Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve Management Statement
This document provides policy direction for the protection, development and management of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve and its resources.
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Statement of Conservation Interest
I am pleased to approve this Statement of Conservation Interest for the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve.
The management direction for this conservation reserve is in the form of a Statement of Conservation Interest. The Statement of Conservation Interest defines the area that is being planned, the purpose for which the conservation reserve has been proposed, and it outlines the Ministry of Natural Resources' intent for the protected area. This Statement of Conservation Interest will provide guidance for the management of the conservation reserve and the basis for the ongoing monitoring of activities.
Direction for establishing, planning and managing conservation reserves is defined under the Public Lands Act and current policy. "Ontario’s network of natural areas has been established to protect and conserve areas representative of the diversity and the natural regions of the province, including species, habitats, features and ecological systems which comprise that natural diversity" (OMNR, 1997). Detailed direction and defined management will be incorporated into this Statement of Conservation Interest as well as public and aboriginal consultation.
The direction herein is consistent with the Ministry of Natural Resources' Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy (OMNR, 1999). Decisions made at this time further clarify the permitted uses within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. The site has been regulated under the Public Lands Act and the public and First Nations were informed and consulted during the preparation and review of this Statement of Conservation Interest. This SCI was reviewed by different specialists and the Mattagami Area Team within Timmins District.
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve will be managed under the jurisdiction of the Timmins District Ministry of Natural Resources under the supervision of the Mattagami Area Supervisor as designated by the District Manager.
Written and Submitted by:
Date: July 25, 2005
Recommended for approval by:
Original signed by"
Timmins District Manager
Date: July 28, 2005
original signed by:
Northeast Regional Director
Date: August 2, 2005
In 1999, Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy identified 378 natural areas that contribute to the representation of the spectrum of the province’s ecosystems and natural features, including both biological and geological features, while minimizing impacts on other land uses. Protecting areas, species, habitats, special features and ecological systems is essential to the sustainable management of natural resources in the Province of Ontario. By ensuring representative sites are retained in their natural state, these areas can continue to contribute to Ontario’s natural environment for present and future generations (PL 3.03.05; OMNR, 1997).
Conservation reserves have been established to preserve sensitive areas requiring protection from incompatible uses to ensure their values will endure over time. This designation permits many traditional land uses to continue while excluding activities such as commercial timber harvest, mining, and hydroelectric development that negatively impact the conservation reserve.
The 3,934 hectare Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is located approximately 26 kilometres southwest of the city of Timmins, Ontario, in the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) Timmins District, MNR Northeast Region in the Territorial District of Cochrane. The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve protects provincially significant earth and life science features. The site contains moderately broken shallow sandy till uplands made of lacustrine fine sand and weakly broken deep lacustrine organic clay plain. Black spruce, white birch, jack pine and white spruce are the dominant vegetative stands. The site also protects locally significant weakly broken Aeolian organic sands and weakly broken outwash plain areas. Provincially significant wetland areas are found within the conservation reserve.
An approved Statement of Conservation Interest (SCI), an Enhanced Statement of Conservation Interest (Enhanced SCI), or a Resource Management Plan (RMP) will guide the management and administration of each conservation reserve. This SCI will provide the management direction for Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve.
Figure 1.0 Location of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve
Enlarge Figure 1.0 Location of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve
2.0 Goals and objectives
This Statement of Conservation Interest will be used to identify needs and guide key management activities towards protecting site-specific values and the overall ecological integrity of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. The management direction will protect the site’s natural heritage values and demonstrate its compatibility within the larger sustainable landscape. This direction will comply with the land use intent as stated by the Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy (OMNR, 1997; OMNR, 1999).
2.2.1 Short term objectives
The short-term objectives of this SCI are:
- To define the purpose of Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve
- To define the management intent for Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve; and
- To create public awareness of the values within Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve and promote responsible stewardship of the protected area and surrounding lands
This will be accomplished by:
- Identifying the state of the resource with respect to the protection of natural heritage values and current land use activities occurring within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve; and
- Determining land use compatibilities, thus creating the best management strategy to protect the integrity of identified values
2.2.2 Long term objectives
The Statement of Conservation Interest (SCI) will determine the long-term management goals of the conservation reserve by identifying tourism and recreational use opportunities, research needs, client services and marketing strategies. By comparing scientific values found within Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve to provincial benchmarks, representative targets (e.g. future forest conditions) can be determined for this site. Further monitoring or research needed to identify and to maintain the integrity of these characteristics can then be established.
The SCI will also provide direction to evaluate proposed new uses or economic ventures. To accomplish this, the Test of Compatibility shall be undertaken to determine the impact of the suggested use(s), either positive or negative, on the protected values and administrative needs of the conservation reserve (OMNR 1999; OMNR, 1997). The Test of Compatibility will provide rationale for decision-making within the entire site, further clarifying permitted uses within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve.
3.0 Management planning
3.1 Planning context
3.1.1 Planning area
The planning area is the regulated boundary of Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve (Map 8.1).
The planning area will form the area directly influenced by this Statement of Conservation Interest. The plan will recognize the protection of values within the planning area, however, to fully protect values within the conservation reserve additional consideration within larger land use or resource management plans may be required. Any strategies noted within this plan related to the site’s boundary or beyond will need to be presented for consideration within a larger planning context.
3.1.2 Management planning context
The need to complete the Parks and Protected Areas system has long been recognized as an important component of ecological sustainability (OMNR, 2000). This was reaffirmed in 1997 when the Lands for Life planning process was announced. Previous gap analysis studies were used to propose where candidate areas would protect additional representative life and earth science features. The Tatachikapika River Plain was identified for its provincially significant earth science value (Kritjansson and Kor, 1997) and was subsequently identified in Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy as C1581 (OMNR, 1999).
Conservation reserves are governed under Section 4 of the Public Lands Act and their lands and waters, as described in the Schedules, shall not be used for mining, commercial forest harvest, hydro-electric power development, the extraction of aggregates or peat or other industrial purposes (OMNR, 1997).
Permitted uses in conservation reserves follow the direction expressed in the Land Use Strategy while ensuring prior commitments made by Timmins District, Ministry of Natural Resources are met (OMNR, 1999). In time, the Land Use Strategy will be superceded by MNR's online Crown Land Use Atlas. The Permitted Uses Table (Appendix B) illustrates the variety of uses that could potentially occur in a conservation reserve. In cases where a use already occurs, it will be permitted to continue as per the Land Use Strategy (OMNR, 1997). Where a permitted use does not already exist in a specific conservation reserve, the permitted use would be considered a new use and subjected to the Test of Compatibility. Most recreational (e.g. hiking, boating, bird watching, hunting, fishing) and non-industrial resource uses (e.g. fur harvesting and bait harvesting) traditionally enjoyed in the area are permitted to continue.
