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Appendix C: References

  1. Belanger, Paul R. (2014). Report of the Elliot Lake Commission of Inquiry. Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Toronto, Ontario.
  2. British Columbia Emergency Management System. (2016). Province of British Columbia. Retrieved from https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/public-safety-and-emergency-services/emergency-preparedness-response-recovery/embc/bcems/bcems_guide.pdf
  3. Bhandari, R. B., Owen, C., & Trist, C. (2015). Incident management approaches above the incident management team level in Australia. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 12(1), 101-119. 10.1515/jhsem-2013-0054
  4. Boersma, K., Comfort, L., Groenendaal, J., & Wolbers, J. (2014). Editorial: Incident command systems: A dynamic tension among goals, rules and practice. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 1-4. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12042
  5. Buck, D. A., Trainor, J. E., & Aguirre, B. E. (2006). A critical evaluation of the incident command system and NIMS. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 3(3), 1252-1252. Retrieved from http://resolver.scholarsportal.info/resolve/21946361/v03i0003/1252_aceoticsan
  6. Comfort, L. K. (2007). Crisis management in hindsight: Cognition, communication, coordination, and control. Public Administration Review, 67, 189-197. doi:10.2307/4624696
  7. Conway, G. (2006) “Monitoring the Performance of Wildfire Incident Management Teams in Real Time,” The Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 21(2):40–44.
  8. Drabek, T. & McEntire, D. A. (2002). Emergent Phenomena and Multiorganizational Coordination in Disasters. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters. 20(2), 197-224.
  9. FALCK. (2017). AIIMS (Australia Inter-Service Incident Management System) 2017: A Management System for Any Emergency. Sydney, Australia.
  10. FEMA. (2017). National Incident Management System, 3rd Edition. Department of Homeland Security.
  11. Granillo, B., Renger, R., Wakelee, J., & Burgess, J. (2010). Utilization of the native american talking circle to teach incident command system to tribal community health representatives. Journal of Community Health, 35(6), 625-634. doi:10.1007/s10900-010-9252-7
  12. HMGovernment (UK) (2013). Emergency Response and Recovery Non statutory guidance accompanying the Civil Contingencies Act 2004. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/253488/Emergency_Response_and_Recovery_5th_edition_October_2013.pdf
  13. Hunt, S., Smith, K., Hamerton, H., & Sargisson, R. J. (2014). An incident control centre in action: Response to the Rena oil spill in New Zealand. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 63-66. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12036
  14. Jensen, Jessica. (2011). The Current NIMS Implementation Behavior of United States Counties. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 8(1).
  15. Jensen, J., & Waugh, W. L. (2014). The United States' experience with the Incident Command System: What we think we know and what we need to know more about. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 5-17. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12034
  16. Kim, H. (2013). Improving simulation exercises in Korea for disaster preparedness. Disaster Prevention and Management, 22(1), 38-47. doi:10.1108/09653561311301961
  17. Kim, H. (2014). Learning from UK disaster exercises: Policy implications for effective emergency preparedness. Disasters, 38(4), 846-857. doi:10.1111/disa.12084
  18. McLean, I., Oughton, D., Ellis, S., Wakelin, B. and Rubin, C. (2012). Review of the Civil Defence Emergency Management Response to the 22 February Christchurch Earthquake. [online] Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management.
  19. McLennan, J., Holgate, A. M., Omodei, M. M., & Wearing, A. J. (2006). Decision making effectiveness in wildfire incident management teams. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 14(1), 27-37. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5973.2006.00478.x
  20. New Zealand Government. (2014). The New Zealand Coordinated Incident Management System (CIMS), 2nd edition. Retrieved from https://ndhadeliver.natlib.govt.nz/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE21739881
  21. Office of the Auditor General of Ontario. (2017) Annual Report 2017. Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Toronto, Ontario.
  22. Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management. (2014). 2013 Southern Ontario Ice Storm Ontario After Action Report. MCSCS. Toronto, Ontario.
  23. O'Neill, B., ICMA-CM. (2008). ACTING TO COORDINATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT. PM. Public Management, 90(6), 33-35.
  24. Okada, A., & Ogura, K. (2014). Japanese disaster management system: Recent developments in information flow and chains of command. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 58-62. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12041
  25. Owen, C. and I. Dwyer (2009) Review of Incident Management Teamwork and Multi-agency Collaboration. Research report submitted to the Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, Australia, 2009.
  26. Perry, R. W. (2004). Disaster exercise outcomes for professional emergency personnel and citizen volunteers. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 12(2), 64-75. doi:10.1111/j.0966-0879.2004.00436.x
  27. Province of Ontario (2009). The Incident Management System (IMS) for Ontario.
  28. Rimstad, R., Njå, O., Rake, E. L., & Braut, G. S. (2014). Incident command and information flows in a Large-Scale emergency operation. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 29-38. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12033
  29. Roshan, B. B., Owen, C., & Brooks, B. (2014). Organisational features and their effect on the perceived performance of emergency management organisations. Disaster Prevention and Management, 23(3), 222-242. doi:10.1108/DPM-06-2013-0101
  30. Scholtens, A., Jorritsma, J., & Helsloot, I. (2014). On the need for a paradigm shift the Dutch command and information system for the acute phase of disasters. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 39-51. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12035
  31. Subramaniam, C., Hassan, A., & Faridahwati, M. S. (2010). Understanding the antecedents of emergency response: A proposed framework. Disaster Prevention and Management, 19(5), 571-581.
  32. Transport Canada. (2018). Transport Canada Incident Management System. Draft.
  33. Vidal, R., & Roberts, K. H. (2014). Observing elite firefighting teams: The triad effect. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 18-28. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12040
  34. Waugh,W. (2009a),‘Mechanisms for Collaboration in Emergency Management:ICS, NIMS, and the Problem with Command and Control’, in O’Leary, R. and Bingham, L. (eds), The Collaborative Public Manager: New Ideas for the Twenty-First Century, Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC, pp. 157–175.
  35. Zhang, M., & She, L. (2014). Incident command system in China: Development and dilemmas evidence from comparison of two cases. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 22(1), 52-57. doi:10.1111/1468-5973.12038
Updated: July 18, 2022
Published: March 24, 2022