About the Greater Golden Horseshoe

The Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH) is the urban region centred around the City of Toronto, located at the western end of Lake Ontario. It stretches north to Georgian Bay, south to Lake Erie, west to Wellington County and Waterloo Region, and east to the counties of Peterborough and Northumberland. Home to 10 million people and 4.9 million jobs, the GGH is the economic engine of Ontario and one of the fastest growing regions in North America.

Map of the Greater Golden Horseshoe relative to the rest of Southern Ontario

Map 1: Greater Golden Horseshoe Study Area. View a larger version of this map (PNG).

Legend: Administrative Boundaries - Lower Tier Municipal Boundaries, Upper/Single Tier Municipal Boundaries, Greater Golden Horseshoe Boundary (the GGH study boundaries include parts of MNO regions 7, 8, and 9), First Nation Reserve Boundary.

Our plan

The GGH Transportation Plan is a vision of a connected transportation system that provides safe, efficient and convenient options for people and businesses and supports the well-being and economic prosperity of the region into the future. It includes solutions such as new infrastructure, policies and improved services, that together will meet the transportation needs of the region by 2051.

The plan will:

  • prepare our transportation system to serve an expanding economy and population as the GGH grows from 10 million to 14.9 million people over the next 30 years
  • meet the environmental, economic and social needs of our families, businesses and communities
  • help us prepare for new technology and changes, such as automated vehicles, that could change the way we move around the region
  • guide and support Ontario’s transportation investment decisions
  • support municipalities, transportation agencies and service providers in their strategic planning for the next 30 years


Take the Transportation Tomorrow Survey

You can help Ontario, municipalities and transit agencies continue to plan and improve by telling us how you use transportation in your community. If you received a letter from us in the mail to participate in the 2022 Transportation Tomorrow Survey, you can take the survey online (access code in the letter) or by calling 1-855-688-1133.

Throughout the process of developing the GGH Transportation Plan, we engaged government and non-government stakeholders, Indigenous partners, the public, academia and thought leaders on urban and transportation issues.

In fall 2020 we released a survey to ask about your travel behaviour and long-term priorities. More than 2,200 people completed the survey, and the results helped us develop a proposed long-term vision for mobility in 2051 and a selection of near-term actions to help us achieve it.

In summer 2021, we released a discussion paper and asked for your feedback. We heard from more than 820 people, as well as municipalities, businesses, and organizations from across the region through the Environmental Registry of Ontario.

All of the feedback we received helped us develop the transportation plan. We thank everyone who took time to share their valuable insights to help improve transportation in the Greater Golden Horseshoe.