Reflective of the management intent for Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve, future uses or developments proposed for this conservation reserve will be reviewed using the Procedural Guideline B - Land Uses - Test of Compatibility found in Policy PL3.03.05 (OMNR, 1997). The Test of Compatibility is conducted to weigh the future use against the potential impacts to site values. Proposed uses and/or developments may also be screened using A Reference Manual for MNR Class Environmental Assessments: Resource Stewardship and Facility Development Projects.
Consideration for proposals pertaining to the development/ use of cultural resources may be screened through Conserving a Future For Our Past: Archaeology, Land Use Planning & Development In Ontario, Section 3 (Ministry of Citizenship, Culture and Recreation, 1997). Where necessary, the Ministry of Natural Resources will establish Area of Concern (AOC) descriptions and prescriptions for cultural heritage resources within forest management planning (FMPs).
These planning tools will help refine the review process once the proposal satisfies the direction and intent of the Public Lands Act, associated policies and this planning document.
3.2 Planning process
Following the completion of the land use regulation process, a planning exercise has occurred to determine the management direction for Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. Management of the conservation reserve includes, as a minimum, regulation, provision of public information, stewardship, and security. It also includes authorization and setting conditions on permitted uses and ongoing monitoring and compliance. Management of conservation reserves is the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources at the District level, and will be done in accordance with Policy PL 3.03.05 (OMNR, 1997) and an approved management document.
A Statement of Conservation Interest is the minimum level of management direction established for any conservation reserve. If during the planning process major issues arise and/or it is recognized that decisions will need to be made beyond what is directed in the Land Use Strategy, a Statement of Conservation Interest increases to an Enhanced Statement of Conservation Interest or a Resource Management Plan. In either elevated management direction, specific permitted uses will be passed through the Test of Compatibility and decisions on future uses may be made beyond what is directed in the Land Use Strategy. To date, no issues have been identified in the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve that would require decisions to be made beyond what was previously determined in the Land Use Strategy.
This SCI will govern the lands and waters within the regulated boundary of the conservation reserve. To ensure Ministry of Natural Resources protection objectives are being fully met within the conservation reserve, the surrounding landscape and related activities must consider the site’s objectives and heritage values.
First Nations and the public were notified when the draft SCI was ready for review. Public review period began on January 17th, 2004 for a 30 day period. Notification occurred via mail-out to the First Nations and stakeholders. As well, an advertisement was placed in four local newspapers: Timmins Daily Press, Timmins Times, Les Nouvelles and Northern Daily News. 2 responses were received, focusing on the permitted uses within the site.
Where future reviews and revisions are necessary, public and First Nation consultation would occur and notification on the Environmental Bill of Rights Registry will be required. The Ministry of Natural Resources Timmins District will be responsible for ensuring this occurs.
4.0 Background information
4.1 Location and site description
4.1.1 Location and access
The Tatachikapika River Conservation Reserve is located approximately 45 kilometres northwest of the city of Timmins in the southwest corner of Tatachikapika River. This conservation reserve is bounded by both vectored and cultural boundaries. This site is accessible from Abitibi Main Road to the Red Pine Road (also known as Loveland Road). An old road/trail system running from the north in a southwest direction stops short of the site’s southern boundary road. Existing access by snowmobile, ATV, vehicle and aircraft are still permitted.
Table 1: Location and Administrative Details for Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve
|MNR Administrative Region/District/Area||Northeast/ Timmins/ Mattagami|
|Total Area||610 hectares|
|Regulation Date||May 21, 2003|
|First Nations Interests||Flying Post First Nation|
|OBM Map Sheets||20 17 4400 54000/ 20 17 4400 54100 / 20 17 4500 54000|
|Canada Map Series||Manning Lake 42 A/13|
|UTM Coordinates Centroid||17 448697 5408419|
|Status||100% Crown Lands|
|Forest||Smooth Rock Falls Forest|
4.1.2 Physical site description
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is 610 hectares in size. Originally the conservation reserve was classified as Cochrane Site District 3E-3 (Hills, 1959) and has since been reclassified as Smokey Falls Ecodistrict 3E-1 in Lake Abitibi Ecoregion 3E (Crins and Uhlig, 2000) (Appendix A). It is also found in tertiary watershed 4LB of the Moose River Basin.
Key values are those values that make this site unique and have led to its designation as a conservation reserve. The key value within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is the:
- Provincially significant Plain earth science value
This Plain is comprised of a provincially significant beach and lagoon earth science feature. The Plain trends approximately SW-NE and has been cut into a till covered upland area. The upland area is immediately underlain by a compact, fissile, gravelly, silt till. Furthermore, the white birch mixedwood stands found on the earth science feature may also be provincially significant (Kor, 2001).
4.1.3 Administrative description
The legal description of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve has been regulated as Schedule 181 in Ontario Regulation 208/03 under the Public Lands Act on May 21, 2003 and amended Ontario Regulation 805/94.
4.2 Site history
The entire northern portion of this site (944 ha) is Forest Reserve, consisting of approximately 35 claims or portions of mining claims. Evidence of the historical exploration of this site includes the remains of trails and drilling. Add more site history.
Three inventories have been completed for the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve:
- Earth science checksheet by MNR (Kristjansson, 2004)
- Recreation inventory checklist by Timmins District MNR (James, 2002); and
- Life science checksheet by MNR Northeast Region (Cudmore & Schultz, 2004)
5.0 State of the resource
The natural heritage of Ontario contributes to the economic, social and environmental well-being and health of the province and its people. Protecting areas of natural heritage is therefore important for many reasons, such as maintaining ecosystem health and providing habitat in order to maintain species diversity and genetic variability. Protected areas also provide scientific and educational benefits. They generate tourism, thereby bolstering local and regional economies, and provide places where people can enjoy and appreciate Ontario’s natural diversity.
According to the OLL Land Use Strategy (1999) the site contains moderately broken shallow sandy till uplands made of lacustrine fine sand and weakly broken deep lacustrine organic clay plain. On the sandy till landform 31 to 100 year old black spruce and 31 to 70 year old white birch and jack pine with 41 to 110 year old white cedar dominate the vegetative stands. On clay deposits age class 2 black spruce, white birch and white cedar prevail. Also present are weakly broken aeolian organic sands and weakly broken outwash plain areas. Here black spruce also predominates with other conifers and deciduous stands. The landform vegetation combinations found in this site make it provincially significant. Wetland areas occur south of the Tatachikapika River.
5.1.1 Life science
The conservation reserve is found in the Missinaibi-Cabonga section of Rowe’s (1972) Boreal Forest Region. This section is along the height of land in central Ontario and the majority of the forest is boreal but also contains small areas of species from the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Forest. The predominant forest is a mix of balsam fir, black spruce and white birch with some white spruce and trembling aspen. Jack pine is on sand and can also be found with black spruce on poor, rocky soils. Black spruce with tamarack covers wet organic soils and with cedar in other lowlands (Rowe, 1972). The topography is rolling with numerous flats along the rivers and lake sides. The underlying granitic, volcanic and sedimentary rocks are of Precambrian age, and from them the shallow till overburden has inherited varying degrees. The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is representative of the section (Cudmore & Schultz, 2004).
