubing and Fittings for Cold Water Pressure Services

7.2.5.5.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.2-M93

PVC Injection-Moulded Gasketed Fittings for Pressure Applications

7.2.5.6.(1)
7.2.5.9.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.3-M93

Rigid Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe for Pressure Applications

7.2.5.6.(1)
7.2.5.9.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.5-M89

Cross-Linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing Systems for Pressure Applications

7.2.5.5.(4)
Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

B137.6-M1983

CPVC Pipe, Tubing and Fittings for Hot and Cold Water Distribution Systems

7.2.5.7.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

B137.7-M1983

Polybutylene (PB) Pipe for Cold Water Distribution Systems

Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.8-M92

Polybutylene (PB) Piping for Pressure Applications

7.2.5.8.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.9-M91

Polyethylene/Aluminum/Polyethylene Composite Pressure Pipe Systems

7.2.5.12.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.10-M91

Crosslinked Polyethylene/Aluminum Crosslinked Polyethylene Composite Pressure Pipe Systems

7.2.5.13.(1)
Table 7.2.11.2.

CSA

CAN/CSA-B137.11-M93

Polypropylene (PP-R) Pipe and Fittings for Pressure Applications

7.2.5.14.(1)

CSA

B158.1-M1976

Cast Brass Solder Joint Drainage, Waste and Vent Fittings

7.2.7.5.(1)
7.2.10.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B181.1-M90

ABS Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Pipe Fittings

7.2.5.9.(1)
7.2.5.10.(1)
7.2.5.10.(2)
7.2.10.1.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B181.2-M90

PVC Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Pipe Fittings

7.2.5.9.(1)
7.2.5.10.(1)
7.2.5.10.(2)
7.2.10.1.(3)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B181.3-M86

Polyolefin Laboratory Drainage Systems

7.2.8.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B182.1-M92

Plastic Drain and Sewer Pipe and Pipe Fittings

7.2.5.9.(1)
7.2.5.10.(2)
9.14.3.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B182.2-M90

PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittings (PSM Type)

7.2.5.9.(1)
7.2.5.10.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B182.4-M92

Profile (Ribbed) PVC Sewer Pipe and Fittings

7.2.5.9.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B182.6-M92

Profile Polyethylene Sewer Pipe and Fittings

7.2.5.9.(1)

CSA

B242-M1980

Groove and Shoulder Type Mechanical Pipe Couplings

7.2.10.4.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B272-M1993

Prefabricated Self-Sealing Vent Flashings

7.2.10.14.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B281-M90

Aluminum Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Components

7.2.7.9.(1)
7.2.7.9.(3)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B355-94

Lifts for Persons with Physical Disabilities

3.8.3.5.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B356-94

Water Pressure Reducing Valves Water Pressure Reducing Valves for Domestic Water Supply Systems

7.2.10.12.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B365-M91

Installation Code for Solid-Fuel Burning Appliances and Equipment

6.2.1.5.(1)
9.21.1.3.(2)
9.33.1.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B366.1-M87

Solid Fuel-Fired Central Heating Appliances

6.2.1.5.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-B602-M90

Mechanical Couplings for Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Sewer Pipe

7.2.5.3.(3)
7.2.10.4.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C22.2 No.0.3-92

Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables

3.1.4.3.(1)
3.1.5.17.(1)
3.1.5.20.(1)
3.6.4.3.(1)

CSA

C22.2 No.113-M1984

Fans and Ventilators

9.32.3.9.(5)

CSA

C22.2 No.141-M1985

Unit Equipment for Emergency Lighting

3.2.7.4.(2)
9.9.11.3.(6)

CSA

C22.2 No.211.0-M84

General Requirements and Methods of Testing Nonmetallic Conduit

3.1.5.19.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C22.3 No.1-M87

Overhead Systems

3.1.18.1.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C88-M90 (R1994)

Power Transformers and Reactors

3.6.2.8.(10)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C260-M90

Rating for the Performance of Residential Mechanical Ventilating Equipment

9.32.3.9.(1)

CSA

C282-05

Emergency Electrical Power Supply for Buildings

3.2.7.5.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C439-M88

Standard Methods of Test for Rating the Performance of Heat Recovery Ventilators

6.2.1.7.(2)
9.32.3.11.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-C445-M92

Design and Installation of Earth Energy Heat Pump Systems for Residential and Other Small Buildings

6.2.1.5.(3)

CSA

C447-94

Design and Installation of Earth Energy Heat Pump Systems for Commercial and Institutional Buildings

6.2.1.5.(4)

CSA

CAN/CSA-F280-M90

Determining the Required Capacity of Residential Space Heating and Cooling Appliances

6.2.1.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-F379.1-88

Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems (Liquid to Liquid Heat Transfer)

7.2.10.13.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-F383-87

Installation Code for Solar Domestic Hot Water Systems

7.6.1.15.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-G40.21-M92

Structural Quality Steels

4.2.3.8.(1)
9.23.4.3.(2)

CSA

G164-M81

Hot Dip Galvanising of Irregularly Shaped Articles

4.1.10.8.(4)

CSA

G401-93

Corrugated Steel Pipe Products

7.2.6.8.(1)
9.14.3.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O80-M89

Wood Preservation

3.1.4.4.(1)
4.2.3.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O80.1-M89

Preservative Treatment of All Timber Products by Pressure Processes

9.3.2.9.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O80.2-M89

Preservative Treatment of Lumber, Timber, Bridge Ties and Mine Ties by Pressure Processes

4.2.3.2.(1)
9.3.2.9.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O80.3-M89

Preservative Treatment of Piles by Pressure Processes

4.2.3.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O80.9-M89

Preservative Treatment of Plywood by Pressure Processes

9.3.2.9.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O80.15-M89

Preservative Treatment of Wood for Building Foundation Systems, Basements and Crawl Spaces by Pressure Processes

4.2.3.2.(1)
9.3.2.9.(1)

CSA

O86.1-94

Engineering Design in Wood (Limit States Design)

4.3.1.1.(1)
Table 4.1.9.1.B.

CSA

O115-M1982

Hardwood and Decorative Plywood

9.27.9.1.(1)
9.30.2.2.(1)

CSA

O118.1-M88

Western Red Cedar Shingles and Shakes

9.26.2.1.(1)
9.27.7.1.(1)

CSA

O118.2-M88

Eastern White Cedar Shingles

5.6.1.2.(1)
5.6.1.2.(3)
9.26.2.1.(1)
9.27.7.1.(1)

CSA

O121-M1978

Douglas Fir Plywood

9.23.14.2.(1)
9.23.15.1.(1)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.27.9.1.
9.30.2.2.(1)

CSA

O132.2-M1977

Wood Doors

9.6.5.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O132.2 Series-M90

Wood Flush Doors

9.6.5.1.(1)

CSA

O141-1991

Softwood Lumber

3.1.4.6.(2)
9.3.2.6.(1)

CSA

O151-M1978

Canadian Softwood Plywood

9.23.14.2.(1)
9.23.15.1.(1)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.27.9.1.(1)
9.30.2.2.(1)

CSA

O153-M1980

Poplar Plywood

9.23.14.2.(1)
9.23.15.1.(1)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.27.9.1.(1)
9.30.2.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O177-M89

Qualification Code for Manufacturers of Structural Glued-Laminated Timber

4.3.1.2.(1)

CSA

CAN3-O188.1-M78

Interior Mat-Formed Wood Particleboard

9.23.14.2.(3)
9.29.9.1.(1)
9.30.2.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-O325.0-92

Construction Sheathing

5.6.1.2.(3)
9.23.14.2.(1)
9.23.15.1.(1)

CSA

O437.0-93

OSB and Waferboard

5.6.1.2.(3)
9.23.14.2.(1)
9.23.14.4.(2)
9.23.15.1.(1)
9.23.15.2.(2)
Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.27.11.1.(1)
9.29.9.1.(2)
9.30.2.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-S16.1-94

Limit States Design of Steel Structures

Table 4.1.9.1.B.
4.3.4.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-S37-M86

Antennas, Towers and Antenna Supporting Structures

4.1.1.4.(2)

CSA

S136-94

Cold Formed Steel Structural Members

4.3.4.2.(1)

CSA

CAN3-S157-M83

Strength Design in Aluminum

4.3.5.1.(1)

CSA

CAN3-S304-M84

Masonry Design for Buildings

Table 4.1.9.1.B.
4.3.2.1.(1)
9.21.4.5.(1)

CSA

S304.1-94

Masonry Design for Buildings (Limit States Design)

Table 4.1.9.1.B.
4.1.9.3.(5)
4.3.2.1.(1)

CSA

S307-M1980

Load Test Procedure for Wood Roof Trusses for Houses and Small Buildings

9.23.13.11.(5)

CSA

CAN3-S367-M81

Air Supported Structures

4.4.1.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-S406-M92

Construction of Preserved Wood Foundations

9.13.3.4.(1)
9.15.1.3.(3)

CSA

S413-94

Parking Structures

2.1.1.9.(1)
4.4.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z32.4-M86

Essential Electrical Systems for Hospitals

3.2.7.6.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z91-M90

Safety Code for Window Cleaning Operations

4.1.10.8.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z240.2.1-92

Structural Requirements for Mobile Homes

2.1.1.4.(2)
9.12.2.2.(6)
9.15.1.4.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z240.3.1-M92

Plumbing Requirements for Mobile Homes

2.1.1.4.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z240.8.1-M92

Light Duty Windows

2.1.1.4.(2)
9.7.2.1.(2)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z240.10.1-M94

Site Preparation, Foundation and Anchorage of Mobile Homes

9.15.1.4.(1)
9.23.6.3.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z241-M92

Park Model Trailers

9.39.1.1.(1)
9.39.2.1.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z305.1-92

No-Flammable Medical Gas Piping Systems

3.7.5.2.(1)

CSA

CAN/CSA-Z317.2-M91

Special Requirements for Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems in Health Care Facilities

6.2.1.1.(1)

CSA

CSA 6.19-01

Residential Carbon Monoxide Alarming Devices

6.2.5A.3.(1)

9.33.4.3.(1)

DBR

Technical Paper No. 194

Fire Endurance of Protected Steel Columns and Beams

11.5.1.1.

DBR

Technical Paper No. 207

Fire Endurance of Unit Masonry Miscellaneous Assemblies

11.5.1.1.

DBR

Technical Paper No. 222

Fire Endurance of Light Framed and Miscellaneous Assemblies

11.5.1.1.

HUD

Rehabilitation Guidelines No. 8 — 1980

Guideline on Fire Ratings of Archaic Materials and Assemblies

11.5.1.1.

ISO

ISO 8201; 1987(E)

Acoustics - Audible Emergency Evacuation Signal

3.2.4.19.(2)

TPIC

1988

Truss Design Procedures and Specifications for Light Metal Plate Connected Wood Trusses

9.23.13.11.(6)

MMAH

Supplementary Guidelines, 1997

Supplementary Guidelines to the 1997 OBC

2.1.1.11., 3.1.5.22.(2), 3.1.7.1.(2), 3.1.8.14.(2), 3.1.9.5.(1), 3.1.12.1.(3), 3.2.3.11.(1), 3.2.3.12.(4), 3.2.4.19.(7), 3.2.6.9.(3), 3.2.6.10.(2), 3.2.6.15.(1), 3.6.1.5.(1), 3.12.2.1.(8),
3.12.3.5.(1), 3.12.3.6.(2), 3.12.4.2.(7), 9.8.8.8.(2),
9.10.3.1.(1), 9.10.3.2.(1), 9.10.5.1.(4), 9.11.2.1., 9.13.7.1.(1), 9.15.3.3.(4),
9.10.13.14.(1)
8.2.1.2.(2), 8.6.2.2.(5)

MOEE

Guidelines 1985, with Subsequent Revision

Guidelines for the Design of Sanitary Sewage Works, Storm Sewers, Water Storage Facilities, Water Distribution Systems, Servicing in areas subject to adverse conditions, Water supply for small residential development and seasonally operated water supply

7.1.6.5.(1)

American Public Health Association, American Waterworks Association, Water Environment Federation

18th edition

Standard methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water

8.9.2.4.(1)(b)

NFPA

13-1994

Installation of Sprinkler Systems

3.2.4.16.(1)
3.2.5.13.(1)
3.2.8.4.(7)
3.3.2.12.(3)
7.6.2.3.(4)

NFPA

13D-1994

Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Mobile Homes

3.2.5.13.(3)

NFPA

13R-1991

Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and including Four Stories in Height

3.2.5.13.(2)

NFPA

14-1993

Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems

3.2.9.2.(1)

NFPA

24-92

Standard for the Installation of Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances

7.2.11.1.(1)

NFPA

71-1989

Installation, Maintenance and Use of Central Station Signalling Systems

3.2.4.7.(4)

NFPA

72-1990

Installation, Maintenance and Use of Proprietary Protective Signalling Systems

3.2.4.7.(4)
3.12.5.4.(1)

NFPA

80-1992

Fire Doors and Windows

3.1.8.5.(2)
3.1.8.10.(2)
3.1.8.12.(2)
3.1.8.14.(1)
3.12.3.1.(2)
9.10.13.1.(1)
9.10.13.2.(3)

NFPA

82-1994

Incinerators, Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment

6.2.6.1.(1)
9.10.10.5.(2)

NFPA

96-1994

Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations

6.2.2.6. (1)

NFPA

130-1990

Fixed Guideway Transit Systems

3.12.7.1.

NFPA

211-1992

Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances

6.3.1.2.(2)
6.3.1.3.(1)

NFPA

214-1992

Water-Cooling Towers

6.2.3.15.(4)

NFPA

701-1992

Standard Method of Fire Tests for Flame-Resistant Textiles and Films

3.13.1.6.(1)
3.13.2.5.(1)

NLGA

1994

Standard Grading Rules for Canadian Lumber

9.3.2.1.(1)
Table 9.3.2.1.

UL

UL 2034-1996

Single and Multiple Station Carbon Monoxide Detectors

6.2.5A.3.(1)

9.33.4.3.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S101-M89

Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials

3.1.5.11.(3)
3.1.5.11.(4)
3.1.5.11.(6)
3.1.7.1.(1)
3.1.11.7.(1)
3.2.3.7.(7)
3.2.6.9.(6)
3.2.6.14.(4)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S102-M88

Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies

3.1.12.1.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S102.2-M88

Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Flooring, Floor Covering, and Miscellaneous Materials and Assemblies

3.1.12.1.(2)
3.1.13.4.(1)

ULC

S102.3-M1982

Standard Method of Fire Test of Light Diffusers and Lenses

3.1.13.4.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S104-M80

Standard Method of Fire Test of Door Assemblies

3.1.8.4.(1)
3.2.6.9.(3)
9.10.13.2.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S105-M85

Standard Specification for Fire Door Frames Meeting the Performance Required by CAN4-S104

9.10.13.6.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S106-M80

Standard Method for Fire Tests of Window and Glass Block Assemblies

3.1.8.4.(1)
3.13.2.5.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S107-M87

Standard Method for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings

3.1.15.1.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S109-M87

Standard for Flame Tests of Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films

3.1.4.7.(1)
3.1.5.22.(1)
3.13.1.6.(1)
6.2.3.18.(1)
6.2.4.9.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S110-M1986

Standard Methods of Fire Test for Air Ducts

6.2.3.2.(2)
6.2.3.2.(4)

ULC

CAN4-S111-M80

Standard Method of Fire Tests for Air Filter Units

6.2.3.14.(1)
6.2.4.14.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S112-M90

Standard Method of Fire Test of Fire-Damper Assemblies

3.1.8.4.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S112.2-M84

Standard Method of Fire Test of Ceiling Firestop Flap Assemblies

3.1.9.5.(2)
3.6.4.3.(2)

ULC

CAN4-S113-M79

Standard Specification for Wood Core Doors Meeting the Performance Required by CAN4-S104-77 for Twenty Minute Fire Rated Closure Assemblies

9.10.13.2.(1)

ULC

CAN4-S114-M80

Standard Method of Fire Test for Determination of Non-Combustibility in Building Materials

1.1.3.2.

ULC

CAN4-S115-M85

Standard Method of Fire Tests for Firestop Systems

3.1.9.1.(1)
3.1.9.1.(2)
3.1.9.4.(4)
9.10.9.7.(3)

ULC

CAN4-S124-M85

Standard Method of Test for the Evaluation of Protective Coverings for Foamed Plastic

3.1.5.11.(2)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S126-M86

Standard Method of Test for Fire Spread Under Roof-Deck Assemblies

3.1.14.1.(1)
3.1.14.2.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S134-92

Fire Test of Exterior Wall Assemblies

3.1.5.5.(1)

ULC

S505-1974

Standard for Fusible Links for Fire Protection Service

3.1.8.9.(1)

ULC

S513-78

Standard for Threaded Couplings for 38 mm and 65 mm Fire Hose

3.2.9.2.(7)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S524-M91

Standard for the Installation of Fire Alarm Systems

3.2.4.5.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S531-M87

Standard for Smoke Alarms

3.2.4.21.(1)
9.10.18.1.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S537-M87

Standard for the Verification of Fire Alarm Systems

3.2.4.5.(2)

ULC

S543-M1983

Standard for Internal Lug Quick Connect Couplings for Fire Hoses

3.2.9.2.(7)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S553-M86

Installation of Smoke Alarms

3.2.4.21.(7)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S610-M87

Standard for Factory-Built Fireplaces

9.22.8.1.

ULC

CAN/ULC-S628-93

Fireplace Inserts

9.22.10.1.(1)

ULC

CAN/ULC-S629-M87

Standard for 650oC Factory-Built Chimneys

9.21.1.2.

ULC

CAN/ULC-S639-M87

Standard for Steel Liner Assemblies for Solid Fuel-Burning Masonry Fireplaces

9.22.2.3.

ULC

CAN/ULC-S701-M97

Standard for Thermal Insulation, Polystyrene, Boards and Pipe Covering

Table 9.23.16.2.A.
9.25.2.3.(1)
9.25.2.3.(4)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C199P-M1988

Guide for the Investigation of Combustible Piping for Sprinkler Systems

3.2.5.14.(2)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C376-1995

Fire Growth of Foamed Plastic Insulated Building Panels in a Full-Scale Room Configuration

3.1.5.11.(7)

ULC

ULC/ORD-C693-1994

Central Station Fire Protective Signalling Systems and Services

3.2.4.7.(4)

Column 1

2

3

4

2.6.4.Alternate Test Standards

2.6.4.1. Comparable Test Results

(1) The results of tests based on test standards other than as described in this Code may be used if the alternate test standards provide comparable results.

Section 2.7.Equivalents

2.7.1.Application

2.7.1.1. General

(1) A chief building official or a registered code agency may allow, under Section 9 of the Act, the use of materials, systems or building designs not authorized by this Code, if the use of the proposed materials, systems or building designs

(a) is permitted under this Section, and

(b) will, in the opinion of the chief building official or registered code agency, provide the level of performance that would be achieved by conforming with the requirements of this Code.

(2) A chief building official or a registered code agency that allows, under Section 9 of the Act, the use of materials, systems or building designs not authorized by this Code shall make a record of the decision that includes:

(a) the decision to allow the use of the material, system or building design, and

(b) all documents in support of the request provided to the chief building official or registered code agency by the person requesting the use of the material, system or building design.

2.7.2.Acceptance of Equivalents

2.7.2.1. Materials

(1) Materials not specifically described in Parts 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, or which vary from the specific requirements in those Parts or for which no recognized test procedure has been established, may be used if the person requesting the use of such material can establish on the basis of past performance, tests described in Article 2.7.2.4. or other evaluation that the use of the proposed material will provide the level of performance that would be achieved by conformance with the requirements of the building code.

2.7.2.2. Systems

(1) Systems not specifically described in Parts 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, or for which no recognized test procedure has been established, may be used if the person requesting the use of such system can establish on the basis of past performance, tests described in Article 2.7.2.4. or other evaluation that the use of the proposed system will provide the level of performance that would be achieved by conformance with the requirements of the building code.

2.7.2.3. Building Designs

(1) Building designs not specifically described in Part 4 may be used if the person requesting the use of such building design can establish that the use of the proposed building design will provide the level of performance that would be achieved by conformance with the requirements of the building code.

2.7.2.4. Tests

(1) Where no published test method to establish the suitability of a material or system proposed under Articles 2.7.2.1. or 2.7.2.2. exists, then the tests used for the purposes of those Articles shall be designed to simulate or exceed anticipated service conditions or shall be designed to compare the performance of the material or system with a similar material or system that is known to be acceptable.

(2) The results of tests or evaluations based on test standards other than as described in the building code may, in accordance with Article 2.6.4.1., be used for the purposes of Sentence (1) if the alternate test standards provide comparable results.

Section 2.8. Rulings and Interpretations

2.8.1.Designated Materials Evaluation Bodies

2.8.1.1. Designated Bodies

(1) The following body is designated as a materials evaluation body for the purposes of Clause 29 (1) (a) of the Act:

Canadian Construction Materials Centre
Institute for Research in Construction
National Research Council of Canada
Montreal Road
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0R6

2.8.2.Minister’s Rulings

2.8.2.1. Minister’s Rulings

(1) The Minister may impose terms and conditions, including conditions of termination, when making rulings under Clause 29 (1) (a) of the Act adopting the evaluation report of a materials evaluation body designated in the building code.

2.8.2.2. Criteria

(1) A ruling made under Clause 29 (1) (c) of the Act may only approve the use of an alternative material, system or building design in a manner

(a) that will, in the opinion of the Minister, achieve the level of performance that is required by this Code, and

(b) that is consistent with,

(i) a decision of the Building Code Commission in respect of a dispute described in Clause 24 (1) (a) of the Act,

(ii) an approval of the use of the material, system or building design in the whole of another province or territory in accordance with the law of that province or territory,

(iii) an approval of the use of the material, system or building design under Section 9 of the Act by a chief building official, or

(iv) a revision of the National Building Code of Canada that has been approved by the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes.

2.8.3.Interpretations By Minister

2.8.3.1. Interpretations By Minister

(1) Every interpretation issued by the Minister under Section 28.1 of the Act shall be made available to the public

(a) by posting the interpretation on the Building Code website, and

(b) by providing a written copy of the interpretation on receipt of a request for it.

Section 2.9.Search Warrant

2.9.1.Forms

2.9.1.1. Information & Warrant Forms

(1) An information to obtain a warrant to enter and search lands and buildings under Subsection 21(1) of the Act shall be in Form 2.9.1.A.

(2) A warrant to enter and search lands and buildings under Subsection 21(1) of the Act shall be in Form 2.9.1.B.

FORM 2.9.1.A.

Building Code Act, 1992

INFORMATION TO OBTAIN SEARCH WARRANT UNDER SECTION 21 OF THE BUILDING CODE ACT, 1992

ONTARIO COURT (PROVINCIAL DIVISION)

PROVINCE OF ONTARIO

This is the information of

.........................................................................................................................................................

 

(name)

 

of

............................................................................................

.............................................................................................

 

(address)

(occupation)

 

I have reasonable ground to believe and do believe that the offence of

...................................................................................

 

contrary to Building Code Act, 1992 Section

………..

has been committed and that the entry into and search of a certain

 

building, receptacle or place, namely,

……………………………………………………………………………………….

(building, receptacle or place)

 

......................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

of ........................................................................................, at

.................................................................................................

(owner)

(address)

 

will afford the following evidence: ......................................................................……...............................................................

 

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................

(describe evidence to be searched for, including things to be seized, if any)

 

relevant to the commission of the offence.

 

And I further say that my grounds for so believing are:

 

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

Therefore, I request that a search warrant be issued to

 

check appropriate box

enter into and search the said ………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………….………

(building, receptacle or place)

 

for the said evidence.

 

enter into and search the said ………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………….

(building, receptacle or place)

 

for the said evidence and to seize the following things:

 
   

.........................................................................................................................................................................

 

(describe things to be seized)

 
 

.....................................................................................

 

Informant

 

Sworn before me at ....................................................,

 
 
 

This ….. day of …….…………………….., ……….

……………………………………………………….

 

Provincial Judge or Justice of the Peace

FORM 2.9.1.B.

Building Code Act, 1992

SEARCH WARRANT UNDER SECTION 21 OF THE BUILDING CODE ACT, 1992

ONTARIO COURT (PROVINCIAL DIVISION)

PROVINCE OF ONTARIO

To: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ,

 
 

Whereas, on the information on oath of ....................... ,

I am satisfied that there is reasonable ground to believe that the

 

Offence of ...........................................................................

contrary to Building Code Act, 1992 Section ..............................

 

has been committed and that ............…………...........................................................................................................................

 

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...

(describe evidence to be searched for, including things to be seized, if any)

 

that there is reasonable ground to believe will afford evidence of the said offence may be found at ..........................................

 

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................

(building, receptacle or place)

 

of .........................................................., at ..................................................................................................................................

(owner)

(address)

 

hereinafter called the premises.

 

This is therefore to authorise you to enter such ............................................................................................................................

 

(name or location of building, receptacle or place)

 

Between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., or .......................................................................................................................

 

(time warrant to be executed)

 

check appropriate box

and to search for the said evidence.

   

and to search the said evidence and to seize the following things ................................................................

 

.........................................................................................................................................................................

(describe things to be seized)

 
 

and carry them before me or another Provincial Judge or Justice of the Peace so that they may be dealt with according to the law.

 

This warrant expires on the ……..…… day of …………………………... a day not later than the fifteenth day after its issue.

 
 

Issued at ....................................................................

 
 
 

this ...................... day of ....................... , ..................

.........................................................................................

 

Provincial Judge or Justice of the Peace

2.10.Building Code Commission

2.10.1.Hearings

2.10.1.1. Divisions

(1) The Building Code Commission may sit in two or more divisions simultaneously so long as a quorum of each division is present.

2.10.1.2. Single Member

(1) One member of the Building Code Commission may, with the approval of the chair or vice-chair, hear and determine any dispute set out in Sentence (2) and, for that purpose, the member has all the jurisdiction and powers of the Commission.

(2) The disputes referred to in Sentence (1) are:

(a) any dispute described in Clause 24 (1) (a) of the Act respecting the sufficiency of compliance with technical requirements of this Code related to sewage systems, and

(b) any dispute described in Clause 24 (1) (b) or (c) of the Act.

2.10.1.3. Time Period

(1) A hearing to decide a dispute described in Clause 2.10.1.2.(2)(b) shall be held not more than five days after the Commission receives an application for a hearing in a form approved by the Commission.

(2) The time period described in Sentence (1) commences on the day after the Commission receives the application and excludes Saturdays, holidays and all other days when the offices of the Government of Ontario are not open for the transaction of business with the public.

2.10.1.4. Eligibility

(1) No member of the Commission shall be:

(a) a member of the public service of Ontario,

(b) an employee of a principal authority, or

(c) a person who is registered under Article 2.19.3.2. as a registered code agency, an officer, director, partner or employee of a registered code agency or a person engaged by a registered code agency to perform functions under the Act on behalf of the registered code agency.

Section 2.11. Revoked: O. Reg. 305/03, s. 15.

Section 2.12. Revoked: O. Reg. 305/03, s. 15.

2.13. Designated Persons and Powers

2.13.1. General

2.13.1.1. General

(1) The director and employees of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing specified by the director are designated for the purposes of the enforcement of the Act and this Code in relation to the qualifications of:

(a) chief building officials,

(b) inspectors,

(c) registered code agencies,

(d) persons engaging in the activities described in Subsection 15.11(5) of the Act, and

(e) persons engaged in the business of constructing on site, installing, repairing, servicing, cleaning or emptying sewage systems.

(2) The director may, for the purposes set out in Sentence (1), exercise the following powers under the Act of a chief building official:

(a) certify for the purposes of Subsection 37 (2) of the Act statements as to any matter of record in the office of the director, and

(b) apply for an order under Section 38 of the Act.

(3) The employees of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing designated by the director may, for the purposes set out in Sentence (1), exercise the following powers under the Act of an inspector:

(a) subject to Section 16 of the Act, exercise the powers of entry for inspection purposes in Subsection 12 (1) of the Act, and

(b) exercise the powers of an inspector under Section 18 of the Act.

(4) Sections 15.23 and 19 of the Act apply to the exercise of powers under this Article by the director and employees of the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing designated by the director.

2.14. Prescribed Person

2.14.1. General

2.14.1.1. General

(1) The director is prescribed for the purposes of Section 38.1 of the Act.

2.15.Enforcement of the Provisions of the Act and Building Code Related to Sewage Systems

2.15.1. General

2.15.1.1. General

(1) Pursuant to Subsection 3.1 (1) of the Act, the boards of health and conservation authorities listed in Column 1 of Table 2.15.1.1. shall enforce the provisions of the Act and the building code related to sewage systems in the municipalities and the territory without municipal organization described in Column 2 of Table 2.15.1.1.

Table 2.15.1.1.

Enforcement of the provisions of the Act and the Building Code related to Sewage Systems

Board of Health or Conservation Authority

Geographic Area

Board of Health for the Northwestern Health Unit

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in the Northwestern Health Unit

Board of Health for the Thunder Bay District Health Unit

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in the Thunder Bay District Health Unit

Board of Health for the Porcupine Health Unit

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in the Porcupine Health Unit

Board of Health for the District of Algoma Health Unit

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in the District of Algoma Health Unit

Board of Health for the Sudbury and District Health Unit

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in the Sudbury and District Health Unit

Board of Health for the Timiskaming Health Unit

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in the Timiskaming Health Unit

North Bay-Mattawa Conservation Authority

All municipalities and territory without municipal organization located in:

 

    1. the District of Nipissing, except those parts of the District of Nipissing located in the Temiskaming Health Unit, and

 

    2. the District of Parry Sound except for the Township of The Archipelago, the geographic Townships of Blair, Brown, Harrison, Henvey, Mowat and Wallbridge and the unsurveyed territory north of the geographic Township of Henvey to the French River.

Column 1

Column 2

Section 2.16.Qualifications for Chief Building Officials and Inspectors

2.16.1.Scope

2.16.1.1. Scope

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), this Section prescribes, for the purposes of Subsections 15.11 (1), (2) and (3) of the Act

(a) the qualifications that a person must satisfy to be appointed after December 31, 2005 and to remain appointed after that day as

(i) a chief building official under the Act, or

(ii) an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to plumbing,

(b) the qualifications that a person must satisfy to be appointed on or after the day this Article comes into force and to remain appointed after that day

(i) as an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to sewage systems, or

(ii) as an inspector whose duties include plans review or inspection under the Act of sewage systems, and

(c) the qualifications that a person must satisfy to be appointed after December 31, 2005 and to remain appointed after that day as an inspector under the Act, other than an inspector described in Subclause (a)(ii) or (b)(i) or (ii).

(2) The qualification requirements for chief building officials and inspectors in Sentence (1) do not apply to plan review and inspection of:

(a) site services including

(i) surface drainage, and

(ii) plumbing located underground either outside a building or under a building,

(b) construction of a factory-built house certified to CAN/CSA-A277 “Procedure for Certification of Factory-Built Houses”,

(c) construction of a mobile home conforming to CAN/CSA-Z240 Series “Mobile Homes”,

(d) construction of a park model trailer conforming to CAN/CSA-Z241 Series “Park Model Trailers”, or

(e) signs.

2.16.2.Chief Building Officials

2.16.2.1. Qualifications

(1) The following are prescribed as qualifications for a person to be appointed and to remain appointed under the Act as a chief building official or as an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to sewage systems or plumbing:

(a) the person shall successfully complete the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code and the powers and duties of chief building officials,

(b) if, under Subsection 22 (2) of the Act, the person will also exercise any of the powers or perform any of the duties of an inspector, the person shall also have the qualifications contained in Sentence 2.16.4.1(1), and

(c) the person shall file the information set out in Sentence 2.16.6.1.(1) with the director in a form established by the director.

(2) An inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to sewage systems and who had, on the day before the day this Article came into force, the qualification described in Article 2.11.3.1. as it read on that day:

(a) shall be deemed to have successfully completed the examination programme described in Clause (1)(a),

(b) shall be deemed to have successfully completed the examination program described in Clause 2.16.4.1.(1)(a) in the category of qualification described in Column 3 of Row 10 of Table 2.20.2.1., and

(c) shall be deemed to have filed with the director the information required in Clause (1)(c) if the person filed with the director, before the day this Article came into force, the information required under Article 2.11.3.1. as that Article read on the day before the day this Article came into force.

(3) A person is required to have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) in accordance with the following rules:

1. A person appointed as a chief building official shall have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) on and after the later of

i. January 1, 2006, and

ii. the day he or she is appointed as a chief building official.

2. A person appointed as an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to plumbing shall have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) on and after the later of

i. January 1, 2006, and

ii. the day he or she is appointed as an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to plumbing.

3. A person appointed as an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to sewage systems shall have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) on and after the later of

i. the day this Article comes into force, and

ii. the day he or she is appointed as an inspector who has the same powers and duties as a chief building official in relation to sewage systems.

2.16.3.Supervisors and Managers

2.16.3.1. Qualifications

(1) The following are prescribed as the qualifications for a person to be appointed after December 31, 2005 and to remain appointed under the Act after that day as an inspector whose duties are solely the supervision or management of inspectors:

(a) the person shall successfully complete the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing of the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code and the powers and duties of chief building officials,

(b) the person shall successfully complete the examination program administered by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing of the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code related to any one category of qualification set out in Column 3 of Table 2.20.2.1., and

(c) the person shall file the information set out in Sentence 2.16.6.1.(1) with the director in a form established by the director.

2.16.4.Inspectors

2.16.4.1. Qualifications

(1) Except as provided in Article 2.16.4.2., the following are prescribed as qualifications for a person to be appointed and to remain appointed under the Act as an inspector whose duties include plans review or inspection under the Act:

(a) the person shall successfully complete the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code in the category or categories of qualifications in Column 3 of Table 2.20.2.1. that correspond to the types of buildings set out in Column 4 of Table 2.20.2.1. in respect of which the person will exercise the powers or perform the duties of an inspector under the Act, and

(b) the person shall file the information set out in Sentence 2.16.6.1.(1) with the director in a form established by the director.

