Supplementary tables – final report

Table B-1. Correctional officer responses to statements about correctional staff support
StatementAgree or strongly agreeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree or strongly disagreeNo answerNot applicableTotal responses to question
In my current institution, I feel supported in my work by my direct manager and can approach him/her when I need to discuss an issue.325
(39.39%)
150
(18.18%)
343
(41.58%)
6
(0.73%)
1
(0. 12%)
825
In my current institution, I feel that staff follow management direction.402
(48.85%)
233
(28.31%)
176
(21.39%)
12
(1.46%)
0
(0.00%)
823
I feel supported in my work by senior administration in my current institution.131
(16.01%)
132
(16.14%)
548
(66.99%)
5
(0.61%)
2
(0.24%)
818
I feel supported by frontline sergeants in my current institution.327
(39.68%)
175
(21.24%)
315
(38.23%)
7
(0.85%)
0
(0.00%)
824
I feel supported in my work by my colleagues in my current institution.630
(76.83%)
118
(14.39%)
70
(8.54%)
2
(0.24%)
0
(0.00%)
820
In my current institution, issues are dealt with proactively.65
(7.90%)
103
(12.52%)
648
(78.74%)
5
(0.61%)
2
(0.24%)
823
There is good communication among staff and management at my current institution.106
(12.85%)
128
(15.52%)
587
(71.15%)
3
(0.36%)
1
(0.12%)
825
There is good communication among my colleagues at my current institution.477
(57.82%)
175
(21.21%)
169
(20.48%)
3
(0.36%)
1
(0.12%)
825
The views expressed by my local union representatives are reflective of my own.320
(38.93%)
271
(32.97%)
198
(24.09%)
28
(3.41%)
5
(0.61%)
822
Table B-2. Correctional Officer Responses to “I worry about being assaulted by an inmate”
Answer choicesResponses (%)
Never96
(12.96%)
Once a year54
(7.29%)
Once a month101
(13.63%)
Once a week87
(11.74%)
2-3 times a week79
(10.66%)
Once a day324
(43.72%)
Total741
Table B-3. All Other Correctional Employee Responses to “I worry about being assaulted by an inmate”
Answer choicesResponses (%)
Never154
(44.25%)
Once a year46
(13.22%)
Once a month53
(15.23%)
Once a week32
(9.20%)
2-3 times a week13
(3.74%)
Once a day50
(14.37%)
Total348

Table B-4. List of options provided in IROC survey for respondents to select up to five (5) that “contributes the most to staff safety at my institution”

  • Inmate supervision model
  • Staff training
  • Alternative housing
  • Physical design of building
  • Experienced staff
  • Disciplinary sanctions
  • Internal inmate classification
  • Relationships with inmates
  • Use of force
  • Inmate autonomy
  • Staff to inmate ratio
  • Clinical staff to inmate ratio
  • Programming
  • Restrictive confinement
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Other (specify)
  • Staff to inmate ratio
  • Clinical staff to inmate ratio
  • Programming
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Other (specify)

Table B-5. List of Options Provided in IROC Survey for Respondents to Select up to Five (5) that “would most increase staff safety at my institution”

  • A different inmate supervision model
  • Higher staff to inmate ratio
  • Mandatory minimum sentences for assaults on staff
  • Better internal inmate classification
  • More use of force
  • More harm reduction options (e.g., needle exchange, safe sex kits)
  • Additional programming
  • More restrictive confinement
  • Tasers
  • Additional staff training
  • More use of body scanners
  • Cell hatches with sally port function
  • More experience staff members
  • More alternative housing
  • Higher clinical staff to inmate ratio
  • Better relationships with inmates
  • More disciplinary sanctions
  • Other (specify)
Table B-6. Correctional Officer responses to statements about training and development
StatementAgree or strongly agreeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree or strongly disagreeNo answerNot applicableTotal responses to question
I felt prepared to start working in my current position immediately after being hired.249
(29.36%)
143
(16.86%)
444
(52.36%)
3
(0.35%)
9
(1.06%)
848
I felt prepared to start working as a correctional officer immediately after graduating from the Ontario Correctional Services College.250
(29.52%)
123
(14.52%)
410
(48.41%)
2
(0.24%)
62
(7.32%)
847
I am satisfied with the local training provided at my current institution.222
(26.46%)
149
(17.76%)
460
(54.83%)
7
(0.83%)
1
(0.12%)
839
I am satisfied with the mentorship programs or job shadowing opportunities provided at my current institution.182
(21.49%)
129
(15.23%)
492
(58.09%)
16
(1.89%)
28
(3.31%)
847
I am satisfied with the professional development opportunities provided at my current institution.135
(15.92%)
175
(20.64%)
515
(60.73%)
18
(2.12%)
5
(0.59%)
848
It is important for correctional officers to wear uniforms while at work.804
(95.04%)
26
(3.07%)
14
(1.65%)
0
(0.00%)
2
(0.24%)
846
It is important for senior administration to wear uniforms while at work.747
(88.09%)
72
(8.49%)
21
(2.48%)
6
(0.71%)
2
(0.24%)
848