The conservation reserve is found within the tertiary watershed 4LA of the Moose River major basin (OMNR, 2004). The Tatachikapika river drains into the Mattagami River below the Wawiatin generating station and before the Grassy River. The flow of the river is rapid, while the flow of Cripple Creek is slow (Kilgour et al 2000). Lost Dog Creek is surrounded by a shoreline fen and has a good riffle, pool and run along Lost Dog Creek. The streams in the north of the river have a brook trout fishery and the river contains other fish species such as northern pike, walleye, yellow perch and white sucker (see map 3a). The conservation reserve also protects many small wetland areas (Cudmore & Schultz, 2004).
There are three dominant forest communities including black spruce predominant conifer, black spruce dominant conifer and white birch mixedwood (see Map 2a). The dominant forest communities are all dispersed throughout the site but black spruce predominant conifer is mainly found in the central areas; black spruce dominant conifer is mainly along the eastern boundaries and white birch mixedwood is dominant in the southern areas. The area of the conservation reserve is relatively well stocked with an average of seventy percent. There are some small areas that have very low stocking including two areas in the east where harvesting took place and some patches along the Tatachikapika River (Cudmore & Schultz, 2004). The majority of the forest within the conservation reserve is mature, although there are some young forest communitities and three old growth forests in the central part of the conservation reserve. The old growth stands are poplar, spruce fir mixed and birch poplar (Cudmore & Schultz, 2004 see map 5).
5.1.2 Earth science
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is found within the Foleyet ecodistrict 3E-5 of the Lake Abitibi ecoregion 3E (Hills, 1959). This ecodistric is characterized by gently rolling plains of thinly covered rock knobs, sandy outwash and silty depressions. The soil is generally acidic but overlain by low-base and low lime materials (Kristjansson 2004).
The conservation reserve consists of a large southern area and a small northern area. Most of the southern area is underlain by foliated massive, grantic rocks of the superior province, precambrian shield. The northern area is underlain by undifferentiated, metavolic rock of the superior province, Precambrian shield. The entire site is underlain by areas of bedrock- drift complex, till deposits, glaciofluvial outwash deposits, glaciolacustrine deposits alluvial deposits and organic deposits (Kristjansson, 2004).
There are four main landforms found within the conservation reserve (see Map 1b). Glaciolacustrine deposit is the dominant landform in site and is found in the eastern, central and northern tip of the conservation reserve. The other three landforms include till, bedrock and sandy glaciolacustrine (Hulbert, 1979).
The northern and southern areas are both uplands. There is a lowland area that follows the Tatachikapika River and its tributaries. Elevation in the uplands is more than 335 meters above sea level, while the elevation of the lowland is around 320 meters above sea level. The lowland contains ice flow features such as glacial flute forms. The surficial geology of the lowland following the river is mostly made of glaciofluvial outwash deposits and glaciolacustrine deposits. There are also dune forms within this area (see map 8.2.8).
The northeast part of the southern area of the conservation reserve contains provincially significant areas of organic deposits (Kristiansson, 2001). Other bedrock and surfical geological features in the conservation reserve are only of local significance. With the acception of the sand dunes the surficial geological features in the conservation reserve are rated as low in sensitivity to the land uses permitted within the site.
Comment: Joel: approved copy has my photo of the southern boundary of the site.
5.1.3 Quality of present representation
The quality of the representation or the current characteristics of the natural features found within the conservation reserve are as important as the overall representative features that are being protected. A number of criteria are considered in evaluating a site including: diversity, ecological factors, condition, special features and current land use activities.
Diversity is a measure of the site’s life and earth science heterogeneity. It is based on the number and range (variety) of the natural landscape features and landforms of earth science values and the richness and evenness of the life science component. The diversity rating for the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is medium (Cudmore & Schultz, 2004). The dominant landform: vegetation combinations include, bedrock-drift complex, drift cover is predominantly till with white birch; till deposits with lowland conifer and till deposits with white spruce.
There are 8 surficial geology units, 9 standard forest units and 3 wetlands. The diversity rating is medium with 32 landform: vegetation combinations.
The site contains moderately broken shallow sandy till uplands made of lacustrine fine sand and weakly broken deep lacustrine organic clay plain. On the sandy till landform 31-100 year old black spruce, 31-70 year old white birch and jack pine with 41- to 110 year old white cedar dominate the vegetative stands. On clay deposits age class mature black spruce, white birch and white cedar prevail. Also present are weakly broken eolian organic sands and weakly broken outwash plain areas. Here mature black spruce are predominant with other conifers and deciduous stands present.
Other values that contribute to the sites diversity include the historic and present day canoe route. The Tatachikapika River tends to be rather slow and sluggish within and bordering this site with a few shallow rapids towards western boundary (OMNR 1998).
Evenness refers to the proportion of each cover type and its measured area. A site that has many cover types of roughly the same size is more diverse than a site with lower cover types. The site has 9 cover types that are not similar in size therefore it is not diverse. The evenness of the site is moderately skewed to the top three communities including LC1 (27.6%), SP1 (16.4%) and MW2 (13.4%) totaling 57.4% of the site in area (Appendix 2). The majority of the SFU's are dispersed throughout the site except BW1 which is concentrated in the southern area (Map 2d). Dispersion adds diversity to the site. There are some wetlands found throughout the site found in cooler and wetter than normal areas which also adds to the diversity of the site.
b) Ecological factors
Wherever possible, a site’s boundaries should be created to include the greatest diversity of life and earth science features to provide maximum ecological integrity. It should be ecologically self-contained, bounded by natural features and include adequate area to buffer the core ecosystems from adjacent land use activities (OMNR 1992). There is a combination of cultural, vectored and biological boundaries in the conservation reserve although it is dominated by biological and cultural. The northern boundary in the CR is defined by Hwy 101 and the eastern boundary is defined by Hwy 144. The other cultural boundaries are defined by some tertiary roads in the northeast and the southwest and a trail in the central west area. The biological boundaries are defined by an unnamed Creeks and Lost Dog Creek in the west; another unamed Creek defines the southern boundary; Tatachikapika River and Cripple Creek defines part of the northeastern boundary. The vectored boundaries in the north are defined by patent land borders and there are some other vectored boundaries in the conservation reserve.