(2) An inspector who had, on the day before the day this Section came into force, the qualification described in Article 2.11.3.1., as it read on that day

(a) shall be deemed to have successfully completed the examination program described in Clause (1)(a) in the category of qualification described in Column 3 of Row 10 of Table 2.20.2.1., and

(b) shall be deemed to have filed with the director the information required in Clause (1)(c) if the person filed with the director, before the day this Section came into force, the information required under Article 2.11.3.1. as it read on that day.

(3) A person is required to have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) in accordance with the following rules:

1. A person appointed as an inspector whose duties include plans review and inspection of sewage systems under the Act shall have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) on and after the later of

i. September 1, 2003, and

ii. the day on which he or she is appointed as an inspector whose duties include plans review and inspection of sewage systems.

2. A person appointed as an inspector, other than an inspector described in paragraph 1, shall have the qualifications set out in Sentence (1) on and after the later of

i. January 1, 2006, and

ii. the day on which he or she is appointed as an inspector.

2.16.4.2. Qualifications for Intern Inspectors

(1) A person appointed under the Act as an intern inspector whose duties include supervised plans review or inspection under the Act is exempt from the requirements in Article 2.16.4.1. if

(a) the person is enrolled in an internship program approved by the Minister, and

(b) the person is supervised by an inspector or chief building official who meets the category of qualification in respect of which the person will exercise the powers or perform the duties.

(2) An intern inspector described in Clause (1)(a) shall not issue orders under the Act except orders under Subsections 12 (2) or 13 (1) of the Act.

(3) An intern inspector described in Clause (1)(a) shall not undertake a site inspection of a building related to a notice in respect of

(a) substantial completion of footings and foundations prior to commencement of backfilling, or

(b) completion of construction and installation of components required to permit the issuance of an occupancy permit under Sentence 2.4.3.1.(2) or to permit occupancy under Sentence 2.4.3.2.(1), if the building or part of the building to be occupied is not fully completed.

2.16.5.Updating of Qualifications

2.16.5.1. Updating of Qualifications

(1) When an examination that is part of an examination program referred to in Clause 2.16.2.1.(1)(a), 2.16.3.1.(1)(a) or (b) or 2.16.4.1.(1)(a) or (b) is replaced with a new examination, the director shall give notice of the new examination to every person who has, pursuant to Clause 2.16.2.1.(1)(c), 2.16.3.1(1)(c) or 2.16.4.1.(1)(c), informed the director that the person completed the examination before it was replaced or who is deemed to have successfully completed the examination program.

(2) The director may give the notice referred to in Sentence (1) by sending it by regular letter mail to the last address of the person filed with the director.

(3) It is a prescribed qualification for the purposes of Subsections 15.11 (1), (2) and (3) of the Act that, not later than 180 days after the day on which a notice referred to in Sentence (1) is sent, the person to whom the notice is given shall:

(a) successfully complete all new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(b) file the information set out in Sentence 2.16.6.1.(1) with the director in a form established by the director.

2.16.6.Information

2.16.6.1. Qualifications

(1) The information referred to in Clauses 2.16.2.1.(1)(c), 2.16.3.1.(1)(c), 2.16.4.1.(1)(c) and 2.16.5.1.(3)(b) is the following:

(a) the person’s name, residence address and residential mailing address, if different from the residence address,

(b) the name and address of every principal authority that has appointed the person as a chief building official or inspector under the Act, and

(c) information about the examinations that the person has successfully completed, in such form and in such detail as may be required by the director.

(2) A person who files information under Sentence (1) with the director shall advise the director of any change of the information not later than 15 days after the change.

2.16.7.Fees

2.16.7.1. Fees

(1) The fee payable upon the filing of information under Clause 2.16.2.1.(1)(c), 2.16.3.1.(1)(c), 2.16.4.1.(1)(c) or 2.16.5.1.(3)(b) is $80.

(2) The amount of a fee referred to in Sentence (1) is reduced by $10 if the information is filed and the fee is paid in accordance with a means of electronic filing and payment specified by the director.

(3) The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing may charge a fee to a person who takes an examination for the purposes of this Section.

2.16.8.Public Register

2.16.8.1. Public Register

(1) The director shall establish and maintain a register available to the public listing every person who has the qualifications required by Subsections 15.11 (1), (2) and (3) of the Act and has been appointed as a chief building official or inspector by a principal authority.

(2) The register referred to in Sentence (1) shall contain the following information with respect to each person listed in it:

(a) the name of the person,

(b) any identifying number assigned by the director to that person,

(c) the name of each principal authority that has appointed the person as a chief building official or inspector, and

(d) the qualifications of the person.

2.16.9.Categories of Qualifications

2.16.9.1. Categories

(1) Table 2.20.2.1. contains the categories of qualifications for the purposes of this Section.

Section 2.17. Qualifications for Designers

2.17.1.Scope

2.17.1.1. Scope

(1) This Section prescribes, for the purposes of Clause 8 (2) (c) and Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act, the qualifications for a person who carries out design activities after December 31, 2005.

2.17.2.General

2.17.2.1. Persons Engaged in the Business of Providing Design Activities to the Public

(1) Every person engaged in the business of providing design activities to the public after December 31, 2005, other than a person who is the holder of a Certificate of Practice or a Temporary Licence issued under the Architects Act, must have the qualification set out in Sentence 2.17.4.1.(1).

2.17.2.2. Other Designers

(1) Every person who carries out design activities after December 31, 2005, other than an architect, must have the qualifications set out in Sentence 2.17.5.1.(1) if the person is not required to have the qualification set out in Sentence 2.17.4.1.(1).

2.17.3.Definition

2.17.3.1. Definition

(1) In this Section,

registered means registered under Article 2.17.4.2.

2.17.4.Qualifications — Persons Engaged in the Business of Providing Design Activities to the Public

2.17.4.1. General

(1) Except as provided in Sentences (3) and (4), every person engaged in the business of providing design activities to the public after December 31, 2005 must have the following qualification:

(a) The person must be registered with the director.

(2) A registration shall be in a form established by the director.

(3) A person is exempt from the requirement to comply with the qualification in Sentence (1) if the person’s design activities relate only to

(a) construction of a home as defined under the Ontario New Home Warranties Plan Act that will be constructed or sold by that person, if the person is a builder or vendor as defined in that Act and is registered under that Act,

(b) construction of a building that is owned by that person,

(c) construction of a farm building that is

(i) of low human occupancy,

(ii) of 2 storeys or less in building height, and

(iii) has a building area of less than 600 m²,

(d) the extension, material alteration or repair of:

(i) a detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house containing not more than two dwelling units in each house, or

(ii) a detached structure that serves a building described in Subclause (3)(d)(i) and does not exceed 50 m2 in building area,

(e) a sewage system to be constructed by that person if the person is registered under Article 2.18.3.2.,

(f) construction of tents described in Sentence 3.13.1.2.(2),

(g) construction of signs,

(h) construction of site services, including

(i) surface drainage, and

(ii) plumbing located underground, either outside a building or under a building,

(i) construction of a factory-built house certified to CAN/CSA-A277 “Procedure for Certification of Factory-Built Houses”,

(j) construction of a mobile home conforming to CAN/CSA-Z240 Series “Mobile Homes”,

(k) construction of a park model trailer conforming to CAN/CSA-Z241 Series “Park Model Trailers”,

(l) construction of pre-engineered elements of a building if the design of the elements is carried out by a person competent in the specific discipline appropriate to the circumstances,

(m) construction of appliances, equipment and similar incidental components of a building, or

(n) construction of a building for which a permit under Section 8 of the Act is applied for or issued before January 1, 2006 and for which construction is commenced within six months after the permit is issued.

(4) A person is exempt from the requirements to comply with the qualification in Sentence (1) if the person’s design activities are with respect to a detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house containing not more than two dwelling units in each house and the design activities relate only to

(a) a plumbing system,

(b) a heating, ventilation and air conditioning system, or

(c) ancillary buildings such as garages.

2.17.4.2. Registration and Renewal of a Registration

(1) Subject to Article 2.17.4.9., the director may register an applicant, or renew a registration, in each class of registration applied for, if

(a) the applicant or registered person or, if the applicant or registered person is a corporation or partnership, a director, officer, partner or employee of the applicant or registered person, has successfully completed the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code in the category of qualification set out on Column 3 of Table 2.20.2.1. that corresponds to each class of registration set out in Column 2 of Table 2.20.2.1. for which application is made,

(b) all persons who will review and take responsibility for design activities provided to the public by the applicant or registered person for the purposes of Clause 2.17.4.7.(1)(d) have successfully completed the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code in the category of qualification set out on Column 3 of Table 2.20.2.1. that correspond to each class of registration set out in Column 2 of Table 2.20.2.1. for which application is made,

(c) the applicant or registered person is covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2. during the term of the registration applied for,

(d) the application is complete, and

(e) all fees required under Article 2.17.4.5. are paid.

2.17.4.3. Application for Registration or Renewal of a Registration

(1) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall be made to the director in a form established by the director.

(2) An application for renewal of a registration shall be made at least 60 days before the expiry of the registration to be renewed.

(3) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall include an undertaking by the applicant or registered person to comply with the conditions set out in Article 2.17.4.7.

(4) If a partnership or a corporation is the applicant for registration or renewal of registration, the application shall set out the names and residence addresses of all of its partners, directors or officers, as the case may be.

(5) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain the names of all partners, directors, officers or employees of the applicant or registered person, as the case may be, and all other persons engaged by the applicant or registered person who:

(a) have the qualifications set out in Clause 2.17.4.2.(1)(a) in the class or classes of registration for which the application is made, and

(b) have the qualifications set out in Clause 2.17.4.2.(1)(b) and will review and take responsibility for the design activities provided to the public by the applicant or registered person in the class or classes of registration for which the application is made.

(6) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain evidence, provided by the applicant or registered person, that the persons referred to in Sentence (5) meet the qualifications set out in Clauses 2.17.4.2.(1)(a) and (b).

(7) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain evidence, provided by the applicant or registered person, that the applicant or registered person is covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2. during the term of the registration applied for.

2.17.4.4. Term

(1) A registration expires one year after it is issued but the director may, for the purposes of staggering the renewal dates of the registrations, issue the initial registration for a term of not less than 90 days and not more than 18 months.

2.17.4.5. Fees

(1) The fee for a registration is $125.

(2) The fee for a registered person to add a new class of registration is $25.

(3) The fee for renewal of a registration is $80.

(4) The amount of a fee referred to in Sentence (1), (2) or (3) is reduced by 15 per cent and rounded to the nearest whole dollar if the application is made and the fee is paid in accordance with a means of electronic filing and payment specified by the director.

(5) The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing may charge a fee to a person who takes an examination for the purposes of this Subsection.

2.17.4.6. Not Transferable

(1) A registration is not transferable.

2.17.4.7. Conditions

(1) The following are the conditions of a registration:

(a) the registered person shall carry out design activities only in respect of the type of building described in Column 4 of Table 2.20.2.1. that correspond to the class or classes of registration held by the registered person,

(b) if the registered person is a corporation or partnership, there must throughout the term of the registration be an officer, director, partner or employee of the registered person who has the qualifications set out in Clause 2.17.4.2.(1)(a) for each class of registration set out in Column 2 of Table 2.20.2.1. that is held by the registered person,

(c) not more than 180 days after the day a notice is given under Sentence 2.17.4.8.(1) by the director to the registered person, the registered person shall

(i) ensure that the registered person and the persons described in Clause (b) have successfully completed all new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(ii) provide the following information to the director:

(A) the names of all persons described in Subclause (i), and

(B) information about the examinations that the persons described in Subclause (i) have successfully completed, in such form and in such detail as may be required by the director,

(d) the registered person shall ensure that a person described in Clause (b) or another person who has the qualifications set out in Clause 2.17.4.2.(1)(b) in respect of the class of registration set out in Column 2 of Table 2.20.2.1. to which the design activities relate will review and take responsibility for design activities in each class of registration that are provided to the public by the registered person,

(e) not more than 180 days after the day when a notice is given under Sentence 2.17.4.8.(1) by the director to the registered person, the registered person shall:

(i) ensure that persons described in Clause (d) who will review and take responsibility for design activities provided to the public by the registered person in the class of registration to which the notice relates, have successfully completed all new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(ii) provide the following information to the director:

(A) the names of all persons described in Subclause (i), and

(B) information about the examinations that the persons referred to in Subclause (i) have successfully completed, in such form and in such detail as may be required by the director,

(f) the registered person shall ensure that a person described in Clause (d) who reviews and takes responsibility for design activities provided to the public by the registered person shall include the following information on any document submitted to a chief building official or registered code agency in the circumstances set out in Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act:

(i) the name of the registered person and any registration number issued to the registered person by the director,

(ii) a statement that the person has reviewed and taken responsibility for the design activities,

(iii) the person’s name and any identifying number issued to the person by the director in respect of the qualifications described in Clause 2.17.4.2.(1)(b), and

(iv) the person’s signature,

(g) the registered person shall, during the term of the registration, be covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2.,

(h) the registered person shall, within 15 days after the event, notify the director in writing of

(i) any change in address of the registered person for correspondence relating to the registration, and

(ii) any change in the information set out in Sentences 2.17.4.3.(4) and (5),

(i) the registered person shall give prompt written notice to the director of any material change in any of the information, other than the information referred to in Clause (h), that is contained in or accompanies an application for registration or renewal of a registration,

(j) the registered person shall, from time to time, at the registered person’s expense, give the director such documents or information relating to the registration or to activities carried out under the registration as the director may reasonably require,

(k) the registered person shall allow the representatives of the director access to the registered person’s books and records during normal business hours for the purpose of confirming matters related to the registration.

2.17.4.8. Updating of Qualifications

(1) Where an examination referred to in Clause 2.17.4.2.(1)(a) or (b) is replaced with a new examination, the director shall give notice of the new examination to every registered person who is registered in a class of registration to which the new examination relates.

(2) The director may give the notice referred to in Sentence (1) by sending it by regular letter mail to the last address of the registered person that has been provided to the director.

2.17.4.9. Suspension, Revocation, Refusal to Register or Renew a Registration

(1) The director may, in the circumstances set out in Sentence (2):

(a) refuse to register an applicant or to renew a registration, or

(b) suspend or revoke a registration.

(2) The circumstances referred to in Sentence (1) are:

(a) the registered person is in contravention of the Act or this Code,

(b) the registered person is in breach of a condition of the registration other than the condition set out in Clause 2.17.4.7.(1)(g),

(c) the registration was issued on the basis of mistaken, false or incorrect information,

(d) the director is of the opinion that the past conduct of the applicant or registered person or, if the applicant or registered person is a partnership or a corporation, the partners, officers or directors of the registered person, as the case may be, affords reasonable grounds for belief that the business that would be or is authorized by the registration will not be carried on in accordance with law,

(e) the application is incomplete, or

(f) any fees required under Article 2.17.4.5. remain unpaid.

(3) If the director proposes to refuse to register or renew a registration or proposes to suspend or revoke a registration under Sentence (1), the director shall serve a notice of the proposal, together with the reasons for it, on the applicant or registered person.

(4) A notice under Sentence (3) shall state that the applicant or registered person is entitled to a hearing before the Tribunal if the applicant or registered person, within 15 days after service of the notice referred to in Sentence (3), serves the director and the Tribunal with notice in writing requesting a hearing.

(5) If the applicant or registered person does not request a hearing by the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (4), the director may carry out the proposal stated in the notice under Sentence (3).

(6) If the applicant or registered person requests a hearing before the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (4), the Tribunal shall appoint a time for and hold a hearing and may by order direct the director to carry out the director’s proposal or refrain from carrying it out and to take such other action as the Tribunal considers the director ought to take in accordance with the Act and this Code, and for those purposes the Tribunal may substitute its opinion for that of the director.

(7) The director, the applicant or registered person who requested the hearing, and such other persons as the Tribunal may specify, are parties to proceedings before the Tribunal.

(8) Sentences (3) to (7) do not apply and the director may cancel the registration of a registered person upon receipt of a request in writing for cancellation from the registered person in a form established by the director.

(9) If, within the time period set out in Sentence 2.17.4.3.(2), a registered person has applied for renewal of a registration, paid the fee required under Article 2.17.4.5. and provided evidence satisfactory to the director that the registered person is covered by insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2. for the term of the renewal of the registration, the registration shall be deemed to continue until the earliest of

(a) the day the registration is renewed,

(b) if the registered person is served with notice that the director proposes to refuse to renew the registration, the day the time for giving notice requesting a hearing expires or, if a hearing is held, the day the Tribunal makes its order, and

(c) the day when the registered person ceases to be covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2.

2.17.4.10. Mandatory Suspension or Revocation of Registration or Refusal to Register or Renew Registration

(1) The director shall, in the circumstances set out in Sentence (2)

(a) refuse to register an applicant,

(b) refuse to renew a registration, or

(c) suspend or revoke a registration.

(2) The circumstances referred to in Sentence (1) are that

(a) the applicant or registered person is not covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2., or

(b) an order under Subsection 69 (2) of the Provincial Offences Act is in effect directing that the registration of the person be suspended and no registration be issued to the person until a fine is paid.

(3) If the director refuses to register an applicant, refuses to renew a registration or suspends or revokes a registration under Sentence (1), the director shall serve a notice of the refusal, suspension or revocation, together with the reasons for it, on the registered person.

(4) A suspension or revocation of a registration under Sentence (1) takes effect immediately and the commencement of a proceeding before the Tribunal does not stay the operation of the suspension or revocation of the registration.

(5) A notice under Sentence (3) shall state that the registered person is entitled to a hearing before the Tribunal if the registered person, within 15 days after service of the notice referred to in Sentence (3), serves the director and the Tribunal with notice in writing requesting a hearing.

(6) The Tribunal may, on the application of the registered person, stay the operation of a decision of the director to suspend or revoke the registration and may grant the stay subject to conditions.

(7) If a registered person requests a hearing before the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (5), the Tribunal shall appoint a time for and hold a hearing and may by order confirm, alter or revoke the decision of the director to refuse to register or to suspend or revoke the registration, as the case may be, and may take such action as the Tribunal considers the director ought to take in accordance with the Act and this Code, and for those purposes the Tribunal may substitute its opinion for that of the director.

(8) The director and the registered person who requested the hearing, and such other persons as the Tribunal may specify, are parties to proceedings before the Tribunal.

2.17.5.Qualifications — Other Designers

2.17.5.1. General

(1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), a person who carries out design activities after December 31, 2005 but is not required under Sentence 2.17.4.1.(1) to be registered with the director must have the following qualifications:

(a) he or she shall successfully complete the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to his or her knowledge of the Act and this Code in the category of qualification set out in Column 3 of Table 2.20.2.1. that corresponds to the type of buildings described in Column 4 of Table 2.20.2.1. for which the person carries out design activities,

(b) he or she shall file the information set out in Sentence 2.17.5.3.(1) with the director in a form established by the director, and

(c) he or she shall include the following information on any document respecting design activities that the person has reviewed and taken responsibility for and that is submitted to a chief building official or registered code agency in the circumstances set out in Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act:

(i) the person’s name and any identifying number issued to the person issued by the director in respect of the qualifications described in Clause (a),

(ii) a statement that the person has reviewed and taken responsibility for the design activities, and

(iii) the person’s signature.

(2) A person is exempt from the requirement to comply with the qualifications in Sentence (1) if his or her design activities relate only to

(a) design activities in respect of which a person described in Clause 2.17.4.7.(1)(d) or who has the qualifications required under Sentence (1) will review and take responsibility,

(b) construction of:

(i) a detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house owned by the person and containing not more than two dwelling units in each house, or

(ii) an ancillary building that serves a building described in Subclause (i),

(c) construction of a farm building that

(i) is of low human occupancy,

(ii) is 2 storeys or less in building height, and

(iii) has a building area of less than 600 m²,

(d) a sewage system to be constructed by that person and:

(i) the person is registered under Article 2.18.3.2., or

(ii) the sewage system is owned by the person,

(e) construction of tents described in Sentence 3.13.1.2.(2),

(f) construction of signs,

(g) construction of site services including

(i) surface drainage, and

(ii) plumbing located underground either outside a building or under a building,

(h) construction of pre-engineered elements of a building provided that the design of the elements is carried out by a person competent in the specific discipline appropriate to the circumstances,

(i) construction of appliances, equipment and similar incidental components of a building,

(j) construction of an ancillary building

(i) that serves a detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house if the house contains not more than two dwelling units, and

(ii) that does not exceed 50 m2 in building area, or

(k) construction of a building for which a permit under Section 8 of the Act is applied for or issued before January 1, 2006 and for which construction commences within six months after the permit is issued.

2.17.5.2. Updating of Qualifications

(1) When an examination that is part of an examination program referred to in Clause 2.17.5.1.(1)(a) is replaced with a new examination, the director shall give notice of the new examination to every person who has, pursuant to Clause 2.17.5.1.(1)(b), informed the director that he or she has completed the examination before its replacement.

(2) The director may give the notice referred to in Sentence (1) by sending it by regular letter mail to the last address of the person that has been filed with the director.

(3) It is a prescribed qualification for the purposes of Clause 8 (2) (c) and Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act that, not more than 180 days after the day on which the notice referred to in Sentence (1) is given, the person to whom the notice is given shall:

(a) successfully complete all new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(b) file the information set out in Sentence 2.17.5.3.(1) with the director in a form established by the director.

2.17.5.3. Information

(1) The information referred to in Clauses 2.17.5.1.(1)(b) and 2.17.5.2.(3)(b) is the following:

(a) the person’s name, residence address and residential mailing address, if different from the residence address, and

(b) information about the examinations that the person has successfully completed, in such detail as may be required by the director.

(2) A person who has filed information under Sentence (1) with the director shall advise the director of any change of address within 15 days of the change.

2.17.5.4. Fees

(1) The fee payable upon the filing of information referred to in Clause 2.17.5.1.(1)(b) or 2.17.5.2.(3)(b) is $80.

(2) The amount of a fee referred to in Sentence (1) is reduced by $10 if the information is filed and the fee is paid in accordance with a means of electronic filing and payment specified by the director.

(3) The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing may charge a fee to a person who takes an examination for the purposes of this Section.

2.17.6.Public Register

2.17.6.1. Public Register

(1) The director shall establish and maintain a register available to the public that lists every person who has the qualifications required by Clause 8 (2) (c) and Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act.

(2) The register referred to in Sentence (1) shall contain the following information in respect of every registered person:

(a) the name of the registered person,

(b) any identifying number assigned by the director to the registered person,

(c) the business address of the registered person,

(d) classes of registration of the registered person,

(e) the names of the person or persons who will review and take responsibility for design activities carried out by the registered person in each class of registration, and

(f) any identifying number assigned by the director to the person or persons referred to in Clause (e).

(3) The register referred to in Sentence (1) shall contain the following information in respect of persons who have the qualifications referred to in Sentence 2.17.5.1.(1):

(a) the name of the person,

(b) any identifying number assigned by the director to the person,

(c) the qualifications of that person.

2.17.7.Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

2.17.7.1. Classes and Categories

(1) Table 2.20.2.1. contains the classes of registration and categories of qualifications for the purposes of this Section.

Section 2.18.Qualifications for Persons Engaged in the Business of Constructing On Site, Installing, Repairing, Servicing, Cleaning or Emptying Sewage Systems

2.18.1.Scope

2.18.1.1. Scope

(1) This Section prescribes, for the purposes of Subsection 15.12 (1) of the Act, the qualifications for persons engaged in the business of constructing on site, installing, repairing, servicing, cleaning or emptying sewage systems after this Section comes into force.

2.18.2.Definition

2.18.2.1. Definition

(1) In this Section,

registered means registered under Article 2.18.3.2.

2.18.3.Qualifications

2.18.3.1. General

(1) Commencing on the day this Section comes into force, persons engaged in the business of constructing on site, installing, repairing, servicing, cleaning or emptying sewage systems shall have the following qualification:

(a) The person must be registered with the director.

(2) A registration shall be in a form established by the director.

(3) A license issued under Sentence 2.12.3.1. of this Code, as that Sentence read immediately before the day this Section came into force, shall be deemed to be a registration for the purposes of Clause (1)(a).

(4) A person is exempt from the requirement to comply with the qualification in Sentence (1) in respect of the activities of cleaning and emptying sewage systems if the person has been issued a certificate of approval under Section 39 of the Environmental Protection Act in respect of the activities of cleaning and emptying sewage systems.

2.18.3.2. Registration and Renewal of a Registration

(1) Subject to Article 2.18.3.9., the director may register an applicant, or renew a registered person’s registration, if

(a) all persons who will supervise construction on site, installation, repair, servicing, cleaning or emptying sewage systems carried out by the applicant or registered person have successfully completed the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act, this Code and the construction, maintenance and operation of sewage systems,

(b) the application is complete, and

(c) all fees required under Article 2.18.3.5. are paid.

(2) A person who had, on the day before the day this Subsection came into force, the qualification described in Subclause 2.12.4.6.(1)(a), as it read on that day, shall be deemed to have successfully completed the examination program described in Clause (1)(a).

2.18.3.3. Application for Registration or Renewal of a Registration

(1) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall be made to the director in a form established by the director.

(2) An application for renewal of a registration shall be made at least 60 days before the expiry of the registration to be renewed.

(3) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall include an undertaking by the applicant or registered person to comply with the conditions set out in Article 2.18.3.7.

(4) If a partnership or a corporation is the applicant for registration or renewal of a registration, the application shall set out the names and residence addresses of all its partners, directors or officers, as the case may be.

(5) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain the names of all partners, directors, officers or employees of the applicant or registered person, as the case may be, and all other persons who have been engaged by the applicant or registered person, who:

(a) have the qualifications set out in Clause 2.18.3.2.(1)(a), and

(b) will supervise the construction on site, installation, repair, servicing, cleaning or emptying of sewage systems to be carried out by the applicant or registered person.

(6) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain evidence, provided by the applicant or registered person, that the persons referred to in Sentence (5) meet the qualifications set out in Clause 2.18.3.2.(1)(a).

2.18.3.4. Term

(1) A registration expires 3 years after the date of its issuance.

2.18.3.5. Fees

(1) The fee for a registration or renewal of a registration is $50.

(2) The amount of a fee referred to in Sentence (1) is reduced by $5 if the application is made and the fee is paid in accordance with a means of electronic filing and payment specified by the director.

(3) The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing may charge a fee to a person who takes an examination for the purposes of this Section.

2.18.3.6. Not Transferable

(1) A registration is not transferable.

2.18.3.7. Conditions

(1) The following are the conditions of a registration:

(a) the registered person shall ensure that the construction on site, installation, repair, servicing, cleaning or emptying of sewage systems carried out by the registered person is supervised by a person who has the qualifications set out in Clause 2.18.3.2.(1)(a),

(b) not more than 180 days after the day a notice is given under Sentence 2.18.3.8.(1) by the director to the registered person, the registered person shall:

(i) ensure that the construction on site, installation, repair, servicing, cleaning or emptying of sewage systems carried out by the registered person is supervised by persons who have successfully completed the new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(ii) provide the following information to the director:

(A) the name of the person or persons carrying out the supervision, and

(B) information about the examinations that the person or persons have successfully completed, in such detail as may be required by the director,

(c) the registered person shall, within 15 days after the event, notify the director in writing

(i) of any change in address of the registered person for correspondence relating to the registration, and

(ii) of any change in the information set out in Sentences 2.18.3.3.(4) and (5),

(d) the registered person shall give prompt written notice to the director of any material change in any of the information other than the information referred to in Clause (1)(c) that is contained in or accompanies an application for registration or renewal of a registration,

(e) the registered person shall, from time to time, at the registered person’s expense, give the director such documents or information relating to the registration or to activities carried out under the registration as the director may reasonably require, and

(f) the registered person shall allow the representatives of the director access to the registered person’s books and records during normal business hours for the purpose of confirming matters related to the registration.

2.18.3.8. Updating of Qualifications

(1) When an examination that is part of an examination program referred to in Clause 2.18.3.2.(1)(a) is replaced with a new examination, the director shall give notice of the new examination to every registered person.

(2) The director may give the notice referred to in Sentence (1) by sending it by regular letter mail to the last address of the registered person that has been provided to the director.

2.18.3.9. Suspension, Revocation, Refusal to Register or Renew a Registration

(1) The director may, in the circumstances set out in Sentence (2):

(a) refuse to register an applicant or renew a registration, or

(b) suspend or revoke a registration.

(2) The circumstances referred to in Sentence (1) are:

(a) the registered person is in contravention of the Act or this Code,

(b) the registered person is in breach of a condition of the registration,

(c) the registration was issued on the basis of mistaken, false or incorrect information,

(d) the director is of the opinion that the past conduct of the applicant or registered person or, if the applicant or registered person is a partnership or a corporation, the partners, officers or directors of the registered person, as the case may be, affords reasonable grounds for belief that the business that would be or is authorized by the registration will not be carried on in accordance with law,

(e) an order under Subsection 69 (2) of the Provincial Offences Act is in effect directing that the registration of the person be suspended and that no registration be issued to that person until a fine is paid,

(f) the application is incomplete, or

(g) any fees required under Article 2.18.3.5. remain unpaid.

(3) If the director proposes to refuse to register or renew a registration or proposes to suspend or revoke a registration, the director shall serve a notice of the proposal, together with the reasons for it, on the applicant or registered person.

(4) A notice under Sentence (3) shall state that the applicant or registered person is entitled to a hearing before the Tribunal if the applicant or registered person, within 15 days after service of the notice referred to in Sentence (3), serves the director and the Tribunal with notice in writing requesting a hearing.

(5) If an applicant or registered person does not request a hearing by the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (4), the director may carry out the proposal stated in the notice under Sentence (3).

(6) If an applicant or registered person requests a hearing before the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (4), the Tribunal shall appoint a time for and hold a hearing and may by order direct the director to carry out the director’s proposal or refrain from carrying it out and to take such other action as the Tribunal considers the director ought to take in accordance with the Act and this Code, and for such purposes the Tribunal may substitute its opinion for that of the director.

(7) The director, the applicant or registered person who requested the hearing, and such other persons as the Tribunal may specify, are parties to proceedings before the Tribunal.

(8) Sentences (3) to (7) do not apply and the director may cancel the registration of a registered person upon receipt of a request in writing for cancellation from the registered person in a form established by the director.

(9) If, within the time period set out in Sentence 2.18.3.3.(2), a registered person has applied for renewal of a registration and paid the fee required under Article 2.18.3.5., the registration shall be deemed to continue until the earlier of

(a) the day the registration is renewed, and

(b) if the registered person is served with notice that the director proposes to refuse to renew the registration, the day the time for giving notice requesting a hearing expires or, if a hearing is held, until the day the Tribunal makes its order.

2.18.4.Public Register

2.18.4.1. Public Register

(1) The director shall establish and maintain a register available to the public listing every person who has the qualifications required by Subsection 15.12 (1) of the Act.

(2) The register referred to in Sentence (1) shall contain the following information with respect to every registered person:

(a) the name of the registered person,

(b) any identifying number assigned by the director to the registered person,

(c) the business address of the registered person,

(d) the names of the person or persons who will supervise the construction on site, installation, repair, servicing, cleaning or emptying sewage systems carried out by the registered person, and

(e) any identifying number assigned by the director to the persons referred to in Clause (d).

Section 2.19.Qualifications for Registered Code Agencies

2.19.1.Scope

2.19.1.1. Scope

(1) This Section prescribes, for the purposes Subsection 15.11 (4) of the Act, the qualifications that a person must meet in order to be eligible to be appointed after June 30, 2005 as a registered code agency under the Act.

2.19.2.Definition

2.19.2.1. Definition

(1) In this Section,

registered means registered under Article 2.19.3.2.

2.19.3.Qualifications

2.19.3.1. General

(1) The following are prescribed as qualifications for persons to be appointed after June 30, 2005 under the Act as a registered code agency:

(a) The person must be registered with the director.

(2) A registration shall be in a form established by the director.

2.19.3.2. Registration and Renewal of a Registration

(1) Subject to Article 2.19.3.9., the director may register an applicant, or renew a registered person’s registration, in each class of registration applied for if

(a) the applicant or registered person or, if the applicant or registered person is a corporation or partnership, a director, officer, partner or employee of the applicant or registered person, has successfully completed the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code and the powers and duties of a registered code agency,

(b) the applicant or registered person or, if the applicant or registered person is a corporation or partnership, one or more directors, officers, partners or employees of the applicant or registered person, have successfully completed the examination program administered or authorized by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing relating to the person’s knowledge of the Act and this Code in the category of qualification set out in Column 2 of Table 2.20.2.2. that corresponds to each class of registration set out in Column 1 of Table 2.20.2.2. for which application is made,

(c) all persons who will carry out plans review and inspection activities on behalf of the registered code agency have the qualifications set out in Clause (b) in respect of each class of registration for which application is made,

(d) the applicant or registered person has in place a quality management plan referred to in Sentence 2.19.3.3.(3) for carrying out the activities of the applicant or registered person under the registration that is acceptable to the director,

(e) the applicant or registered person is covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2. during the term of the registration applied for,

(f) the application is complete, and

(g) all fees required under Article 2.19.3.5. are paid.

2.19.3.3. Application for Registration or Renewal of a Registration

(1) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall be made to the director in a form established by the director.

(2) An application for renewal of a registration shall be made at least 60 days before the expiry of the registration being renewed.

(3) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall include a quality management plan for carrying out the activities of the applicant or registered person under the registration, including, without limitation:

(a) procedures relating to the commencement of activities as a registered code agency, including procedures to verify that the applicant or registered person is qualified to undertake the activities and to verify that there exists no conflict of interest within the meaning of Sentence 2.22.3.1.(4),

(b) identification of the responsibilities of persons who will carry out plans review and inspection activities of the applicant or registered person and procedures for the supervision of those persons,

(c) procedures for assessing plans and specifications for conformity with this Code, including procedures for the acceptance under Section 9 of the Act of equivalent materials, systems and building designs,

(d) procedures for inspecting the construction of buildings,

(e) procedures for receipt of notices that construction is ready for inspection and of written reports from architects and professional engineers arising out of the general review of the construction of buildings,

(f) procedures for the issuance of certificates and orders under the Act, including the responsibility of the persons with the qualifications set out in Sentences 2.22.5.3.(1) and (2),

(g) procedures for referral of matters to a chief building official under Subsection 14 (5) of the Act,

(h) procedures for participation of the applicant or registered person in proceedings before the Building Code Commission under Section 24 of the Act and before the Superior Court of Justice under Section 25 of the Act,

(i) procedures for documenting the activities of the applicant or registered person under the registration, including data control, records retention and the maintenance of security and confidentiality of records, and transferring records to the principal authority,

(j) procedures for training and supervision of personnel, and

(k) procedures for the review and up-dating of the quality management plan.

