What’s a “three-wheeled” motorcycle?

A three-wheeled motorcycle – also called a motor tricycle - is designed with either a single front wheel and two rear wheels, or two front wheels and a single rear wheel.

If you take a road test on a three-wheeled motorcycle, you will get a class ‘M’ licence with an ‘M’ condition.  With this licence, you will only be able to drive a three-wheeled motorcycle.

Motor tricycles must:

  • travel on three wheels, which are in contact with the ground
  • have straddled seating for the driver
  • use a handle bar for steering controls
  • have no more than four seats
  • have a gross vehicle weight of 1,000 kg or less
  • not have a structure partly or fully enclosing the driver and passenger except in front of the driver and the seat backrest

Some vehicles with three wheels, because of the close spacing of its front wheels, are considered to be a two-wheeled open motorcycle by Transport Canada.  If you take a road test with one of these vehicles, you can get a full, rather than limited, M class driver’s licence.

Updated: July 10, 2014