When comparing the UTM boundary line to the regulated and using the 200 meter (m) forest edge buffer as a guideline (OMNR 2003), it is evident that there have been some changes (see Appendix 2 - History Map). Parts of the core area have been lost with the new regulated boundary particularly in the northeast corner, along the north half of the west side and just west of Hwy 144. The new regulated boundaries are now more definitive and have more ecological integrity as it incorporates cultural (Highways and roads) and biological (creeks, rivers) features. Using the 200 m forest edge buffer as a guideline there is some protection to the core values in the southwestern corner. The main core features that are not supported include LC1 in the northeast; LC1, PO1, PJ1, MW2 and SP1 in the northwest; LC1 and PJ1 in the central east and LC1 in the southeast (Map 2d and Appendix 2 – History Map). The features are well represented in other parts of the site therefore the change in boundary does not have any negative effects also the new boundaries are either cultural or biological. There is the addition in the southwest that adds more protection to the site as it incorporates a biological boundary and increases the CR's ecological integrity. The regulated boundary includes more biological boundaries than the UTM boundary did thus the regulated boundary is more supportive in protecting the values.
Condition refers to the amount of disturbance that the site has experienced to date and includes both human and natural disturbance. Overall the disturbance rating for this site is medium. A hydro-utility corridor bisects the top section of the CR. There is access to the site from Hwy 101, Hwy 144, tertiary roads and trials that define the boundaries and go through the site. The conservation reserve is also divided by an old access road along the north shore of Tatachikapika River from the junction of the Lost Dog Creek northeastward towards Mahoney Creek (OMNR 1998). According to Thompson (2002) during the aerial reconnaissance survey there were lots of trails in the north end of the site and some disturbance in the east along the outside of the eastern boundary but for the most part undisturbed from the level of observation.
There are two small clear cut areas one in the central west area of the site and another in the east adjacent to where Hwy 144 defines the boundary (Thompson, 2001). The clear cut in the west is regenerating to jack pine forest with poplar (see photo 16-19). The cut in the east near the center of the site was harvested in the 96-97 annual work schedule (OMNR 1998). There is an area affected by a small fire along the western boundary (Cudmore et al, 2004). There is extensive mining activity in the area and there are many mine claims present in the northern part of the CR (OMNR 2001).
Image of Clear cut in the west with Jack Pine and Poplar regenerating (Thompson, 2001).
d) Special features
Special features may include interesting landscapes, habitats or vistas, Species at Risk (SAR) and other earth and life science features such as broader landscape elements that contribute to the natural heritage richness of Ontario. To date no species at risk have been identified in the site. For Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve, the special features include
- Three old growth stands of white birch, hardwood mixedwood and poplar
- The Tatachikapika River historic canoe route
- Brook trout fishery in the Tatachikapika river
- A riffle, pool and run along Lost Dog Creek
e) Current land use activities
Current land uses include hunting and trapping.
5.2 Social/economic interest
This section addresses the contribution of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve to the local economy and society through the opportunities it represents and the importance of these opportunities.
5.2.1 Local communities
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is north of the community of Gogama and south of the city of Timmins. This area provides minimal recreational/commercial opportunities for the residents of and visitors to the area.
During the hunting season, tourism brings economic benefits to the community of Gogama and the City of Timmins as well as to the local outfitters. Other recreational/commercial activities that may be found within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve include snowmobiling, hunting, ATVing, nature study, big tree observation, viewing and exploring (Baker and Thompson, 2001).
5.2.2 First Nations
Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve is located within James Bay, Treaty #9. Mattagami First Nation has the closest reserve to Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. Aboriginal Treaty and Traditional Rights will be adhered to.
5.2.3 Ministry of Northern Development and Mines and the Mining industry
In March 2002, the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines and the Ministry of Natural Resources came to a joint decision regarding mining issues and Ontario’s Living Legacy sites. No new exploration will be permitted on Crown land within OLL sites in the future.
5.2.4 Other government agencies, departments or crown corporations
Ministry of Natural Resources Timmins District is working with the East Fire Region – Timmins Fire Management Headquarters to develop a fire management direction that protects the values found within the conservation reserve. The current fire management strategy identifies Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve within the intensive zone. Within the intensive zone, full suppression mandates that every fire must receive a response and is actioned aggressively.
5.2.5 Non Government Organizations and other industry interests
Both the Partnership for Public Lands (PPL) and the Ontario Federation for Anglers & Hunters (OFAH) have identified an interest in the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve.
5.3 Natural Heritage Stewardship
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve’s distinct contribution is a combination of earth science/glacial history preservation, and educational and recreational opportunities. The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve also offers scientists, educators and recreational opportunities to learn about the site and enjoy its value. Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve should be recognized for its provincially significant earth science feature and measures should be considered to minimize further impacts to the site (Kor, 2001).
By allocating these lands to the parks and protected areas system through regulation, the province has ensured permanent protection for the conservation reserve and its values from industrial activities that may exist in the larger general use or more extensively managed landscape.
5.4 Fisheries and wildlife
The Tatachikapika River Plain is found within Wildlife Management Unit (WMU) 30. Game and furbearer species which inhibit WMU 30 include furbearers (e.g. beaver, lynx, weasel, fisher and marten), large mammals (e.g. moose and black bear) and birds (e.g. ruffed and spruce grouse).
Wildlife values for this site include a portion fo two traplines (TI16 and TI30) on the western boundary and trapline TI114. There is also a bear management area (TI-31-001) and a moose early wintering area. There are many moose aquatic feeding areas found throughout the site along the rivers and lakes (see Map 3a).
5.5 Cultural Heritage Stewardship
There are no known cultural heritage values within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve though no detailed research has been conducted as of this date to document possible cultural heritage values. Cultural heritage values may be present within the conservation reserve.
5.6 Land use/current or past development
Mining and surface rights have been withdrawn from staking within the conservation reserve boundaries under the Mining Act (RSO 1990 Chapter M.14).
It is important to note that almost the entire northern portion of this site (994 hectares) is a Forest Reserve. It consists of approximately 35 mining claims or portions of mining claims. According to the mining industry the site has been explored historically and the evidence of trails and drilling remains presently. Through the disentanglement process the boundaries of the site will be amended to exclude this area and extend the site in a southwesterly direction. At the time of disentanglement this Statement of Conservation Interest will be amended to show the new boundaries and capture all of features found in the site.
The old road/trail system is still present within the site, although it is extremely difficult to locate. In time, immature alder, balsam fir, black spruce, and tamarack will overtake the road/trail system (Photo 7).
5.7 Commercial use
The commercial use of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve includes hunting and fur harvesting. Other commercial uses such as forestry, hydroelectric development, mining activities and aggregate operations do not occur within this site and are no longer permitted within the conservation reserve.
5.8 Tourism/recreational use/opportunities
Current recreational uses and opportunities of the site include canoeing, fishing, snowmobiling, ATVing, hunting, trapping, berry picking, hiking, nature study, big tree observation, viewing and exploring (James, 2002). There are currently no new proposals for recreational or tourism uses for this site.
Under Management Guidelines for future proposals, an evaluation of any proposal should include the following:
- Ensure natural heritage values identified herein are protected and the Test of Compatibility from PL 3.03.05 (OMNR, 1997) is used
- Different options are proposed for the development including the null option, and
- No change in use to be considered without public and Aboriginal consultation.