(4) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall include an undertaking by the applicant or registered person to comply with the conditions set out in Article 2.19.3.7.

(5) If a partnership or a corporation is the applicant for registration or renewal of a registration, an application for registration or renewal of a registration shall set out the names and residence addresses of all its partners, directors or officers, as the case may be.

(6) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain the names of all partners, directors, officers or employees of the applicant or registered person, as the case may be, and all other persons who have been engaged by the applicant or registered person, who:

(a) have the qualifications set out in Clauses 2.19.3.2.(1)(a) and (b), and

(b) have the qualifications set out in Clauses 2.19.3.2.(1)(b) and (c) and will exercise powers and perform functions under the Act on behalf of the applicant or registered person.

(7) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain evidence, provided by the applicant or registered person, that the persons referred to in Sentence (6) meet the qualifications set out in Clauses 2.19.3.2.(1)(a) to (c).

(8) An application for registration or renewal of a registration shall contain evidence, provided by the applicant or registered person, that the applicant or registered person is covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2. during the term of the registration applied for.

2.19.3.4. Term

(1) A registration expires one year after the date of its issuance.

2.19.3.5. Fees

(1) The fee for registration is $300.

(2) The fee for the addition of a new class of registration is $50.

(3) The fee for renewal of a registration is $220.

(4) The amount of a fee referred to in Sentence (1), (2) or (3) is reduced by 15 per cent and rounded to the nearest whole dollar if the application is made and the fee is paid in accordance with a means of electronic filing and payment specified by the director.

(5) The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing may charge a fee to a person who takes an examination for the purposes of this Section.

2.19.3.6. Not Transferable

(1) A registration is not transferable.

2.19.3.7. Conditions

(1) The following are the conditions of a registration:

(a) the registered person shall carry out activities under the registration in accordance with the Act, this Code and the quality management plan referred to in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d),

(b) if the registered person is a corporation or partnership, during the term of the registration there must be

(i) an officer, director, partner or employee of the registered person who has the qualifications set out in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(a), and

(ii) one or more officers, directors, partners or employees of the registered person who have the qualifications set out in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(b) in respect of each class of registration that is held by the registered person,

(c) not more than 180 days after the day a notice is given under Sentence 2.19.3.8.(1) by the director to the registered person, the registered person shall:

(i) ensure that the persons referred to in Clause (1)(b) have successfully completed the new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(ii) provide to the director the names of the persons and information about the examinations that the persons have successfully completed, in such detail as may be required by the director,

(d) the registered person shall during the term of the registration, be covered by the insurance required by Subsection 2.21.2.,

(e) the registered person shall, within 15 days after the event, notify the director in writing

(i) of any change in address of the registered person for correspondence relating to the registration, and

(ii) of any change in the information set out in Sentences 2.19.3.3.(5) and (6),

(f) the registered person shall give prompt written notice to the director of any material change in any of the information, other than the information referred to in Clause (e) that is contained in or accompanies an application for registration or renewal of a registration,

(g) the registered person shall, from time to time, at the registered person’s expense, give to the director such documents or information relating to the registration of the registered person or to activities carried out under the registration as the director may reasonably require,

(h) the registered person shall allow the representatives of the director access to the registered person’s books and records during normal business hours for the purpose of confirming matters related to the registration.

2.19.3.8. Updating of Qualifications

(1) Where an examination in an examination program referred to in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(a), (b) or (c) is replaced with a new examination, the director shall give notice of the new examination to every registered person who is registered in a class of registration set out in Column 1 of Table 2.20.2.2. to which the examination relates.

(2) The director may give the notice referred to in Sentence (1) by sending it by regular letter mail to the last address of the registered person that has been provided to the director.

2.19.3.9. Suspension, Revocation, Refusal to Register or Renew a Registration

(1) The director may, in the circumstances set out in Sentence (2),

(a) refuse to register an applicant,

(b) refuse to renew a registration, or

(c) suspend or revoke a registration.

(2) The circumstances referred to in Sentence (1) are:

(a) the registered person is in contravention of the Act or this Code,

(b) the registered person is in breach of a condition of the registration other than the condition set out in Clause 2.19.3.7.(1)(d),

(c) the registration was issued on the basis of mistaken, false or incorrect information,

(d) the director is of the opinion that the past conduct of the applicant or registered person or, if the applicant or registered person is a partnership or a corporation, the partners, officers or directors of the registered person, as the case may be, affords reasonable grounds for belief that the business that would be or is authorized by the registration will not be carried on in accordance with law,

(e) the director is of the opinion that there are reasonable grounds for belief that the activities of the applicant or registered person are or will be carried on in a manner that poses a threat to public safety,

(f) the application is incomplete, or

(g) any fees required under Article 2.19.3.5. remain unpaid.

(3) If the director proposes to refuse to register or renew a registration or proposes to suspend or revoke a registration under Sentence (1), the director shall serve a notice of the proposal, together with the reasons for it, on the applicant or registered person.

(4) A notice under Sentence (3) shall state that the applicant or registered person is entitled to a hearing before the Tribunal if the applicant or registered person, within 15 days after service of the notice referred to in Sentence (3), serves the director and the Tribunal with notice in writing requesting a hearing.

(5) If an applicant or registered person does not request a hearing by the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (4), the director may carry out the proposal stated in the notice under Sentence (3).

(6) If an applicant or registered person requests a hearing before the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (4), the Tribunal shall appoint a time for and hold a hearing and may by order direct the director to carry out the director’s proposal or refrain from carrying it out and to take such other action as the Tribunal considers the director ought to take in accordance with the Act and this Code, and for those purposes the Tribunal may substitute its opinion for that of the director.

(7) The director, the applicant or registered person who requested the hearing, and such other persons as the Tribunal may specify, are parties to proceedings before the Tribunal.

(8) A proposal to suspend or revoke a registration by reason of Clause (2)(e) takes effect immediately and the commencement of a proceeding before the Tribunal does not stay the operation of the proposal to suspend or revoke the registration.

(9) The Tribunal may, on the application of the registered person, stay the operation of the proposal of the director to suspend or revoke the registration, and may grant the stay subject to conditions.

(10) Sentences (3) to (9) do not apply and the director may cancel the registration of a registered person upon receipt of a request in writing for cancellation from the registered person in a form established by the director.

(11) Subject to Sentence (8), if within the time period set out in Sentence 2.19.3.3.(2) a registered person has applied for renewal of a registration, paid the fee required under Article 2.19.3.5. and provided evidence satisfactory to the director that the registered person is covered by insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2. for the term of the renewal of the registration, the registration shall be deemed to continue until the earliest of

(a) the day the registration is renewed,

(b) if the registered person is served with notice that the director proposes to refuse to renew the registration, the day the time for giving notice requesting a hearing expires or, if a hearing is held, the day the Tribunal makes its order, and

(c) the day when the registered person ceases to be covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2.

2.19.3.10. Mandatory Suspension or Revocation of Registration or Refusal to Register or Renew a Registration

(1) The director shall, in the circumstances set out in Sentence (2),

(a) refuse to register an applicant,

(b) refuse to renew a registration, or

(c) suspend or revoke a registration.

(2) The circumstances referred to in Sentence (1) are:

(a) the registered person is not covered by the insurance required under Subsection 2.21.2., or

(b) an order under Subsection 69 (2) of the Provincial Offences Act is in effect directing that the registration of the person be suspended and that no registration be issued to that person until a fine is paid.

(3) If the director refuses to register an applicant, refuses to renew a registration or suspends or revokes a registration under Sentence (1), the director shall serve a notice of the refusal, suspension or revocation, together with the reasons for it, on the registered person.

(4) A suspension or revocation of a registration under Sentence (1) takes effect immediately and the commencement of a proceeding before the Tribunal does not stay the operation of the suspension or revocation of the registration.

(5) The Tribunal may, on the application of the registered person, stay the operation of a decision of the director to suspend or revoke the registration, and may make the stay subject to conditions.

(6) A notice under Sentence (3) shall state that the registered person is entitled to a hearing before the Tribunal if the registered person, within 15 days after service of the notice referred to in Sentence (3), serves the director and the Tribunal with notice in writing requesting a hearing.

(7) If a registered person requests a hearing before the Tribunal in accordance with Sentence (6), the Tribunal shall appoint a time for and hold a hearing and may by order confirm, alter or revoke the decision of the director to refuse to register or to suspend or revoke the registration and may take such action as the Tribunal considers the director ought to take in accordance with the Act and this Code, and for such purposes the Tribunal may substitute its opinion for that of the director.

(8) The director and the registered person who requested the hearing, and such other persons as the Tribunal may specify, are parties to proceedings before the Tribunal.

2.19.4.Public Register

2.19.4.1. Public Register

(1) The director shall establish and maintain a register available to the public listing every person who has the qualifications required by Subsection 15.11 (4) of the Act.

(2) The register referred to in Sentence (1) shall contain the following information in respect of every registered person:

(a) the name of the registered person,

(b) any identifying number assigned by the director to the registered person,

(c) the business address of the registered person,

(d) the classes of registration of the registered person, and

(e) the names of any persons who will exercise powers and perform functions under the Act on behalf of the registered person in each class of registration and any identifying number assigned by the director to that person.

2.19.5.Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

2.19.5.1. Classes and Categories

(1) Table 2.20.2.2. contains the classes of registration and categories of qualifications for the purposes of this Section.

Section 2.20.Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

2.20.1.Scope

2.20.1.1. Scope

(1) This Section sets out classes of registration and categories of qualifications for the purposes of Sections 2.16., 2.17., 2.19. and 2.22.

2.20.2.Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications

2.20.2.1. Inspectors and Persons Who Carry out Design Activities

(1) Table 2.20.2.1. sets out the classes of registration and categories of qualifications for persons who carry out design activities and the categories of qualifications for inspectors.

TABLE 2.20.2.1.

Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications For Inspectors and Persons Who Carry Out Design Activities Forming Part of Sentence 2.20.2.1.(1)

Row Number

Classes of Registration for Persons engaged in the business of providing Design Activities to the public

Categories of Qualifications for Inspectors and Persons described in Clauses 2.17.4.2.(1)(a) and (b) and 2.17.5.1.(1)(a)

Type of Building

1

House

House

    (a) A detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house containing not more than two dwelling units in each house and the building systems, works, fixtures and service systems appurtenant to these buildings,

including:

    (b) an ancillary building that serves the building, and

excluding:

    (c) buildings and parts of buildings described in Column 4 of any of Rows 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 11 of this Table.

2

Small Buildings

Small Buildings

    (a) Buildings described in Clauses 2.1.1.3.(1)(a), (b) and (c) and the building systems, works, fixtures and service systems appurtenant to these buildings,

including:

    (b) buildings and parts of buildings

      (i) described in Column 4 of Row 1 of this Table, or

      (ii) to which any of Sections 3.10., 3.11., 3.11A., 3.13. and 3.14. apply and that are appurtenant to or serve buildings described in Clause (a), and

excluding:

    (c) buildings and parts of buildings described in Column 4 of any of Rows 4 to 11 of this Table.

3

Large Buildings

Large Buildings

    (a) Buildings described in Clause 2.1.1.2.(1)(a) or (b) and the building systems, works, fixtures and service systems appurtenant to these buildings,

excluding:

    (b) buildings and parts of buildings described in Column 4 of any of Rows 4 to 11 of this Table.

4

Complex Buildings

Complex Buildings

Building systems, works, fixtures and service systems to which Subsection 3.2.6. or any provision in Articles 3.2.8.3. to 3.2.8.11. apply.

5

Plumbing — House

Plumbing — House

All plumbing systems to which Part 7 applies that are appurtenant to a building that is a detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house containing not more than two dwelling units in each house.

6

Plumbing — All Buildings

Plumbing — All Buildings

    (a) All plumbing systems to which Part 7 applies,

     

including:

     

    (b) buildings and parts of buildings described in Column 4 of Row 5 of this Table.

7

HVAC — House

HVAC — House

All building systems, works, fixtures and service systems to which Section 9.32. or 9.33. applies that are appurtenant to a building that is a detached house, semi-detached house, townhouse or row house containing not more than two dwelling units in each house.

8

Building Services

Building Services

    (a) Building systems, works, fixtures and service systems that are appurtenant to buildings described in Clause 2.1.1.2.(1)(a) or (b) or Clauses 2.1.1.3.(1)(a), (b) and (c) and that relate to fire suppression, fire detection, smoke control, exhaust, vertical movement of smoke, energy efficiency, lighting and emergency power, and

    (b) building systems, works, fixtures and service systems appurtenant to buildings to which Part 6 applies or to which Section 9.32. or 9.33. applies,

including:

    (c) buildings and parts of buildings described in Column 4 of Row 7 or 11 of this Table.

9

Building Structural

Building Structural

    (a) Internal and external load-bearing structural elements essential to the stability or strength of a building described in Clause 2.1.1.2.(1)(a) or (b) or Clauses 2.1.1.3.(1)(a), (b) and (c) and that resist dead loads or live loads including, but not limited to, foundations, floors, walls, roofs, columns and beams, and

    (b) structures designated in Sentence 2.1.2.1.(1).

10

On-site Sewage Systems

On-site Sewage Systems

Sewage systems to which Part 8 applies.

11

Detection, Lighting and Power

Detection, Lighting and Power

Early warning and electrical systems including systems appurtenant to buildings described in Clause 2.1.1.2.(1)(a) or (b) or Clauses 2.1.1.3.(1)(a), (b) and (c) and that relate to fire alarm and detection systems, voice communication systems, lighting systems, emergency lighting systems or emergency power systems for building services in all buildings.

12

Fire Protection

Fire Protection

Fire suppression, fire detection, fire fighting and fire safety systems appurtenant to buildings described in Clause 2.1.1.2.(1)(a) or (b) or Clauses 2.1.1.3.(1)(a), (b) and (c).

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Notes to Table 2.20.2.1.

1. An inspector qualified in one category of qualification may carry out plans review and inspection in another category where to do so does not constitute a substantial part of the plans review or inspection on any project.

2. A person registered in one class of registration or a person qualified in one category of qualification may carry out design activities in another class or category where to do so does not constitute a substantial part of the design activities on any project.

2.20.2.2. Registered Code Agencies

(1) Table 2.20.2.2. sets out the classes of registration for registered code agencies and the categories of qualifications for persons described in Clauses 2.19.3.2.(1)(a) to (c).

TABLE 2.20.2.2.

Classes of Registration and Categories of Qualifications Registered Code Agencies Forming Part of Sentence 2.20.2.2.(1)

Classes of Registration for Registered Code Agencies

Category of Qualification for Persons described in Clauses 2.19.3.2.(1)(a) to (c)

Type of Building

Reference to Table 2.20.2.1.

House

House

Column 4 of Row 1

 

Plumbing — House

Column 4 of Row 5

 

HVAC — House

Column 4 of Row 7

 

On-Site Sewage Systems

Column 4 of Row 10

Small Buildings

Small Buildings

Column 4 of Row 2

 

Plumbing — All Buildings

Column 4 of Row 6

 

Building Services

Column 4 of Row 8

 

Building Structural

Column 4 of Row 9

 

On-Site Sewage Systems

Column 4 of Row 10

Large Buildings

Large Buildings

Column 4 of Row 3

 

Plumbing — All Buildings

Column 4 of Row 6

 

Building Services

Column 4 of Row 8

 

Building Structural

Column 4 of Row 9

 

On-site Sewage Systems

Column 4 of Row 10

Complex Buildings

Complex Buildings

Column 4 of Row 4

 

Plumbing — All Buildings

Column 4 of Row 6

 

Building Services

Column 4 of Row 8

 

Building Structural

Column 4 of Row 9

 

On-site Sewage Systems

Column 4 of Row 10

On-site Sewage Systems

On-site Sewage Systems

Column 4 of Row 10

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Section 2.21.Insurance

2.21.1.Scope

2.21.1.1. Scope

(1) This Section prescribes, for the purposes of Subsection 15.13 (1) of the Act, the insurance coverage that registered code agencies and persons referred to in Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act must have.

2.21.2.Insurance for Registered Code Agencies and Persons Referred to in Subsection 15.11 (5) of the Act

2.21.2.1. Definition

(1) In this Subsection, registered person means a person who is registered under Article 2.17.4.2. or 2.19.3.2.

2.21.2.2. Scope

(1) Every person registered under Article 2.17.4.2. or 2.19.3.2. shall have insurance coverage under an insurance policy that satisfies the requirements set out in Article 2.21.2.3.

2.21.2.3. Insurance Coverage

(1) The insurance policy

(a) shall indemnify the registered person against liability imposed by law arising out of the performance of or the failure to perform services as a registered person during any time while the person is registered under Article 2.17.4.1. or 2.19.3.2. for claims that are first made and reported to the insurer during the period of insurance or during any extended reporting period required by Clause (1)(c),

(b) shall set out the name of the registered person,

(c) in the case of a registered code agency registered under Article 2.19.3.2.,

(i) shall require an extended reporting period of two years for the purposes of giving notice of any claim or occurrence that the registered code agency could reasonably foresee might give rise to a claim, with respect to an event that occurs prior to the person ceasing to be insured,

(ii) shall provide that the extended reporting period described in Subclause (i) shall commence on the day the registered code agency ceases to be insured, and

(iii) shall require the registered code agency to make full payment of all premiums for the extended reporting period referred to in Subclause (i) as part of the premiums for the issuance of the insurance policy,

(d) shall provide for insurance coverage to commence,

(i) on the date the registered person becomes registered, or

(ii) in the case of a registered person previously insured in accordance with this Article, on the expiry of the previous policy,

(e) shall require the insurer to provide prompt written notice to the director if the policy is declared void for material misrepresentation,

(f) shall specify a limit of indemnity for any one claim and in the aggregate during any one period of insurance that is not less than

(i) in the case of persons registered under Article 2.17.4.2.,

(A) $1,000,000 per claim and $2,000,000 in the aggregate, if the person billed $100,000 or more in fees in the 12 months immediately before the issuance of the policy,

(B) $500,000 per claim and $1,000,000 in the aggregate, if the person billed more than $50,000 and less than $100,000 in fees in the 12 months immediately before the issuance of the policy,

(C) $250,000 per claim and $500,000 in the aggregate, if the person billed $50,000 or less in fees in the 12 months immediately before the issuance of the policy, or

(D) the limits of indemnity for any one claim and in the aggregate that are set out in Sub-subclause (A), (B) or (C), as determined by reference to the person’s estimated fees billings for the 12-month period immediately after the issuance of the policy, if the person has been registered less than one year before the issuance of the policy, and

(ii) in the case of a registered code agency registered under Article 2.19.3.2., $1,000,000 per claim and $2,000,000 in the aggregate, except that those limits shall apply exclusively to the exercise of the powers and performance of the duties of a registered code agency under the Act and shall be in addition to any insurance applicable to any other activities carried on by the registered code agency,

(g) shall provide that any costs and expenses necessarily incurred by the insurer in the investigation, defence or settlement of claims under the policy shall not be part of the limit of indemnity set out in Clause (f) unless the limit of indemnity from any one claim exceeds $2,000,000,

(h) shall not provide that the insured shall be responsible for the first portion of any sum that the insured becomes legally liable to pay in respect of a claim made against him, her or it in respect of any one claim or occurrence in an amount exceeding the lesser of:

(i) $70,000, and

(ii) 5% of

(A) the amount of fees billed by the insured in the 12 months immediately before the issuance of the policy, or

(B) the amount of the insured’s estimated fees billings for the 12- month period immediately after the issuance of the policy, if the insured has been registered under Article 2.17.4.2. less than one year before the issuance of the policy,

(i) shall provide that it cannot be cancelled by the insured unless,

(i) the insured immediately replaces the policy with another policy that satisfies the requirements of this Article,

(ii) the insurer has given notice in writing of the proposed cancellation to the director, and

(iii) the notice described in Subclause (ii) was received by the director at least 30 days before the day the policy is cancelled,

(j) shall provide that it cannot be cancelled by the insurer unless,

(i) it is cancelled for non-payment of a premium,

(ii) the insurer has given notice in writing of the proposed cancellation to the director, and

(iii) the notice described in Subclause (ii) was sent to the director at least 30 days before the day the policy is cancelled,

(k) shall provide for the continuation of coverage if the insured is adjudged a bankrupt, insolvent, incompetent or dies during the period of insurance, and

(l) may provide that coverage be subject to such exclusions and conditions and otherwise on such terms as are consistent with normal insurance industry practice from time to time.

Section 2.22.Registered Code Agencies

2.22.1.Appointment of Registered Code Agency under Section 4.1 of the Act

2.22.1.1. Agreements

(1) An agreement between a principal authority and a registered code agency under Subsection 4.1 (1) of the Act shall be made in writing and shall:

(a) specify the functions that the registered code agency is authorized to perform,

(b) specify the construction of the building or class of buildings in respect of which the functions will be performed,

(c) set out the procedure by which the principal authority will appoint the registered code agency to perform specified functions in respect of the construction of a building or class of buildings,

(d) require that the registered code agency carry out its functions under the agreement in accordance with the Act and this Code and the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d),

(e) provide for the provision by the principal authority to the registered code agency of such plans, specifications and other information, including applications for permits, that the registered code agency may require in order to act under the appointment.

(2) An agreement under Subsection (1)

(a) may contain provisions in addition to the provisions required under Subsection (1) if the additional provisions are not inconsistent with the provisions required under that Subsection, and

(b) shall not contain any provision that relates to the construction of buildings for a class of registration for which the registered code agency is not registered under Section 2.19.

2.22.1.2. Appointments

(1) An appointment under Subsection 4.1 (2) of the Act by a principal authority of a registered code agency to perform specified functions in respect of the construction of a building or class of buildings shall be made in writing and shall:

(a) specify the construction of the building or class of buildings in respect of which the appointment relates,

(b) specify the functions described in Section 15.15 of the Act that the registered code agency is appointed to perform, and

(c) require that the registered code agency carry out its functions under the appointment in accordance with the Act and this Code and the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d).

(2) An appointment described in Subsection (1) may contain provisions in addition to the provisions required under Subsection (1) if the additional provisions are not inconsistent with the provisions required under that Subsection.

2.22.2. Revoked: O. Reg. 245/04, s. 3.

2.22.3.When a Registered Code Agency may not be Appointed or Continue to Act under an Appointment

2.22.3.1. General

(1) A registered code agency may not be appointed to perform functions under Section 15.15 of the Act in respect of a building or continue to act under an appointment in respect of a building if the registered code agency:

(a) is not registered under Section 2.19 in respect of the class of registration to which the construction of the building relates, or

(b) is in breach of a condition of its registration under Article 2.19.3.7.

(2) Where under Section 2.3. the design and general review of construction of a building must be undertaken by an architect or professional engineer or both, a registered code agency may not be appointed to perform functions under Section 15.15 of the Act or continue to act under an appointment in respect of the construction of the building unless the registered code agency or an officer, director, partner or employee of the registered code agency is an architect or professional engineer or both, as the case may be.

(3) A registered code agency shall not be appointed under the Act or continue to act under an appointment if the registered code agency would be in a conflict of interest.

(4) For the purposes of Sentence (3), a registered code agency would be in a conflict of interest if the registered code agency or an officer, director, partner or employee of the registered code agency or any person engaged by the registered code agency to perform functions for it:

(a) has participated or participates, in any capacity, in design activities or construction relating to any part of the building to which an appointment relates,

(b) is or has been employed within the previous 180 days by a person who carried out design activities or construction relating to any part of the building,

(c) has a professional or financial interest in:

(i) the construction of the building to which the appointment relates,

(ii) the building to which the appointment relates, or

(iii) the person responsible for the design of the building to which the appointment relates,

(d) is an elected official, officer or employee of a principal authority.

(5) For the purposes of Clause (4)(c), involvement with a building as a registered code agency and entitlement to any fee paid for acting as a registered code agency in respect of a building shall not be considered to be a professional or financial interest in the construction of the building, the building or the person responsible for the design of the building.

2.22.4.Additional Functions that Registered Code Agencies may be Appointed To Perform

2.22.4.1. General

(1) In addition to the functions described in Paragraphs 1 to 5 of Section 15.15 of the Act, a registered code agency may be appointed to perform the functions set out in Sentence 2.22.5.3.(5).

2.22.5.Manner in which Registered Code Agency shall Perform Functions

2.22.5.1. General

(1) The registered code agency shall perform the functions specified in an appointment in accordance with the Act and this Code and the quality management plan referred to in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d).

(2) The registered code agency shall perform the functions specified in an appointment in accordance with the code of conduct set out in the Supplementary Guidelines to the 1997 OBC.

2.22.5.2. Plans Review and Inspection Activities

(1) The registered code agency shall ensure that plans review and inspection activities of the registered code agency are carried out by a person who has the qualifications set out in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(b) or (c) in respect of the type of building set out in Column 3 of Table 2.20.2.2. for which the person is carrying out the activities.

(2) Not more than 180 days after the day a notice is given under Sentence 2.19.3.8.(1) by the director to the registered code agency, the registered code agency shall:

(a) ensure that plans review and inspection activities of the registered code agency in the category of qualification to which the notice relates are carried out by persons who have successfully completed all new examinations referred to in the notice, and

(b) provide the following information to the director:

(i) the name and residence address of the person, and

(ii) information required by the director about the examinations that the person or persons have successfully completed.

(3) A registered code agency shall prepare written records of every inspection of the construction of a building that is undertaken by the registered code agency in the course of performing functions under an appointment.

(4) The record required under Sentence (3) shall include:

(a) the date of receipt of the notice of readiness for inspection, if any,

(b) the date of the inspection,

(c) the reason for the inspection,

(d) whether non-compliance with this Code was observed in the course of the inspection and the details of the non-compliance.

(5) If a registered code agency has issued an order under Subsection 12 (2), 13 (1) or 13 (6) of the Act, the registered code agency shall prepare a written record consisting of:

(a) a copy of the order,

(b) the persons on whom the order was served and the date and manner of service,

(c) when and how the order was complied with, and

(d) if the order has not been complied with, the efforts made by the registered code agency to achieve compliance by the persons responsible for compliance.

2.22.5.3. Issuance of Certificates by Registered Code Agencies

(1) Subject to Sentence (2), every certificate issued under the Act by a registered code agency shall, in accordance with the quality management plan referred to in Clause 2.19.3.2(1)(d), be signed by the registered code agency or, if the registered code agency is a corporation or partnership, by a person described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(a).

(2) If the certificate is issued in respect of the construction of a building that would under Section 2.3.1. be required to be designed by and under the general review of an architect or professional engineer or both, the certificate shall also be signed on behalf of the registered code agency by an architect or a professional engineer or both, as the case may be, who is an officer, director, partner or employee of the registered code agency.

(3) A registered code agency may issue a plans review certificate if the registered code agency:

(a) has been appointed to perform the functions described in Clause 4.1 (4) (a) or (c) of the Act in respect of the proposed construction of the building to which the plans review certificate applies,

(b) has, in conformity with the Act, this Code and the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), carried out the applicable functions for which the registered code agency was appointed, and

(c) is satisfied on reasonable grounds that, on date on which the plans review certificate is issued, the proposed construction of the building to which the plans review certificate relates is in compliance with this Code.

(4) A registered code agency may issue a change certificate if the registered code agency:

(a) has been appointed to perform the functions described in Clauses 4.1 (4) (a) to (c) of the Act in respect of the construction or proposed construction of the building to which the change certificate applies,

(b) has, in conformity with the Act, this Code and the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), carried out the applicable functions for which the registered code agency was appointed, and

(c) is satisfied on reasonable grounds that, on the date on which the change certificate is issued, the proposed construction of the building to which the change certificate relates is in compliance with this Code.

(5) A registered code agency may issue a certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed if the registered code agency:

(a) has been appointed to perform the functions described in Clause 4.1 (4) (b) or (c) of the Act in respect of the construction of the building to which the certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed applies,

(b) has, in conformity with the Act, this Code and the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), carried out the applicable functions for which the registered code agency was appointed, and

(c) is satisfied on reasonable grounds that, on the date on which the certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed is issued, the construction of the building to which the certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed relates is in compliance with Clauses 2.4.3.1.(2)(a) to (q) of this Code.

(6) A registered code agency may issue a final certificate if the registered code agency:

(a) has been appointed to perform the functions described in Clause 4.1 (4) (b) or (c) of the Act in respect of the construction of the building to which the final certificate applies,

(b) has, in conformity with the Act, this Code and the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), carried out the applicable functions for which the registered code agency was appointed, and

(c) is satisfied on reasonable grounds that on the date on which the final certificate is issued, the construction of the building to which the final certificate relates is in compliance with this Code.

(7) Every certificate issued under the Act by a registered code agency shall be in a form approved by the Minister.

2.22.5.4. Issuance of Orders by Registered Code Agencies

(1) Orders under Subsections 13 (6) and 14 (1) of the Act shall, in accordance with the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), be signed by the registered code agency or a person described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(a).

(2) Orders under Subsections 12 (2) and 13 (1) and Clause 18 (1) (f) of the Act shall, in accordance with the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), be signed by the registered code agency or by a person described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(b) or (c).

2.22.5.5. Authorized Persons

(1) Persons who possess the qualifications described in Clauses 2.19.3.2.(1)(a), (b) and (c) are prescribed for the purposes of Subsection 15.17 (1) of the Act.

(2) The certificate of authorization referred to in Subsection 15.17 (2) of the Act shall, in accordance with the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), be signed by a representative of the registered code agency who is described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(a) and shall contain the following information:

(a) the name of the registered code agency and any identifying number issued by the director to the registered code agency,

(b) the title, business address and business telephone number of a representative of the registered code agency who may be contacted to answer questions about the certificate and the authorization to which it relates,

(c) the name of the authorized person and any identifying number issued by the director to the authorized person in respect of that person’s qualifications,

(d) the scope of the powers that may be exercised and the functions that may be performed by the authorized person,

(e) the date of issuance of the certificate.

(3) Every person described in Sentence (1) shall carry his or her certificate of authorization when performing duties and shall produce the certificate for inspection upon request.

2.22.5.6. Prohibition

(1) A registered code agency shall not dismiss, suspend, demote, discipline, harass or otherwise disadvantage an employee, or deny an employee a benefit of employment, by reason that

(a) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has disclosed to the director that the registered code agency or any other person has contravened or intends to contravene a provision of the Act or this Code,

(b) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has refused or stated an intention of refusing to do anything that is a contravention of a provision of the Act or this Code,

(c) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has done or stated an intention of doing anything that is required to be done in order that a provision of the Act or this Code not be contravened, or

(d) the registered code agency believes that the employee will do anything referred to in Clause (a), (b) or (c).

(2) Nothing in this Section impairs any right of an employee either at law or under an employment contract or collective agreement.

(3) In this Article, “employee” includes an independent contractor and “employer” includes the person who retains an employee who is an independent contractor.

2.22.5.7. Information and Records

(1) The registered code agency shall maintain records of all plans review and inspection activity, of all certificates and orders and of any other activities taken in carrying out functions under an appointment in accordance with the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d).

(2) Any information collected by a registered code agency in the course of the exercise of powers and the performance of duties under this Act may be used only for the purpose of performing functions under an appointment under Subsection 4.1 (2) of the Act and may be disclosed only:

(a) to a principal authority pursuant to an agreement under Subsection 4.1 (1) of the Act,

(b) to a principal authority to aid the enforcement in any manner of the Act,

(c) where required or permitted under this Act, this Code, other applicable legislation or an order of a court.

(3) A registered code agency shall ensure that any agreement under which the registered code agency engages a person to assist the registered code agency to perform functions under an appointment includes a provision that requires the person to comply with Sentences (1) and (2).

2.22.6. Termination of Appointment of a Registered Code Agency

2.22.6.1. Termination of an Appointment Made under Subsection 4.1 (2) of the Act

(1) A principal authority may, in accordance with the terms of an agreement under Subsection 4.1 (1) of the Act, terminate the appointment of a registered code agency before the appointment expires under Section 15.19 of the Act.

2.22.6.2. Revoked: O. Reg. 245/04, s. 6.

2.22.7.Information to be Provided

2.22.7.1. Information to be Provided by a Principal Authority to the Director

(1) If a principal authority that has appointed a registered code agency terminates the appointment before the appointment expires under Section 15.19 of the Act, the principal authority shall, as soon as possible after the termination, give the director notice of the termination and such other information concerning the circumstances of the termination and as may be required by the director.

(2) If a principal authority has issued an order under Subsection 15.21 (1) of the Act, the principal authority shall as soon as possible after the order is issued give the director a copy of the order and such other information concerning the circumstances of the order and as may be required by the director.

2.22.7.2. Revoked: O. Reg. 245/04, s. 7.

2.22.7.3. Revoked: O. Reg. 245/04, s. 8.

2.22.7.4. Information to be Provided by a Registered Code Agency to the Director

(1) A registered code agency that becomes or expects to become unable to carry out the functions for which the registered code agency was appointed shall as soon as possible give notice to the director of this situation.

2.22.7.5. Information to be Provided by a Registered Code Agency to the Chief Building Official

(1) A registered code agency shall notify the chief building official if the registered code agency becomes or expects to become unable to carry out the functions for which the registered code agency was appointed.

(2) A registered code agency shall give copies of the following records to the chief building official:

(a) all orders issued by the registered code agency under Subsections 12 (2), 13 (1) and 13 (6) of the Act,

(b) all written records prepared by the registered code agency under Sentences 2.22.5.2.(3) and (4),

(c) all final certificates that are issued by the registered code agency,

(d) records described in Sentence 2.7.1.1.(2) relating to the use of an equivalent material, system or building design under Section 9 of the Act, and

(e) any records of information, copies of documents or things, tests, samples or photographs produced, removed, required, taken or ordered to be taken under Subsection 18 (1) of the Act.

