O. Reg. 220/02: BUILDING CODE
filed July 18, 2002 under Building Code Act, 1992, S.O. 1992, c. 23Skip to content
ontario regulation 220/02
made under the
Building code Act, 1992
Made: July 17, 2002
Filed: July 18, 2002
Printed in The Ontario Gazette: August 3, 2002
Amending O. Reg. 403/97
1. Article 188.8.131.52. of Ontario Regulation 403/97 is amended by adding the following definition:
Public spa means a hydro-massage pool containing an artificial body of water that is intended primarily for therapeutic or recreational use, that is not drained, cleaned or refilled before use by each individual and that utilizes hydrojet circulation, air induction bubbles, current flow or a combination of them over the majority of the pool area, but does not include,
(a) wading pools, or
(b) spas operated in conjunction with less than six dwelling units, suites or single family residences, or any combination of them, for the use of occupants or residents and their visitors.
2. Article 184.108.40.206. of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:
(3) Public spas are designated structures to which Section 3.11A. applies.
3. (1) Table 220.127.116.11. of the Regulation is amended by adding the following row immediately before the row referring to Document B16.3-1992, “Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings (Classes 150 and 300)”:
Suction Fittings for Use in Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, Hot Tubs, and Whirlpool Bathtub Appliances
(2) Table 18.104.22.168. of the Regulation is amended by striking out the row referring to Document CAN3-B66-M90, “Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks” and substituting the following row:
Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks
4. (1) The heading to Article 22.214.171.124. of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:
126.96.36.199. Combustible Components in Public Pools and Public Spas
(2) Sentence 188.8.131.52.(1) of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:
(1) Combustible fittings and components in a public pool or public spa, including main drains, piping, skimmers, return inlets, steps, ladder rungs and liners, are permitted in a building required to be of noncombustible construction.
5. Sentence 184.108.40.206.(8) of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:
(8) Combustible piping not more 25 mm in diameter containing chlorine gas is permitted to penetrate a fire separation between a chlorine gas service room, built in conjunction with a public pool or public spa, and the remainder of the building.
6. The Regulation is amended by adding the following Section:
Section 3.11A. Public Spas
(1) This Section applies to the design and construction of site-assembled public spas and factory-built public spas.
(2) If material alterations to a public spa or the equipment installed in a public spa affect the bottom slope, the water volume or the capacity of the water circulation system, the adversely affected portions shall comply with the requirements of this Code.
(3) Except as provided in Sentence (4), if material alterations or repairs concern any pool fitting that passes water or air, or both, in or out of the pool tank, the affected fitting shall comply with Sentences 220.127.116.11.(20) and 3.11A.4.1.(4) to (10).
(4) If the material alterations or repairs concern a fitting cover or grille, the affected fitting cover or grille shall comply with Sentences 3.11A.4.1.(7) to (10).
(5) For the purposes of this Section, every reference to a public pool or a recirculation system in a definition in Article 18.104.22.168., or a Sentence or Clause in Section 3.11. that is made applicable to public spas by this Section, shall be deemed to be a reference to a public spa or water circulation system, respectively.
3.11A.2. Public Spa and Deck Design and Construction Requirements
3.11A.2.1. Construction Requirements
(1) In addition to the requirements of this Subsection, public spas shall comply with the requirements of Sentences 22.214.171.124.(13) to (17), (19), (20) and (22) and Clause 126.96.36.199.(24)(a).
(2) A public spa shall be constructed to have a water depth of not more than 1 200 mm.
(3) The slope of the bottom of any portion of a public spa shall not exceed 8%.
(4) A public spa shall be surrounded by a hard-surfaced pool deck that
(a) shall have a minimum clear deck space of not less than 1.8 m at the main entrance point,
(b) shall have a clear deck space of 900 mm on all sides, except as required by Clause (a) and permitted by Sentence (5),
(c) shall be sloped away from the pool to waste drains or to adjacent lower ground at a slope of between 2% and 4%, in the case of an outdoor public spa, and
(d) shall be impervious and sloped away from the pool to waste drains at a slope of between 1% and 4%, in the case of an indoor public spa.
(5) One section of the hard-surfaced pool deck that does not exceed 25% of the perimeter of the public spa may have a minimum clear deck space of not more than 300 mm if
(a) the public spa has an area less than 6 m2, and
(b) the public spa has no interior dimension more than 2.5 m.
(6) The maximum depth of water to a seat or bench in a public spa shall be 600 mm.