5.9 Client services
Visitor services will primarily deal with responding to inquires about the basic level of information such as natural heritage representation and appreciation, wildlife viewing opportunities, access and boundaries. The role of Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve within the greater provincial parks and protected area system will be addressed when meeting with clients.
6.0 Management guidelines
6.1 Management planning strategies
Once established, protected areas will be managed to retain and/or restore natural features, processes and systems. They will also meet previous commitments identified in Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy and provide opportunities for compatible research, education and outdoor recreation activities (OMNR, 1999). Management and protection of the site will be under the direction of the Timmins District MNR Mattagami Area Supervisor. The management of this conservation reserve will meet the goal of protecting the natural heritage features while permitting compatible activities to continue by screening proposals through the Test of Compatibility. Other types of proposed development would require a detailed Test of Compatibility to be conducted to ensure that the features would not be impacted in any way. These types of assessments would occur on a case-by-case basis by the Mattagami Area Team, Timmins District MNR. Management strategies will also be consistent with the objectives of increasing public awareness, promoting responsible stewardship, providing marketing opportunities, and identifying inventory, monitoring, assessment and reporting potential.
6.2 "State of the resource" management strategies
The following section will describe specific management strategies to maintain, protect and enhance the existing natural heritage values and land use activities of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. A complete list of permitted activities can be found in the permitted use tables (Appendix B).
6.2.1 Natural Heritage Stewardship
Natural heritage values will be managed in such a way as to mitigate and prevent any further damage to either the earth science features or the life science values. All earth science and life science features will be protected by defining compatible uses, enforcing regulations and monitoring and mitigating issues.
No additional construction, maintenance, or further upgrade to trails will be permitted.
The MNR recognizes fire as an essential process in the maintenance and renewal of ecological and ecosystem health of conservation reserves. In accordance with existing Conservation Reserve Policy and the Forest Fire Management Strategy for Ontario, forest fire protection will be carried out as on surrounding lands.
Whenever feasible, the MNR fire program will endeavour to use "light on the land" techniques, which do not unduly disturb the landscape, in the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. Examples of "Light on the land" techniques may include, and are not limited to:
- Using natural openings for helicopters pads
- Ensuring camp locations are built outside the conservation reserve; and/or
- Limiting the use of heavy equipment within the conservation reserve
Fire and resource managers will identify those areas in which, and the specific conditions under which prescribed fires may be used to meet ecological or resource management objectives. These management objectives will be developed with public consultation prior to any prescribed burning, and reflected in future refinements of this SCI. Plans for any prescribed burning will be developed in accordance with the MNR Prescribed Burn Planning Manual, and the Class Environmental Assessment for Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves (OMNR 2003b).
The introduction of exotic and/or invasive species will not be permitted. Programs may be developed to control forest insects and diseases in the conservation reserve where these threaten significant heritage, aesthetics, or economic values. Where control is desirable and possible, it will be directed as narrowly as possible to the specific insect, disease or plant. Where action is necessary, biological control will be the preferred option whenever feasible.
Vegetation communities should not be disturbed any further through unnecessary clearing or fuelwood collection. Natural succession will be allowed to occur through passive management.
The collection/removal of native vegetation and parts thereof will not be permitted. However, subject to the Test of Compatibility, the Area Supervisor may authorize the collection of plants and/or parts for the purposes of rehabilitating degraded sites within the reserve if required and for research or scientific study.
For this site to continue to contribute as a heritage estate through its permanent protection of provincially significant landform: vegetation combinations, the permitted uses need to be enforced. The site should be promoted for its educational opportunities. The role of this conservation reserve as a provincial benchmark should be studied further and studies should be conducted to determine possible rare, vulnerable or threatened species habitat. Natural forest succession could be monitored to determine the natural climax community.
Timmins District MNR will provide leadership and direction for maintaining the integrity of this site as a protected area. Research, protection, education and interpretation of natural heritage features of the site will be encouraged and fostered through local and regional natural heritage programs and initiatives.
6.2.2 Fisheries and wildlife
Fisheries and wildlife resources will continue to be managed in accordance with policies and regulations prevailing in the area and under the direction of the Area Supervisor. Provincial legislation and policies will dictate management and enforcement objectives for this conservation reserve.
Existing trapping and hunting will be permitted to continue by local outfitters and the general public. First Nation Treaty Rights with respect to fish and wildlife activities will be respected as described in Section 6.2.8 Aboriginal Interests. New commercial outfitting, outpost, hunting camps or trap cabins will not be permitted within the boundaries of the conservation reserve.
6.2.3 Cultural heritage values
It is not known if cultural heritage values exist in the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve, however, if values are confirmed, management would be consistent with Conserving a Future For Our Past: Archaeology, Land Use Planning & Development In Ontario (Ministry of Citizenship, Culture and Recreation, 1997). Research and studies should be conducted to determine the potential and/or existence of cultural or archeological resources.
6.2.4 Social/economic interest
The economic contribution of the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve to the local communities will be minimal.
Socially, this area provides recreational opportunities for the local people and tourists to enjoy for their own health and well-being. The people of Ontario will generally benefit from this conservation reserve through direct enjoyment of the area or through the knowledge that a component of our natural heritage has been preserved. Other interest groups, such as colleges and universities, can benefit from this conservation reserve as a place to study natural features and processes.
6.2.5 Land use/past and existing development
No road realignments, telecommunications and resource networks will be allowed to cross the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve disturbing its natural state.
The sale of land and creation of new recreation camps will not be permitted within the conservation reserve.
6.2.6 Commercial activities
Commercial activities such as fur harvesting, baitfish harvesting and bear management areas will be managed according to prescriptions in the Land Use Strategy (OMNR, 1999). Trapline operations will be permitted to continue since there are no demonstrated conflicts between these activities and the values being protected. Existing bear management areas will be permitted to continue, including license transfer; however, new operations will not be permitted as per the Land Use Strategy (OMNR, 1999).
Commercial forest harvest, hydroelectric development, mining activities and aggregate extraction are not permitted within the conservation reserve.
The tourism and recreation opportunities present in the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve will be managed by permitting current activities to continue unless shown to have significant impact on site values as per the Land Use Strategy (OMNR, 1999). Recreation activities which take place within the Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve are consistent with those of the area.
Canoeing takes place along the Tatachikapika River canoe route. The Tatachikapika River is known locally as the Red Sucker or the Lost River. Between the 1930's and the 1950's the Tatachikapika River was used for spring log drives. Remains of camps and clearings are still evident along the canoe route today (James, 2002).
Recreational fishing takes place in the creeks for brook trout, and the Tatachikapika River is fished for brook trout, walleye, and northern pike. ATV's and snowmobiles utilize existing trails within the site. Hunting and trapping for species consistent with the area (moose, lynx, marten, etc.) takes place within the conservation reserve. This area is also utilized for picking raspberries and blueberries (James, 2002).