(3) The documents referred to in Sentence (2) shall be given to the chief building official:

(a) within the time period specified in any agreement under Article 2.22.1.1. or appointment under Article 2.22.1.2 in respect of which the documents relate, whichever time period ends earlier,

(b) within 15 days after the expiry or termination of the appointment of the registered code agency in respect of which the documents relate, if there is no time period specified in the agreement or appointment referred to in Clause (a), or

(c) if the chief building official has given notice to the registered code agency that he or she requires the documents before the time set out in Clause (a) or (b), within 2 days after the request for documents.

(4) The requirements of Sentence (2) apply even if the registered code agency is no longer registered under Subsection 2.19.

(5) If a registered code agency in the course of carrying out functions under an appointment has reason to believe that a building described in Sentence (7) is unsafe within the meaning of Subsection 15.9 (2) or (3) of the Act, the registered code agency shall as soon as possible give notice to the chief building official of:

(a) the location of the building, and

(b) the reason why the registered code agency has reason to believe that the building is unsafe.

(6) A registered code agency that has given a notice to the chief building official under Sentence (5) shall give the chief building official such other information about the unsafe condition as the chief building official may require.

(7) Sentence (5) applies to:

(a) a building in respect of which the registered code agency has been appointed to perform functions, and

(b) a building that has been adversely affected by construction of a building referred to in Clause (a).

(8) For the purposes of Sentence (3), a time period referred to in Clause (3) (a), (b) or (c)

(a) does not start until the day after the day on which the obligation to provide the documents arises, and

(b) does not include Saturdays, holidays and all other days on which the offices of the principal authority are not open for the transaction of business with the public.

2.22.8.Referral of Stop Work Order

2.22.8.1. Referral

(1) A registered code agency shall refer a matter under Subsection 14 (5) of the Act to the chief building official by giving the chief building official, as soon as possible

(a) a report that contains the following information:

(i) a copy of the order made under Section 12 or 13 of the Act that was not complied with and of the order under Subsection 14 (2) of the Act,

(ii) the persons on whom the orders were served and the date and manner of service, and

(iii) a statement that the orders have not been complied with, and

(b) such other information as the chief building official may require in respect of the matter that has been referred.

(2) The report under Clause (1)(a) shall be signed, in accordance with the quality management plan described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(d), by the registered code agency or, if the registered code agency is a corporation or partnership, by a person described in Clause 2.19.3.2.(1)(a).

Section 2.23.Fees

2.23.1. Fees

2.23.1.1. Annual Report

(1) The report referred to in Subsection 7 (4) of the Act shall contain the following information in respect of fees authorized under Clause 7 (1) (c) of the Act:

(a) total fees collected in the 12-month period ending no earlier than three months before the release of the report,

(b) the direct and indirect costs of delivering services related to the administration and enforcement of the Act in the area of jurisdiction of the principal authority in the 12-month period referred to in Clause (a),

(c) a break-down of the costs described in Clause (b) into at least the following categories:

(i) direct costs of administration and enforcement of the Act, including the review of applications for permits and inspection of buildings, and

(ii) indirect costs of administration and enforcement of the Act, including support and overhead costs, and

(d) if a reserve fund has been established for any purpose relating to the administration or enforcement of the Act, the amount of the fund at the end of the 12-month period referred to in Clause (a).

(2) The principal authority shall give notice of the preparation of a report under Subsection 7 (4) of the Act to every person and organization that has requested that the principal authority provide the person or organization with such notice and has provided an address for the notice.

2.23.1.2. Change of Fees

(1) Before passing a by-law, regulation or resolution under Clause 7 (1) (c) of the Act to introduce or change a fee imposed for applications for a permit or for the issuance of a permit, a principal authority shall

(a) hold at least one public meeting at which any person who attends has an opportunity to make representations with respect to the matter,

(b) ensure that a minimum of 21 days notice of the public meeting is given in accordance with Clause (c), including giving 21 days notice to every person and organization that has, within five years before the day of the public meeting, requested that the principal authority provide the person or organization with such notice and has provided an address for the notice,

(c) ensure that the notice under Clause (b),

(i) sets out the intention of the principal authority to pass the by-law, regulation or resolution under Section 7 of the Act and whether the by-law, regulation or resolution would impose any fee that was not in effect on the day the notice is given or would change any fee that was in force on the day the notice is given,

(ii) is sent by regular mail to the last address provided by the person or organization that requested the notice in accordance with Clause (b), and

(iii) sets out the information described in Clause (d) or states that the information will be made available at no cost to any member of the public upon request, and

(d) make the following information available to the public:

(i) an estimate of the costs of administering and enforcing the Act by the principal authority,

(ii) the amount of the fee or of the change to the existing fee, and

(iii) the rationale for imposing or changing the fee.

O. Reg. 403/97, Part 2; O. Reg. 22/98, ss. 2-9; O. Reg. 278/99, s. 2; O. Reg. 205/00, s. 2; O. Reg. 283/01, ss. 2, 3; O. Reg. 220/02, ss. 2, 3; O. Reg. 305/03, ss. 3-18; O. Reg. 245/04, ss. 1-9; O. Reg. 145/05, ss. 1, 2; O. Reg. 146/05, ss. 1-12; O. Reg. 236/05, ss. 1-9; O. Reg. 349/06, s. 3.

PART 3
FIRE PROTECTION, OCCUPANT SAFETY AND ACCESSIBILITY

Section

3.1.

General

 

3.1.1.

Scope

 

3.1.2.

Classification of Buildings or Parts of Buildings by Major Occupancy

 

3.1.3.

Multiple Occupancy Requirements

 

3.1.4.

Combustible Construction

 

3.1.5.

Noncombustible Construction

 

3.1.6.

Reserved

 

3.1.7.

Fire-Resistance Ratings

 

3.1.8.

Fire Separations and Closures

 

3.1.9.

Building Services in Fire Separations and Fire Rated Assemblies

 

3.1.10.

Firewalls

 

3.1.11.

Fire Stops in Concealed Spaces

 

3.1.12.

Flame-Spread Rating and Smoke Developed Classification

 

3.1.13.

Interior Finish

 

3.1.14.

Roof Assemblies

 

3.1.15.

Roof Covering

 

3.1.16.

Occupant Load

 

3.1.17.

Drainage and Grades

 

3.1.18.

Above Ground Electrical Conductors

     

Section

3.2.

Building Fire Safety

 

3.2.1.

General

 

3.2.2.

Building Size and Construction Relative to Occupancy

 

3.2.3.

Spatial Separation and Exposure Protection

 

3.2.4.

Fire Alarm and Detection Systems

 

3.2.5.

Provisions for Fire-fighting

 

3.2.6.

Additional Requirements for High Buildings

 

3.2.7.

Lighting and Emergency Power Systems

 

3.2.8.

Mezzanines and Openings Through Floor Assemblies

 

3.2.9.

Standpipe Systems

     

Section

3.3.

Safety Within Floor Areas

 

3.3.1.

All Floor Areas

 

3.3.2.

Assembly Occupancy

 

3.3.3.

Care or Detention Occupancy

 

3.3.4.

Residential Occupancy

 

3.3.5.

Industrial Occupancy

     

Section

3.4.

Exits

 

3.4.1.

General

 

3.4.2.

Number and Location of Exits from Floor Areas

 

3.4.3.

Width and Height of Exits

 

3.4.4.

Fire Separation of Exits

 

3.4.5.

Exit Signs

 

3.4.6.

Types of Exit Facilities

 

3.4.7.

Fire Escapes

     

Section

3.5.

Vertical Transportation

 

3.5.1.

General

 

3.5.2.

Elevator Required

 

3.5.3.

Fire Separations

 

3.5.4

Dimensions and Signs

     

Section

3.6.

Service Facilities

 

3.6.1.

General

 

3.6.2.

Service Rooms

 

3.6.3.

Vertical Service Spaces and Service Facilities

 

3.6.4.

Horizontal Service Spaces and Service Facilities

     

Section

3.7.

Health Requirements

 

3.7.1.

Height and Area of Rooms

 

3.7.2.

Windows

 

3.7.3.

Ventilation

 

3.7.4.

Plumbing Facilities

 

3.7.5.

Health Care Facility Systems

 

3.7.6.

Food Premises

     

Section

3.8.

Barrier-Free Design

 

3.8.1.

General

 

3.8.2.

Occupancy Requirements

 

3.8.3.

Design Standards

     

Section

3.9.

Portable Classrooms

 

3.9.1.

Scope

 

3.9.2.

Interior Finish

 

3.9.3.

Application

     

Section

3.10.

Self-Service Storage Buildings

 

3.10.1.

Scope

 

3.10.2.

Requirements for All Buildings

 

3.10.3.

Additional Requirements for Buildings Containing More Than 1 Storey

 

3.10.4.

Additional Requirements for 1 Storey Buildings

     

Section

3.11.

Public Pools

 

3.11.1.

General

 

3.11.2.

Designations of Public Pools

 

3.11.3.

Pool and Pool Deck Construction Requirements for All Class A and Class B Pools

 

3.11.4.

Public Pools Equipped with Diving Boards or Diving Platforms

 

3.11.5.

Ramps into Public Pools in Group B, Division 2 or 3, Major Occupancies

 

3.11.6.

Modified Pools

 

3.11.7.

Wave Action Pools

 

3.11.8.

Recirculation for Public Pools

 

3.11.9.

Dressing Rooms, Locker Facilities, and Plumbing Facilities for All Public Pools

 

3.11.10.

Emergency Provisions for All Public Pools

 

3.11.11.

Service Rooms and Storage for All Public Pools

 

3.11A.

Public Spas

 

3.11A.1.

General

 

3.11A.2.

Public Spa and Deck Design and Construction Requirements

 

3.11A.3.

Ramps Into Public Spas

 

3.11A.4.

Water Circulation for Public Spas

 

3.11A.5.

Emergency Provisions for All Public Spas

 

3.11A.6.

Service Rooms and Storage for All Public Spas

     

Section

3.12.

Rapid Transit Stations

 

3.12.1.

Scope and Definitions

 

3.12.2.

Construction Requirements

 

3.12.3.

Safety Requirements Within Stations

 

3.12.4.

Means of Egress

 

3.12.5.

Fire Safety Provisions

 

3.12.6.

Required Sanitary Facilities

 

3.12.7.

Emergency Ventilation

 

3.12.8.

Barrier-Free Design

     

Section

3.13.

Tents and Air-Supported Structures

 

3.13.1.

Tents

 

3.13.2.

Air-Supported Structures

     

Section

3.14.

Signs

 

3.14.1.

Scope

 

3.14.2.

Alterations

 

3.14.3.

Structural Requirements

 

3.14.4.

Plastic Sign Facing Materials

 

3.14.5.

Location Restrictions

     

Section

3.15.

Additional Requirements For Change of Use

 

3.15.1.

Scope

 

3.15.2.

Additional Construction

PART 3
FIRE PROTECTION, OCCUPANT SAFETY AND ACCESSIBILITY

Section 3.1.General

3.1.1.Scope

3.1.1.1. Scope

(1) The scope of this Part shall be as described in Section 2.1.

3.1.1.2. Reserved

3.1.2.Classification of Buildings or Parts of Buildings by Major Occupancy

3.1.2.1. Classification of Buildings

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.1.2.3. to 3.1.2.6., every building or part thereof shall be classified according to its major occupancy as belonging to one of the Groups or Divisions described in Table 3.1.2.1.

Table 3.1.2.1.

Major Occupancy Classification

Forming Part of Sentence 3.1.2.1.(1)

Group

Division

Description of Major Occupancies

A

1

Assembly occupancies intended for the production and viewing of the performing arts

A

2

Assembly occupancies not elsewhere classified in Group A

A

3

Assembly occupancies of the arena type

A

4

Assembly occupancies in which occupants are gathered in the open air

B

1

Detention occupancies

B

2

Care and treatment occupancies

B

3

Care occupancies

C

Residential occupancies

D

Business and personal services occupancies

E

Mercantile occupancies

F

1

High hazard industrial occupancies

F

2

Medium hazard industrial occupancies

F

3

Low hazard industrial occupancies

Column 1

2

3

(2) A building intended for use by more than one major occupancy shall be classified according to all major occupancies for which it is used or intended to be used.

3.1.2.2. Occupancies of the Same Classification

(1) Any building is deemed to be occupied by a single major occupancy, notwithstanding its use for more than one major occupancy, provided that all occupancies are classified as belonging to the same Group classification or, where the Group is divided into Divisions, as belonging to the same Division classification described in Table 3.1.2.1.

3.1.2.3. Arena Type Buildings

(1) An arena type building intended for occasional use for trade shows and similar exhibition purposes shall be classified as Group A, Division 3 occupancy.

(2) If the building area of an arena type building referred to in Sentence (1) is more than 1 500 m2, the building shall be sprinklered.

3.1.2.4. Police Stations

(1) A police station with detention quarters is permitted to be classified as a Group B, Division 2 major occupancy provided the station is not more than 1 storey in building height and 600 m2 in building area.

3.1.2.5. Group B, Division 3 Occupancies

(1) Group B, Division 3 occupancies are permitted to be classified as Group C major occupancies provided

(a) the occupants live as a single housekeeping unit in a suite with sleeping accommodation for not more than 10 persons, and

(b) not more than 2 occupants require assistance in evacuation in case of an emergency.

3.1.2.6. Restaurants

(1) A restaurant is permitted to be classified as a Group E major occupancy provided the restaurant is designed to accommodate not more than 30 persons consuming food or drink.

3.1.3.Multiple Occupancy Requirements

3.1.3.1. Separation of Major Occupancies

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), major occupancies shall be separated from adjoining major occupancies by fire separations having fire-resistance ratings conforming to Table 3.1.3.1.

Table 3.1.3.1.

Major Occupancy Fire Separations(1)

Forming Part of Sentence 3.1.3.1.(1)

Major Occupancy

Minimum Fire-Resistance Rating of Fire Separation, h (1)

Adjoining Major Occupancy

A-1

A-2

A-3

A-4

B-1

B-2

B-3

C

D

E

F-1

F-2

F-3

A-1

A-2

A-3

A-4

B-1

B-2

B-3

C

D

E

F-1

F-2

F-3

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

1

2

(2)

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

1

2

(2)

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

1

2

(2)

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

1

2

(2)

2

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

(2)

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

(2)

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

(2)

2

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

2(3)

(2)

2(4)

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2(3)

3

(2)

(2)

(2)

(2)

(2)

(2)

(2)

(2)

3

3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2(4)

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

2

Column 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

Notes to Table 3.1.3.1.:

(1)Section 3.3. contains requirements for the separation of occupancies and tenancies that are in addition to the requirements for the separation of major occupancies.

(2)See Sentence 3.1.3.2.(1).

(3)See Sentence 3.1.3.1.(2).

(4)See Sentence 3.1.3.2.(2).

(2) In a building not more than 3 storeys in building height, if not more than 2 dwelling units are contained together with a Group E major occupancy, the fire-resistance rating of the fire separation between the 2 major occupancies need not be more than 1 h.

(3) The fire separations required between major occupancies in Sentence (1) are permitted to be penetrated by floor openings protected in conformance with Subsection 3.2.8., except for fire separations for Group F, Division 1 major occupancies and for mezzanines described in Sentence 3.2.8.2.(1).

3.1.3.2. Prohibition of Occupancy Combinations

(1) No major occupancy of Group F, Division 1 shall be contained within a building with any occupancy classified as Group A, B or C.

(2) Except as provided in Sentence (4) and Sentence 3.10.2.4.(9), not more than one suite of residential occupancy shall be contained within a building classified as a Group F, Division 2 major occupancy.

(3) A sleeping room or sleeping area shall not open directly into a room or area where food is intended to be stored, prepared, processed, distributed, served, sold or offered for sale.

(4) A Group F, Division 2 major occupancy is permitted in a building containing only live/work units and is for the exclusive use of the occupants of the live/work units.

3.1.4.Combustible Construction

3.1.4.1. Combustible Materials Permitted

(1) A building permitted to be of combustible construction is permitted to be constructed of combustible materials described in Part 9, with or without noncombustible components.

3.1.4.2. Protection of Foamed Plastics

(1) Foamed plastics which form part of a wall or ceiling assembly in combustible construction shall be protected from adjacent spaces in the building, other than adjacent concealed spaces within attic or roof spaces, crawl spaces, and wall assemblies

(a) by one of the interior finishes described in Subsections 9.29.4. to 9.29.9.,

(b) by any thermal barrier that meets the requirements of Sentence 3.1.5.11.(2), or

(c) where the building does not contain a Group B or Group C major occupancy, by sheet metal

(i) mechanically fastened to the supporting assembly independent of the insulation,

(ii) not less than 0.38 mm thick, and

(iii) with a melting point not below 650oC.

3.1.4.3. Wires and Cables

(1) Optical fibre cables and electrical wires and cables installed in a building permitted to be of combustible construction shall

(a) not convey flame or continue to burn for more than 1 min when tested in conformance with the Vertical Flame Test in Clause 4.11.1. of CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables”, or

(b) be located in

(i) totally enclosed noncombustible raceways,

(ii) concealed spaces in walls,

(iii) concrete slabs, or

(iv) totally enclosed nonmetallic raceways conforming to Article 3.1.5.19.

(2) The requirement in Clause (1)(a) is considered to be met where the wires and cables

(a) exhibit a vertical char of not more than 1.5 m when tested in conformance with the Vertical Flame Test - Cables in Cabletrough in Clause 4.11.4. of CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT4 Rating), or

(b) exhibit a flame-spread of not more than 1.5 m, a smoke density of not more than 0.5 at peak optical density and a smoke density not more than 0.15 at average optical density when tested in conformance with the Flame and Smoke Test in the Appendix to CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT6 Rating).

(3) Service-entrance cables for communication and community antennae distribution systems need not conform to Sentence (1) provided

(a) the service-entrance cables are located in a building permitted to be of combustible construction and are not more than 3 m in length from the point of entry into the building or from the point of leaving protection as required in Clause (1) (b), or

(b) the service entrance cables enter into an electrical or telephone service room separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

3.1.4.4. Fire-Retardant Treated Wood

(1) If fire-retardant treated wood is specified in this Part, the wood shall

(a) be pressure impregnated with fire-retardant chemicals in conformance with CAN/CSA-O80 Series-M, “Wood Preservation”, and

(b) have a flame-spread rating not more than 25.

3.1.4.5. Heavy Timber Construction Alternative

(1) If combustible construction is permitted and is not required to have a fire-resistance rating more than 45 min, heavy timber construction is permitted to be used.

(2) If heavy timber construction is permitted, it shall conform to Article 3.1.4.6.

3.1.4.6. Heavy Timber Construction

(1) Wood elements in heavy timber construction shall be arranged in heavy solid masses and with essentially smooth flat surfaces to avoid thin sections and sharp projections.

(2) The actual dimensions of solid sawn lumber used in heavy timber construction shall conform to CAN/CSA-O141, “Softwood Lumber”.

(3) Except as permitted by Sentences (4) to (7), the minimum dimensions of wood elements in heavy timber construction shall conform to Table 3.1.4.6.

Table 3.1.4.6.

Heavy Timber Dimensions

Forming Part of Sentence 3.1.4.6.(3)

Supported Assembly

Structural Element

Solid Sawn
(width x depth),
mm x mm

Glued-Laminated
(width x depth),
mm x mm

Round (diam),
mm

Roofs only

Columns

140 x 191

130 x 190

180

Arches supported on the tops of walls or abutments

89 x 140

80 x 152

Beams, girders and trusses

89 x 140

80 x 152

Arches supported at or near the floor line

140 x 140

130 x 152

Floors,
floors plus roofs

Columns

191 x 191

175 x 190

200

Beams, girders, trusses and arches

140 x 241 or
191 x 191

130 x 228 or
175 x 190

Column 1

2

3

4

5

(4) Roof arches supported on the tops of walls or abutments, roof trusses, roof beams and roof girders in heavy timber construction shall be spliced where necessary with splice plates not less than 64 mm thick and be

(a) not less than 64 mm wide where 2 or more spaced members are used for the construction, with intervening spaces

(i) blocked solidly throughout, or

(ii) tightly closed by a continuous wood cover plate not less than 38 mm thick secured to the underside of the members, or

(b) not less than 64 mm wide, provided there is automatic sprinkler protection under the roof deck.

(5) Floors in heavy timber construction shall be of glued-laminated or solid sawn plank not less than

(a) 64 mm thick, splined or tongued and grooved, or

(b) 38 mm wide and 89 mm deep set on edge and well-spiked together.

(6) Floors in heavy timber construction shall be laid

(a) so that no continuous line of end joints will occur except at points of support, and covered with

(i) tongued and grooved flooring not less than 19 mm thick laid cross-wise or diagonally, or

(ii) tongued and grooved phenolic-bonded plywood, strandboard or waferboard not less than 12.5 mm thick, and

(b) not closer than 15 mm to the walls to provide for expansion, with the gap covered at the top or bottom.

(7) Roofs in heavy timber construction shall be of tongued and grooved phenolic-bonded plywood not less than 28 mm thick, or glued-laminated or solid sawn plank that is

(a) not less than 38 mm thick, splined or tongued and grooved, or

(b) not less than 38 mm wide and 64 mm deep set on edge and laid so that no continuous line of end joints will occur except at the points of support.

(8) Wood columns in heavy timber construction shall be continuous or superimposed throughout all storeys.

(9) Superimposed wood columns in heavy timber construction shall be connected by

(a) reinforced concrete or metal caps with brackets,

(b) steel or iron caps with pintles and base plates, or

(c) timber splice plates fastened to the columns by metal connectors housed within the contact faces.

(10) Where beams and girders in heavy timber construction enter masonry, wall plates, boxes of the self-releasing type or hangers shall be used.

(11) Wood girders and beams in heavy timber construction shall be closely fitted to columns, and adjoining ends shall be connected by ties or caps to transfer horizontal loads across the joints.

(12) In heavy timber construction, intermediate wood beams used to support a floor shall be supported on top of the girders or on metal hangers into which the ends of the beams are closely fitted.

3.1.4.7. Fabric Canopies

(1) Where a building is permitted to be of combustible construction, fabrics or films used as part of an exterior canopy shall conform to CAN/ULC-S109-M, “Standard for Flame Tests of Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films”.

3.1.5.Noncombustible Construction

3.1.5.1. Noncombustible Materials

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.1.5.2. to 3.1.5.23., 3.1.13.4. and 3.2.2.16., a building or part of a building required to be of noncombustible construction, shall be constructed with noncombustible materials.

3.1.5.2. Minor Combustible Components

(1) The following minor combustible components are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction:

(a) paint,

(b) tightly adhering paper covering not more than 1 mm thick applied to a noncombustible backing provided the assembly has a flame-spread rating not more than 25,

(c) mastics and caulking materials applied to provide flexible seals between the major components of exterior wall construction,

(d) fire stop materials conforming to Sentence 3.1.9.1.(1) and Article 3.1.11.7.,

(e) tubing for pneumatic controls provided it has an outside diameter not more than 10 mm,

(f) adhesives, vapour barriers and sheathing papers,

(g) electrical outlet and junction boxes,

(h) wood blocking within wall assemblies intended for the attachment of handrails, fixtures, and similar items mounted on the surface of the wall, and

(i) similar minor components.

3.1.5.3. Combustible Roofing Materials

(1) Combustible roof covering which has an A, B, or C classification determined in conformance with Subsection 3.1.15. is permitted on a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(2) Combustible roof sheathing and roof sheathing supports installed above a concrete deck are permitted on a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided

(a) the concrete deck is not less than 50 mm thick,

(b) the height of the roof space above the deck is not more than 1 000 mm,

(c) the roof space is divided into compartments by fire stops in conformance with Article 3.1.11.5.,

(d) openings through the concrete deck other than for noncombustible roof drains and plumbing piping are protected by masonry or concrete shafts

(i) constructed as fire separations having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(ii) extending from the concrete deck to not less than 150 mm above the adjacent roof sheathing,

(e) the perimeter of the roof is protected by a noncombustible parapet extending from the concrete deck to not less than 150 mm above the adjacent sheathing, and

(f) except as permitted by Clause (d), the roof space does not contain any building services.

(3) Combustible cant strips, roof curbs, nailing strips and similar components used in the installation of roofing are permitted on a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(4) Wood nailer facings to parapets, not more than 600 mm high, are permitted on a building required to be of noncombustible construction, if the facings and any roof membranes covering the facings are protected by sheet metal.

3.1.5.4. Combustible Glazing and Skylights

(1) Combustible skylight assemblies are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction if the assemblies have a flame-spread rating not more than

(a) 150 provided the assemblies

(i) have an individual area not more than 9 m2,

(ii) have an aggregate horizontal projected area of the openings through the ceiling not more than 25% of the area of the ceiling of the room or space in which they are located, and

(iii) are spaced not less than 2 500 mm from adjacent assemblies and 1 200 mm from required fire separations, or

(b) 75 provided the assemblies

(i) have an individual area not more than 27 m2,

(ii) have an aggregate horizontal projected area of the openings through the ceiling not more than 33% of the area of the ceiling of the room or space in which they are located, and

(iii) are spaced not less than 1 200 mm from adjacent assemblies and from required fire separations.

(2) Combustible vertical glazing installed no higher than the second storey is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(3) Except as permitted by Sentence (4), the combustible vertical glazing permitted by Sentence (2) shall have a flame-spread rating not more than 75.

(4) The flame-spread rating of combustible glazing in Sentence (2) is permitted to be not more than 150 if the aggregate area of glazing is not more than 25% of the wall area of the storey in which it is located, and

(a) the glazing is installed in a building not more than 1 storey in building height,

(b) the glazing in the first storey is separated from the glazing in the second storey in accordance with the requirements of Article 3.2.3.16. for opening protection, or

(c) sprinklers are installed in

(i) any storey with combustible glazing, and

(ii) the storey immediately above the storey with combustible glazing.

(5) Combustible window sashes and frames are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided

(a) each window in an exterior wall face is an individual unit separated by noncombustible wall construction from every other opening in the wall,

(b) windows in exterior walls in contiguous storeys are separated by not less than 1 000 mm of noncombustible construction, and

(c) the aggregate area of openings in an exterior wall face of a fire compartment is not more than 40% of the area of the wall face.

3.1.5.5. Combustible Components for Exterior Walls

(1) Except for an exposing building face required to conform to Sentence 3.2.3.7.(1) or Sentence 3.2.3.7.(4), an exterior non-loadbearing wall assembly that includes combustible components is permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided

(a) the building is

(i) not more than 3 storeys in building height, or

(ii) not more than 6 storeys in building height if sprinklered,

(b) the interior surfaces of the wall assembly are protected by a thermal barrier conforming to Sentence 3.1.5.11.(3), and

(c) the wall assembly satisfies the criteria of Sentences (2) and (3) when subjected to testing in conformance with CAN/ULC-S134, “Standard Method of Fire Test of Exterior Wall Assemblies”.

(2) Flaming on or in the wall assembly shall not spread more than 5 m above the opening during the test procedure referenced in Sentence (1).

(3) The heat flux during the flame exposure on a wall assembly shall be not more than 35 kW/m2 measured 3.5 m above the opening during the test procedure referenced in Sentence (1).

(4) A wall assembly permitted by Sentence (1) that includes combustible cladding of fire-retardant treated wood shall be tested for fire exposure after the cladding has been subjected to an accelerated weathering test as specified in ASTM D2898, “Methods for Accelerated Weathering on Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing”.

(5) Wood decorative cladding is permitted to be used on exterior canopy fascias of a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided the cladding is fire-retardant treated wood that has been, before testing, conditioned in conformance with ASTM D2898, “Methods for Accelerated Weathering on Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing”, and the canopy is

(a) a first floor canopy, or

(b) not more than 6 m above ground level

(6) The requirements in this Article do not apply where foamed plastic insulation is used in an exterior wall assembly of a building and the insulation is protected in conformance with Sentences 3.2.3.7.(7) and (8).

3.1.5.6. Nailing Elements

(1) Wood nailing elements attached directly to or set into a continuous noncombustible backing for the attachment of interior finishes, are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided the concealed space created by the wood elements is not more than 50 mm thick.

3.1.5.7. Combustible Millwork

(1) Combustible millwork including interior trim, doors and door frames, show windows together with their frames, aprons and backing, handrails, shelves, cabinets and counters is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.5.8. Combustible Flooring Elements

(1) Combustible stage flooring supported on noncombustible structural members is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(2) Wood members more than 50 mm but not more than 375 mm high applied directly to or set into a noncombustible floor slab are permitted for the construction of a raised platform in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided the concealed spaces are fire stopped in conformance with Sentence 3.1.11.3.(2).

(3) The floor system for the raised platform referred to in Sentence (2) is permitted to include combustible subfloor and combustible finished flooring.

(4) Combustible finished flooring is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.5.9. Combustible Stairs in Dwelling Units

(1) Combustible stairs are permitted in a dwelling unit in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.5.10. Combustible Interior Finish

(1) Combustible interior finish, including paint, wallpaper, and other interior finishes not more than 1 mm thick, is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(2) Combustible interior wall finishes, other than foamed plastics, are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided they

(a) are not more than 25 mm thick, and

(b) have a flame-spread rating not more than 150 on any exposed surface, or any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction.

(3) Combustible interior ceiling finishes, other than foamed plastics, are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided they

(a) are not more than 25 mm thick, except for exposed fire-retardant treated wood battens, and

(b) have a flame-spread rating not more than 25 on any exposed surface, or on any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, or are of fire-retardant treated wood, except that not more than 10% of the ceiling area within each fire compartment is permitted to have a flame-spread rating not more than 150.

3.1.5.11. Combustible Insulation and its Protection

(1) Combustible insulation, other than foamed plastics, is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided that it has a flame-spread rating not more than 25 on any exposed surface, or any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, where the insulation is not protected as described in Sentences (3) and (4).

(2) Foamed plastic insulation having a flame-spread rating not more than 25 on any exposed surface, or any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, is permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided the insulation is protected from adjacent space in the building, other than adjacent concealed spaces within wall assemblies, by a thermal barrier consisting of

(a) not less than 12.7 mm thick gypsum board mechanically fastened to a supporting assembly independent of the insulation,

(b) lath and plaster, mechanically fastened to a supporting assembly independent of the insulation,

(c) masonry,

(d) concrete, or

(e) any thermal barrier that meets the requirements of classification B when tested in conformance with CAN4-S124-M, “Standard Method of Test for the Evaluation of Protective Coverings for Foamed Plastic”.

(3) Combustible insulation having a flame-spread rating more than 25 but not more than 500 on an exposed surface, or any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, is permitted in the exterior walls of a building required to be of noncombustible construction, provided the insulation is protected from adjacent space in the building, other than adjacent concealed spaces within wall assemblies, by a thermal barrier as described in Sentence (2), except that in a building that is not sprinklered and is more than 18 m high, measured between grade and the floor level of the top storey, or in a building that is not sprinklered and is regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6., the insulation shall be protected by a thermal barrier consisting of

(a) gypsum board not less than 12.7 mm thick, mechanically fastened to a supporting assembly independent of the insulation and with all joints either backed or taped and filled,

(b) lath and plaster, mechanically fastened to a supporting assembly independent of the insulation,

(c) masonry or concrete not less than 25 mm thick, or

(d) any thermal barrier that, when tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”, will not develop an average temperature rise more than 140°C or a maximum temperature rise more than 180°C at any point on its unexposed face within 10 min.

(4) Combustible insulation having a flame-spread rating more than 25 but not more than 500 on any exposed surface, or any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, is permitted in the interior walls, within ceilings and within roof assemblies of a building required to be of noncombustible construction, provided the insulation is protected from adjacent space in the building, other than adjacent concealed spaces within wall assemblies, by a thermal barrier as described in Sentence (2), except that in a building that is not sprinklered and is more than 18 m high, measured between grade and the floor level of the top storey, or in a building that is not sprinklered and is regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6., the insulation shall be protected by a thermal barrier consisting of

(a) Type X gypsum board not less than 15.9 mm thick, mechanically fastened to a supporting assembly independent of the insulation and with all joints either backed or taped and filled, conforming to

(i) CAN/CSA-A82.27-M, “Gypsum Board”,

(ii) ASTM C 36, “Gypsum Wallboard”,

(iii) ASTM C 442, “Gypsum Backing Board and Coreboard”,

(iv) ASTM C 588, “Gypsum Base for Veneer Plaster”,

(v) ASTM C 630, “Water Resistant Gypsum Board Backing”,

(vi) ASTM C 931, “Exterior Gypsum Soffit Board”, or

(vii) ASTM C 960, “Predecorated Gypsum Board”,

(b) non-loadbearing masonry or concrete not less than 50 mm thick,

(c) loadbearing masonry or concrete not less than 75 mm thick, or

(d) any thermal barrier that, when tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”,

(i) will not develop an average temperature rise more than 140°C or a maximum temperature rise more than 180°C at any point on its unexposed face within 20 min, and

(ii) will remain in place for not less than 40 min.

(5) Combustible insulation, including foamed plastics, installed above roof decks, outside of foundation walls below ground level and beneath concrete slabs-on-ground is permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(6) Thermosetting foamed plastic insulation having a flame-spread rating not more than 500 which forms part of a factory-assembled exterior wall panel that does not incorporate an air space is permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided

(a) the foamed plastic is protected on both sides by sheet steel not less than 0.38 mm thick which will remain in place for not less than 10 min when the wall panel is tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”,

(b) the flame-spread rating of the wall panel, determined by subjecting a sample including an assembled joint to the appropriate test described in Subsection 3.1.12., is not more than the flame-spread rating permitted for the room or space which it bounds,

(c) the building does not contain a Group B or Group C major occupancy, and

(d) the building is not more than 18 m high, measured between grade and the floor level of the top storey.

(7) Foamed plastic insulation having a flame-spread rating of not more than 500 which forms part of a factory-assembled interior or exterior wall or ceiling panel that does not incorporate an air space is permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided

(a) the building is sprinklered,

(b) the building is not more than 18 m high, measured between grade and the floor level of the uppermost storey,

(c) the building does not contain a Group A, B or C major occupancy,

(d) the panels are listed for compliance with ULC/ORD C376-1995, “Fire Growth of Foamed Plastic Insulated Building Panels in a Full-Scale Room Configuration”, and

(e) the flame-spread rating of the wall panel, determined by subjecting a sample, including an assembled joint, to the appropriate test described in Subsection 3.1.12., is not more than the flame-spread rating permitted for the room or space which it bounds.