Supplementary tables - Appendix A. Case Study: Toronto South Detention Centre

Table B-7. Toronto South Detention Centre Correctional Officer Responses to “I worry about being assaulted by an inmate”
Answer choicesResponses (%)
Never14
(6.48%)
Once a year5
(2.31%)
Once a month12
(5.56%)
Once a week25
(11.57%)
2-3 times a week23
(10.65%)
Once a day137
(63.43%)
Total216
Table B-8. TSDC correctional employee responses to “I worry about being assaulted by an inmate”
Answer choicesResponses (%)
Never31
(12.16%)
Once a year7
(2.75%)
Once a month17
(6.67%)
Once a week28
(10.98%)
2-3 times a week24
(9.41%)
Once a day148
(58.04%)
Total255
Table B-9. TSDC employee reponses to statements about health and safety
StatementAgree or strongly agreeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree or strongly disagreeNo answerNot applicableTotal responses to question
I feel supported by management when I initiate a health and safety concern.13
(4.45%)
45
(15.41%)
204
(69.86%)
13
(4.45%)
17
(5.82%)
292
The services offered by the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) Program are effective in coping with stresses following a critical incident in my institution.31
(10.65%)
62
(21.31%)
101
(34.71%)
70
(24.05%)
27
(9.28%)
291
The services offered by the Employee and Family Assistance Program (EFAP) are effective in coping with the stresses of working in my institution.45
(15.41%)
75
(25.68%)
87
(29.79%)
61
(20.89%)
24
(8.22%)
292
I feel that the psychological support offered to OPS employees is sufficient.21
(7.19%)
48
(16.44%)
174
(59.59%)
38
(13.01%)
11
(3.77%)
292
Table B-10. TSDC correctional officer responses to statements about correctional staff support
StatementAgree or strongly agreeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree or strongly disagreeNo answerNot applicableTotal responses to question
In my current institution, I feel supported in my work by my direct manager and can approach him/her when I need to discuss an issue.39
(15.60%)
46
(18.40%)
162
(64.80%)
3
(1.20%)
0
(0.00%)
250
In my current institution, I feel that staff follow management direction.87
(34.94%)
83
(33.33%)
71
(28.51%)
8
(3.21%)
0
(0.00%)
249
I feel supported in my work by senior administration in my current institution.10
(4.02%)
23
(9.24%)
211
(84.74%)
3
(1.20%)
2
(0.80%)
249
I feel supported by frontline sergeants in my current institution.36
(14.40%)
57
(22.80%)
151
(60.40%)
6
(2.40%)
0
(0.00%)
250
I feel supported in my work by my colleagues in my current institution.166 (66.40%)48 (19.20%)36 (14.40%)0 (0.00%)0 (0.00%)250
In my current institution, issues are dealt with proactively.4 (1.60%)23 (9.20%)221 (88.40%)1 (0.40%)1 (0.40%)250
There is good communication among staff and management at my current institution.10 (4.00%)16 (6.40%)223 (89.20%)0 (0.00%)1 (0.40%)250
There is good communication among my colleagues at my current institution.113 (45.20%)64 (25.60%)70 (28.00%)2 (0.80%)1 (0.40%)250
The views expressed by my local union representatives are reflective of my own.109 (43.78%)81 (32.53%)49 (19.68%)9 (3.61%)1 (0.40%)249
Table B-11. IROC survey correctional environment responses from TSDC correctional officers and sergeants including staff sergeants
StatementAgree or strongly agreeNeither agree nor disagreeDisagree or strongly disagreeNo answerNot applicableTotal responses to question
I have a good relationship with individuals in custody in my current institution.112 (39.44%)104 (36.62%)51 (17.96%)7 (2.46%)10 (3.52%)284
The purpose of incarceration is rehabilitation and eventual reintegration.149 (52.46%)58 (20.42%)66 (23.24%)9 (3.17%)2 (0.70%)284
Friendly relationships with individuals in custody undermine staff authority.96 (33.92%)83 (29.33%)96 (33.92%)4 (1.41%)4 (1.41%)283
Individuals in custody should be under strict discipline.217 (76.41%)44 (15.49%)19 (6.69%)1 (0.35%)3 (1.06%)284
I try to build trust with individuals in custody.191 (67.49%)49 (17.31%)29 (10.25%)6 (2.12%)8 (2.83%)283
Individuals in custody take advantage of you if you are lenient.227 (79.93%)36 (12.68%)15 (5.28%)3 (1.06%)3 (1.06%)284
Individuals in custody have too much power in my current institution.250 (88.03%)16 (5.63%)13 (4.58%)3 (1.06%)2 (0.70%)284
Staff have too much power in my current institution.4 (1.41%)19 (6.69%)255 (89.79%)4 (1.41%)2 (0.70%)284
I believe that most individuals in custody in my current institution should be in custody.175 (61.62%)79 (27.82%)11 (3.87%)15 (5.28%)4 (1.41%)284
It is important to take an interest in individuals in custody and their problems.134 (47.35%)84 (29.68%)57 (20.14%)6 (2.12%)2 (0.71%)283