Section 16 - Confined Spaces Regulation (O. Reg. 632/05)

16.  An adequate means for entering and exiting shall be provided for all workers who enter a confined space, in accordance with the relevant plan.

What are examples of means of entry or exit?

Also known as ‘access and egress’, the purpose of this section is to ensure that employers provide for safe exit and entry as per the plan. For example, well secured ladders or other suitable means should be provided where necessary to give ready entry and exit.

In addition, the size of entry and exit areas should be considered when choosing personal protective equipment (PPE) to be used by the workers entering and exiting the confined space openings. The same considerations should be made when setting up rescue procedures and choosing rescue workers’ personal protective equipment PPE and rescue equipment.

For example, it is recommended that a manhole should be at least 24 inches in diameter as the minimum safe diameter for entry; hinged covers, doors, etc., should be provided with a means whereby they can be locked in the open position. For any situation where an opening for entry is less than 24 inches in diameter, the employer should consider current applicable standards, if any, and outline in the plan the appropriate PPE and rescue equipment that would be necessary for adequate entry and exit for the specific space.