(7) If a set of steps is provided for entry into and egress from the public spa water, the steps
(a) shall be equipped with a handrail,
(b) shall have a non-slip surface, and
(c) shall have a band of contrasting colour along the entire juncture of the side and top of the edges.
(8) Every public spa shall be provided with dressing rooms, water closets and shower facilities that are conveniently available on the premises.
3.11A.3. Ramps Into Public Spas
3.11A.3.1. Ramps into Spas
(1) Not more than 50% of the total perimeter of a public spa may be replaced by one or more ramps that permit a bather seated in a wheelchair to enter the water with or without the wheelchair.
(2) If a public spa has one or more ramps described in Sentence (1), the public spa shall comply with Sentences 188.8.131.52.(1) to (3) and (5) to (8).
3.11A.4. Water Circulation for Public Spas
3.11A.4.1. Water Circulation Systems
(1) In addition to the requirements of this Subsection, the water circulation system of a public spa shall comply with the requirements of Sentences 184.108.40.206.(2), (3), (6), (7), (9), (10), (11), (13) and (20).
(2) A public spa shall be equipped with a water circulation system that is capable of filtering, disinfecting and passing the public spa water through the public spa with a turnover period of not more than
(a) 30 minutes for a public spa with a volume of water that exceeds 6 m3,
(b) 20 minutes for a public spa with a volume of water that exceeds 4 m3 but does not exceed 6 m3, or
(c) 15 minutes for a public spa with a volume of water that does not exceed 4 m3.
(3) If cartridge-type filters are used for a public spa, the filters shall be a surface-type that is designed for a maximum flow rate of 0.27 L/s/m2 of effective filter area.
(4) Except as provided in Sentence (6), every circulation system in a public spa shall be served by a minimum of two suction or gravity outlets
(a) that are interconnected to a full size manifold, and
(b) except as provided in Sentence (5), that are separated by a clear distance of not less than 900 mm.
(5) If compliance with Clause (4) (b) is impracticable because of dimensional restrictions at the bottom of the public spa, the outlets may be located on two different planes of the public spa if
(a) at least one of the outlets through which the public spa can be emptied to a full-size manifold is located on the bottom of the public spa, and
(b) the bottom of all outlets, other than skimmers, are not more than 75 mm from the floor of the public spa.
(6) A circulation system in a factory-built public spa may be served by a built-in suction or gravity outlet with multiple openings that are connected to a full-size manifold.
(7) All fittings at or below the water surface that allow water or air or both to be passed to or from the public spa shall be securely held in place by corrosion resistant fastening that requires a tool for removal and is galvanically compatible with the fittings and grilles or covers.
(8) Except as provided in Sentence (9), all suction or gravity fittings installed at or below the water line of a public spa shall
(a) have a maximum opening of 7 mm in one direction, and
(b) be designed so that the flow of water through the openings does not exceed 0.45 m/s.
(9) Sentence (8) does not apply to suction and gravity outlets which are equipped with anti-entrapment covers that comply with the requirements of ANSI/ASME A112.19.8M, “Suction Fittings for Use in Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, Hot Tubs, and Whirlpool Bathtub Appliances”.
(10) The calculation of water velocities for the purposes of Clause (8) (b) and Sentences (11) and (12) and the calculation of water flow rates for the purposes of Sentence (9) shall be based on the assumption that all possible sources of suction flow are present at the same time.
(11) The water velocity in a suction pipe shall not exceed 1.8 m/s.
(12) The water velocity in a pressure pipe shall not exceed
(a) 3.0 m/s for plastic piping, and
(b) 1.8 m/s for copper piping.
(13) Every suction system that serves a public spa shall be equipped with a vacuum relief mechanism which shall include
(a) a vacuum release system,
(b) a vacuum limit system, or
(c) other engineered systems which are designed, constructed and installed to conform to good engineering practice appropriate to the circumstances.
(14) Equipment shall be installed to continuously disinfect the water in a public spa by means of a chlorination, hypochlorination or bromination system that is capable of regulating the dosage of chlorine or bromine.
(15) If a two-speed pump is utilized for a public spa, the filter and heater shall be sized to accommodate the maximum pump output, without exceeding the manufacturer’s design flow rate of the filter element or heater and without by-passing the filter element.
(16) A public spa equipped with hydro-massage jet fittings shall be provided with a timing device
(a) that controls the period of operation of the jet pump, and
(b) that is placed in a location where the user must exit the public spa to reset the timer.
