Oleomargarine Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5Skip to content
|repealed on November 3, 1997|
|R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 864||GENERAL|
R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER O.5
Note: This Act was repealed on November 3, 1997. See: 1996, Sched. J, c. 17, ss. 1 (7), 2.
Amended by: 1994, c. 27, s. 32; 1996, c. 17, Sched. J, s. 1 (7).
(Note: By Order in Council made March 30, 1994, the powers and duties of the Minister were transferred to the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.)
1. In this Act,
“chief inspector” means the chief inspector appointed under this Act; (“inspecteur en chef”)
“licence” means a licence under this Act; (“permis”)
“Minister” means the Minister of Agriculture and Food; (“ministre”)
“oleomargarine” means any food substance other than butter, of whatever origin, source or composition that is prepared for the same uses as butter and that is manufactured wholly or in part from any fat or oil other than that of milk; (“margarine”)
“package” means any wrapper, carton, box, tub, crock, crate or any other covering or container; (“emballage”)
“public eating place” means any place where food or drink is offered for sale to the public for consumption on the premises and includes a hotel, inn, restaurant, public conveyance, victualling house and lunch counter; (“endroit public offrant à boire et à manger”)
“regulations” means the regulations made under this Act; (“règlements”)
“Tribunal” means the Farm Products Appeal Tribunal under the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Act. (“Commission”) R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 1.
Oleomargarine served in public eating places
2. Every keeper of a public eating place where oleomargarine is served as such shall,
(a) where a menu is used, cause to be displayed thereon in a conspicuous manner the words “Oleomargarine is served here” or the words “margarine servie ici”;
(b) where a menu is not used, cause to have displayed in a conspicuous manner in each room or place where food is served a sign or placard bearing the words “Oleomargarine is served here” or the words “margarine servie ici” in letters large enough to be distinctly seen from all parts of each room or place. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 2.
Mixing oleomargarine and butter prohibited
3. No person shall mix oleomargarine with butter for purposes of sale or for use in any public eating place. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 3.
4. No oleomargarine shall have a tint or shade containing more than one and six-tenths degrees and less than ten and one-half degrees of yellow, or of yellow and red collectively, measured in terms of the Lovibond tintometer scale, or the equivalent of such measurement. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 4.
5. Every package containing oleomargarine shall have legibly marked thereon in addition to anything required under any Act of the Parliament of Canada or of the Legislature,
(a) the word “oleomargarine” or the word “margarine” or the trade name of the contents;
(b) a list of the ingredients in the oleomargarine and the percentage of each such ingredient; and
(c) the kinds of refined oil forming an ingredient in the oleomargarine and the percentage that each kind is of the total refined oil. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 5.
6. (1) No person shall manufacture or sell by wholesale oleomargarine without a licence therefor from the chief inspector.
Unlawful manufacture, etc.
(2) No person shall manufacture, sell, offer for sale, have for sale or serve in any public eating place any oleomargarine that does not comply with this Act or the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 6.
7. (1) The chief inspector shall issue a licence to a person who makes application therefor in accordance with this Act and the regulations and pays the prescribed fee unless, after a hearing,
(a) the chief inspector finds that,
(i) the applicant was previously the holder of a licence that was cancelled under this Act, or
(ii) the applicant or, where the applicant is a corporation, any officer or director thereof or any person who will be associated with the applicant in the operations under the licence was convicted of an offence under this Act,
and in his or her opinion the grounds for such cancellation or conviction warrant a refusal to issue the licence; or
(b) the chief inspector is of opinion that,
(i) the past conduct of the applicant or, where the applicant is a corporation, of its officers or directors, affords reasonable grounds for belief that the business that would be authorized by the licence will not be carried on in accordance with law, or
(ii) the applicant is not in a position to observe or carry out the provisions of this Act and the regulations.
(2) Subject to section 8, the chief inspector shall renew a licence on application therefor by the licensee in accordance with this Act and the regulations and payment of the prescribed fee. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 7.
