What is rabies
Rabies is caused by a virus found in the saliva of infected mammals.
Rabies can infect any mammal, including humans, pets, wildlife and livestock. Birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish do not get rabies.
Rabies is spread through:
- bites that break the skin
- getting infected saliva in an open cut, sore or other wound
- getting infected saliva in the mouth, nose or eyes
- direct contact with infected brain or nervous system tissue through broken skin or mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, or mouth
Rabies can not be transmitted through contact with the blood, urine or feces of an infected animal.
If you’re exposed to rabies, you need to get treatment right away. Once symptoms begin, the rabies virus is almost always fatal.
In Ontario, the animals that spread rabies most often are bats, foxes, skunks and raccoons.
Wildlife Health Information Line
- sick or strange-acting wildlife
- rabies in Ontario
- the rabies oral vaccine bait
- how to report a suspected rabid animal
- what we are doing to control terrestrial rabies
Learn about wildlife rabies outbreaks, how we control outbreaks and where rabies control operations will take place in 2023.
Find out how to report a suspected case of rabies in Ontario.
Information about rabies in wildlife and what to do if you think an animal has rabies.
How pets get rabies, what do to if your pet is exposed and what you need to know about the rabies vaccine and travelling to the United States with your pet.
How people can contract the rabies virus, what to do if you’re exposed to the virus and what you should know about the rabies vaccine.
How veterinarians can report rabies exposures, what to do if an animal is exposed to rabies and how to submit samples for testing.
How livestock can get rabies, how to protect them from it and what to do if an animal is exposed to or suspected of having rabies.
Find yearly summaries and maps of confirmed cases of rabies in Ontario.
confirmed cases of raccoon strain rabies in 2022
vaccine baits distributed in 2022
surveillance samples tested in 2022