6.2.8 Client services
Under the direction of the Mattagami Area Supervisor, Timmins District staff will respond to public, non-government organizations (NGOs), industry and MNR partner requests for basic information on Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. Interpretative pamphlets may be developed and made available at Timmins District office.
6.3 Promoting Inventory, Monitoring, Assessment, Reporting and Research
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve provides educational opportunities through its existence. Scientific research by qualified individuals or institutions, which contributes to the knowledge of natural and cultural history and to environmental and recreational management, will be encouraged. Requests or applications to conduct research will be filtered through the Timmins District MNR Mattagami Area Team, to ensure that the studies are non-invasive and that no values will be damaged in the research process. Research programs will be subject to ministry policies and other legislation.
Approved research activities and facilities will be compatible with the protection objective. Permanent plots or observation stations may be established for long-term trials. The Ministry of Natural Resources may approve the removal of any natural or cultural specimen by qualified researchers. Any materials removed will remain the property of the Ministry of Natural Resources. Any site that is disturbed will be rehabilitated as closely as possible to its original state.
Other specific research projects that could be undertaken may include: the effects of human disturbance on the landform, determination of the existence of any rare, vulnerable or threatened species, vegetation climax community, or wind throw and harvest area re-growth. Additional life and earth science inventories may be completed.
6.4 Implementation and plan review
This Statement of Conservation Interest will take effect immediately following approval by the Northeast Regional Director. Implementation activities will primarily involve monitoring to ensure adherence to the management guidelines. Other implementation activities will include the removal of the abandoned trap cabin, the potential creation of a fact sheet or pamphlet to be placed at the MNR District office, and responding to any inquiries about the site. Implementation of this Statement of Conservation Interest and management of the conservation reserve are the responsibility of the Mattagami Area Supervisor and area staff in Timmins. Compliance activities will be identified and prioritized in the Timmins District Annual Compliance Operation Plan.
This Statement of Conservation Interest should be reviewed in 5 years to determine if it is providing adequate direction and protection for the natural heritage values. If changes in management direction are needed at any time, the significance of the changes will be evaluated. Minor changes, which do not alter the overall protection objectives, may be considered and approved by the Area Supervisor without further public consultation and the management direction will be amended accordingly. In assessing major changes, the need for a more detailed Enhanced SCI or Resource Management Plan (RMP) will first be considered. Where a management plan is not considered necessary or feasible, a major amendment may be considered with public consultation. The Regional Director will be required to approve major amendments. The SCI or future RMP, if required, plus the Land Use Atlas will be amended to reflect any changes in management direction.
Inventory, monitoring, assessment, and reporting should be ongoing and findings should be amended to the Statement of Conservation Interest as the studies are completed or at the time of the 5 year review. After the initial review, and dependent on study findings, a new schedule for review will be determined. Additional planning will be linked to the inventory, monitoring, assessment, reporting, research findings and any new information. Adaptive management strategies will be used when new information has a significant effect on the current Statement of Conservation Interest.
The Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve will be marketed as a distinctive protected area having a provincially significant landform: vegetation combination values. Fact sheets may be prepared to inform the public about these values, the permitted uses and the restrictions, which will then become available at the Timmins District MNR office. Marketing efforts to increase use are not an objective and will be kept to a minimum.
Baker, R. and Thompson, J.E., 2000. Recreation Inventory Checklist: C1581 Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
Bostock, H.S., 1970. Geology and economic minerals of Canada – Part A.
Bright, E.G., and Hunt, D.S., 1971. Pamour Sheet, District of Cochrane; Ontario Department of Mines and Northern Affairs, Preliminary Map P.698, scale 1" = 2 miles.
Crins, W.J., and Uhlig, P.W., 2000. Ecoregions of Ontario: Modifications to Angus Hills' Site Regions and Districts. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
Hills, G.A., 1959. A Ready Reference to the Description of the Land of Ontario and its Productivity. Ontario Department of Lands and Forests.
Kor, F.J., 2001. Earth Science Inventory Checklist – Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve C1581. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
Kristjansson, F.J. and Kor, P.S.G., 1997. Conservation Geology of Selected Sites in Northeastern Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
MCZCR, 1997. Conserving a Future For Our Past: Archaeology, Land Use Planning & Development in Ontario. Ministry of Citizenship, Culture and Recreation.
Noordhof, J., Thompson, J.E., King, L., and Longyear, S., 2003. Tatachikapika River Plain Conservation Reserve (C1581): Life Science Checksheet – Step 4. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resouces.
OMNR, 1997. Conservation Reserves Policy 3.03.05. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
OMNR, 1999. Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
OMNR, 2000. Beyond 2000 MNR Strategic Direction. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Peterborough, Ontario.
OMNR, 2002. MNR districts and major basins of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
OMNR, 2003a. A Class Environmental Assessment for MNR Resource Stewardship and Facility Development Projects. Ministry of Natural Resources Environmental Assessment Report Series. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Queen’s Printer.
OMNR, 2003b. A Class Environmental Assessment for Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves. Ministry of Natural Resources Assessment Report Series. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Queen’s Printer.
Poser, S.F., 1992. Report on the Status of Provincial Parks in Site Regions and Districts of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
Rowe, J.S., 1972. Forest Regions of Canada. Department of Fisheries and the Environment, Canadian Forestry Service.
