What it looks like

The red pine can grow to be 35 metres tall, with a trunk 75 centimetres in diameter. Its shiny dark green needles grow in bunches of two and are between 10 and 16 centimetres long. The trunk of the red pine is usually slender and straight. It’s called "red" pine because its bark is reddish to pink in colour. Wood from the red pine has been used to make poles and pilings and as structural timber because of its strength.

Where it is found

The red pine is found across most of Ontario, from Lake Nipigon across to Quebec, and south to the Great Lakes.

Planting Tips

  • Size: 20 to 30 metres tall, trunk 30 to 75 centimetres in diameter
  • Moisture: Tolerates a variety of moisture levels
  • Shade: Prefers full sun
  • Soil: Can tolerate poor, rocky, and sandy soil

The red pine needs sun and space to grow. It does better in the countryside, since it is not tolerant of air pollution and salt damage. If you live in a city and want to plant a red pine, make sure it has lots of space and light.

Did you know?

The roots of the red pine go fairly deep into the ground and are widespread; this means that the tree can withstand strong winds without blowing down.

Image credits

  • Tree: Daniel Tigner, Canadian Forest Tree Essences
  • Needles: Daniel Tigner, Canadian Forest Tree Essences
  • Bark: Daniel Tigner, Canadian Forest Tree Essences
  • Pollen cones: Daniel Tigner, Canadian Forest Tree Essences