Refusal to renew, suspension or cancellation
8. (1) The chief inspector may refuse to renew or may suspend or cancel a licence if, after a hearing, he or she finds that,
(a) the licensee or, where the licensee is a corporation, any officer, director or servant thereof, has contravened or has permitted any person under the licensee’s control or direction or associated with the licensee in connection with the operations as a licensee to contravene this Act or the regulations or a term or condition of the licence or has been convicted of an offence under this Act and such contravention or conviction in the chief inspector’s opinion warrants such refusal to renew, suspension or cancellation of the licence; or
(b) any other ground for refusal to renew, suspension or cancellation specified in the regulations exists.
Provisional suspension, etc.
(2) Despite subsection (1), the chief inspector, by notice to a licensee and without a hearing, may provisionally refuse to renew or suspend the licensee’s licence where in the opinion of the chief inspector it is necessary to do so for the immediate protection of the safety or health of any person or the public and he or she so states in the notice giving the reasons therefor, and thereafter the chief inspector shall hold a hearing to determine whether renewal of the licence should be refused or whether the licence should be further suspended or cancelled under this Act and the regulations.
Continuation of licence pending renewal
(3) Subject to subsection (2), where, within the time prescribed or, if no time is prescribed, before expiry of the licence, a licensee has applied for a renewal of the licence and has paid the prescribed fee and observed or carried out the provisions of this Act and the regulations, the existing licence shall be deemed to continue until the licensee has received the decision of the chief inspector on the application for renewal. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 8.
Notice of hearing
9. (1) The notice of a hearing by the chief inspector under section 7 or 8 shall afford the applicant or licensee reasonable opportunity to show or to achieve compliance before the hearing with all lawful requirements for the issue or retention of the licence.
Examination of documentary evidence
(2) An applicant or licensee who is a party to proceedings in which the chief inspector holds a hearing shall be afforded an opportunity to examine before the hearing any written or documentary evidence that will be produced or any report the contents of which will be given in evidence at the hearing. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 9.
Variation of decision by chief inspector
10. (1) The chief inspector, on refusing to issue or renew or suspending or cancelling a licence after a hearing, may, at any time on his or her own motion or on the application of the person who was the applicant or licensee, vary or rescind the decision.
(2) The chief inspector shall not vary or rescind a decision adversely to the interests of any person without holding a rehearing to which the person is a party and may make such decision after the rehearing as he or she considers proper under this Act and the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 10.
Appeal to Tribunal
11. (1) Where the chief inspector refuses to issue or renew, or suspends or cancels a licence, the applicant or licensee may, by written notice delivered to the chief inspector and filed with the Tribunal within fifteen days after receipt of the decision of the chief inspector, appeal to the Tribunal.
Extension of time for appeal
(2) The Tribunal may extend the time for the giving of notice by an applicant or licensee under subsection (1), either before or after expiration of such time, where it is satisfied that there are apparent grounds for appeal and that there are reasonable grounds for applying for the extension.
Powers of Tribunal
(3) Where an applicant or licensee appeals to the Tribunal under this section, the Tribunal shall hear the appeal by way of a new hearing to determine whether the licence should be issued, renewed, suspended or cancelled and may, after the hearing, confirm or alter the decision of the chief inspector or direct the chief inspector to do any act he or she is authorized to do under this Act and as the Tribunal considers proper and, for such purpose, the Tribunal may substitute its opinion for that of the chief inspector.
Effect of decision pending disposal of appeal
(4) Even though an applicant or licensee has appealed under this section from a decision of the chief inspector, unless the chief inspector otherwise directs, the decision of the chief inspector is effective until the appeal is disposed of. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 11.
12. (1) The chief inspector, the appellant and such other persons as the Tribunal may specify are parties to the proceedings before the Tribunal under this Act.
Members making decision not to have taken part in investigation, etc.
(2) Members of the Tribunal assigned to render a decision after a hearing shall not have taken part prior to the hearing in any investigation or consideration of the subject-matter of the hearing and shall not communicate directly or indirectly in relation to the subject-matter of the hearing with any person except upon notice to and opportunity for all parties to participate, but such members may seek legal advice and in such case the nature of the advice should be made known to the parties in order that they may make submissions as to the law.