Thompson, J.E., 1999. Cheatsheet "Building the System". Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
8.1 Planning area
8.2 Life Science Checksheet Maps
8.2.1 Species composition
8.2.2 Age distribution
Enlarge 8.2.2 Age distribution
8.2.3 Old growth
9.1 Appendix A: Physical site description
Table 2: Physical Site Description
|Site Region||Lake Abitibi Site Region / Ecoregion – 3E|
|Characteristics||Moderately to gently rolling bedrock, generally covered by deep deposits of clay, silt and sand (Hills, 1959).|
|Site District||Cochrane Site District 3E-3 (Hills, 1959), redefined as Smokey Falls Ecodistrict 3E-1 (Crins, 2000)|
|Characteristics||Smooth plain of clay and loam, moderate to high in lime, shallow to moderately deep over bedrock with a fairly high percentage of muskeg (Hills, 1959; Poser, 1992).|
|Climate||Mid-humid, mid-boreal (Hills, 1959; Poser, 1992).|
|Forest Section||Northern Clay Boreal Forest Section|
|Vegetation||Black spruce stands dominate rising uplands; co-inhabit with sedge fens and sphagnum-heath bogs; tamarack occasionally found with black spruce; in swamp areas, cedar dominants along borders, black spruce also exists; areas with shallowly buried coarse drift or river or lake edges have pockets of hardwood or mixed wood communities comprising trembling aspen, balsam popular, balsam fir, white spruce and black spruce; on sandy soils, stands of jack pine and white birch are found; drier sites such as old beaches, eskers, and outwash deposits exhibit stands of jack pine and white birch are found on sandy soils (Rowe, 1972).|
9.2 Appendix B: Conservation Reserves policy
Amended by Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy, September 26, 2000
- According to conservation reserve policy, and statements made in the Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy (LUS), all uses within conservation reserves are subject to a "test of compatibility", that is, the use must be compatible with the conservation of the ecological features for which the site was identified (e.g., landforms, vegetation communities, hydrology, species, etc)
- The following detailed clarification of conservation reserve policies should be read in the context of the general policies, and notes on Aboriginal rights, that are outlined at the beginning of the paper
- Existing Policy: Statements of policy for conservation reserves established prior to the OLL-LUS, primarily as outlined in the Conservation Reserve Policy and Procedure, February 1997
- OLL-Land Use Strategy Policy: Statements of policy in the LUS applicable to the recommended conservation reserves in the OLL planning area
- Policy Clarification: Statements that clarify policy direction with respect to new and/or existing OLL conservation reserves within the OLL planning area
|Issue and Activity||Existing Policy||OLL: Land Use Strategy Policy||Policy Clarification|
|Commercial timber harvest||Not permitted||Not permitted||Consistent with existing policy|
|Cutting of trees by leaseholders, cottagers and other property owners for fuelwood and other small- scale uses||No explicit policy||No policy stated||No fuelwood permit will be authorized by the Mattagami Area Team.|
|Timber salvage/sunken log retrieval||No explicit policy||No policy stated||If provided for in an SCI or RMP, standing, fallen or sunken trees may be removed for resource management purposes. Such trees may be marketed if economical.|
|Mineral exploration||Not permitted||Not permitted||Consistent with existing policy.|
|Mining||Not permitted||Not permitted||Consistent with existing policy.|
|Extraction of peat, soil, aggregate, other materials||Not permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Forest renewal||Forest renewal is not directly addressed in existing policy as it is an activity associated with commercial timber harvesting which is not permitted in conservation reserves.||Not directly addressed||This issue arises where a new conservation reserve was cut recently, and there is a question as to whether the forest company should carry out planned forest renewal work.|
MNR's position is that the companies have harvested the areas, and have an obligation to proceed with renewal, unless this requirement is waived by MNR. If renewal is to occur, the work should normally be carried out by the forest company.
Any possible renewal should be reviewed to determine the nature of the renewal proposal and the possible implications for protected area values. Renewal can be conducted where it will be of net benefit to the protected area. To the greatest extent possible, the renewal should be designed to replicate natural conditions (e.g., if planting is carried out, the more random the planting, the better), although the company cannot be expected to carry out renewal that would be beyond the cost of normal renewal activities. Tending should be considered on a case-by-case basis and be driven by the desired outcome of renewal.
In all cases of proposed renewal activities, there must be prior review and approval of the proposals by appropriate silvicultural and program staff responsible for the management of the protected area, in order to determine what actions would best support the long-term ecological integrity of the area.
|Hydro power generation||Not permitted||Not permitted|
|Communication s corridors||Existing use permitted to continue; new corridors to be discouraged through planning.||No policy stated; existing policy applies||The intent of the policy is to actively discourage these uses, but it is recognized that in some circumstances there will be no alternatives; this will be determined through planning.|
|Energy transmission corridors||Existing use permitted to continue; new corridors to be discouraged through planning.||No policy stated; existing policy applies||The intent of the policy is to actively discourage these uses, but it is recognized that in some circumstances there will be no alternatives; this will be determined through planning.|
|Transportation corridors||Existing use permitted to continue; new corridors to be discouraged through planning.||No policy stated; existing policy applies||The intent of the policy is to actively discourage these uses, but it is recognized that in some circumstances there will be no alternatives; this will be determined through planning.|
|Resource access roads||Existing resource access roads can continue to be used. New resource access roads will not be permitted.||Existing forest access roads may occur within areas identified as recommended conservation reserves. These roads may be essential for continued access beyond the recommended conservation reserve for forest management or recreational purposes. Where alternative access does not exist or road relocation is not feasible, these roads will continue to be available for access.|
Continued use will include maintenance and may include future upgrading.
New resource access roads will not be permitted with the exception of necessary access to existing mining claims and leases or for future mineral exploration and/or development.
|MNR has made a commitment through the Ontario Forest Accord that, in the case of new linear shaped conservation reserves, provision will be made for the timely implementation of a limited number of crossings to provide access to timber harvest areas that would otherwise be uneconomical to access. These crossings should be identified by December 31, 1999. Once the protected areas are in regulation, decisions on crossings will normally be made as part of the management planning process.|
New roads for resource extraction will not be permitted, except for those identified in Forest Management Plans before March 31, 1999 and for which no viable alternative exists.
|Private access roads||No explicit policy||No explicit policy|
The general policy on honouring "existing commitments" applies to commitments made to private access roads prior to 29 March 1999.
|New private access roads, including additions to existing roads, will not be permitted except where there are existing commitments.|
The maintenance of existing private access roads will be permitted, however, the upgrading of existing private access roads will not be permitted.
Where MNR made a commitment, prior to March 29, 1999, to permit a private access road within a recommended protected area, the road proposal will be subject to completion of a public planning process. The Field Environmental Planning Procedure from the Small Scale Class E.A. is recommended as a suitable process. In addition, the Ministry will concurrently prepare an Interim Management Statement (IMS) or a Statement of Conservation Interest (SCI), depending on whether the area in question is a park or a conservation reserve.
|Issue and Activity||Existing Policy||OLL: Land Use Strategy Policy||Policy Clarification|
|Sport fishing||Existing and new uses permitted||Existing and new uses permitted||The Ontario fishing regulations will continue to govern fishing in conservation reserves.|
|Sport hunting||Existing and new uses permitted||Existing and new uses permitted|
|Facility development||Existing facilities/use may be permitted. New facilities may be considered.||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Non-trail snowmobiling||Use may be permitted for direct retrieval of game only||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Non-trail ATV use||Use may be permitted for direct retrieval of game only||No policy stated; existing policy applies.|
|Motorized boating||Existing and new uses permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Camping||Use may be permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Trails: - hiking - snowmobiling - cycling - horse riding - cross-country skiing||Existing use permitted to continue. New trails may be permitted.||Existing authorized trails can continue unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. New trails can be considered through planning.||LUS is consistent with existing policy|
|Private recreation camps||Existing camps permitted to continue. New camps will not be permitted. Transfer requests will be considered in the context of an SCI or RMP for the conservation reserve||Existing authorized recreation camps permitted to continue, and may be eligible for enhanced tenure, but not for purchase of land.||As the LUS is silent on establishment of new seasonal recreation camps, the existing policy will apply (new camps not permitted).|
In conservation reserves in the OLL planning area, existing private recreational camps, including hunt camps, are eligible for enhanced tenure, but not purchase of lands. Enhanced tenure is defined as anything beyond the term and form of current tenure.
Enhanced tenure is not guaranteed. If lands were needed to protect significant natural or recreational values, enhanced tenure would not be granted.