3.1.5.12. Combustible Elements in Partitions

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2), solid lumber partitions not less than 38 mm thick and wood framing in partitions located in a fire compartment not more than 600 m2 in area are permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction in a floor area that is not sprinklered provided the partitions

(a) are not required fire separations, and

(b) are not located in a care or detention occupancy.

(2) Partitions installed in a building of noncombustible construction are permitted to contain wood framing provided

(a) the building is not more than 3 storeys in building height,

(b) the partitions are not located in a care or detention occupancy, and

(c) the partitions are not installed as enclosures for exits or vertical service spaces.

(3) Solid lumber partitions not less than 38 mm thick and partitions that contain wood framing are permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided

(a) the floor area containing the partitions is sprinklered, and

(b) the partitions are not

(i) located in a care or detention occupancy,

(ii) installed as enclosures for exits or vertical service spaces, or

(iii) used to satisfy the requirements of Clause 3.2.8.1.(1)(a).

3.1.5.13. Storage Lockers in Residential Buildings

(1) Storage lockers in storage rooms are permitted to be constructed of wood in a building of residential occupancy required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.5.14. Combustible Ducts

(1) Except as required by Sentence 3.6.4.3.(1), combustible ducts, including plenums and duct connectors, are permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided these ducts and duct connectors are used only in horizontal runs.

(2) Combustible duct linings, duct coverings, duct insulation, vibration isolation connectors, duct tape, pipe insulation and pipe coverings are permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided they conform to the appropriate requirements of Part 6.

(3) In a building required to be of noncombustible construction, combustible ducts need not comply with the requirements of Part 6 provided the ducts are

(a) part of a duct system conveying only ventilation air, and

(b) contained entirely within a dwelling unit.

3.1.5.15. Combustible Piping Materials

(1) Except as permitted by Clause 3.1.5.2.(1)(e), Sentences (2) and (3), and Article 3.1.5.21., combustible piping and tubing and associated adhesives are permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided that, except when concealed in a wall or concrete floor slab, they

(a) have a flame-spread rating not more than 25, and

(b) if used in a building described in Subsection 3.2.6., have a smoke developed classification not more than 50.

(2) Combustible sprinkler piping is permitted to be used within a sprinklered floor area in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

(3) Polypropylene pipes and fittings are permitted to be used for drain, waste and vent piping for the conveyance of highly corrosive materials and for piping used to distribute distilled or dialyzed water in laboratory and hospital facilities in a building required to be of noncombustible construction, provided

(a) the building is sprinklered,

(b) the piping is not located in a vertical shaft, and

(c) piping that penetrates a fire separation is sealed at the penetration by a fire stop system that, when subjected to the fire test method in CAN4-S115-M, “Standard Method of Fire Tests of Firestop Systems”, has an FT rating not less than the fire-resistance rating of the fire separation.

3.1.5.16. Combustible Plumbing Fixtures

(1) Combustible plumbing fixtures are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction if they are constructed of material having a flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification permitted in Subsection 3.1.13.

3.1.5.17. Wires and Cables

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.1.5.18. and 3.1.5.20, optical fibre cables and electrical wires and cables with combustible insulation, jackets or sheathes are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction, provided

(a) the wires and cables exhibit a vertical char of not more than 1.5 m when tested in conformance with the Vertical Flame Test – Cables in Cabletrough in Clause 4.11.4. of CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT4 Rating),

(b) the wires and cables are located in

(i) totally enclosed noncombustible raceways,

(ii) concealed spaces in walls,

(iii) concrete slabs,

(iv) a service room separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, or

(v) totally enclosed nonmetallic raceways conforming to Article 3.1.5.19., or

(c) the wires and cables are communication cables used at the service entry to a building and are not more than 3 m long.

(2) The requirement in Clause (1)(a) is considered to be met where the wires and cables exhibit a flame-spread of not more than 1.5 m, a smoke density of not more than 0.5 at peak optical density and a smoke density not more than 0.15 at average optical density when tested in conformance with the Flame and Smoke Test in the Appendix to CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT6 Rating).

3.1.5.18. Combustible Travelling Cables for Elevators

(1) Combustible travelling cables are permitted on elevating devices in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.5.19. Nonmetallic Raceways

(1) Totally enclosed nonmetallic raceways not more than 625 mm2 in cross-sectional area are permitted to be used in a building required to be of noncombustible construction to enclose optical fibre cables and electrical wires and cables, provided the raceways exhibit a vertical char not more than 1.5 m when tested in conformance with the Vertical Flame Test (FT4 Rating) – Conduit or Tubing on Cable Tray in Clause 6.16 of CSA C22.2 No. 211.0-M, “General Requirements and Methods of Testing for Nonmetallic Conduit”.

3.1.5.20. Wires in Computer Room Floors

(1) Optical fibre cables and electrical wires and cables with combustible insulation, jackets or sheathes, located in the space below a raised floor in a computer room, are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided they do not convey flame or continue to burn for more than 1 min when tested in conformance with the Vertical Flame Test in Clause 4.11.1. of CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT1 Rating).

(2) The requirement in Sentence (1) is considered to be met where the wires and cables

(a) exhibit a vertical char of not more than 1.5 m when tested in conformance with the Vertical Flame Test – Cables in Cabletrough in Clause 4.11.4. of CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT4 Rating), or

(b) exhibit a flame-spread of not more than 1.5 m, a smoke density of not more than 0.5 at peak optical density and a smoke density not more than 0.15 at average optical density when tested in conformance with the Flame and Smoke Test in the Appendix to CSA C22.2 No. 0.3, “Test Methods for Electrical Wires and Cables” (FT6 Rating).

3.1.5.21. Combustible Components in Public Pools and Public Spas

(1) Combustible fittings and components in a public pool or public spa, including main drains, piping, skimmers, return inlets, steps, ladder rungs and liners, are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.5.22. Canopies Having Combustible Elements

(1) Exterior canopies having combustible fabrics or films are permitted on a building required to be of noncombustible construction provided the fabrics and films conform to CAN/ULC-S109-M, “Standard for Flame Tests of Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films”.

(2) Except as permitted in Sentence (3), exterior marquees, not greater than 7.5 m from ground level to the top of the marquee, having combustible elements other than fabrics or films conforming to Sentence (1), are permitted on a building required to be of noncombustible construction, provided every opening in the exposed wall of the building above the marquee is protected with wired glass in accordance with the Supplementary Guidelines where these openings are within

(a) 4.5 m horizontally of the marquee, and

(b) 9 m vertically above the marquee.

(3) The protection required by Sentence (2) is permitted to be waived if the building is sprinklered.

3.1.5.23. Combustible Mezzanines

(1) In a building required to be of noncombustible construction, a mezzanine located within a live/work unit is permitted to be of combustible construction provided the area of the mezzanine is not more than 25% of the floor area of the live/work unit or 20 m2, whichever is less, and has no obstructions more than 1 070 mm above the floor.

3.1.5.24. Combustible Solar Collector Systems

(1) A combustible solar collector system is permitted to be installed above the roof of a building required to be of noncombustible construction.

3.1.6.Reserved

3.1.7.Fire-Resistance Ratings

3.1.7.1. Determination of Ratings

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2) and Article 3.1.7.2., the rating of a material, assembly of materials or a structural member that is required to have a fire-resistance rating, shall be determined on the basis of the results of tests conducted in conformance with CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”.

(2) A material, assembly of materials or a structural member is permitted to be assigned a fire-resistance rating on the basis of the Supplementary Guidelines.

3.1.7.2. Exception for Exterior Walls

(1) The limit on the rise of temperature on the unexposed surface of an assembly as required by the tests referred to in Sentence 3.1.7.1.(1) shall not apply to an exterior wall that has a limiting distance of 1.2 m or more, provided correction is made for radiation from the unexposed surface in accordance with Sentence 3.2.3.1.(6).

3.1.7.3. Exposure Conditions for Rating

(1) Floor, roof and ceiling assemblies shall be rated for exposure to fire on the underside.

(2) Firewalls and interior vertical fire separations shall be rated for exposure to fire on each side.

(3) Exterior walls shall be rated for exposure to fire from inside the building.

3.1.7.4. Minimum Fire-Resistance Rating

(1) The use of materials or assemblies having a greater fire-resistance rating than required shall impose no obligation to exceed in whole or in part the minimum fire-resistance ratings required by this Part.

3.1.7.5. Rating of Supporting Construction

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2) and by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for mixed types of construction, all loadbearing walls, columns and arches in the storey immediately below a floor or roof assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported floor or roof assembly.

(2) Loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting a service room or service space need not conform to Sentence (1).

(3) If an assembly is required to be of noncombustible construction and have a fire-resistance rating, it shall be supported by noncombustible construction.

3.1.8.Fire Separations and Closures

3.1.8.1. General Requirements

(1) Any wall, partition or floor assembly required to be a fire separation shall

(a) except as permitted by Sentence (2), be constructed as a continuous element, and

(b) as required in this Part, have a fire-resistance rating as specified.

(2) Openings in a fire separation shall be protected with closures, shafts or other means in conformance with Articles 3.1.8.4. to 3.1.8.17. and Subsections 3.1.9. and 3.2.8.

3.1.8.2. Combustible Construction Support

(1) Combustible construction that abuts on or is supported by a noncombustible fire separation shall be constructed so that its collapse under fire conditions will not cause the collapse of the fire separation.

3.1.8.3. Continuity of Fire Separations

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence 3.6.4.2.(2), a horizontal service space or other concealed space located above a required vertical fire separation, including the walls of a vertical shaft, shall be divided at the fire separation by an equivalent fire separation within the service space.

(2) The fire separation required by Sentence (1) shall terminate so that smoke-tight joints are provided where it abuts on or intersects

(a) a floor,

(b) a roof slab, or

(c) a roof deck.

(3) Except as required by Subsection 3.6.3. for a shaft penetrating a roof assembly, a shaft, including an exit enclosure, that penetrates a fire separation, shall

(a) extend through any horizontal service space or any other concealed space, and

(b) terminate so that smoke-tight joints are provided where the shaft abuts on or intersects

(i) a floor,

(ii) a roof slab, or

(iii) a roof deck.

3.1.8.4. Determination of Ratings

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and 3.1.8.14.(2), the fire-protection rating for a closure shall be determined on the basis of the results of tests conducted in conformance with the appropriate provisions in

(a) CAN4-S104-M, “Standard Method for Fire Tests of Door Assemblies”,

(b) CAN4-S106-M, “Standard Method for Fire Tests of Window and Glass Block Assemblies”, or

(c) CAN/ULC-S112-M, “Standard Method of Fire Test of Fire-Damper Assemblies”.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence 3.1.8.10.(1), the fire-protection rating of a closure shall conform to Table 3.1.8.4. for the required fire-resistance rating of the fire separation.

Table 3.1.8.4.

Fire Protection Rating of Closure

Forming Part of Sentence 3.1.8.4.(2)

Fire-Resistance Rating of Fire Separation

Required Fire-Protection Rating of Closure

30 min

20 min

45 min

45 min

1 h

45 min

1.5 h

1 h

2 h

1.5 h

3 h

2 h

4 h

3 h

Column 1

2

3.1.8.5. Installation of Closures

(1) Except where fire dampers, window assemblies and glass block are used as closures, closures of the same fire-protection rating installed on opposite sides of the same opening are deemed to have a fire-protection rating equal to the sum of the fire-protection ratings of the closures.

(2) Except as otherwise specified in this Part, every door, window assembly or glass block used as a closure in a required fire separation

(a) shall be installed in conformance with NFPA 80, “Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows”, and

(b) where required to have a fire-protection rating, shall have labels or classification marks to identify the testing laboratory.

(3) If a door is installed so that it could damage the integrity of a fire separation if its swing is unrestricted, door stops shall be installed to prevent the damage.

3.1.8.6. Maximum Openings

(1) The size of an opening in an interior fire separation required to be protected with a closure shall be not more than 11 m2, with no dimension more than 3.7 m, if a fire compartment on either side of the fire separation is not sprinklered.

(2) The size of an opening in an interior fire separation required to be protected with a closure shall be not more than 22 m2, with no dimension more than 6 m, provided the fire compartments on both sides of the fire separation are sprinklered.

3.1.8.7. Fire Dampers

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.1.8.8., a duct that connects 2 fire compartments or that penetrates an assembly required to be a fire separation shall be equipped with a fire damper.

(2) A fire damper required by Sentence (1) or a fire damper used as a closure in a fire separation shall have a fire-protection rating conforming to Sentence 3.1.8.4.(2).

3.1.8.8. Fire Dampers Waived

(1) Fire dampers need not be provided in noncombustible branch ducts that have a melting point above 760°C and that penetrate a required fire separation provided the ducts

(a) serve only air-conditioning units or combined air-conditioning and heating units discharging air not more than 1 200 mm above the floor and have a cross-sectional area not more than 0.013 m2, or

(b) are connected to exhaust duct risers that are under negative pressure and in which the air flow is upward as required by Article 3.6.3.4. and are carried up inside the riser not less than 500 mm.

(2) A continuous noncombustible duct penetrating a vertical fire separation not required to have a fire-resistance rating need not be equipped with a fire damper at the fire separation.

(3) A noncombustible duct that penetrates a horizontal fire separation not required to have a fire-resistance rating need not be equipped with a fire damper at the fire separation.

(4) A noncombustible duct that penetrates a fire separation that separates a vertical service space from the remainder of the building need not be equipped with a fire damper at the fire separation provided

(a) the duct has a melting point above 760°C, and

(b) each individual duct exhausts directly to the outside at the top of the vertical service space.

(5) A continuous noncombustible duct having a melting point above 760°C that penetrates a vertical fire separation as required by Sentence 3.3.1.1.(1) between suites of other than residential or care or detention occupancy need not be equipped with a fire damper at the fire separation.

(6) A duct that serves commercial cooking equipment and penetrates a required fire separation need not be equipped with a fire damper at the fire separation.

(7) In elementary and secondary schools, a continuous noncombustible duct having a melting point above 760°C that pierces a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of 30 min need not be equipped with a fire damper at the fire separation.

(8) In a Group B, Division 3 occupancy that contains sleeping accommodation for not more than 10 persons and not more than 6 occupants requiring assistance in evacuation in case of an emergency and which is equipped with a fire alarm system, a duct need not be provided with a fire damper at a fire separation provided duct-type smoke detectors have been installed to control smoke circulation as described in Article 3.2.4.12.

3.1.8.9. Installation of Fire Dampers

(1) A fire damper shall be arranged to close automatically upon the operation of a fusible link conforming to ULC-S505, “Standard for Fusible Links for Fire Protection Service”, or other heat-actuated or smoke-actuated device.

(2) A heat-actuated device referred to in Sentence (1) shall

(a) be located where it is readily affected by an abnormal rise of temperature in the duct, and

(b) have a temperature rating approximately 30°C above the maximum temperature that would exist in the system either with the system in operation or shut down.

(3) A fire damper shall be installed in the plane of the fire separation so as to stay in place should the duct be dislodged during a fire.

(4) A fire damper tested in the vertical or horizontal position shall be installed in the manner in which it was tested.

(5) A tightly fitted access door shall be installed for each fire damper to provide access for the inspection of the damper and the resetting of the release device.

3.1.8.10. Twenty-Minute Closures

(1) A door assembly having a fire-protection rating not less than 20 min is permitted to be used as a closure in

(a) a fire separation not required to have a fire-resistance rating more than 1 h, located between

(i) a public corridor and a suite,

(ii) a corridor and adjacent sleeping rooms, or

(iii) a corridor and adjacent classrooms, offices and libraries in Group A, Division 2 major occupancies, or

(b) a fire separation not required to have a fire-resistance rating more than 45 min, located in a building not more than 3 storeys in building height.

(2) The requirements for noncombustible sills and combustible floor coverings in NFPA 80, “Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows”, do not apply to a door described in Sentence (1).

(3) A door described in Sentence (1) shall have a clearance not more than 6 mm at the bottom and not more than 3 mm at the sides and top.

(4) In elementary and secondary schools, a door assembly conforming to Articles 9.10.13.2. and 9.10.13.3. is permitted to be used as a closure in a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating of 30 min.

3.1.8.11. Self-Closing Devices

(1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) to (5), every door in a fire separation shall be equipped with a self-closing device designed to return the door to the closed position after each use.

(2) Self-closing devices need not be provided on doors to freight elevators and dumbwaiters.

(3) In a building that is not more than 3 storeys in building height, a self-closing device is not required on a door that is located between a classroom and a corridor providing access to exit from the classroom, except that a self-closing device is required on a door between a hazardous classroom and the corridor in an elementary or secondary school.

(4) In a building that is not more than 3 storeys in building height, a self-closing device is not required on a door between a public corridor and an adjacent room or suite of business and personal services occupancy if the door is not located in

(a) a dead-end portion of the corridor, or

(b) a corridor which serves a hotel.

(5) Within a fire compartment in a hospital or nursing home that complies with the requirements of Article 3.3.3.5., a self-closing device is not required on a door that is located between

(a) a patient’s or resident’s sleeping room and a corridor serving the patient’s or resident’s sleeping room, or

(b) a patient’s or resident’s sleeping room and an adjacent room that serves the patient’s or resident’s sleeping room.

3.1.8.12. Hold-Open Devices

(1) A hold-open device is permitted on a door in a required fire separation, other than an exit door in a building more than 3 storeys in building height, and on a door for a vestibule required by Article 3.3.5.7., provided the device is designed to release the door in conformance with Sentences (2) to (7).

(2) Except as required by Sentences (3), (5), (6) and (7), a hold-open device permitted by Sentence (1) shall be designed to release by a signal from

(a) an automatic sprinkler system,

(b) a heat-actuated device,

(c) fusible link, or

(d) a smoke detector located as described in Appendix B of NFPA 80, “Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows”.

(3) Except as required by Sentences (4), (5), (6) and (7), a hold-open device permitted by Sentence (1) shall be designed to release upon a signal from a smoke detector located as described in Appendix B of NFPA 80, “Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows”, if used on

(a) an exit door,

(b) a door opening into a public corridor,

(c) an egress door referred to in Sentence 3.4.2.4.(2),

(d) a door serving

(i) an assembly occupancy,

(ii) a care or detention occupancy, or

(iii) a residential occupancy, or

(e) a door required to function as part of a smoke control system.

(4) Except as required by Sentences (5), (6) and (7), a hold-open device permitted by Sentence (1) shall be designed to release upon a signal from the building fire alarm system if a fire alarm system is provided, except that this requirement does not apply to

(a) a hold-open device on a door located between a corridor used by the public and an adjacent sleeping room in a hospital or nursing home, or

(b) a hold-open device that is designed to release by a heat-actuated device or a fusible link in conformance with Sentence (2).

(5) Sentences (2) and (3) do not apply in a hospital or nursing home to

(a) a door located between a corridor used by the public and an adjacent sleeping room, or

(b) paired doors described in Sentence 3.3.3.3.(4).

(6) A hold-open device on a door in Clause (5)(a) shall be designed to release the door upon a signal from

(a) a smoke detector as required by Sentence 3.2.4.11.(1) for sleeping rooms in Group B occupancies, and

(b) the fire alarm system when an alert signal is initiated within the same fire compartment in Sentence 3.3.3.5.(2).

(7) A hold-open device on a door in Clause (5) (b) shall be designed to release the door upon a signal from the fire alarm system when an alert signal is initiated within the same fire compartment in Sentence 3.3.3.5.(2).

(8) A rolling steel fire door installed as a closure in a fire separation shall be equipped with a hold-open device designed to release the shutter as described in Sentence (2).

3.1.8.13. Door Latches

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.3.3.5., a swing-type door in a fire separation shall be equipped with a positive latching mechanism designed to hold the door in the closed position after each use.

3.1.8.14. Wired Glass and Glass Block

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.1.8.16. and 3.1.8.17. for the separation of exits, an opening in a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not more than 1 h is permitted to be protected with fixed wired glass assemblies or glass blocks installed in conformance with NFPA 80, “Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows”.

(2) Wired glass assemblies permitted by Sentence (1) and assigned a fire protection capability in the Supplementary Guidelines, are permitted to be used as closures in vertical fire separations without being tested in accordance with Sentence 3.1.8.4.(1).

(3) Glass blocks permitted by Sentence (1) shall be installed in accordance with Subsection 4.3.2. and reinforced with steel reinforcement in each horizontal joint.

3.1.8.15. Temperature Rise Limit for Doors

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.1.8.17., the maximum temperature rise on the opaque portion of the unexposed side of a door used as a closure in a fire separation in a location shown in Table 3.1.8.15., shall conform to the Table when tested in conformance with Sentence 3.1.8.4.(1).

3.1.8.16. Area Limits for Wired Glass and Glass Block

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.1.8.17., the maximum area of wired glass in a door used in the locations shown in Table 3.1.8.15. shall conform to the Table.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.1.8.17., the maximum area of glass block and wired glass panels not in a door, used in the locations shown in Table 3.1.8.15., shall conform to the Table.

Table 3.1.8.15.

Restrictions on Temperature Rise and Glazing for Closures

Forming Part Articles of 3.1.8.15. and 3.1.8.16.

Location

Minimum Required Fire-Protection Rating of Door

Maximum Temperature Rise on Opaque Portion of Unexposed Side of Door,
°C

Maximum Area of Wired Glass in Door,
m2

Maximum Aggregate Area of Glass Block and Wired Glass Panels not in Door,
m2

Between a dead-end corridor and an adjacent occupancy where the corridor provides the only access to exit and is required to have a fire-resistance rating

Less than
45 min

No limit

No limit

No limit

45 min

250 after 30 min

0.0645

0.0645

Between an exit enclosure and the remainder of the floor area in buildings not more than 3 storeys in building height

All ratings

No limit

0.8

0.8

Between an exit enclosure and the remainder of the floor area (except as permitted above)

45 min

250 after 30 min

0.0645

0.0645

1.5 h

250 after 1 h

0.0645

0.0645

2 h

250 after 1 h

0.0645

0.0645

In a firewall

1.5 h

250 after 30 min

0.0645

0

2 h

250 after 1 h

0

0

Column 1

2

3

4

5

3.1.8.17. Temperature Rise and Area Limits Waived

(1) The temperature rise limits and glass area limits required by Articles 3.1.8.15. and 3.1.8.16. are waived for a closure between an exit enclosure and an enclosed vestibule or corridor provided

(a) the vestibule or corridor is separated from the remainder of the floor area by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) the fire separation required by Clause (a) contains no wired glass or glass block within 3 m of the closure into the exit enclosure, and

(c) the vestibule or corridor contains no occupancy.

3.1.9.Building Services in Fire Separations and Fire Rated Assemblies

3.1.9.1. Fire Stopping of Service Penetrations

(1) Piping, tubing, ducts, chimneys, optical fibre cables, electrical wires and cables, totally enclosed noncombustible raceways, electrical outlet boxes and other similar building services that penetrate a membrane forming part of an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating, or a fire separation, shall be

(a) tightly fitted, or

(b) sealed by a fire stop system that, when subjected to the fire test method in CAN4-S115-M, “Standard Method of Fire Tests of Firestop Systems”, has an F rating not less than the fire-protection rating required for closures in the fire separation.

(2) Piping, tubing, ducts, chimneys, optical fibre cables, electrical wires and cables, totally enclosed noncombustible raceways, electrical outlet boxes and other similar building services that penetrate a firewall or a horizontal fire separation that is required to have a fire-resistance rating in conformance with Article 3.2.1.2., shall be sealed at the penetration by a fire stop system that, when subjected to the fire test method in CAN4-S115-M, “Standard Method of Fire Tests of Firestop Systems”, has an FT rating not less than the fire-resistance rating for the fire separation.

3.1.9.2. Combustibility of Service Penetrations

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.1.9.3. and 3.1.9.4., pipes, ducts, electrical outlet boxes, totally enclosed raceways or other similar service equipment that penetrate an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall be noncombustible unless the assembly has been tested incorporating that service equipment.

3.1.9.3. Penetration by Wires, Cables and Outlet Boxes

(1) Optical fibre cables and electrical wires and cables in totally enclosed noncombustible raceways are permitted to penetrate an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating without being incorporated in the assembly at the time of testing as required by Article 3.1.9.2.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), totally enclosed nonmetallic raceways conforming to Article 3.1.5.19., optical fibre cables, and electrical wires and cables, single or grouped, with combustible insulation, jackets or sheathes that conform to the requirements of Clause 3.1.5.17.(1)(a) and that are not installed in totally enclosed noncombustible raceways are permitted to penetrate an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating without being incorporated in the assembly at the time of testing as required by Article 3.1.9.2., provided the overall diameter of the single or grouped wires or cables, or the raceways is not more than 25 mm.

(3) Single conductor metal sheathed cables with combustible jacketing that are more than 25 mm in overall diameter are permitted to penetrate a fire separation required to have a fire-resistance rating without being incorporated in the assembly at the time of testing as required by Article 3.1.9.2., provided the cables are not grouped.

(4) Combustible totally enclosed raceways which are embedded in a concrete floor slab are permitted in an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating without being incorporated in the assembly at the time of testing as required by Article 3.1.9.2., provided the concrete cover between the raceway and the bottom of the slab is not less than 50 mm.

(5) Combustible outlet boxes are permitted in an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating without being incorporated in the assembly at the time of testing as required by Article 3.1.9.2., provided the opening through the membrane into the box is not more than 0.016 m2.

(6) Outlet boxes that penetrate opposite sides of a wall assembly shall be offset where necessary to maintain the integrity of the fire separation.

3.1.9.4. Combustible Piping Penetrations

(1) Combustible sprinkler piping is permitted to penetrate a fire separation provided the fire compartments on each side of the fire separation are sprinklered.

(2) Reserved

(3) Except as permitted by Sentences (4) to (8), combustible piping shall not be used if any part of that system penetrates

(a) a fire separation required to have a fire-resistance rating, or

(b) a membrane that forms part of an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating.

(4) Combustible piping is permitted to penetrate a fire separation required to have a fire-resistance rating or a membrane that forms part of an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating, provided

(a) the piping is sealed at the penetration by a fire stop system that has an F rating not less than the fire-resistance rating required for the fire separation when subjected to the fire test method in CAN4-S115-M, “Standard Method of Fire Tests of Firestop Systems”, with a pressure differential of 50 Pa between the exposed and unexposed sides, with the higher pressure on the exposed side, and

(b) the piping is not located in a vertical shaft.

(5) Combustible drain piping is permitted to penetrate a horizontal fire separation provided it leads directly from a noncombustible water closet through a concrete floor slab.

(6) Combustible piping is permitted on one side of a vertical fire separation provided it is not located in a vertical shaft.

(7) Combustible piping is permitted to penetrate a vertical or horizontal fire separation provided the fire compartments on each side of the fire separation are sprinklered.

(8) Combustible piping not more 25 mm in diameter containing chlorine gas is permitted to penetrate a fire separation between a chlorine gas service room, built in conjunction with a public pool or public spa, and the remainder of the building.

3.1.9.5. Openings through a Membrane Ceiling

(1) A membrane ceiling forming part of an assembly assigned a fire-resistance rating on the basis of the Supplementary Guidelines is permitted to be penetrated by openings leading into ducts within the ceiling space provided

(a) the ducts are sheet steel, and

(b) the amount of openings and their protection conform to the requirements of the Supplementary Guidelines.

(2) Fire stop flaps in ceiling membranes required in Sentence (1) shall conform to CAN4-S112.2-M, “Standard Method of Fire Test of Ceiling Firestop Flap Assemblies”.

3.1.9.6. Plenums

(1) A ceiling assembly used as a plenum shall conform to Article 3.6.4.3.

3.1.10.Firewalls

3.1.10.1. Prevention of Firewall Collapse

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2), the connections and supports for structural framing members that are connected to or supported on a firewall and have a fire-resistance rating less than that required for the firewall, shall be designed so that the collapse of the framing members during a fire will not cause the collapse of the firewall.

(2) Sentence (1) does not apply to a firewall consisting of two separate wall assemblies each tied to its respective building frame but not to each other, provided each wall assembly is

(a) a fire separation having one half of the fire-resistance rating required for the firewall by Sentences 3.1.10.2.(1) and (2), and

(b) designed so that the collapse of one wall assembly will not cause collapse of the other.

(3) A firewall is permitted to be supported on the structural frame of a building of noncombustible construction provided the supporting frame has a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the firewall.

(4) Piping, ducts and totally enclosed noncombustible raceways shall be installed so that their collapse will not cause collapse of the firewall.

3.1.10.2. Rating of Firewalls

(1) A firewall which separates a building or buildings with floor areas containing a Group E or a Group F, Division 1 or 2 major occupancy shall be constructed as a fire separation of noncombustible construction having a fire-resistance rating not less than 4 h, except that where the upper portion of a firewall separates floor areas containing other than Group E or Group F, Division 1 or 2 major occupancies, the fire-resistance rating of the upper portion of the firewall is permitted to be not less than 2 h.

(2) A firewall which separates a building or buildings with floor areas containing major occupancies other than Group E or Group F, Division 1 or 2 shall be constructed as a fire separation of noncombustible construction having a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h.

(3) Except for closures, the required fire-resistance rating of a firewall shall be provided by masonry or concrete.

3.1.10.3. Continuity of Firewalls

(1) A firewall shall extend from the ground continuously through, or adjacent to, all storeys of a building or buildings so separated, except that a firewall located above a basement storage garage conforming to Article 3.2.1.2. is permitted to commence at the floor assembly immediately above the storage garage.

(2) A firewall is permitted to terminate on the underside of a reinforced concrete roof slab provided

(a) the roof slab on both sides of the firewall has a fire-resistance rating not less than

(i) 1 h if the firewall is required to have a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, or

(ii) 2 h if the firewall is required to have a fire-resistance rating not less than 4 h, and

(b) there are no concealed spaces within the roof slab in that portion immediately above the firewall.

3.1.10.4. Parapets

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and 3.1.10.3.(2), a firewall shall extend above the roof surface to form a parapet not less than

(a) 150 mm high for a firewall required to have a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, and

(b) 900 mm high for a firewall required to have a fire-resistance rating not less than 4 h.

(2) A firewall that separates 2 buildings with roofs at different elevations need not extend above the upper roof surface to form a parapet, provided the difference in elevation between the roofs is more than 3 m.

3.1.10.5. Maximum Openings

(1) Openings in a firewall shall conform to the size limits described in Article 3.1.8.6. and the aggregate width of openings shall be not more than 25% of the entire length of the firewall.

3.1.10.6. Exposure Protection for Adjacent Walls

(1) The requirements of Article 3.2.3.13. shall apply to the external walls of 2 buildings that meet at a firewall at an angle less than 135°.

3.1.10.7. Combustible Projections

(1) Combustible material shall not extend across the end of a firewall but is permitted to extend across a roof above a firewall that is terminated in conformance with Sentence 3.1.10.3.(2).

(2) If buildings are separated by a firewall, combustible projections on the exterior of one building, including balconies, platforms, canopies, eave projections and stairs, that extend outward beyond the end of the firewall, shall not be permitted within 2 400 mm of combustible projections and window or door openings of the adjacent building.

3.1.11.Fire Stops in Concealed Spaces

3.1.11.1. Separation of Concealed Spaces

(1) Concealed spaces in interior wall, ceiling and crawl spaces shall be separated from concealed spaces in exterior walls and attic or roof spaces by fire stops conforming to Article 3.1.11.7.

3.1.11.2. Fire Stopping in Wall Assemblies

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2), fire stops conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. shall be provided to block off concealed spaces within a wall assembly

(a) at every floor level,

(b) at every ceiling level where the ceiling forms part of an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating, and

(c) so that the maximum horizontal dimension is not more than 20 m and the maximum vertical dimension is not more than 3 m.

(2) Fire stops conforming to Sentence (1) are not required provided

(a) the wall space is filled with insulation,

(b) the exposed construction materials and any insulation within the wall space are noncombustible,

(c) the exposed construction materials and any insulation within the wall space have a flame-spread rating not more than 25 on any exposed surface, or on any surface that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, and fire stops are installed so that the vertical distance between them is not more than 10 m, or

(d) the insulated wall assembly contains not more than one concealed air space, and the horizontal thickness of that air space is not more than 25 mm.

3.1.11.3. Fire Stopping between Nailing and Supporting Elements

(1) In a building required to be of noncombustible construction, a concealed space in which there is an exposed ceiling finish with a flame-spread rating more than 25, shall be provided with fire stops conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. between wood nailing elements, so that the maximum area of the concealed space is not more than 2 m2.

(2) In a building required to be of noncombustible construction, fire stops conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. shall be provided in the concealed spaces created by the wood members permitted by Sentence 3.1.5.8.(2) so that the maximum area of a concealed space is not more than 10 m2.

3.1.11.4. Fire Stopping between Vertical and Horizontal Spaces

(1) Fire stops conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. shall be provided

(a) at all interconnections between concealed vertical and horizontal spaces in interior coved ceilings, drop ceilings and soffits in which the exposed construction materials within the space have a flame-spread rating more than 25, and

(b) at the end of each run and at each floor level in concealed spaces between stair stringers in which the exposed construction materials within the space have a flame-spread rating more than 25.

3.1.11.5. Fire Stopping of Roof Spaces, Balconies and Canopies

(1) A concealed space within a ceiling or roof assembly of combustible construction, including an attic or roof space, in which sprinklers are not installed, shall be separated by construction conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. into compartments not more than

(a) 600 m2 in area with no dimension more than 60 m if the exposed construction materials within the space have a flame-spread rating not more than 25, and

(b) 300 m2 in area with no dimension more than 20 m if the exposed construction materials within the space have a flame-spread rating more than 25.

(2) A concealed space in an exterior cornice, a mansard style roof, a balcony or a canopy in which exposed construction materials within the space have a flame-spread rating more than 25, shall be separated by construction conforming to Article 3.1.11.7.

(a) at locations where the concealed space extends across the ends of required vertical fire separations, and

(b) so that the maximum dimension in the concealed space is not more than 20 m.

