Why you should screen

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in men. The cause of prostate cancer is unknown. Research has found it is most common in men who:

  • are over age 50
  • have a family history of prostate cancer
  • are of African ancestry

If caught early, treatment is often successful. If you need treatment, your doctor will discuss the options with you.

The Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is the best way to detect prostate cancer but may also produce false results.

Learn more about the PSA test

When to go for testing

Talk to your doctor about your personal level of risk for prostate cancer and whether you should take a PSA test.

Where to go for testing

See your doctor or nurse practitioner.


OHIP pays for PSA tests if:

  • a physician or nurse practitioner suspects prostate cancer and refers you for testing
  • you been diagnosed with prostate cancer and are receiving treatment
  • you are being monitored after treatment for prostate cancer

You will pay for your PSA test if:

  • you do not have a referral from a doctor or nurse practitioner