Section overview

Security guards may be required to use force during certain situations. The trainer explains use of force theory, the components of the use of force model and how to maintain composure during potentially stressful situations. Students need to attend specialized training to learn how to use defensive equipment and to apply use of force options.

Suggested duration

In class: 2 hours
Outside class: 2 hours

Minimum requirements

  1. explain the authority to use force under the Criminal Code
    • discuss the use of force model and its framework components
    • explain how to choose an appropriate use of force component and justify an action
  2. discuss how to act under stress and maintain composure
  3. explain positional asphyxia and excited delirium


The trainer explains use of force theory based on the National Use of Force Model (modified for security guards) and outlines Section 25 of the Criminal Code. Security guards can be put in situations where they need to maintain their professional composure even when under a high level of stress. The trainer will also address how to control a situation by asking questions, dealing with difficult customers/clients/subjects, managing stress when isolated or fatigued and personal health issues such as overall stress levels, stress factors, cleanliness, nutrition, lifestyle and fitness. Positional asphyxia and excited delirium should also be discussed.

Working/detailed knowledge


Suggested methodology

  1. pre-reading on use of force model
  2. lecture on use of force model and theory
  3. case study analysis, demonstrations and solutions
  4. role playing with demonstrations
  5. learning journal

Suggested training evaluation for section

A quiz focused on use of force situations that a security guard may encounter and the type of force that would be appropriate.