Recording of evidence
(3) The oral evidence taken before the Tribunal at a hearing shall be recorded and, if so required, copies of a transcript thereof shall be furnished upon the same terms as in the Ontario Court (General Division).
Findings of fact
(4) The findings of fact of the Tribunal pursuant to a hearing shall be based exclusively on evidence admissible or matters that may be noticed under sections 15 and 16 of the Statutory Powers Procedure Act.
Only members at hearing to participate in decision
(5) No member of the Tribunal shall participate in a decision of the Tribunal pursuant to a hearing unless he was present throughout the hearing and heard the evidence and argument of the parties and, except with the consent of the parties, no decision of the Tribunal shall be given unless all members so present participate in the decision. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 12.
Appeal to court
13. (1) Any party to proceedings before the Tribunal may appeal from the decision of the Tribunal to the Divisional Court.
Minister entitled to be heard
(2) The Minister is entitled to be heard by counsel or otherwise on the argument of an appeal under this section.
Record to be filed in court
(3) The chair of the Tribunal shall file with the Ontario Court (General Division) the record of the proceedings before the Tribunal which, together with a transcript of the evidence before the Tribunal, if it is not part of the Tribunal’s record, shall constitute the record in the appeal.
Powers of court on appeal
(4) An appeal under this section may be made on any question that is not a question of fact alone and the court may confirm or alter the decision of the Tribunal or direct the chief inspector to do any act he or she is authorized to do under this Act or may refer the matter back to the Tribunal for reconsideration by the Tribunal as the court considers proper and the court may substitute its opinion for that of the chief inspector or the Tribunal.
Effect of decision of Tribunal pending disposal of appeal
(5) Even though an applicant or licensee has appealed under this section from a decision of the Tribunal, unless the Tribunal otherwise directs, the decision of the Tribunal is effective until the appeal is disposed of. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 13.
14. (1) No person shall make a misleading claim with respect to oleomargarine, either by word or design, in an advertisement or on a package in which oleomargarine is contained.
Reference to dairy product in advertisement
(2) No advertisement respecting oleomargarine and no package containing oleomargarine,
(a) shall state or imply that oleomargarine has a relation to any dairy product; or
(b) shall depict a dairy scene. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 14.
15. (1) The Minister may appoint a chief inspector and such inspectors and analysts as are considered necessary for the administration and enforcement of this Act and the regulations. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s.15 (1); 1994, c. 27, s. 32 (1).
Obstruction of inspectors
(2) No person shall obstruct any inspector in the performance of his or her duties or furnish any inspector with false information. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 15 (2).
16. (1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations,
(a) providing for the issue of licences to manufacturers and wholesalers of oleomargarine and prescribing the form, term and conditions thereof and the fees to be paid therefor, and providing for the transfer, renewal, suspension or cancellation thereof;
(a.1) exempting classes of persons from the requirement under section 6 to hold a licence, in such circumstances as may be prescribed and subject to such restrictions as may be prescribed;
(b) prescribing standards of quality for and the composition of oleomargarine;
(c) providing for the detention and confiscation of oleomargarine that does not comply with the provisions of this Act and the regulations;
(d) prescribing the powers and duties of inspectors;
(e) requiring and providing for the keeping of records by manufacturers and wholesalers;
(f) respecting the marking and labelling of packages in which oleomargarine is contained;
(g) respecting any matter necessary or advisable to carry out effectively the intent and purpose of this Act. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 16; 1994, c. 27, s. 32 (2).
(2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations adding to, removing, replacing or changing in any other way the grounds upon which or the circumstances in which a licence may be issued, renewed, suspended or cancelled under section 7 or 8. 1994, c. 27, s. 32 (3).
Offences and penalties
17. Every person who contravenes this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for not more than six months, or to both. R.S.O. 1990, c. O.5, s. 17.