3.1.11.6. Fire Stopping of Crawl Spaces

(1) A crawl space which is not considered as a basement by Article 3.2.2.9. and in which sprinklers are not installed, shall be separated by construction conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. into compartments not more than 600 m2 in area with no dimension more than 30 m.

3.1.11.7. Fire Stop Materials

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) to (4), materials used to separate concealed spaces into compartments shall remain in place and prevent the passage of flames for not less than 15 min when subjected to the standard fire exposure in CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”.

(2) Gypsum board not less than 12.7 mm thick and sheet steel not less than 0.38 mm thick need not be tested in conformance with Sentence (1) provided all joints have continuous support.

(3) In a building required to be of noncombustible construction, wood nailing elements described in Article 3.1.5.6. need not be tested in conformance with Sentence (1).

(4) In a building permitted to be of combustible construction, in a combustible roof system permitted by Sentence 3.1.5.3.(2), and in a raised platform permitted by Sentence 3.1.5.8.(2), materials used to separate concealed spaces into compartments are permitted to be

(a) solid lumber not less than 38 mm thick,

(b) phenolic bonded plywood, waferboard, or strandboard not less than 12.5 mm thick with joints supported, or

(c) two thicknesses of lumber, each not less than 19 mm thick with joints staggered, where the width or height of the concealed space requires more than one piece of lumber not less than 38 mm thick to block off the space.

(5) Openings through materials referred to in Sentences (1) to (4) shall be protected to maintain the integrity of the construction.

(6) Where materials referred to in Sentences (1) to (4) are penetrated by construction elements or by service equipment, fire stop materials shall be used to seal the penetration.

3.1.12.Flame-Spread Rating and Smoke Developed Classification

3.1.12.1. Determination of Ratings

(1) Except as required by Sentence (2) and as permitted by Sentence (3), the flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification of a material, assembly, or structural member shall be determined on the basis of not less than three tests conducted in conformance with CAN/ULC-S102-M, “Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies”.

(2) The flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification of a material or assembly shall be determined on the basis of not less than three tests conducted in conformance with CAN/ULC-S102.2-M, “Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Flooring, Floor Covering, and Miscellaneous Materials and Assemblies”, if the material or assembly

(a) is designed for use in a relatively horizontal position with only its top surface exposed to air,

(b) cannot be tested in conformance with Sentence (1) without the use of supporting material that is not representative of the intended installation, or

(c) is thermoplastic.

(3) A material, assembly, or structural member is permitted to be assigned a flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification on the basis of the Supplementary Guidelines.

3.1.13.Interior Finish

3.1.13.1. Interior Finish Description

(1) Interior finish material shall include any material that forms part of the interior surface of a floor, wall, partition or ceiling, including

(a) interior cladding of plaster, wood or tile,

(b) surfacing of fabric, paint, plastic, veneer or wallpaper,

(c) doors, windows and trim,

(d) lighting elements such as light diffusers and lenses forming part of the finished surface of the ceiling, and

(e) carpet material that overlies a floor that is not intended as the finished floor.

3.1.13.2. Flame-Spread Rating

(1) Except as otherwise required or permitted by this Subsection, the flame-spread rating of interior wall and ceiling finishes, including glazing and skylights, shall be not more than 150 and shall conform to Table 3.1.13.2.

Table 3.1.13.2.

Flame-Spread Ratings

Forming Part of Sentence 3.1.13.2.(1)

Occupancy, Location or Element

Maximum Flame-Spread Rating for Walls and Ceilings

Sprinklered

Not Sprinklered

Group A, Division 1 occupancies, including doors, skylights, glazing and light diffusers and lenses

150

75

Group B occupancies

150

NA

Exits(1)

25

25

Lobbies described in Sentence 3.4.4.2.(2)

25

25

Covered vehicular passageways, except for roof assemblies of heavy timber construction in such passageways

25

25

Vertical service spaces

25

25

Column 1

2

3

Note to Table 3.1.13.2.:

(1)See Articles 3.1.13.8. and 3.1.13.10.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), doors, other than those in Group A, Division 1 occupancies, need not conform to Sentence (1) provided they have a flame-spread rating not more than 200.

(3) Doors within a dwelling unit need not conform to Sentences (1) and (2).

(4) Up to 10% of the total wall area and 10% of the total ceiling area of a wall or ceiling finish that is required by Sentence (1) to have a flame-spread rating less than 150 is permitted to have a flame-spread rating not more than 150, except that up to 25% of the total wall area of lobbies described in Sentence 3.4.4.2.(2) is permitted to have a flame-spread rating not more than 150.

(5) Except in the case of Group A, Division 1 occupancies, combustible doors, skylights, glazing and light diffusers and lenses shall not be considered in the calculation of wall and ceiling areas described in Sentence (4).

3.1.13.3. Bathrooms and Plumbing Fixtures

(1) The flame-spread rating of interior wall and ceiling finishes for a bathroom in a suite of residential occupancy shall be not more than 200.

(2) Plumbing fixtures shall have a flame-spread rating not more than 200.

3.1.13.4. Light Diffusers and Lenses

(1) The flame-spread rating of combustible light diffusers and lenses in all occupancies other than Group A, Division 1 is permitted to be more than the flame-spread rating limits required elsewhere in this Subsection, provided the light diffusers and lenses

(a) have a flame-spread rating not more than 250 and a smoke developed classification not more than 600 when tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S102.2-M, “Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Flooring, Floor Covering, and Miscellaneous Materials and Assemblies”,

(b) fall to the bottom of the test apparatus before igniting when tested in conformance with ULC-S102.3-M, “Standard Method of Fire Test of Light Diffusers and Lenses”,

(c) are not prevented from falling from the ceiling by construction located beneath the elements, and

(d) are not used in a corridor that is required to be separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation or in an exit shaft unless individual diffusers or lenses are not more than 1 m2 in area and are not less than 1 200 mm apart.

3.1.13.5. Skylights

(1) Individual combustible skylights in a corridor that is required to be separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation shall be not more than 1 m2 in area and not less than 1 200 mm apart.

3.1.13.6. Corridors

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), the flame-spread rating shall be not more than 75 for the interior wall finish of

(a) a public corridor,

(b) a corridor used by the public in

(i) an assembly occupancy, or

(ii) a care or detention occupancy,

(c) a corridor serving classrooms, or

(d) a corridor serving sleeping rooms in a care or detention occupancy.

(2) The flame-spread rating limit specified in Sentence (1) does not apply to corridors referred to in Sentence (1) provided the flame-spread rating is not more than

(a) 25 on the upper half of the wall, and

(b) 150 on the lower half of the wall.

(3) The flame-spread rating limits specified in Sentences (1) and (2) for corridors referred to in Sentence (1) does not apply to a corridor in which the flame-spread rating is not more than 150 provided the floor area is sprinklered.

(4) The flame-spread rating limits specified in Sentences (1), (2) and (3) apply to occupancies in the corridor as well as to the corridor itself.

(5) Except in a floor area that is sprinklered and as permitted in Sentence (6), the interior ceiling finish of corridors and occupancies referred to in Sentences (1) and (4) shall have a flame-spread rating not more than 25.

(6) The flame-spread rating limits specified in Sentence (5) do not apply to a corridor in which the flame-spread rating is not more than 150 provided the floor area is sprinklered.

3.1.13.7. High Buildings

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), the interior wall, ceiling and floor finishes in a building regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6. shall conform to the flame-spread rating requirements in Articles 3.1.13.2. to 3.1.13.6. and to the flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification values in Table 3.1.13.7.

Table 3.1.13.7.

Flame-Spread Rating and Smoke Developed Classification in a High Building

Forming Part of Sentence 3.1.13.7.(1)

Location or Element

Maximum Flame-Spread Rating

Maximum Smoke Developed Classification

Wall Surface

Ceiling Surface(1)

Floor Surface

Wall Surface

Ceiling Surface(1)

Floor Surface

Exit stairways, vestibules to exit stairs and lobbies described in Sentence 3.4.4.2.(2)

25

25

25

50

50

50

Corridors not within suites

(2)

(2)

300

100

50

500

Elevator cars and vestibules

25

25

300

100

100

300

Service spaces and service rooms

25

25

25

50

50

50

Other locations and elements

(2)

(2)

No limit

300

50

No limit

Column 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Notes to Table 3.1.13.7:

(1)See Sentence 3.1.13.4.(1) for lighting elements.

(2)Other requirements of this Part apply.

(2) Except for a building of Group B major occupancy and elevator cars, the flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification of interior wall, floor and ceiling finishes need not conform to the values in Table 3.1.13.7., provided the building is sprinklered and the sprinkler system is electrically supervised in conformance with Sentence 3.2.6.4.(1).

(3) Trim, millwork and doors in an exit stairway, a vestibule to an exit stairway, a lobby described in Sentence 3.4.4.2.(2), or a corridor not within a suite need not conform to the flame-spread rating and smoke developed classification requirements of Sentence (1) provided they have

(a) a flame-spread rating not more than 150,

(b) a smoke developed classification not more than 300, and

(c) an aggregate area not more than 10% of the area of the wall or ceiling on which they occur.

(4) Except as permitted in Sentences (5) to (7), plumbing fixtures in a building regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6. shall have a smoke developed classification not more than 300.

(5) A plumbing fixture that is not located in a Group B occupancy need not comply with Sentence (4) if the building is sprinklered.

(6) A plumbing fixture may have a smoke developed classification more than 300 but not more than 500 if

(a) it is in a room where the wall surfaces have a smoke developed classification not more than 200, and

(b) it is located in,

(i) a Group C occupancy, or

(ii) a Group B occupancy and the building is sprinklered.

(7) A therapeutic bathing system in a Group B occupancy need not comply with Sentence (4) if the room in which it is located,

(a) does not open directly into patients’ or residents’ sleeping rooms, and

(b) is sprinklered.

3.1.13.8. Noncombustible Construction

(1) In a building required to be of noncombustible construction

(a) the flame-spread ratings required by Subsection 3.1.5. shall apply in addition to the requirements in this Subsection, and

(b) the flame-spread ratings for exits in this Subsection shall also apply to any surface in the exit that would be exposed by cutting through the material in any direction, except that this requirement does not apply to doors, heavy timber construction in a sprinklered building and fire-retardant treated wood.

3.1.13.9. Underground Walkways

(1) Except for paint, the interior wall and ceiling finishes of an underground walkway shall be of noncombustible materials.

3.1.13.10. Exterior Exit Passageway

(1) The wall and ceiling finishes of an exterior exit passageway that provides the only means of egress from the rooms or suites it serves, including the soffit beneath and the guard on the passageway, shall have a flame-spread rating not more than 25, except that a flame-spread rating not more than 150 is permitted for up to 10% of the total wall area and for up to 10% of the total ceiling area.

3.1.14.Roof Assemblies

3.1.14.1. Fire-Retardant Treated Wood Roof Systems

(1) If a fire-retardant treated wood roof system is used to comply with the requirements of Subsection 3.2.2., the roof deck assembly shall meet the conditions of acceptance of CAN/ULC-S126-M, “Standard Method of Test for Fire Spread Under Roof-Deck Assemblies”.

(2) Supports for the roof deck assembly referred to in Sentence (1) shall consist of

(a) fire-retardant treated wood,

(b) heavy timber construction,

(c) noncombustible construction, or

(d) a combination thereof.

3.1.14.2. Metal Roof Deck Assemblies

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2), a metal roof deck assembly shall meet the conditions of acceptance of CAN/ULC-S126-M, “Standard Method of Test for Fire Spread Under Roof-Deck Assemblies”, if

(a) it supports a combustible material above the deck that could propagate a fire beneath the roof deck assembly, and

(b) the deck is used to comply with the requirements of Sentences 3.2.2.25.(2), 3.2.2.32.(2), 3.2.2.53.(2), 3.2.2.59.(2), 3.2.2.69.(2) and 3.2.2.76.(2) for noncombustible construction.

(2) The requirements of Sentence (1) are waived provided

(a) the combustible material above the roof deck is protected by not less than 12.7 mm thick gypsum board, mechanically fastened to a supporting assembly if located beneath the roof deck, or by a thermal barrier conforming to one of Clauses 3.1.5.11.(2)(c) to (e) that is located

(i) on the underside of the combustible material, or

(ii) beneath the roof deck,

(b) the building is sprinklered, or

(c) the roof assembly has a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min.

3.1.15.Roof Covering

3.1.15.1. Roof Covering Classification

(1) A roof covering classification shall be determined in conformance with CAN/ULC-S107-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Roof Coverings”.

3.1.15.2. Roof Coverings

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2), every roof covering shall have a Class A, B or C classification as determined in accordance with Article 3.1.15.1.

(2) A roof covering is not required to have a Class A, B or C classification for

(a) a tent,

(b) an air-supported structure, or

(c) a building of Group A, Division 2 occupancy not more than 2 storeys in building height and not more than 1 000 m2 in building area provided the roof covering is underlaid with noncombustible material.

3.1.16.Occupant Load

3.1.16.1. Occupant Load Determination

(1) The occupant load of a floor area or part of a floor area, or of a building or part of a building not having a floor area, shall be based on

(a) the number of seats in an assembly occupancy having fixed seats,

(b) 2 persons per sleeping room or sleeping area in a dwelling unit or suite, or

(c) the number of persons

(i) for which the area is designed, or

(ii) determined from Table 3.1.16.1. for occupancies other than those described in Clauses (a) and (b).

Table 3.1.16.1.

Occupant Load

Forming Part of Article 3.1.16.1.

Type of Use of Building or Floor Area or Part Thereof

Area per Person,
m2

Assembly uses

 

space with fixed seats

See Clause (1)(a)

space with nonfixed seats

0.75

stages for theatrical performances

0.75

space with nonfixed seats and tables

0.95

standing space

0.40

stadia and grandstands

0.60

bowling alleys, pool and billiard rooms

9.30

classrooms

1.85

school shops and vocational rooms

9.30

reading or writing rooms or lounges

1.85

dining, alcoholic beverage and cafeteria space

1.10

laboratories in schools

4.60

exhibition halls other than those classified in Group E

2.80

Care or detention uses

 

B-1 : detention quarters

11.60

B-2 : treatment and sleeping room areas

10.00

B-3 : sleeping room areas

10.00

(See also Article 3.7.1.3.)

 

Residential uses

 

dwelling units

See Clause (1)(b)

dormitories

4.60

Business and personal services uses

 

personal service shops

4.60

offices

9.30

Mercantile uses

 

basements and first storeys

3.70

second storeys having a principal entrance from a pedestrian thoroughfare or a parking area

3.70

dining, alcoholic beverage and cafeteria space

1.10

other storeys

5.60

Industrial uses

 

manufacturing or process rooms

4.60

storage garages

46.00

storage spaces (warehouse)

28.00

aircraft hangars

46.00

Other uses

 

cleaning and repair of goods

4.60

kitchens

9.30

storage

46.00

public corridors intended for occupancies in addition to pedestrian travel

3.70

Column 1

2

(2) If a floor area or part thereof has been designed for an occupant load other than that determined from Table 3.1.16.1., a permanent sign indicating that occupant load shall be posted in a conspicuous location.

(3) For the purposes of this Article, mezzanines, tiers and balconies shall be regarded as part of the floor area.

(4) If a room or group of rooms is intended for different occupancies at different times, the value to be used from Table 3.1.16.1. shall be the value which gives the greatest number of persons for the occupancies concerned.

(5) Except as provided by Sentences (6) or (7), in dining, alcoholic beverage and cafeteria spaces the occupant load shall be determined from Table 3.1.16.1.

(6) The occupant load in Sentence (5) is permitted to be the number of persons for which the space is designed.

(7) The occupant load in Sentence (6) shall be not more than that determined by using an area of 0.6 m2 per person.

3.1.16.2. Dance Floor

(1) The occupant load of a room in which a dance floor is situated shall be calculated in respect of that portion of the room that is not occupied by the dance floor.

3.1.16.3. Public Pools

(1) The occupant load of a public pool, except a wave action pool, shall be determined by the following formula:

where D=the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool that is deeper than 1 350 mm; and

where S=the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool that is 1 350 mm in depth or less.

(2) The occupant load of a wave action pool shall be determined by the following formula:

where D=the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool where the still water depth is greater than 1 000 mm; and

where S=the water surface area in square metres of the part of the pool where the still water depth is 1 000 mm or less.

3.1.17.Drainage and Grades

3.1.17.1. Drainage

(1) The building shall be located and the building site graded so that water will not accumulate at or near the building and will not adversely affect any adjacent properties.

3.1.18.Above Ground Electrical Conductors

3.1.18.1. Clearance to Buildings

(1) Where a building is to be constructed in proximity to existing above ground electrical conductors of a voltage not less than 2.5 kV and not more than 46 kV

(a) the building shall not be located beneath the conductors, and

(b) the horizontal distance between the building and the conductors shall be not less than 3 m.

(2) Where a building is to be constructed in proximity to existing above ground electrical conductors of a voltage more than 46 kV, the clearances between the building and the conductors shall conform to the requirements of CAN/CSA-C22.3 No.1, “Overhead Systems”.

3.1.18.2. Exception

(1) Article 3.1.18.1. does not apply to buildings containing electrical equipment and electrical installations used exclusively in the generation, transformation or transmission of electrical power or energy intended for sale or distribution to the public.

Section 3.2.Building Fire Safety

3.2.1.General

3.2.1.1. Exceptions in Determining Building Height

(1) A roof-top enclosure provided for elevator machinery, a stairway or a service room used for no purpose other than for service to the building, shall not be considered as a storey in calculating the building height.

(2) Space under tiers of seats in a building of the arena type shall not be considered as adding to the building height provided the space is used only for dressing rooms, concession stands and similar purposes incidental to the major occupancy of the building.

(3) Except as required in Sentence (4), (5) and (8), a mezzanine shall not be considered as a storey in calculating the building height provided

(a) the aggregate area of the mezzanine floor is not more than 40% of the area of the room or storey in which it is located,

(b) it is used as an open floor area except as permitted by Sentence 3.3.2.11.(2), and

(c) the space above the mezzanine floor has no visual obstructions more than 1 070 mm above the floor.

(4) Except as required by Sentence (5), a mezzanine shall not be considered as a storey in calculating building height and need not conform to Sentence (3) provided the aggregate area of the mezzanine floor is not more than 10% of the area of

(a) the suite in which it is located, where there is more than one suite in the storey, or

(b) the storey in which it is located, in all other cases.

(5) Except a permitted by Sentence (8), if one or more levels of mezzanine is partially or wholly superimposed above another mezzanine in the room or storey, each level additional to the first level shall be considered as a storey in calculating the building height.

(6) The floor assembly of a mezzanine that is required to be considered as a storey in determining building height, shall be constructed in conformance with the fire separation requirements of Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for floor assemblies.

(7) A service space in which facilities are included to permit a person to enter and to undertake maintenance and other operations pertaining to building services from within the service space need not be considered a storey if it conforms to Articles 3.2.5.15. and 3.3.1.23., and Sentences 3.2.4.19.(12), 3.2.7.3.(2), 3.3.1.3.(7), 3.4.2.4.(3) and 3.4.4.4.(9).

(8) Mezzanines, elevated walkways and platforms in Group F, Division 2 or 3 major occupancies need not be considered as storeys in calculating building height provided

(a) the building is of noncombustible construction,

(b) except for Clause (c), the mezzanines, elevated walkways and platforms are intended solely for periodic service and maintenance, and

(c) where they are intended to be occupied, no mezzanine, elevated walkway or platform shall have an occupant load more than 4 persons.

3.2.1.2. Storage Garage Considered as a Separate Building

(1) A basement used primarily as a storage garage is permitted to be considered as a separate building for the purposes of Subsection 3.2.2., provided the floor and roof assemblies above the basement and the exterior walls of the basement above the adjoining ground level are constructed as fire separations of masonry or concrete having a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, except as permitted by Sentence (2).

(2) The exterior wall of a basement that is required to be a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating in accordance with Sentence (1) is permitted to be penetrated by openings that are not protected by closures provided

(a) the storage garage is sprinklered,

(b) every opening in the exterior wall is separated from storeys above the opening by a projection of the floor or roof assembly above the basement, extending not less than

(i) 1 000 mm beyond the exterior face of the storage garage if the upper storeys are required to be of noncombustible construction, or

(ii) 2 000 mm beyond the exterior face of the storage garage if the upper storeys are permitted to be of combustible construction, or

(c) the exterior walls of any storeys located above the floor or roof assembly referred to in Sentence (1) are recessed behind the outer edge of the assembly by not less than

(i) 1 000 mm if the upper storeys are required to be of noncombustible construction, or

(ii) 2 000 mm if the upper storeys are permitted to be of combustible construction.

(3) The floor or roof assembly projection referred to in Clause (2)(b) shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h and shall have no openings within the projection.

3.2.1.3. Roof Considered as a Wall

(1) For the purposes of this Section any part of a roof that is pitched at an angle of 60° or more to the horizontal and is adjacent to a space intended for occupancy within a building shall be considered as part of an exterior wall of the building.

3.2.1.4. Floor Assembly over Basement

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences 3.2.2.42.(3), 3.2.2.43.(3), 3.2.2.45.(3), 3.2.2.46.(3), 3.2.2.47.(3) or 3.2.2.48.(3), a floor assembly immediately above a basement shall be constructed as a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating conforming to the requirements of Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for a floor assembly, but not less than 45 min.

(2) All loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting a floor assembly immediately above a basement shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required by Sentence (1) for the floor assembly.

3.2.1.5. Fire Containment in Basements

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and 3.2.2.15.(3), in a building in which an automatic sprinkler system is not required to be installed by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83., every basement shall

(a) be sprinklered, or

(b) be subdivided into fire compartments not more than 600 m2 in area by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the floor assembly immediately above the basement.

(2) An open-air storey need not conform to Sentence (1).

3.2.2.Building Size and Construction Relative to Occupancy

3.2.2.1. Application

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.3., a building shall be constructed in conformance with this Subsection to prevent fire spread and collapse caused by the effects of fire.

3.2.2.2. Special and Unusual Structures

(1) A structure which cannot be identified with the characteristics of a building in Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. shall be protected against fire spread and collapse in conformance with good fire protection engineering practice.

3.2.2.3. Exceptions to Structural Fire Protection

(1) Fire protection is not required for

(a) steel lintels above openings not more than 2 m wide in loadbearing walls and not more than 3 m wide in non-loadbearing walls,

(b) steel lintels above openings more than 2 m wide in loadbearing walls and more than 3 m wide in non-loadbearing walls provided the lintels are supported at intervals of not more than 2 m by structural members with the required fire-resistance rating,

(c) the bottom flanges of shelf angles and plates that are not a part of the structural frame,

(d) steel members for framework around elevator hoistway doorways, steel for the support of elevator and dumbwaiter guides, counterweights and other similar equipment, that are entirely enclosed in a hoistway and are not a part of the structural frame of the building,

(e) steel members of stairways and escalators that are not a part of the structural frame of a building,

(f) steel members of porches, exterior balconies, exterior stairways, fire escapes, cornices, marquees and other similar appurtenances, provided they are outside an exterior wall of a building, and

(g) loadbearing steel or concrete members wholly or partly outside a building face in a building not more than 4 storeys in building height and classified as Group A, B, C, D or F, Division 3 major occupancy provided the members are

(i) not less than 1 000 mm away from any unprotected opening in an exterior wall, or

(ii) shielded from heat radiation in the event of a fire within the building by construction that will provide the same degree of protection that would be necessary if the member was located inside the building, with the protection extending on either side of the member a distance equal to the projection of the member from the face of the wall.

3.2.2.4. Buildings with Multiple Major Occupancies

(1) The requirements restricting fire spread and collapse for a building of a single major occupancy classification are provided in this Subsection according to its building height and building area.

(2) If a building contains more than one major occupancy, classified in more than one Group or Division, the requirements of this Subsection concerning building size and construction relative to major occupancy shall apply according to Articles 3.2.2.5. to 3.2.2.8.

3.2.2.5. Applicable Building Height and Area

(1) In determining the fire safety requirements of a building in relation to each of the major occupancies contained therein, the building height and building area of the entire building shall be used.

3.2.2.6. Multiple Major Occupancies

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.7. and 3.2.2.8., in a building containing more than one major occupancy, the requirements of this Subsection for the most restricted major occupancy contained shall apply to the whole building.

3.2.2.7. Superimposed Major Occupancies

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.8., in a building in which one major occupancy is located entirely above another major occupancy, the requirements in this Subsection for each portion of the building containing a major occupancy shall apply to that portion as if the entire building was of that major occupancy.

(2) If one major occupancy is located above another major occupancy, the fire-resistance rating of the floor assembly between the major occupancies shall be determined on the basis of the requirements of this Subsection for the lower major occupancy.

3.2.2.8. Exceptions for Major Occupancies

(1) In a building in which the aggregate area of all major occupancies in a particular Group or Division is not more than 10% of the floor area of the storey in which they are located, these major occupancies need not be considered as major occupancies for the purposes of this Subsection, provided they are not classified as Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancies.

(2) A helicopter landing area on the roof of a building need not be considered a major occupancy for purposes of Subsection 3.2.2. where such landing area is not more than 10% of the area of the roof.

3.2.2.9. Crawl Spaces

(1) For the purposes of Articles 3.2.1.4. and 3.2.1.5., a crawl space shall be considered as a basement if it is

(a) more than 1 800 mm high between the lowest part of the floor assembly and the ground or other surface below,

(b) used for any occupancy,

(c) used for the passage of flue pipes, or

(d) used as a plenum in combustible construction.

(2) A floor assembly immediately above a crawl space is not required to be constructed as a fire separation and is not required to have a fire-resistance rating provided the crawl space is not required to be considered as a basement by Sentence (1).

3.2.2.10. Streets

(1) Every building shall face a street located in conformance with the requirements of Articles 3.2.5.5. and 3.2.5.6. for access routes.

(2) For the purposes of Subsections 3.2.2. and 3.2.5. an access route conforming to Subsection 3.2.5. is permitted to be considered as a street.

(3) A building is considered to face 2 streets provided not less than 50% of the building perimeter is located within 15 m of the street or streets.

(4) A building is considered to face 3 streets provided not less than 75% of the building perimeter is located within 15 m of the street or streets.

(5) Enclosed spaces, tunnels, bridges and similar structures, even though used for vehicular or pedestrian traffic, are not considered as streets for the purpose of this Part.

3.2.2.11. Exterior Balconies

(1) An exterior balcony shall be constructed in accordance with the type of construction required by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83., as applicable to the occupancy classification of the building.

3.2.2.12. Exterior Passageways

(1) An elevated exterior passageway used as part of a means of egress shall conform to the requirements of Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for mezzanines.

3.2.2.13. Occupancy on Roof

(1) A portion of a roof that supports an occupancy shall be constructed in conformance with the fire separation requirements of Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for floor assemblies.

3.2.2.14. Roof-Top Enclosures

(1) A roof-top enclosure for elevator machinery or for a service room shall be constructed in accordance with the type of construction required by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83.

(2) A roof-top enclosure for elevator machinery or for a service room, not more than one storey high, is not required to have a fire-resistance rating.

(3) A roof-top enclosure for a stairway shall be constructed in accordance with the type of construction required by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83.

(4) A roof-top enclosure for a stairway need not have a fire-resistance rating nor be constructed as a fire separation.

3.2.2.15. Storeys below Ground

(1) If a building is erected entirely below the adjoining finished ground level and does not extend more than one storey below that ground level, the minimum precautions against fire spread and collapse shall be the same as are required for basements under a building of 1 storey in building height having the same occupancy and building area.

(2) If any portion of a building is erected entirely below the adjoining finished ground level and extends more than one storey below that ground level, the following minimum precautions against fire spread and collapse shall be taken:

(a) except as permitted by Sentence (3), the basements shall be sprinklered,

(b) a floor assembly below the ground level shall be constructed as a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating not less than

(i) 3 h if the basements are intended for use as Group E or Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancies, or

(ii) 2 h if the basements are not intended for use as Group E or Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancies, and

(c) all loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the construction that they support.

(3) If the first storey of a building is not required to be sprinklered, sprinklers are not required in the storey immediately below the first storey provided the storey below

(a) contains only residential occupancies, and

(b) has at least one unobstructed access opening conforming to Sentence 3.2.5.1.(2) installed on that storey for each 15 m of wall length in at least one wall required by this Subsection to face a street.

3.2.2.16. Heavy Timber Roof Permitted

(1) Unless otherwise permitted by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83., a roof assembly in a building up to 2 storeys in building height is permitted to be of heavy timber construction regardless of building area or type of construction required, provided the building is sprinklered.

(2) If Sentence (1) permits a roof assembly to be of heavy timber construction, structural members in the storey immediately below the roof assembly are permitted to be of heavy timber construction.

3.2.2.17. Sprinklers in Lieu of Roof Rating

(1) The requirements in Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for roof assemblies to have a fire-resistance rating are permitted to be waived provided

(a) the building is sprinklered,

(b) the sprinkler system in Clause (a) is electrically supervised in conformance with Sentence 3.2.4.9.(2), and

(c) the operation of the sprinkler system in Clause (a) will cause a signal to be transmitted to the fire department in conformance with Sentence 3.2.4.7.(4).

3.2.2.18. Automatic Sprinkler System Required

(1) If an automatic sprinkler system is required by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83., the system shall conform to the requirements of Articles 3.2.4.7., 3.2.4.8., 3.2.4.9. 3.2.5.13.

3.2.2.19. Buildings Containing Impeded Egress Zones

(1) A building containing an impeded egress zone and conforming to the appropriate requirements of Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. is not required to conform to the requirements of Articles 3.2.2.36. and 3.2.2.37. for a Group B, Division 1 major occupancy provided

(a) the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 1 storey in building height,

(c) it does not include

(i) a contained use area,

(ii) sleeping accommodation,

(iii) a high hazard industrial occupancy, or

(iv) a mercantile occupancy,

(d) the building area is not more than 6 400 m2 if the building includes a medium hazard industrial occupancy,

(e) the impeded egress zone does not extend beyond the boundaries of the fire compartment in which it is located, and

(f) the occupant load of the impeded egress zone is not more than 100.

3.2.2.20. Group A, Division 1, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.21. and 3.2.2.22., a building classified as Group A, Division 1 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.21. Group A, Division 1, One Storey, Limited Area

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 1 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height,

(b) it has less than 40% of the area of the building as 2 storeys for the purpose of

(i) development of productions including preparation of scenery and costumes and rehearsal of performers,

(ii) organization of performers, scenery and sound equipment,

(iii) preparation by performers for a performance,

(iv) managerial functions, or

(v) toilets, rest rooms and similar public facilities,

(c) it has no occupancy above or below the auditorium other than one which serves it or is dependent on it,

(d) it is not more than 600 m2 in building area, and

(e) the occupant load is not more than 600.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of heavy timber construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations,

(i) with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) of heavy timber construction, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly, or

(ii) be of heavy timber construction.

3.2.2.22. Group A, Division 1, One Storey

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 1 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height,

(b) no part of an auditorium floor is more than 5 m above or below grade,

(c) no occupancy is above or below the auditorium other than one which serves it or is dependent on it, and

(d) the occupant load of the auditorium floor is not more than 300.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(c) roof assemblies shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting a fire separation shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the fire separation.

3.2.2.23. Group A, Division 2, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.24. to 3.2.2.28., a building classified as Group A, Division 2 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.24. Group A, Division 2, up to 6 Storeys, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 2, that is not limited by building area, is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered, and

(b) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) all loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.25. Group A, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.25.

Table 3.2.2.25.

Maximum Building Area, Group A, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.25.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 600

2 000

2 400

2

800

1 000

1 200

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less 45 min,

(c) roof assemblies shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, except that in a building not more than 1 storey in building height, the fire-resistance rating is permitted to be waived provided the roof assembly is constructed as a fire-retardant treated wood roof system conforming to Article 3.1.14.1., and the building area is not more than

(i) 800 m2 if facing one street,

(ii) 1 000 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 1 200 m2 if facing 3 streets, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.26. Group A, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys, Increased Area, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 4 800 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 2 400 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less 45 min, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.27. Group A, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 2 is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 2 400 m2 if 1 storey in building height with no basement,

(ii) 1 200 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(iii) 600 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

3.2.2.28. Group A, Division 2, One Storey

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 2 is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(b) except as permitted by Sentence (2), it has a building area not more than

(i) 400 m2 if facing one street,

(ii) 500 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 600 m2 if facing 3 streets.

(2) In a building referred to in Sentence (1) without a basement, the building area limits of Sentence (1) are permitted to be doubled provided a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h is used to separate the building into fire compartments, each one of which does not exceed the area limits of Clause 1(b).

3.2.2.29. Group A, Division 3, Any Height, Any Area

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.30. to 3.2.2.34., a building classified as Group A, Division 3 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered if it is regulated by Subsection 3.2.6.,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(d) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.30. Group A, Division 3, up to 2 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.30.

Table 3.2.2.30.

Maximum Building Area, Group A, Division 3, up to 2 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.30.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

4 000

5 000

6 000

2

2 000

2 500

3 000

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) Except as permitted by Clauses (c) and (d), the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) roof assemblies shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of heavy timber construction, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly, except that arches and structural members within the storey immediately below a roof assembly are permitted to be of heavy timber construction.

3.2.2.31. Group A, Division 3, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 12 000 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 6 000 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Clause (c) and Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly, except that arches are permitted to be of heavy timber construction.

3.2.2.32. Group A, Division 3, One Storey, Increased Area

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than

(i) 2 400 m2 if facing one street,

(ii) 3 000 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 3 600 m2 if facing 3 streets.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) roof assemblies shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, except that the fire-resistance rating is permitted to be waived provided the roof assembly is constructed as a fire-retardant treated wood roof system conforming to Article 3.1.14.1., and the building area is not more than

(i) 1 200 m2 if facing one street,

(ii) 1 500 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 1 800 m2 if facing 3 streets, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.33. Group A, Division 3, One Storey, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 3 is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than 7 200 m2.

3.2.2.34. Group A, Division 3, One Storey

(1) A building classified as Group A, Division 3 is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than

(i) 1 000 m2 if facing one street,

(ii) 1 250 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 1 500 m2 if facing 3 streets.

