Psychology Act, 1991, S.O. 1991, c. 38Skip to content
|O. Reg. 533/98||REGISTRATION|
Psychology Act, 1991
S.O. 1991, CHAPTER 38
Consolidation Period: From June 4, 2007 to the e-Laws currency date.
Last amendment: 2007, c. 10, Sched. R, s. 18.
1. In this Act,
“College” means the College of Psychologists of Ontario; (“Ordre”)
“Health Professions Procedural Code” means the Health Professions Procedural Code set out in Schedule 2 to the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991; (“Code des professions de la santé”)
“member” means a member of the College; (“membre”)
“profession” means the profession of psychology; (“profession”)
“this Act” includes the Health Professions Procedural Code. (“la présente loi”) 1991, c. 38, s. 1.
Health Professions Procedural Code
Terms in Code
(2) In the Health Professions Procedural Code as it applies in respect of this Act,
“College” means the College of Psychologists of Ontario; (“ordre”)
“health profession Act” means this Act; (“loi sur une profession de la santé”)
“profession” means the profession of psychology; (“profession”)
“regulations” means the regulations under this Act. (“règlements”)
Definitions in Code
(3) Definitions in the Health Professions Procedural Code apply with necessary modifications to terms in this Act. 1991, c. 38, s. 2.
Scope of practice
3. The practice of psychology is the assessment of behavioral and mental conditions, the diagnosis of neuropsychological disorders and dysfunctions and psychotic, neurotic and personality disorders and dysfunctions and the prevention and treatment of behavioral and mental disorders and dysfunctions and the maintenance and enhancement of physical, intellectual, emotional, social and interpersonal functioning. 1991, c. 38, s. 3.
4. In the course of engaging in the practice of psychology, a member is authorized, subject to the terms, conditions and limitations imposed on his or her certificate of registration, to communicate a diagnosis identifying, as the cause of a person’s symptoms, a neuropsychological disorder or a psychologically based psychotic, neurotic or personality disorder. 1991, c. 38, s. 4.
Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, section 4 is repealed by the Statutes of Ontario, 2007, chapter 10, Schedule R, section 18 and the following substituted:
4. In the course of engaging in the practice of psychology, a member is authorized, subject to the terms, conditions and limitations imposed on his or her certificate of registration, to perform the following:
1. To communicate a diagnosis identifying, as the cause of a person’s symptoms, a neuropsychological disorder or psychologically based psychotic, neurotic or personality disorder.
2. To treat, by means of psychotherapy technique delivered through a therapeutic relationship, an individual’s serious disorder of thought, cognition, mood, emotional regulation, perception or memory that may seriously impair the individual’s judgement, insight, behaviour, communication or social functioning. 2007, c. 10, Sched. R, s. 18.
See: 2007, c. 10, Sched. R, ss. 18, 20 (2).
Board continued as College
5. The Ontario Board of Examiners in Psychology is continued under the name College of Psychologists of Ontario in English and Ordre des psychologues de l’Ontario in French. 1991, c. 38, s. 5.
(a) at least five and no more than seven persons who are members elected in accordance with the by-laws;
(b) at least five and no more than eight persons appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council who are not,
(ii) members of a College as defined in the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991, or
(iii) members of a Council as defined in the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991; and
(c) two or three persons selected, in accordance with a by-law made under section 11, from among members who are members of a faculty of a department of psychology of a university in Ontario that is specified in the by-laws. 1991, c. 38, s. 6 (1); 1998, c. 18, Sched. G, s. 43 (1, 2).
Who can vote in elections
(2) Subject to the by-laws, every member who practises or resides in Ontario and who is not in default of payment of the annual membership fee is entitled to vote in an election of members of the Council. 1991, c. 38, s. 6 (2); 1998, c. 18, Sched. G, s. 43 (3).
President and Vice-President
7. The Council shall have a President and Vice-President who shall be elected annually by the Council from among the Council’s members. 1991, c. 38, s. 7.
Representations of qualification, etc.
(2) No person other than a member shall hold himself or herself out as a person who is qualified to practise in Ontario as a psychologist or psychological associate or in a specialty of psychology.
(3) A person who is not a member contravenes subsection (2) if he or she uses the word “psychology” or “psychological”, an abbreviation or an equivalent in another language in any title or designation or in any description of services offered or provided.
Exception for university faculty
(4) Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply to a person in the course of his or her employment by a university.
(5) In this section,
“abbreviation” includes an abbreviation of a variation. 1991, c. 38, s. 8.
Notice if suggestions referred to Advisory Council
(a) amendment to this Act;
(b) amendment to a regulation made by the Council; or
(c) regulation to be made by the Council.
Requirements re notice
(2) A notice mentioned in subsection (1) shall set out the suggestion referred to the Advisory Council and the notice shall be given within thirty days after the Council of the College receives the Minister’s notice of the suggestion. 1991, c. 38, s. 9.
10. Every person who contravenes subsection 8 (1) or (2) is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $25,000 for a first offence and not more than $50,000 for a second or subsequent offence. 2007, c. 10, Sched. B, s. 20 (1).
11. The Council may make by-laws,
(a) respecting the qualifications, number, selection and terms of office of Council members who are selected; and
(b) specifying Ontario universities for the purposes of clause 6 (1) (c). 1998, c. 18, Sched. G, s. 43 (4).
12. A person who, on the day before this Act comes into force, was registered under the Psychologists Registration Act shall be deemed to be the holder of a certificate of registration issued under this Act subject to any term, condition or limitation to which the registration was subject. 1991, c. 38, s. 12.
13., 14. Repealed: 2007, c. 10, Sched. B, s. 20 (2).
15. Omitted (provides for coming into force of provisions of this Act). 1991, c. 38, s. 15.
16. Omitted (enacts short title of this Act). 1991, c. 38, s. 16.