Executive summary

The K-12 school effectiveness framework is based on research and practical evidence about what makes schools effective. It identifies the following components that impact student achievement:

  • assessment of student learning
  • school and classroom leadership
  • student engagement
  • curriculum, teaching and learning
  • pathways, planning and programming
  • home, school and community partnerships

The framework provides indicators of effective instructional practice as well as samples of evidence to help boards and schools in:

  • precise, intentional and strategic improvement planning
  • strategic allocation of resources
  • determining capacity-building needs

The framework is designed with two key processes in mind:

  1. The school self-assessment process to help identify strategies for improvement and inform implementation of the School Improvement Plan. The School Self-Assessment considers the following questions:


    • Are we reaching our student learning and achievement goals?
    • How do we know? What is the quantitative and qualitative evidence that supports this?
    • What actions will we take to ensure continuous improvement?
  2. The district process is to promote reflection, collaborative inquiry and improved student learning. The steps in the district process include:


    • review of data and progress from the school self-assessment
    • collection, data analysis and preparation of summary report with recommendations
    • support for school planning and implementation of improvement strategies
    • capacity building for the professional learning community


If you require this information in an alternative format, please contact information.met@ontario.ca. We will:

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