3.2.2.35. Group A, Division 4

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), a building classified as Group A, Division 4 shall be of noncombustible construction.

(2) Roof assemblies and supporting arches and columns are permitted to be of heavy timber construction.

(3) A building classified as Group A, Division 4 is permitted to be of combustible construction provided

(a) the occupant load is less than 1 500, and

(b) the building has a limiting distance not less than 6 m.

(4) Sprinklers shall be installed in all spaces below tiers of seats in a building classified as Group A, Division 4 if those spaces are used for occupancy.

3.2.2.36. Group B, Division 1, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.37., a building classified as Group B, Division 1 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.37. Group B, Division 1, up to 3 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group B, Division 1 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1) the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area

(i) that is not limited if the building is not more than 1 storey in building height,

(ii) not more than 12 000 m2 if 2 storeys in building height, or

(iii) not more than 8 000 m2 if 3 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.38. Group B, Division 2 or Division 3, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.39. to 3.2.2.41., a building classified as Group B, Division 2 or Division 3 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.39. Group B, Division 2 or Division 3, up to 3 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group B, Division 2 or Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area

(i) that is not limited if the building is not more than 1 storey in building height,

(ii) not more than 12 000 m2 if 2 storeys in building height, or

(iii) not more than 8 000 m2 if 3 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.40. Group B, Division 2 or Division 3, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group B, Division 2 or Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 2 400 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 1 600 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.41. Group B, Division 2 or Division 3, One Storey, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group B, Division 2 or Division 3 is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than 500 m2.

3.2.2.42. Group C, Any Height, Any Area

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.43. to 3.2.2.48., a building classified as Group C shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) Reserved

(b) except as permitted by Sentence (3), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h,

(d) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(2), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

3.2.2.43. Group C, up to 6 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.43.A. or Table 3.2.2.43.B.

Table 3.2.2.43.A.

Maximum Building Area, Group C, up to 6 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.43.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

unlimited

unlimited

unlimited

2

6 000

unlimited

unlimited

3

4 000

5 000

6 000

4

3 000

3 750

4 500

5

2 400

3 000

3 600

6

2 000

2 500

3 000

Column 1

2

3

4

Table 3.2.2.43.B.

Maximum Building Area, Group C, up to 6 Storeys, Sprinklered

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.43.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

1

Unlimited

2

Unlimited

3

12 000

4

9 000

5

7 200

6

6 000

Column 1

2

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence (3), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 h,

(c) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(3), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

3.2.2.44. Reserved

3.2.2.45. Group C, up to 4 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 7 200 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 3 600 m2 if 2 storeys in building height,

(iii) 2 400 m2 if 3 storeys in building height, or

(iv) 1 800 m2 if 4 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentences (3) and (4), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(2), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

(4) In a building in which there is no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, the fire-resistance rating for floor assemblies entirely within the dwelling unit is waived.

3.2.2.46. Group C, up to 3 Storeys, Increased Area

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.46.

Table 3.2.2.46.

Maximum Building Area, Group C, up to 3 Storeys, Increased Area

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.46.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

2 400

3 000

3 600

2

1 200

1 500

1 800

3

800

1 000

1 200

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentences (3) and (4), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(2), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

(4) In a building in which there is no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, the fire-resistance rating for floor assemblies entirely within the dwelling unit is waived.

3.2.2.47. Group C, up to 3 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.47.

Table 3.2.2.47.

Maximum Building Area, Group C, up to 3 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.47.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 800

2 250

2 700

2

900

1 125

1 350

3

600

750

900

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentences (3) and (4), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(2), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min but need not be constructed as fire separations.

(4) In a building in which there is no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, the fire-resistance rating for floor assemblies entirely within the dwelling unit is waived.

3.2.2.48. Group C, up to 3 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 5 400 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 2 700 m2 if 2 storeys in building height, or

(iii) 1 800 m2 if 3 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentences (3) and (4), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(2), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min but need not be constructed as fire separations.

(4) In a building in which there is no dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, the fire-resistance rating for floor assemblies entirely within the dwelling unit is waived.

3.2.2.49. Group D, Any Height, Any Area

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.50. to 3.2.2.56., a building classified as Group D shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered if it is regulated by Subsection 3.2.6.,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h,

(d) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, except that in a building not more than 1 storey in building height this requirement is waived, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.50. Group D, up to 6 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.50.

Table 3.2.2.50.

Maximum Building Area, Group D, up to 6 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.50.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

not limited

not limited

not limited

2

7 200

not limited

not limited

3

4 800

6 000

7 200

4

3 600

4 500

5 400

5

2 800

3 600

4 320

6

2 400

3 000

3 600

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, except that in a building not more than 1 storey in building height this requirement is waived, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.51. Group D, up to 6 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area

(i) that is not limited if the building is not more than 2 storeys in building height,

(ii) not more than 14 400 m2 if 3 storeys in building height,

(iii) not more than 10 800 m2 if 4 storeys in building height,

(iv) not more than 8 640 m2 if 5 storeys in building height, or

(v) not more than 7 200 m2 if 6 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.52. Group D, up to 4 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than 3 600 m2.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.53. Group D, up to 3 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.53.

Table 3.2.2.53.

Maximum Building Area, Group D, up to 3 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.53.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

4 800

6 000

7 200

2

2 400

3 000

3 600

3

1 600

2 000

2 400

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(c) roof assemblies shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, except that in a building not more than 1 storey in building height, the fire-resistance rating is permitted to be waived provided the roof assembly is constructed as a fire-retardant treated wood roof system conforming to Article 3.1.14.1., and the building area is not more than

(i) 2 400 m2 if facing one street,

(ii) 3 000 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 3 600 m2 if facing 3 streets, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.54. Group D, up to 3 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 14 400 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 7 200 m2 if 2 storeys in building height, or

(iii) 4 800 m2 if 3 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.55. Group D, up to 2 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.55.

Table 3.2.2.55.

Maximum Building Area, Group D, up to 2 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.55.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 000

1 250

1 500

2

800

1 000

1 200

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.56. Group D, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group D is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 3 000 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 2 400 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.57. Group E, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.58. to 3.2.2.62., a building classified as Group E shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.58. Group E, up to 4 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group E is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than 1 800 m2.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.59. Group E, up to 3 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group E is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.59.

Table 3.2.2.59.

Maximum Building Area, Group E, up to 3 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.59.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 500

1 500

1 500

2

1 200

1 500

1 500

3

800

1 000

1 500

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(c) roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, except that in a building not more than 1 storey in building height, the fire-resistance rating is permitted to be waived provided the roof assembly is of noncombustible construction or is constructed as a fire-retardant treated wood roof system conforming to Article 3.1.14.1.,

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting a fire separation shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the fire separation.

3.2.2.60. Group E, up to 3 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group E is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 7 200 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 3 600 m2 if 2 storeys in building height, or

(iii) 2 400 m2 if 3 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting a fire separation shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the fire separation.

3.2.2.61. Group E, up to 2 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group E is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.61.

Table 3.2.2.61.

Maximum Building Area, Group E, up to 2 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.61.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 000

1 250

1 500

2

600

750

900

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.62. Group E, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group E is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 3 000 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 1 800 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.63. Group F, Division 1, up to 4 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.64. to 3.2.2.66., a building classified as Group F, Division 1 shall conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than

(i) 9 000 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 4 500 m2 if 2 storeys in building height,

(iii) 3 000 m2 if 3 storeys in building height, or

(iv) 2 250 m2 if 4 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.64. Group F, Division 1, up to 3 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 1 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 3 600 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 1 800 m2 if 2 storeys in building height, or

(iii) 1 200 m2 if 3 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of heavy timber construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.65. Group F, Division 1, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 1 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 2 400 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 1 200 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.66. Group F, Division 1, One Storey

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 1 is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than 800 m2.

3.2.2.67. Group F, Division 2, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.68. to 3.2.2.72., a building classified as Group F, Division 2 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.68. Group F, Division 2, up to 6 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.68.A. or Table 3.2.2.68.B.

Table 3.2.2.68.A.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 6 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.68.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

9 000

11 250

13 500

2

4 500

5 625

6 750

3

3 000

3 750

4 500

4

2 250

2 810

3 375

5

1 800

2 250

2 700

6

1 500

1 875

2 250

Column 1

2

3

4

Table 3.2.2.68.B.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 6 Storeys, Sprinklered

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.68.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

1

27 000

2

13 500

3

9 000

4

6 750

5

5 400

6

4 500

Column 1

2

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.69. Group F, Division 2, up to 4 Storeys, Increased Area

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.69.A. or Table 3.2.2.69.B.

Table 3.2.2.69.A.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 4 Storeys, Increased Area

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.69.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

6 000

7 500

9 000

2

3 000

3 750

4 500

3

2 000

2 500

3 000

4

1 500

1 875

2 250

Column 1

2

3

4

Table 3.2.2.69.B.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 4 Storeys, Increased Area, Sprinklered

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.69.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

1

18 000

2

9 000

3

6 000

4

4 500

Column 1

2

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.70. Group F, Division 2, up to 4 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.70.A. or Table 3.2.2.70.B.

Table 3.2.2.70.A.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 4 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.70.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

3 200

4 000

4 800

2

1 600

2 000

2 400

3

1 070

1 340

1 600

4

800

1 000

1 200

Column 1

2

3

4

Table 3.2.2.70.B.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 4 Storeys Increased Area, Sprinklered

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.70.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

1

9 600

2

4 800

3

3 200

4

2 400

Column 1

2

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(c) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, except that in buildings not more than 1 storey in building height, the fire-resistance rating is permitted to be waived provided the roof assembly is constructed as a fire-retardant treated wood roof system conforming to Article 3.1.14.1., and the building area is not more than

(i) 1 600 m2 if facing 1 street,

(ii) 2 000 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 2 400 m2 if facing 3 streets,

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting a fire separation shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.71. Group F, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.71.

Table 3.2.2.71.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.71.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 000

1 250

1 500

2

600

750

900

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.72. Group F, Division 2, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 2 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 4 500 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 1 800 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.73. Group F, Division 3, Any Height, Any Area

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.74. to 3.2.2.83., a building classified as Group F, Division 3 shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered if it is regulated by Subsection 3.2.6.,

(b) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, except that floor assemblies are permitted to be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h in a storage garage with all storeys constructed as open-air storeys,

(c) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less 1 h,

(d) if the building is not sprinklered, roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(e) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.74. Group F, Division 3, up to 6 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.74.

Table 3.2.2.74.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 3, up to 6 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.74.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

not limited

not limited

not limited

2

7 200

9 000

10 800

3

4 800

6 000

7 200

4

3 600

4 500

5 400

5

2 880

3 600

4 320

6

2 400

3 000

3 600

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.75. Group F, Division 3, up to 6 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area

(i) that is not limited if the building is not more than 1 storey in building height,

(ii) not more than 21 600 m2 if 2 storeys in building height,

(iii) not more than 14 400 m2 if 3 storeys in building height,

(iv) not more than 10 800 m2 if 4 storeys in building height,

(v) not more than 8 640 m2 if 5 storeys in building height, or

(vi) not more than 7 200 m2 if 6 storeys in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

3.2.2.76. Group F, Division 3, up to 4 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.76.

Table 3.2.2.76.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 3, up to 4 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.76.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

4 800

6 000

7 200

2

2 400

3 000

3 600

3

1 600

2 000

2 400

4

1 200

1 500

1 800

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(c) roof assemblies shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, except that in a building not more than 1 storey in building height, the fire-resistance rating is permitted to be waived provided the roof assembly is constructed as a fire-retardant treated wood roof system conforming to Article 3.1.14.1., and the building area is not more than

(i) 2 400 m2 if facing 1 street,

(ii) 3 000 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 3 600 m2 if facing 3 streets, and

(d) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.77. Group F, Division 3, up to 4 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 4 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 14 400 m2 if 1 storey in building height,

(ii) 7 200 m2 if 2 storeys in building height,

(iii) 4 800 m2 if 3 storeys in building height, or

(iv) 3 600 m2 if 4 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) mezzanines shall have, if of combustible construction, a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, and

(c) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.78. Group F, Division 3, up to 2 Storeys

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.78.

Table 3.2.2.78.

Maximum Building Area, Group F, Division 3, up to 2 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.78.(1)

No. of Storeys

Maximum Area, m2

Facing 1 Street

Facing 2 Streets

Facing 3 Streets

1

1 600

2 000

2 400

2

800

1 000

1 200

Column 1

2

3

4

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.79. Group F, Division 3, up to 2 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 2 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than

(i) 7 200 m2 if 1 storey in building height, or

(ii) 2 400 m2 if 2 storeys in building height.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) is permitted to be of combustible construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination, and

(a) floor assemblies shall be fire separations and, if of combustible construction, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min,

(b) loadbearing walls, columns and arches supporting an assembly required to have a fire-resistance rating shall

(i) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(ii) be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.80. Group F, Division 3, One Storey

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to be of heavy timber construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination provided

(a) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(b) it has a building area is not more than

(i) 5 600 m2 if facing 1 street,

(ii) 7 000 m2 if facing 2 streets, or

(iii) 8 400 m2 if facing 3 streets.

3.2.2.81. Group F, Division 3, One Storey, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to be of heavy timber construction or noncombustible construction used singly or in combination provided

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 1 storey in building height, and

(c) it has a building area not more than 16 800 m2.

3.2.2.82. Group F, Division 3, One Storey, Any Area, Low Fire Load Occupancy

(1) A building classified as Group F, Division 3 is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided it is

(a) not more than 1 storey in building height,

(b) used solely for low fire load occupancies such as

(i) power generating plants, or

(ii) plants for the manufacture or storage of noncombustible materials, and

(c) not limited in building area.

(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.2.83. Group F, Division 3, Storage Garages up to 22 m High

(1) A building used as a storage garage with all storeys constructed as open-air storeys and having no other occupancy above it is permitted to have its floor, wall, ceiling and roof assemblies constructed without a fire-resistance rating provided it is

(a) of noncombustible construction,

(b) not more than 22 m high, measured between grade and the ceiling level of the top storey,

(c) not more than 10 000 m2 in building area, and

(d) designed so that every portion of each floor area is within 60 m of an exterior wall opening.

3.2.3.Spatial Separation and Exposure Protection

3.2.3.1. Limiting Distance and Area of Unprotected Openings

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.3.9. to 3.2.3.11., the area of unprotected openings in an exposing building face for the applicable limiting distance shall be not more than the value determined in accordance with

(a) Table 3.2.3.1.A. or Table 3.2.3.1.B. for an exposing building face conforming to Article 3.2.3.2. of a building or fire compartment which is not sprinklered, or

(b) Table 3.2.3.1.C. or Table 3.2.3.1.D. for an exposing building face conforming to Article 3.2.3.2. of a sprinklered fire compartment that is part of a building which is sprinklered in conformance with Section 3.2.

(2) The area of the unprotected openings in an exposing building face shall be the aggregate area of unprotected openings expressed as a percentage of the area of the exposing building face in Table 3.2.3.1.A., Table 3.2.3.1.B., Table 3.2.3.1.C. or Table 3.2.3.1.D.

(3) For the purpose of determining the type of construction and cladding and the fire-resistance rating of an exterior wall

(a) the exposing building face shall be taken as the projection of the exterior wall onto a vertical plane located so that no portion of the exterior wall of the building or of a fire compartment, if the fire compartment complies with the requirements of Sentences 3.2.3.2.(2), (4) or (6), is between the vertical plane and the line to which the limiting distance is measured, and

(b) the area of unprotected openings shall be determined from Table 3.2.3.1.A., Table 3.2.3.1.B., Table 3.2.3.1.C. or Table 3.2.3.1.D.

Table 3.2.3.1.A.

Unprotected Opening Limits for a Building or Fire Compartment that is not Sprinklered

Forming Part of Article 3.2.3.1.

Exposing Building Face

Area of Unprotected Openings for Groups A, C, D, and F, Division 3 Occupancies,  %

Maximum Area, m2

Ratio

(L/H or H/L)(1)

Limiting Distance, m

0

1.2

1.5

2.0

2.5

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

16

18

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

10

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

8

8

11

10

12

18

18

21

32

29

33

48

46

50

68

91

96

100

100

100

                                   

15

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

8

10

9

10

15

14

17

26

22

25

39

33

37

53

63

67

87

100

100

100

                                   

20

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

8

9

9

10

14

12

15

23

18

21

33

26

30

45

49

53

72

81

85

100

100

100

                                 

25

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

8

9

8

9

13

11

13

21

16

19

30

23

26

39

41

45

62

66

70

90

98

100

100

100

                               

30

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

8

8

9

12

11

12

19

15

17

27

20

23

36

35

39

56

56

61

79

83

88

100

100

100

                               

40

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

8

8

8

11

10

11

17

13

15

24

17

20

31

28

32

47

44

48

66

64

69

88

89

93

100

100

100

                             

50

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

8

8

8

10

9

10

15

12

14

21

15

18

28

24

28

41

37

41

57

53

57

76

72

77

97

96

100

100

100

                           

60

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

8

8

8

10

9

10

14

11

13

20

14

16

25

21

25

38

32

36

51

45

49

67

62

66

85

81

85

100

100

100

                           

80

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

8

7

8

9

8

9

13

10

11

17

12

14

22

18

21

32

26

29

44

36

40

56

48

52

70

62

67

86

79

84

100

98

100

100

                       

100

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

8

9

8

9

12

9

11

16

11

13

20

16

18

29

22

25

39

30

34

49

40

44

61

51

56

74

65

69

89

80

84

100

97

100

100

                     

150

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

7

8

8

8

11

9

10

13

10

11

17

13

15

24

17

20

31

22

26

39

29

33

48

37

41

57

46

50

68

56

60

79

67

71

91

79

84

100

93

97

100

100

                 

250

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

7

8

7

8

9

8

9

11

9

10

14

10

12

19

13

15

24

16

19

30

20

24

36

25

28

43

30

34

50

36

40

57

43

47

65

51

55

73

59

63

82

68

72

92

87

92

100

100

100

             

350

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

7

8

7

8

9

8

8

10

8

9

12

9

11

16

11

13

21

14

16

25

16

19

30

20

23

36

24

27

41

28

32

47

33

37

53

38

42

59

44

48

66

50

55

73

64

69

88

81

85

100

99

100

100

         

500

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

8

7

8

9

8

8

11

9

10

14

10

12

18

12

14

22

14

16

25

16

19

30

19

22

34

22

25

38

25

29

43

29

33

48

33

37

53

37

41

58

47

52

70

59

63

82

71

76

96

100

100

100

         

1 000

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

8

7

7

8

7

8

9

8

9

11

9

10

13

9

11

16

10

12

19

12

24

21

13

15

24

14

17

27

16

19

30

18

21

33

20

23

36

22

26

39

27

31

46

33

37

53

39

43

60

58

63

82

82

86

100

100

100

     

2 000

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

8

7

7

8

7

8

9

8

8

11

8

9

12

9

10

14

9

11

16

10

12

18

11

13

19

12

14

21

13

15

23

14

16

25

15

17

27

17

20

32

20

23

36

23

27

40

33

37

53

44

49

66

58

63

82

74

79

99

93

97

100

100

100

Note to Table 3.2.3.1.A.:

(1)Apply whichever is greater,

L = Length of exposing building face,

H = Height of exposing building face

Table 3.2.3.1.B.

Unprotected Opening Limits for a Building or Fire Compartment that is not Sprinklered

Forming Part of Article 3.2.3.1.

Exposing Building Face

Area of Unprotected Openings for Groups E and F, Division 1 and 2 Occupancies,  %

Maximum Area, m2

Ratio
(L/H or H/L)(1)

Limiting Distance, m

0

1.2

1.5

2.0

2.5

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

16

18

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

10

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

5

5

6

9

9

10

16

15

17

24

23

25

34

46

48

58

77

79

91

100

100

100

                                         

15

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

5

5

5

8

7

8

13

11

13

19

16

18

26

32

34

43

53

55

66

79

82

93

100

100

100

                                       

20

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

5

4

5

7

6

7

11

9

11

17

13

15

22

25

27

36

40

43

53

61

63

74

85

87

99

100

100

100

                                     

25

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

5

6

6

7

10

8

9

15

11

13

20

20

22

31

33

35

45

49

51

62

69

71

82

92

94

100

100

100

                                   

30

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

6

5

6

10

7

9

14

10

12

18

18

20

28

28

30

40

42

44

54

58

60

71

77

80

91

100

100

100

                                   

40

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

5

5

6

8

6

8

12

8

10

15

14

16

23

22

24

33

32

34

44

44

47

57

59

61

72

76

78

89

94

97

100

100

100

                               

50

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

8

6

7

11

7

9

14

12

14

21

18

20

29

26

29

38

36

38

48

48

50

61

61

63

74

76

79

90

93

95

100

100

100

                             

60

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

5

7

5

6

10

7

8

13

11

12

19

16

18

26

23

25

34

31

33

43

40

43

53

52

54

64

64

66

77

78

81

92

94

96

100

100

100

                           

80

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

5

6

5

6

9

6

7

11

9

10

16

13

15

22

18

20

28

24

26

35

31

33

43

40

42

52

49

51

62

60

62

73

71

74

85

84

86

98

98

100

100

100

                       

100

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

6

5

5

8

5

6

10

8

9

14

11

13

19

15

17

25

20

22

31

26

28

37

32

35

44

40

42

52

48

51

61

58

60

71

68

70

81

79

81

92

100

100

100

                       

150

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

5

7

5

6

8

6

8

12

8

10

16

11

13

20

14

16

24

18

20

29

23

25

34

28

30

39

33

36

46

40

42

52

46

49

59

54

56

67

70

73

84

89

92

100

100

100

                   

250

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

4

6

4

5

7

5

6

9

7

8

12

8

10

15

10

12

18

12

14

21

15

17

25

18

20

28

22

24

32

25

27

37

29

32

41

34

36

46

44

46

56

55

57

68

68

70

81

100

100

100

                 

350

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

4

6

5

5

8

6

7

10

7

8

13

8

10

15

10

12

18

12

14

21

14

16

23

16

18

26

19

21

30

22

24

33

25

27

36

32

34

44

40

43

53

49

52

62

77

79

90

100

100

100

               

500

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

4

5

4

5

7

5

6

9

6

7

11

7

8

13

8

9

15

9

11

17

11

13

19

13

14

21

14

16

24

16

18

26

19

21

29

24

26

35

29

31

41

36

38

48

55

57

68

78

80

92

100

100

100

             

1 000

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

4

6

4

5

7

5

5

8

5

6

9

6

7

11

6

8

12

7

9

13

8

10

15

9

11

16

10

12

18

11

13

20

14

15

23

16

18

26

20

22

30

29

31

41

41

43

53

55

57

68

71

73

84

89

91

100

100

100

       

2 000

Less than 3:1

3:1 to 10:1

over 10:1

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

4

5

4

5

6

4

5

7

5

5

8

5

6

9

5

6

10

6

7

11

6

7

12

7

8

13

7

9

14

9

10

16

10

12

18

12

13

20

16

18

26

22

24

33

29

31

41

37

39

50

46

49

59

56

59

70

68

70

81

80

83

94

94

96

100

100

100

Note to Table 3.2.3.1.B.:

(1)Apply whichever is greater,

L = Length of exposing building face,

H = Height of exposing building face

Table 3.2.3.1.C.

Unprotected Opening Limits for a Building or Fire Compartment that is Sprinklered

Forming Part of Article 3.2.3.1.

Exposing Building Face

Area of Unprotected Opening for Groups A, B, C, D and F, Division 3, Occupancies, %

Maximum Area,
m2

Limiting Distance, m

0

1.2

1.5

2.0

2.5

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

0

16

24

42

66

100

           

15

0

16

20

34

50

74

100

         

20

0

16

20

30

42

60

100

         

25

0

16

18

26

38

52

90

100

       

30

0

14

18

24

34

46

78

100

       

40

0

14

16

22

30

40

64

96

100

     

50

0

14

16

20

28

36

56

82

100

     

60

0

14

16

20

26

32

50

72

98

100

   

80

0

14

16

18

22

28

42

58

80

100

   

100

0

14

16

18

22

26

36

50

68

88

100

 

150 or more

0

14

14

16

20

22

30

40

52

66

82

100

Table 3.2.3.1.D.

Unprotected Opening Limits for a Building or Fire Compartment that is Sprinklered

Forming Part of Article 3.2.3.1.

Exposing Building Face

Area of Unprotected Opening for Groups E and F, Division 1 and 2, Occupancies, %

Maximum Area,
m2

Limiting Distance, m

0

1.2

1.5

2.0

2.5

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

10

0

10

12

20

34

15

96

100

                   

15

0

8

10

16

26

36

68

100

                   

20

0

8

10

14

22

30

54

86

100

                 

25

0

8

10

14

18

26

44

70

100

                 

30

0

8

8

12

18

24

40

60

88

100

               

40

0

8

8

12

16

20

32

48

68

94

100

             

50

0

8

8

10

14

18

28

40

58

76

100

             

60

0

8

8

10

12

16

24

36

50

66

86

100

           

80

0

8

8

10

12

14

20

30

40

52

66

84

100

         

100

0

8

8

8

10

12

18

26

34

44

56

70

84

100

       

150

0

8

8

8

10

12

16

20

26

32

40

50

60

72

84

98

100

 

200 or more

0

8

8

8

8

10

14

18

22

28

34

42

50

60

68

80

92

100

(4) For the purpose of determining the actual percentage of unprotected openings permitted in an exterior wall, the location of the exposing building face is permitted to be taken at a vertical plane located so that there are no unprotected openings between the vertical plane and the line to which the limiting distance is measured.

(5) If a building has any storey that is not sprinklered and fire fighting facilities cannot reach it within 10 min of the alarm being received, the required limiting distance shall be doubled.

(6) If the surface temperature on the unexposed surface of a wall assembly exceeds the temperature limit of a standard fire test as permitted by Article 3.1.7.2., an allowance shall be made for the radiation from the hot unexposed wall surface by adding an equivalent area of unprotected opening to the area of actual openings as follows:

where

Ac

=

corrected area of unprotected openings including actual and equivalent openings,

A

=

actual area of unprotected openings,

AF

=

area of exterior surface of the exposing building face exclusive of openings on which the temperature limit of the standard test is exceeded, and

FEO

=

an equivalent opening factor derived from the following expression:

where

Tu

=

average temperature in degrees Celsius of the unexposed wall surface at the time the required fire-resistance rating is reached under test conditions,

Te

=

892°C for a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, 927°C for a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and 1 010°C for a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h.

(7) Unless a closure used to protect an opening in an exposing building face has a protective performance equivalent to that required for the wall assembly in which it is located, an equivalent area of unprotected opening, determined in accordance with the procedures of Sentence (6) shall be added to the greater of

(a) the actual area of unprotected openings, or

(b) the corrected area of unprotected openings.

(8) The required limiting distance for an exposing building face is permitted to be measured to a point beyond the property line that is not the centre line of a street, lane or public thoroughfare if

(a) the owners of the properties on which the limiting distance is measured and the municipality enter into an agreement in which such owners agree that

(i) each owner covenants that, for the benefit of land owned by the other covenantors, the owner will not construct a building on his or her property unless the limiting distance for exposing building faces in respect of the proposed construction is measured in accordance with the agreement,

(ii) the covenants contained in the agreement are intended to run with the lands, and the agreement shall be binding on the parties and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns,

(iii) the agreement shall not be amended or deleted from title without the consent of the municipality, and

(iv) they will comply with such other conditions as the municipality considers necessary, including indemnification of the municipality by the other parties, and

(b) the agreement referred to in Clause (a) is registered against the title of the properties to which it applies.

(9) Where an agreement referred to in Sentence (8) is registered against the title of a property, the limiting distance for exposing building faces shall be measured to the point referred to in the agreement.

3.2.3.2. Area of Exposing Building Face

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2), (4), (6) and (7), the area of an exposing building face shall be calculated as the total area of exterior wall facing in one direction on any side of a building measured from the finished ground level to the uppermost ceiling.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), if a building containing only Group A, B, C, D or Group F, Division 3 occupancies is divided by fire separations into fire compartments, the area of exposing building face is permitted to be calculated for each fire compartment provided the fire separations have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

(3) The fire-resistance rating of the fire separations referred to in Sentence (2) is permitted to be less than 1 h but not less than 45 min provided the fire-resistance rating required by Subsection 3.2.2. is permitted to be less than 1 h for

(a) the floor assembly above the fire compartment, or

(b) the floor assembly below the fire compartment, if there is no floor assembly above.

(4) Except as required by Sentence (5), if a building containing Group E or Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancies is divided by fire separations into fire compartments, the area of exposing building face is permitted to be calculated for each fire compartment provided the fire separations have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min.

(5) The fire-resistance rating of the fire separations referred to in Sentence (4) shall be not less than that required by Subsection 3.2.2. for

(a) the floor assembly above the fire compartment, or

(b) the floor assembly below the fire compartment, if there is no floor assembly above.

(6) For the purposes of Sentence (1), where a horizontal fire separation is penetrated by openings that are not provided with closures, and the openings are in conformance with Article 3.2.8.2., the fire separation is permitted to be considered as enclosing construction for the purposes of determining fire compartments.

(7) For the purposes of Sentence (1), where an interconnected floor space is in conformance with Articles 3.2.8.3. to 3.2.8.11., each storey in the interconnected floor space is permitted to be considered a fire compartment.

3.2.3.3. Wall Enclosing Attic or Roof Space

(1) An exterior wall enclosing an attic or roof space and located above an exposing building face, shall be constructed in conformance with the requirements for the exposing building face.

3.2.3.4. Party Wall

(1) A party wall shall be constructed as a firewall.

3.2.3.5. Wall with Limiting Distance less than 1.2 m

(1) Openings in a wall that has a limiting distance less than 1.2 m shall be protected by closures whose fire-protection rating is in conformance with the fire-resistance rating required for the wall.

(2) Wired glass or glass block shall not be used for a closure referred to in Sentence (1).

3.2.3.6. Combustible Projections

(1) Except for a building containing one or 2 dwelling units only, combustible projections on the exterior of a wall that could expose an adjacent building to fire spread and are more than 1 000 mm above ground level, including balconies, platforms, canopies, eave projections and stairs, shall not be permitted within

(a) 1 200 mm of a property line or the centreline of a public way, or

(b) 2 400 mm of a combustible projection on another building on the same property.

3.2.3.7. Construction of Exposing Building Face

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.3.9. and 3.2.3.10., if a limiting distance shown in Table 3.2.3.1.A. or Table 3.2.3.1.C. for a Group A, B, C, D or Group F, Division 3 occupancy classification permits an exposing building face to have unprotected openings not more than 10% of the exposing building face, the exposing building face shall be

(a) of noncombustible construction having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(b) clad with noncombustible cladding.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (9) and Articles 3.2.3.9. and 3.2.3.10., if a limiting distance shown in Table 3.2.3.1.A. or Table 3.2.3.1.C. for a Group A, B, C, D or Group F, Division 3 occupancy classification permits an exposing building face to have unprotected openings more than 10% but not more than 25% of the exposing building face, the exposing building face shall

(a) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(b) be clad with noncombustible cladding.

(3) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.3.9. and 3.2.3.10., if a limiting distance shown in Table 3.2.3.1.A. or Table 3.2.3.1.C. for a Group A, B, C, D or Group F, Division 3 occupancy classification permits an exposing building face to have unprotected openings more than 25% but less than 100% of the exposing building face, the exposing building face shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min.

(4) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.3.9., if a limiting distance shown in Table 3.2.3.1.B. or Table 3.2.3.1.D. for a Group E, or Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancy classification permits an exposing building face to have unprotected openings not more than 10% of the exposing building face, the exposing building face shall be

(a) of noncombustible construction having a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, and

(b) clad with noncombustible cladding.

(5) Except as permitted by Sentence (9) and Article 3.2.3.9., if a limiting distance shown in Table 3.2.3.1.B. or Table 3.2.3.1.D. for a Group E, or Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancy classification permits an exposing building face to have unprotected openings more than 10% but not more than 25% of the exposing building face, the exposing building face shall

(a) have a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, and

(b) be clad with noncombustible cladding.

(6) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.3.9., if a limiting distance shown in Table 3.2.3.1.B. or Table 3.2.3.1.D. for a Group E, or Group F, Division 1 or 2 occupancy classification permits an exposing building face to have unprotected openings more than 25% but less than 100% of the exposing building face, the exposing building face shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

(7) Except as permitted by Sentence (9), in addition to the requirements of Sentences (2), (3), (5) and (6), foamed plastic insulation used in an exterior wall of a building more than 3 storeys in building height shall be protected on its exterior surface by

(a) concrete or masonry not less than 25 mm thick, or

(b) noncombustible material that complies with the criteria for testing and conditions of acceptance of Sentence (8) when tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”.

(8) The criteria for testing and the conditions of acceptance for a wall assembly to satisfy the requirements of Clause (7)(b) are that

(a) the fire exposed area of the wall assembly shall be not less than 9.3 m2 and have no dimension less than 2 750 mm,

(b) the exposed surface will include typical vertical and horizontal joints,

(c) the test shall be continued for not less than 15 min and the standard time/temperature curve of the referenced standard shall be followed,

(d) the noncombustible protective material will remain in place and no through openings will develop that are visible when viewed normal to the face of the material, and

(e) the noncombustible protective material will not disintegrate in a manner that would permit fire to propagate along the surface of the test assembly.

(9) The requirements of Clauses (2) (b) and (5) (b) and Sentence (7) are waived for a wall assembly that complies with the requirements of Article 3.1.5.5.

3.2.3.8. Protection of Structural Members

(1) Structural members, including beams, columns and arches, placed wholly or partly outside an exterior face of a building and 3 m or more from the property line or centreline of a public thoroughfare need not be protected from exterior fires.

(2) Structural members referred to in Sentence (1) that are less than 3 m from the property line or centreline of a public thoroughfare shall be protected from exterior fire by fire protection having a fire-resistance rating not less than that required by Articles 3.2.2.20. to 3.2.2.83. for their protection from interior fires, but not less than 1 h.

(3) Structural members of heavy timber construction, including beams, columns and arches, placed wholly or partly outside an exterior face of a building and 3 m or more from the property line or centreline of a public thoroughfare need not be covered with noncombustible cladding.