A decision to grant enhanced tenure, or to transfer recreational camps will be addressed through a screening process, and preferably in the context of a Statement of Conservation Interest.
In the absence of an SCI, decisions arising from the application of screening criteria will be limited to an extension of the term only (up to 10 years) and will not include any change in the nature of the tenure from that existing at the time of the request.
Requests for the transfer of recreation camp tenure may be approved subject to the application of the screening criteria.
If an existing recreation camp holder wishes to relinquish their tenure and to sell any existing improvements, MNR will consider purchase of the improvements.
|Issue and Activity||Existing Policy||OLL: Land Use Strategy Policy||Policy Clarification|
|Fishing||Existing use may be permitted to continue. New operations may be permitted.||Existing use permitted to continue, unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. New operations can be considered subject to the 'test of compatibility'.||The LUS is consistent with existing policy. The existing policy and the LUS are both silent, however, on transfer requests. Under existing policy, requests for transfer will be considered within the context of the SCI or RMP prepared for the conservation reserve. For the new conservation reserves recommended in the LUS, transfer requests will be dealt with on an ongoing basis, and not deferred until completion of a SCI or RMP.|
|Bait-fish harvesting||Existing use permitted to continue. Transfer requests will be considered in the context of the SCI or RMP for each conservation reserve. New operations may be permitted.||Existing use permitted to continue, unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. New operations can be considered subject to the 'test of compatibility'.||The LUS is consistent with existing policy. The LUS is silent, however, on transfer requests; Requests for transfer will be dealt with on an ongoing basis, and not deferred until completion of a SCI or RMP.|
|Commercial fur trapping||Existing use permitted to continue. Transfer requests will be considered in the context of the SCI or RMP for each conservation reserve. New traplines may be permitted.||Existing use permitted to continue unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. New operations can be considered, subject to the "test of compatibility".||The LUS is consistent with existing policy. The LUS is silent, however, on transfer requests. Requests for transfer will be dealt with on an ongoing basis, and not deferred until completion of a SCI or RMP.|
As part of the determination of whether new trapping would be permitted, the associated trails that would be required should be considered.
|Trapping cabin||Existing use permitted to continue. New cabins not permitted||Existing policy applies||Repair and replacement of existing cabins should normally be permitted, as long as the scale and function are not significantly altered.|
The relocation of existing cabins may be permitted if consistent with the protection of natural heritage values and other uses/activities.
|Outpost camps/tourism facilities||Existing outpost camps permitted to continue. Transfer requests will be considered in the context of an SCI or RMP for the conservation reserve. New outpost camps not permitted||Existing authorized tourism facilities can continue unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. The operators of tourism facilities can apply to upgrade tenure from LUP to lease. New tourism facilities can be considered during planning for a conservation reserve.||The LUS differs from existing policy in several areas: LUS implies more than outpost camps in discussion of tourism facilities (for eg., main base lodges) new tourism facilities can be considered through planning permit holders can apply to upgrade tenure from LUP to lease|
In addition, the LUS is silent on transfer requests. Requests for transfer will be dealt with on an ongoing basis, and not deferred until completion of an SCI or RMP.
|Commercial bear hunting (tourist operators providing bear- hunting services to non-resident hunters)||Existing use permitted to continue. Transfer requests will be considered in the context of the SCI or RMP for the conservation reserve. New operations not permitted.||Existing use permitted. New operations not permitted.||The LUS is consistent with existing policy. The LUS is silent, however, on transfer requests. Requests for transfer will be considered on an ongoing basis, and not deferred until completion of a SCI or RMP. Bear management areas that have never been active should not be activated. Where BMAs have lapsed, their use should not be reinstated.|
|Wild rice harvesting||Existing use permitted to continue. New operations may be considered.||Existing use permitted to continue, unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. New operations can be considered, subject to the 'test of compatibility'.||The LUS is consistent with existing policy. The LUS is silent, however, on transfer requests. Requests for transfer will be considered on an ongoing basis, and not deferred until completion of a SCI or RMP.|
|Food harvesting||Existing use may be permitted to continue. New operations can be considered.||No policy stated. Existing policy applies.|
Resource management activities
|Issue and Activity||Existing Policy||OLL: Land Use Strategy Policy||Policy Clarification|
|Resource inventory||Existing and new inventory activity permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Resource monitoring||Existing and new monitoring activity permitted||No policy stated; Existing policy applies|
|Fire protection||Forest fire protection will be carried out in accordance with approved Fire Management Strategies unless alternative direction for fire suppression or fire management is approved through an SCI or RMP||No policy stated; existing policy applies||Regional fire management strategies vary across the province. Where aggressive fire suppression is undertaken, a 'light-on-the-land' approach to fire management in conservation reserves is desirable (i.e., minimal use of heavy equipment, trenching, camp construction, tree cutting, etc.). If habitat regeneration becomes an issue in future, prescribed burning could be considered on a per-site basis.|
|Insect and disease||Control of insects and diseases will be addressed on a site basis||No policy stated; existing policy applies|
|Featured species management||Existing and new featured species management may be permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies. Some area-specific policies address this activity.||New featured species management activity will not be permitted until a SCI or RMP is prepared. Existing habitat management practices will be reviewed to ensure that they are consistent with the protection of identified natural heritage values.|
|Issue and Activity||Existing Policy||OLL: Land Use Strategy Policy||Policy Clarification|
|Research||Research will be encouraged to provide a better understanding of the natural values protected by a conservation reserve and to advance their protection, planning and management.||No policy stated; existing policy applies.|
|Collecting||Collecting is not permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies.||Collecting may be permitted as part of an authorized research project. The issuance of permits will be considered on a per-site basis.|
|Food gathering||Existing and new use are permitted||No policy stated; existing policy applies.|
|Land disposition||Sale and lease of lands is not permitted. Permitted uses may be authorized by land use occupational authority excluding a sale or lease. Where incompatible uses are currently permitted through land use occupational authority, such uses will be phased out either by cancellation of occupational authority or acquisition as funds are available.||Sale of lands is not permitted with the exception of some types of minor dispositions (for eg., the sale of road allowances in front of an existing cottage, the sale of small parcels of land to provide adequate area for the installation of a septic system) where it does not detrimentally affect the values an area is intended to protect. Renewals of existing leases or land use permits are permitted. Requests for transfer of tenure will be considered in the context of the SCI or RMP. New leases or land use permits will be allowed for approved activities.||Commitments to sell or lease Crown land within new conservation reserves in the OLL planning area made prior to the release of the proposed LUS will proceed, subject to meeting all other necessary requirements.|
|Habitat management for wildlife||No explicit policy||No policy stated||Specific management prescriptions will be identified in SCIs and RMPs. No new habitat management will be permitted until an SCI or RMP is prepared. Existing habitat management practices will be reviewed to ensure that they are consistent with the protection of identified natural heritage values.|