(17) A public spa water heater shall be equipped with an upper limit cut-off device
(a) that is independent of the normal public spa water temperature thermostat, and
(b) that limits the maximum water temperature of the public spa to 40ºC.
(18) A public spa shall be equipped with a water circulation system that is capable of both completely and partially draining and refilling the public spa water.
3.11A.5. Emergency Provisions for All Public Spas
3.11A.5.1. Lighting and Emergency Provisions
(1) In addition to the requirements of this Subsection, public spas shall comply with the requirements of Sentences 220.127.116.11.(1) to (6).
(2) An emergency telephone directly connected to an emergency service or to the local telephone utility shall be installed within 30 m of the public spa.
(3) All pumps used in a public spa shall be capable of being deactivated by an emergency stop button that is clearly labelled and located within the immediate vicinity of the public spa.
(4) The emergency stop button required in Sentence (3)
(a) shall be a switch separate from the public spa’s timing device,
(b) shall activate an audible and a visual signal when used, and
(c) shall have an emergency sign conforming to Sentence 18.104.22.168.(14).
(5) If a public spa and public pool are located in the same room or space, the emergency stop buttons required in Sentences (3) and 22.214.171.124.(12) shall deactivate all pumps serving the public spa and public pool.
3.11A.6. Service Rooms and Storage for All Public Spas
3.11A.6.1. Service Rooms and Storage Facilities
(1) Service rooms and storage facilities for all public spas shall comply with the requirements of Article 126.96.36.199.
7. Sentence 188.8.131.52.(1) of the Regulation is amended by striking out “Sections 3.7. and 3.11.” and substituting “Sections 3.7., 3.11. and 3.11A.”.
8. Sentence 184.108.40.206.(2) of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:
(2) In addition to the distribution in Sentence (1), flat roofs and shed roofs, gable roofs of 15º slope or less and arched or curved roofs shall be designed for the specified uniform snow load in Sentence 220.127.116.11.(1), computed using Ca = 1.0, distributed on any one portion of the loaded area, and half of this load on the remainder of the loaded area, in such a way as to produce the greatest effects on the member concerned.
9. Article 18.104.22.168. of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:
(17) Except as provided for in Sentence (21), the values of Sp in Sentences (15) and (16) for architectural components shall conform to Table 22.214.171.124.D.
10. Sentences 126.96.36.199.(1) and (2) of the Regulation are revoked and the following substituted:
(1) Subject to Sentence 188.8.131.52.(2.1), a tank that is used as a treatment unit in a Class 4 sewage system or a holding tank in a Class 5 sewage system shall conform to the requirements of CSA B66 “Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks”.
(2) Subject to Sentence 184.108.40.206.(2.1), material standards, access and construction methods and practices for a tank used for other Classes of sewage systems shall conform to the requirements of CSA B66 “Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks”.
(2.1) Tanks referred to in Sentences 220.127.116.11.(1) and (2) are not required to conform to the requirements of Clause 9.2(j) of CSA B66 “Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks”.
11. Clause 18.104.22.168.(7)(a) of the Regulation is amended by striking out “CAN3-B66” and substituting “CSA B66”.
12. Sentence 10.3.1.1.(1) of the Regulation is amended by striking out “3.11.” and substituting “3.11., 3.11A.”.
13. Sentence 22.214.171.124.(2) of the Regulation is amended by striking out “3.11.” and substituting “3.11., 3.11A.”.
14. Section 12.1 of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Subsection:
12.1.4. Transition August, 2002
126.96.36.199. Transitional Rule
(1) Subject to Sentence (2), the row of Table 188.8.131.52. that refers to Document CAN/CSA B66-M90, “Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks”, and Articles 184.108.40.206. and 220.127.116.11. as they read on August 3, 2002 shall be deemed to continue in force with respect to construction
(a) for which a permit is issued before August 4, 2002, or
(b) for which the working drawings, plans and specifications are substantially completed before August 4, 2002, and for which an application for a permit is made before November 3, 2002.
(2) Sentence (1) does not apply unless the construction is commenced within six months after the permit is issued.
(3) The row of Table 18.104.22.168. that refers to Document CSA B66‑00, “Prefabricated Septic Tanks and Sewage Holding Tanks”, does not apply to construction to which Sentence (1) applies.
15. (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Regulation comes into force on the later of,
(a) August 4, 2002, and
(b) the day this Regulation is filed.
(2) Sections 1 and 2, subsection 3 (1), and sections 4, 5, 6, 7, 12 and 13 come into force on November 3, 2002.