3.2.3.9. Unlimited Unprotected Openings

(1) An exposing building face of an open-air storey in a storage garage is permitted to have unlimited unprotected openings provided it has a limiting distance not less than 3 m.

(2) The exposing building face of a storey that faces a street and is at the same level as the street is permitted to have unlimited unprotected openings if the limiting distance is not less than 9 m.

3.2.3.10. Low Fire Load, One Storey Building

(1) An exposing building face of a building of low hazard industrial occupancy conforming to Article 3.2.2.82. is permitted to be of noncombustible construction without a fire-resistance rating provided

(a) it is not a loadbearing wall, and

(b) the limiting distance is not less than 3 m.

3.2.3.11. Area Increase for Unprotected Openings

(1) The maximum area of unprotected openings in any exposing building face is permitted to be doubled if the openings are glazed with

(a) glass block conforming to the requirements of Article 3.1.8.14., or

(b) wired glass assemblies conforming to the Supplementary Guidelines.

3.2.3.12. Protection of Exit Facilities

(1) Except as required by Sentence (3) and as permitted by Sentence 3.4.4.3.(1), if the plane of an exterior wall of an exit enclosure forms an angle less than 135° with the plane of an exterior wall of the building it serves, and an opening in the exterior wall of the exit enclosure could be exposed to fire from an opening in the exterior wall of the building, the opening in either the exterior wall of the exit or the exterior wall of the building shall be protected in conformance with the requirements of Sentence (4) where the opening in the exterior wall of the building is within 3 m horizontally and

(a) less than 10 m below an opening in the exterior wall of the exit, or

(b) less than 2 m above an opening in the exterior wall of the exit.

(2) If an unenclosed exterior exit stair or ramp could be exposed to fire from an opening in the exterior wall of the building it serves, the opening in the exterior wall of the building shall be protected in conformance with the requirements of Sentence (4) where the opening in the exterior wall of the building is within 3 m horizontally and

(a) less than 10 m below the exit stair or ramp, or

(b) less than 5 m above the exit stair or ramp.

(3) Except as permitted by Sentence 3.4.4.3.(1), if an exterior exit door in one fire compartment is within 3 m horizontally of an opening in another fire compartment and the exterior walls of these fire compartments intersect at an exterior angle of less than 135°, the opening shall be protected in conformance with the requirements of Sentence (4).

(4) The opening protection referred to in Sentences (1), (2) and (3) shall consist of

(a) glass block conforming to the requirements of Article 3.1.8.14.,

(b) a wired glass assembly conforming to the Supplementary Guidelines, or

(c) a closure conforming to the requirements of Subsection 3.1.8. and Articles 3.2.3.1. and 3.2.3.13.

3.2.3.13. Wall Exposed to Another Wall

(1) Except as required by Sentences (3) and 3.2.3.12.(1) or as permitted by Sentence 3.2.3.18.(4), if an unprotected opening in an exterior wall of a fire compartment is exposed to an unprotected opening in the exterior wall of another fire compartment, and the planes of the 2 walls are parallel or at an angle less than 135°, measured from the exterior of the building, the unprotected openings in the 2 fire compartments shall be separated by a distance not less than DO where DO = 2D - {( θ /90) x D} but in no case less than 1 000 mm, and

D

=

the greater required limiting distance for the exposing building faces of the 2 fire compartments, and

θ

=

the angle made by the intersecting planes of the exposing building faces of the 2 fire compartments (in the case where the exterior walls are parallel and face each other, θ = 0°).

(2) The exterior wall of each fire compartment referred to in Sentence (1) within the distance, DO, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the interior vertical fire separation between the fire compartment and the remainder of the building.

(3) Sentence (1) does not apply to unprotected openings of fire compartments within a building that is sprinklered, but shall apply to

(a) unprotected openings of fire compartments on opposite sides of a firewall, and

(b) exposure from unprotected openings of a fire compartment that is not protected by an automatic sprinkler system.

3.2.3.14. Wall Exposed to Adjoining Roof

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.3.18.(4), if a wall in a building is exposed to a fire hazard from an adjoining roof of a separate fire compartment that is not sprinklered in the same building, and the exposed wall contains windows within 3 storeys vertically and 5 m horizontally of the roof, the roof shall contain no skylights within 5 m of the exposed wall.

3.2.3.15. Protection of Soffits

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), where a common attic or roof space spans more than 2 suites of residential occupancy or more than 2 patients’ or residents’ sleeping rooms in a Group B, Division 2 or Division 3 occupancy, and the common attic or roof space projects beyond the exterior wall of the building, the portion of any soffit or other surface enclosing the projection which is less than 2 500 mm vertically above a window or door and less than 1 200 mm from either side of the window or door, shall have no openings and shall be protected by

(a) noncombustible material

(i) not less than 0.38 mm thick, and

(ii) having a melting point not below 650°C,

(b) not less than 12.7 mm thick gypsum soffit board or gypsum wallboard installed according to CSA A82.31-M, “Gypsum Board Application”,

(c) not less than 11 mm thick plywood,

(d) not less than 12.5 mm thick OSB or waferboard, or

(e) not less than 11 mm thick lumber.

(2) Where an attic or roof space, including its adjoining eave overhangs, is separated by construction conforming to Article 3.1.11.7. into compartments such that the resulting spaces are not common to more than 2 suites of residential occupancy or more than 2 patients’ or residents’ sleeping rooms in a Group B, Division 2 or Division 3 occupancy, the requirements in Sentence (1) do not apply.

(3) If an eave overhang is completely separated from the remainder of the attic or roof space by fire stopping, the requirements of Sentence (1) do not apply.

(4) The protection required by Sentence (1) for projections is permitted to be omitted if

(a) the fire compartments behind the window and door openings are sprinklered in accordance with Article 3.2.5.13., and

(b) all rooms, including closets and bathrooms, having openings in the wall beneath the soffit are sprinklered, notwithstanding exceptions permitted in the standards referenced in Article 3.2.5.13. for the installation of automatic sprinkler systems.

3.2.3.16. Canopy Protection for Vertically Separated Openings

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), if a storey classified as a Group E or Group F, Division 1 or 2 major occupancy is required to be separated from the storey above by a fire separation

(a) every opening in the exterior wall of the lower storey that is located vertically below an opening in the storey above shall be separated from the storey above by a canopy projecting not less than 1 000 mm from the face of the building at the intervening floor level, and

(b) the canopy required by Clause (a) shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the floor assembly but need not be more than 1 h, except as required elsewhere in this Subsection.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), the canopy required by Sentence (1) is permitted to be omitted if the exterior wall of the upper storey is recessed not less than 1 000 mm behind the exterior wall containing the opening in the lower storey.

(3) The requirements of Sentences (1) and (2) are permitted to be waived if sprinklers are installed in

(a) the lower storey referred to in Clause (1)(a), and

(b) the storey immediately above the lower storey.

3.2.3.17. Covered Vehicular Passageway

(1) A covered vehicular passageway designed as a receiving or shipping area shall be separated from every building or part of a building adjoining it by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1.5 h.

(2) A covered vehicular passageway constructed below grade shall be of noncombustible construction.

3.2.3.18. Walkway between Buildings

(1) Except as required by Sentence 3.2.3.19.(2), if buildings are connected by a walkway, each building shall be separated from the walkway by a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), a walkway connected to a building required to be of noncombustible construction shall also be of noncombustible construction.

(3) A walkway connected to a building required to be of noncombustible construction is permitted to be of heavy timber construction provided

(a) not less than 50% of the area of any enclosing perimeter walls is open to the outdoors, and

(b) the walkway is at ground level.

(4) A walkway of noncombustible construction used only as a pedestrian thoroughfare need not conform to the requirements of Articles 3.2.3.13. and 3.2.3.14.

(5) A walkway between buildings shall be not more than 9 m wide.

3.2.3.19. Underground Walkway

(1) An underground walkway shall not be designed or used for any purpose other than pedestrian travel unless

(a) the purpose is permitted, and

(b) sprinklers are installed in any space in the walkway containing an occupancy.

(2) Buildings connected by an underground walkway shall be separated from the walkway by a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

(3) An underground walkway shall be of noncombustible construction suitable for an underground location.

(4) In an underground walkway

(a) smoke barrier doors shall be installed at intervals of not more than 100 m, or

(b) the travel distance from the door of an adjacent room or space to the nearest exit shall be not more than one and a half times the least allowable travel distance to an exit for any of the adjacent occupancies as permitted by Sentence 3.4.2.5.(1).

(5) An underground walkway between buildings shall be not more than 9 m wide.

3.2.4.Fire Alarm and Detection Systems

3.2.4.1. Determination of Requirement for a Fire Alarm System

(1) Reserved

(2) Except as permitted by Sentences (3) to (5) and Sentence 3.2.4.2.(4), a fire alarm system shall be installed in a building that contains

(a) a contained use area,

(b) an impeded egress zone,

(c) more than 3 storeys, including storeys below grade,

(d) a total occupant load more than 300, other than in open air seating areas,

(e) an occupant load more than 150 above or below the first storey, other than in open air seating areas,

(f) a school, college, or child care facility, with an occupant load more than 40,

(g) a licensed beverage establishment or a restaurant, with an occupant load more than 150,

(h) a medium hazard industrial occupancy or a low hazard industrial occupancy with an occupant load more than 75 above or below the first storey,

(i) a residential occupancy with sleeping accommodation for more than 10 persons,

(j) a high hazard industrial occupancy with an occupant load more than 25,

(k) an occupant load more than 300 below an open air seating area,

(l) an interconnected floor space required to conform to Articles 3.2.8.3. to 3.2.8.11,

(m) a care and treatment occupancy for more than 10 persons receiving care or treatment, or

(n) a care occupancy for more than 10 persons receiving care.

(3) If each dwelling unit has direct access to an exterior exit facility leading to ground level, a fire alarm system is not required in an apartment building

(a) in which not more than 4 dwelling units share a common means of egress, or

(b) which is not more than 3 storeys in building height.

(4) A fire alarm system is not required in a hotel 3 storeys or less in building height provided each suite has direct access to an exterior exit facility leading to ground level.

(5) A fire alarm system is not required in a storage garage conforming to Article 3.2.2.83. provided there are no other occupancies in the building.

3.2.4.2. Continuity of Fire Alarm System

(1) If there are openings through a firewall, other than those for piping, tubing, wiring and totally enclosed noncombustible raceways, the requirements in this Subsection shall apply to the floor areas on both sides of the firewall as if they were in the same building.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (4), if a building contains more than one major occupancy and a fire alarm system is required, a single system shall serve all occupancies.

(3) Except as permitted by Sentence (4), if a fire alarm system is required in any portion of a building, it shall be installed throughout the building.

(4) Except as required by Sentence (5), the requirements in this Subsection are permitted to be applied to each portion of a building not more than 3 storeys in building height, in which a vertical fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h separates the portion from the remainder of the building as if it were a separate building, provided there are no openings through the fire separation, other than those for piping, tubing, wiring and totally enclosed noncombustible raceways.

(5) The permission in Sentence (4) to consider separated portions of a building as separate buildings does not apply to service rooms and storage rooms.

3.2.4.3. Types of Fire Alarm Systems

(1) A fire alarm system shall be

(a) a single stage system in a Group F, Division 1 occupancy,

(b) a 2 stage system in a Group B occupancy other than those described in Clause (c),

(c) a single or 2 stage system in a building 3 storeys or less in building height which contains a Group B, Division 3 occupancy,

(d) a single stage system in elementary and secondary schools, except for a special needs facility, and

(e) a single or 2 stage system in all other cases.

3.2.4.4. Description of Fire Alarm Systems

(1) A single stage fire alarm system shall, upon the operation of any manual pull station or fire detector, cause an alarm signal to sound on all audible signal devices in the system.

(2) A 2 stage fire alarm system shall

(a) cause an alert signal to sound upon the operation of any manual pull station or fire detector,

(b) except for a Group B, Division 2 occupancy, automatically cause an alarm signal to sound if the alert signal is not acknowledged within 5 min of its initiation,

(c) have each manual pull station equipped so that the use of a key or other similar device causes an alarm signal to sound and continue to sound upon the removal of the key or similar device from the manual pull station, and

(d) in a building containing a hotel

(i) cause an alarm signal to sound in the initiating fire zone in the hotel, and

(ii) cause an alert signal to sound throughout the hotel and such parts of the building as is necessary to alert hotel staff.

(3) A 2 stage fire alarm system is permitted to be zone coded so that, upon the operation of any manual pull station or fire detector

(a) a coded alert signal is sounded indicating the zone of alarm initiation,

(b) the coded alert signal is repeated in its entirety not less than 4 times, and

(c) a continuous alert signal is sounded upon completion of the coded signals referred to in Clause (b) and Sentence (4).

(4) If a second manual pull station or fire detector is operated in a fire alarm system with zone coding as permitted by Sentence (3), in a zone other than that for which the first alert signal was sounded, the coded alert signal for the first zone shall be completed before the coded alert signal for the second zone is repeated not less than 4 times.

3.2.4.5. Installation and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems

(1) Fire alarm and voice communication systems shall be installed in conformance with CAN/ULC-S524-M, “Standard for the Installation of Fire Alarm Systems”.

(2) A fire alarm system shall be tested in conformance with CAN/ULC-S537-M, “Standard for the Verification of Fire Alarm Systems”, to ensure satisfactory operation.

3.2.4.6. Silencing of Alarm Signals

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), a fire alarm system shall be designed so that when an alarm signal is actuated, it cannot be silenced automatically before a period of time has elapsed that is not less than

(a) 5 min for a building not required to be equipped with an annunciator, and

(b) 20 min for any other building.

(2) Except as permitted by Sentences 3.2.4.19.(9), and 3.2.4.22.(2) and (3), a fire alarm system shall not incorporate manual silencing switches other than those installed inside the fire alarm control unit.

(3) Except as provided in Clause 3.2.4.22.(2)(a), in a care and treatment occupancy an alert signal is permitted to be silenced automatically after 1 min.

3.2.4.7. Signals to Fire Department

(1) If a fire alarm system is required to be installed and a single stage system is provided, the system shall be designed to notify the fire department in conformance with Sentence (4) that an alarm signal has been initiated in

(a) a Group A occupancy having an occupant load more than 300,

(b) a Group B occupancy,

(c) a Group F, Division 1 occupancy,

(d) a building regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6., or

(e) a building containing interconnected floor space required to conform to Articles 3.2.8.3. to 3.2.8.11.

(2) If a fire alarm system is installed, an automatic sprinkler system shall be designed to notify the fire department, in conformance with Sentence (4), that a waterflow switch has been actuated.

(3) If a fire alarm system is required to be installed and a 2 stage system is provided, the system shall be designed to notify the fire department, in conformance with Sentence (4), that an alert signal has been initiated.

(4) Except as permitted by Sentence (5), signals to the fire department shall be by way of

(a) an independent central station conforming to NFPA-71, “Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Signaling Systems for Central Station Service”,

(b) a proprietary control centre conforming to Chapter 4 of NFPA-72, “Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Protective Signaling Systems”,

(c) a central station conforming to ULC/ORD-C693-1994, “Central Station Fire Protective Signaling Systems and Services”, or

(d) the municipal fire alarm system.

(5) If the facilities referred to in Sentence (4) are not available in the municipality in which the building is to be built, an independent system is permitted to be used to transmit signals to the fire department.

(6) If a single stage fire alarm system or a local group of sprinklers has been installed and Sentence (1) does not require provision to transmit a signal to the fire department, a legible notice, that is not easily removed, shall be affixed to the wall near each manual pull station with wording that the fire department is to be notified in the event of a fire emergency and including the emergency telephone number for the municipality or the telephone number of the fire department.

3.2.4.8. Annunciator and Zone Indication

(1) Except as permitted in Sentences (3) to (5), an annunciator shall be installed in close proximity to a building entrance that faces a street or an access route for fire department vehicles that complies with Sentence 3.2.5.5.(1).

(2) Except as permitted by Sentence (6), the annunciator required by Sentence (1) shall have separate zone indication of the actuation of the alarm initiating devices in each

(a) floor area so that in a building that is not sprinklered, the area of coverage for each zone is neither more than

(i) one storey, nor

(ii) 2 000 m2,

(b) floor area so that in a building that is sprinklered, the area of coverage for each zone is neither more than

(i) one storey, nor

(ii) the system area limits as specified in NFPA 13, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems”,

(c) shaft required to be equipped with smoke detectors,

(d) air handling system required to be equipped with smoke detectors,

(e) contained use area,

(f) impeded egress zone,

(g) fire compartment required in Sentence 3.3.3.5.(2), and

(h) fire compartment required to be separated by vertical fire separations having a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h, other than dwelling units described in Subsection 3.3.4.

(3) An annunciator need not be provided for a fire alarm system if not more than one zone indicator is required in Sentence (2).

(4) If an annunciator is not installed as part of a fire alarm system in conformance with Sentence (1), a visual and audible trouble signal device shall be provided inside the main entrance of the building.

(5) The requirements in Sentence (1) are waived in a building

(a) Reserved

(b) that has an aggregate area for all storeys of not more than 2 000 m2, and

(c) that is not more than 3 storeys in building height.

(6) The area limits of Clause (2)(a) are waived for an interior undivided open space used as an arena, a rink or a swimming pool provided that other spaces in the building that are separated from the open space are individually zoned in accordance with the requirements of Sentence (2).

(7) Notwithstanding the requirements for an annunciator in this Article

(a) all fire alarm systems shall include a main control unit to which all signal and supervision circuits shall report, either directly or by means of transponders, and

(b) each annunciator or trouble signal device shall be connected to the main control unit.

(8) Reserved

(9) In a building containing a hotel in which a trouble signal sounding device has a silencing switch, a trouble light shall be installed in

(a) the main reception area serving the hotel, or

(b) another continually-supervised location.

(10) In a nursing home, a remote audiovisual fire alarm trouble signal shall be located at the main nursing station.

3.2.4.9. Electrical Supervision

(1) Electrical supervision shall be provided for a fire alarm system.

(2) If a fire alarm system is installed in a building, an automatic sprinkler system shall be electrically supervised to indicate a supervisory signal on the building fire alarm system annunciator for each of the following:

(a) movement of a valve handle that controls the supply of water to sprinklers,

(b) loss of excess water pressure required to prevent false alarms in a wet pipe system,

(c) loss of air pressure in a dry pipe system,

(d) loss of air pressure in a pressure tank,

(e) a significant change in water level in any water storage container used for fire fighting purposes,

(f) loss of power to any automatically starting fire pump, and

(g) a temperature approaching the freezing point in any dry pipe valve enclosure or water storage container used for fire fighting purposes.

3.2.4.10. Fire Detectors

(1) Fire detectors required by this Article shall be connected to the fire alarm system.

(2) Except as provided in Article 3.2.4.15., if a fire alarm system is required, fire detectors shall be installed in

(a) storage rooms not within dwelling units,

(b) service rooms not within dwelling units,

(c) janitors’ rooms,

(d) rooms in which hazardous substances are to be used or stored,

(e) elevator and dumbwaiter shafts,

(f) a laundry room in a building of residential occupancy, but not one within a dwelling unit, and

(g) hazardous classrooms and change rooms in elementary and secondary schools.

3.2.4.11. Smoke and Heat Detectors

(1) If a fire alarm system is required, smoke detectors shall be installed in

(a) each sleeping room and each corridor serving as part of a means of egress from sleeping rooms in portions of a building classified as Group B major occupancy,

(b) each room in a contained use area and corridors serving those rooms,

(c) each corridor in portions of a building classified as Group A, Division 1 major occupancy,

(d) each public corridor in portions of a building classified as Group C major occupancy,

(e) each exit stair shaft, and

(f) Reserved

(g) each corridor serving classrooms in elementary and secondary schools.

(2) Except as provided in Article 3.2.4.15, if a fire alarm system is required, heat detectors shall be installed in

(a) every room in portions of buildings classified as Group A, Division 1,

(b) except in a hotel, in every suite, and every room not located within a suite, in portions of buildings classified as Group C major occupancy and more than 3 storeys in building height, and

(c) in a floor area containing a hotel, in every room in a suite and in every room not located in a suite other than washrooms within a suite, saunas, refrigerated areas and swimming pools.

3.2.4.12. Prevention of Smoke Circulation

(1) If a fire alarm system is installed, an air handling system shall be designed to prevent the circulation of smoke upon a signal from a duct-type smoke detector if the air handling system

(a) serves more than one storey,

(b) serves more than one suite in a storey,

(c) serves more than one fire compartment required by Sentence 3.3.3.5.(2), or

(d) is not provided with fire dampers as permitted by Sentence 3.1.8.8.(8).

3.2.4.13. Vacuum Cleaning System Shutdown

(1) A central vacuum cleaning system in a building equipped with a fire alarm system shall be designed to shut down upon actuation of the fire alarm system.

3.2.4.14. Elevator Emergency Return

(1) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), in a building having elevators that serve storeys above the first storey and that are equipped with an automatic emergency recall feature, smoke detectors shall be installed in the elevator lobbies on the recall level so that when these smoke detectors are actuated, the elevators will automatically return directly to an alternate floor level.

(2) Smoke detectors required by Sentence (1) shall be designed as part of the building fire alarm system.

(3) The alternate floor recall feature required by Sentence (1) is not required if the floor area containing the recall level is sprinklered.

3.2.4.15. Sprinklers in Lieu of Fire Detectors

(1) Fire detectors required by Article 3.2.4.10. and heat detectors required by Sentence 3.2.4.11.(2) need not be provided within a floor area if the floor area is sprinklered and the sprinkler system is electrically supervised in conformance with Sentence 3.2.4.9.(2).

3.2.4.16. System Monitoring

(1) An automatic sprinkler system shall be equipped with waterflow detecting devices and, if an annunciator is required by Article 3.2.4.8., shall be installed so that each device serves

(a) not more than one storey, and

(b) an area on each storey that is not more than the system area limits as specified in NFPA 13, “Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems”.

(2) Waterflow detecting devices required by Sentence (1) shall be connected to initiate an alert signal or an alarm signal on the fire alarm system if a fire alarm is provided.

3.2.4.17. Manual Pull Stations

(1) Except as permitted by Sentences (2) and (3), if a fire alarm system is installed, a manual pull station shall be installed

(a) near the principal entrance to the building, and

(b) near every required exit.

(2) In a building that is sprinklered, a manual pull station is not required at an exterior egress doorway from a suite that does not lead to an interior shared means of egress in a hotel not more than 3 storeys in building height, provided each suite is served by an exterior exit facility leading directly to ground level.

(3) In a building that is sprinklered, a manual pull station is not required at an exterior egress doorway from a dwelling unit that does not lead to an interior shared means of egress in a building not more than 3 storeys in building height containing only dwelling units, provided each dwelling unit is served by an exterior exit facility leading directly to ground level.

(4) In a building referred to in Sentences (2) or (3), manual pull stations shall be installed near doorways leading from shared interior corridors to the exterior.

(5) In a building containing a hotel, a manual pull station shall be installed in the main reception area serving the hotel.

(6) Except as permitted by Sentence (3), in Group C apartment buildings, if a pull station is not installed on a floor area in accordance with Sentences (1) or (4)

(a) a manual pull station shall be installed in every dwelling unit in the floor area near each egress door leading from the dwelling unit,

(b) smoke detectors shall be installed in the floor area in public corridors and stairwells, and

(c) fire detectors shall be installed in the floor area in all common public areas and in rooms not located within dwelling units.

(7) In floor areas where the manual pull stations are located in dwelling units, a legible sign stating FIRE ALARM PULL STATIONS LOCATED IN APARTMENT UNITS shall be posted near every exit in a public corridor.

(8) Key switch activated pull stations are permitted in an impeded egress zone and a contained use area in Group B, Division 1 and Division 2 occupancies.

3.2.4.18. Alert and Alarm Signals

(1) In a 2 stage fire alarm system described in Sentence 3.2.4.4.(2), the same audible signal devices are permitted to be used to sound the alert signals and the alarm signals.

(2) If audible signal devices with voice reproduction capabilities are intended for paging and similar voice message use, other than during a fire emergency, they shall be installed so that alert signals and alarm signals take priority over all other signals.

(3) Audible signal devices forming part of a fire alarm or voice communication system shall not be used for playing music or background noise.

(4) In a building or portion thereof intended for use primarily by persons with hearing impairment, visual signal devices shall be installed in addition to audible signal devices.

(5) Visual signal devices are permitted to be installed in lieu of audible signal devices in the compartments referred to in Article 3.3.3.6.

3.2.4.19. Audibility of Alarm Systems

(1) Except as permitted in Sentence 3.2.4.18.(5), audible signal devices forming part of a fire alarm system shall be installed in a building so that alert signals and alarm signals are clearly audible throughout the floor area in which they are installed.

(2) The temporal pattern of an alarm signal shall conform to the temporal pattern defined in Clause 4.2 of International Standard ISO 8201, “Acoustics — Audible emergency evacuation signal”.

(3) The signals from smoke alarms and the patterns of alert signals shall be sufficiently different from the signals or patterns of alarm signals that there is no possibility of confusion.

(4) In all normally occupied spaces, the fire alarm signal sound pressure level

(a) shall be not more than 100 dBA when measured at a distance of 3 m from the device, or

(b) is permitted to be more than 100 dBA provided the sound pressure level measured 2 000 mm above the floor level is not more than 100 dBA.

(5) The sound pressure level in a sleeping room from a fire alarm audible signal device shall be not less than 75 dBA in a building of residential occupancy when any intervening doors between the device and the sleeping room are closed.

(6) The sound pressure level from a fire alarm audible signal device in a floor area used for occupancies other than residential occupancies shall be not less than 10 dBA above the ambient noise level, but with a minimum value not less than 65 dBA.

(7) Fire alarm audible signal devices shall be supplemented by visual signal devices in any floor area in which

(a) the ambient noise level is more than 87 dBA, or

(b) the occupants of the floor area

(i) use ear protective devices,

(ii) are located within an audiometric booth, or

(iii) are located within sound insulated enclosures.

(8) Sentence (7) shall also apply in an assembly occupancy in which music and other sounds associated with performances could exceed 100 dBA.

(9) A fire alarm audible signal device located within a dwelling unit shall incorporate a means that enables the device to be silenced for a period of not more than 10 min, after which the device shall restore to normal operation.

(10) A fire alarm audible signal device located within a dwelling unit or a suite of residential occupancy shall be connected to the fire alarm system in a manner that disconnection of, or damage to, that device will not interfere with the ability of devices in other dwelling units, public corridors, or suites to sound an alarm.

(11) Reserved

(12) Fire alarm audible signal devices shall be installed in a service space referred to in Sentence 3.2.1.1.(7) and shall be connected to the fire alarm system.

3.2.4.20. Visual Signals

(1) Visual signal devices required by Sentences 3.2.4.18.(4) and 3.2.4.19.(7) and (8) shall be installed so that the signal from at least one device is visible throughout the floor area or portion thereof in which they are installed.

(2) In addition to the requirements for fire alarm and detection systems in this Subsection, visual signals from smoke detectors required in sleeping rooms of Group B occupancy shall be provided so that staff serving those rooms can easily identify the room or location of fire alarm initiation.

(3) Visual signal devices permitted by Sentence 3.2.4.18.(5) shall be installed so that the signal from not less than one device is visible throughout the compartment in which they are installed.

3.2.4.21. Smoke Alarms

(1) Smoke alarms conforming to CAN/ULC-S531-M, “Standard for Smoke-Alarms”, shall be installed in each dwelling unit and, except for care or detention occupancies required to have a fire alarm system, in each sleeping room not within a dwelling unit.

(2) At least one smoke alarm shall be installed on each storey and mezzanine of a dwelling unit.

(3) On any storey of a dwelling unit containing sleeping rooms, a smoke alarm shall be installed in a location between the sleeping rooms and the remainder of the storey, and if the sleeping rooms are served by a hallway, the smoke alarm shall be located in the hallway.

(4) A smoke alarm shall be installed on or near the ceiling.

(5) A smoke alarm shall be installed with permanent connections to an electrical circuit and shall have no disconnect switches between the overcurrent device and the smoke alarm.

(6) If more than one smoke alarm is required in a dwelling unit, the smoke alarms shall be wired so that the actuation of one smoke alarm will cause all smoke alarms within the dwelling unit to sound.

(7) A smoke alarm required by Sentence (1) shall be installed in conformance with CAN/ULC-S553-M, “Standard for the Installation of Smoke-Alarms”.

(8) A manually operated device is permitted to be incorporated within the circuitry of a smoke alarm installed in a dwelling unit so that it will silence the signal emitted by the smoke alarm for a period of not more than 10 min, after which the smoke alarm will reset and again sound the alarm if the level of smoke in the vicinity is sufficient to reactuate the smoke alarm.

3.2.4.22. Voice Communication Systems

(1) A voice communication system required by Subsection 3.2.6 or Clause 3.3.2.4. (11.2) (f) shall consist of

(a) a 2-way communication system in each floor area, with connections to the central alarm and control facility and to the mechanical control centre, and

(b) loudspeakers operated from the central alarm and control facility which are designed and located so as to be audible and the messages intelligible in all parts of the building, except that this requirement does not apply to elevator cars.

(2) The voice communication system referred to in Sentence (1) shall include provision for silencing the alarm signal in a single stage fire alarm system when voice messages are being transmitted, but only after the alarm signal has sounded initially for not less than

(a) 30 s in Group B, Division 2 or 3 major occupancy, and

(b) 60 s in all other occupancies

(3) The voice communication system referred to in Sentence (1) shall include provision for silencing the alert signal and the alarm signal in a 2 stage fire alarm system when voice messages are being transmitted, but only after the alert signal has sounded initially for not less than

(a) 30 s in Group B, Division 2 or 3 major occupancy, or

(b) 60 s for all other occupancies.

(4) The voice communication system referred to in Clause (1)(b) shall be designed so that voice instructions can be transmitted selectively to any zone or zones while maintaining an alert signal or alarm signal to other zones in the building.

(5) The 2-way communication system referred to in Clause (1)(a) shall be installed so that emergency telephones are located in each floor area near exit stair shafts.

3.2.5.Provisions for Fire-fighting

3.2.5.1. Access to Above Grade Storeys

(1) Except for storeys below the first storey, direct access for fire-fighting shall be provided from the outdoors to every storey that is not sprinklered and whose floor level is less than 25 m above grade, by at least one unobstructed window or access panel for each 15 m of wall in each wall required to face a street by Subsection 3.2.2.

(2) An opening for access required by Sentence (1) shall

(a) have a sill no higher than 900 mm above the inside floor, and

(b) be not less than 1 100 mm high by not less than

(i) 550 mm wide for a building not designed for the storage or use of dangerous goods, or

(ii) 750 mm wide for a building designed for the storage or use of dangerous goods.

(3) Access panels above the first storey shall be readily openable from both inside and outside, or the opening shall be glazed with plain glass.

3.2.5.2. Access to Basements

(1) Direct access from at least one street shall be provided from the outdoors to each basement

(a) that is not sprinklered, and

(b) that has horizontal dimension more than 25 m.

(2) The access required by Sentence (1) is permitted to be provided by

(a) doors, windows or other means that provide an opening not less than 1 100 mm high and 550 mm wide, with a sill no higher than 900 mm above the inside floor, or

(b) an interior stairway immediately accessible from the outdoors.

3.2.5.3. Roof Access

(1) On a building more than 3 storeys in building height where the slope of the roof is less than 1 in 4, all main roof areas shall be provided with direct access from the floor areas immediately below, either by

(a) a stairway, or

(b) a hatch not less than 550 mm by 900 mm with a fixed ladder.

(2) Clearance and access around roof signs or other obstructions shall provide

(a) a passage not less than 900 mm wide by 1 800 mm high, clear of all obstructions except for necessary horizontal supports not more than 600 mm above the roof surface,

(i) around every roof sign, and

(ii) through every roof sign at locations not more than 15 m apart, and

(b) a clearance of not less than 1 200 mm between any portion of a roof sign and any opening in the exterior wall face or roof of the building in which it is erected.

3.2.5.4. Access Routes

(1) A building which is more than 3 storeys in building height or more than 600 m2 in building area shall be provided with access routes for fire department vehicles

(a) to the principal entrance, and

(b) to each building face having access openings for fire-fighting as required by Articles 3.2.5.1. and 3.2.5.2.

3.2.5.5. Location of Access Routes

(1) Access routes required by Article 3.2.5.4. shall be located so that the principal entrance and every access opening required by Articles 3.2.5.1. and 3.2.5.2. are located not less than 3 m and not more than 15 m from the closest portion of the access route required for fire department use, measured horizontally from the face of the building.

(2) Access routes shall be provided to a building so that

(a) for a building provided with a fire department connection, a fire department pumper vehicle can be located adjacent to the hydrants referred to in Article 3.2.5.16.,

(b) for a building not provided with a fire department connection, a fire department pumper vehicle can be located so that the length of the access route from a hydrant to the vehicle plus the unobstructed path of travel for the firefighter from the vehicle to the building is not more than 90 m, and

(c) the unobstructed path of travel for the firefighter from the vehicle to the building is not more than 45 m.

(3) The unobstructed path of travel for the firefighter required by Sentence (2) from the vehicle to the building shall be measured from the vehicle to the fire department connection provided for the building, except that if no fire department connection is provided, the path of travel shall be measured to the principal entrance of the building.

(4) If a portion of a building is completely cut off from the remainder of the building so that there is no access to the remainder of the building, the access routes required by Sentence (2) shall be located so that the unobstructed path of travel from the vehicle to one entrance of each portion of the building is not more than 45 m.

3.2.5.6. Access Route Design

(1) A portion of a roadway or yard provided as a required access route for fire department use shall

(a) have a clear width not less than 6 m, unless it can be shown that lesser widths are satisfactory,

(b) have a centreline radius not less than 12 m,

(c) have an overhead clearance not less than 5 m,

(d) have a change of gradient not more than 1 in 12.5 over a minimum distance of 15 m,

(e) be designed to support the expected loads imposed by fire fighting equipment and be surfaced with concrete, asphalt or other material designed to permit accessibility under all climatic conditions,

(f) have turnaround facilities for any dead-end portion of the access route more than 90 m long, and

(g) be connected with a public thoroughfa