Longlac North Conservation Reserve Management Statement
This document provides policy direction for the protection, development and management of the Longlac North Conservation Reserve and its resources.
On this page Skip this page navigation
Statement of Conservation Interest (C2207)
Prepared for the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Northwest Region
by Rebecca Zeran and Natalie Kolody
OLL Resource Managers
MNR, Nipigon District
Statement of Conservation Interest for Longlac North Conservation Reserve C2207
The purpose of this Statement of Conservation Interest is to identify the natural heritage values of the Conservation Reserve and to identify the activities which occur at this location. This Statement outlines the activities which will be permitted and those which will be prohibited. From this outline, the management direction for the site can be determined.
On July 16, 1999, the Ontario Government released Ontario’s Living Legacy (OLL) Land Use Strategy (LUS) to guide the planning and management of Crown Lands within a large part of northern and central Ontario. A major component of this Land Use Strategy was the establishment of 378 new protected areas in this part of Ontario. This commitment will be the largest expansion of Provincial Parks and other protected areas in the history of Ontario.
The Longlac North Conservation Reserve (C2207) is one site within this expansion of Ontario’s protected areas.
Conservation Reserves are areas of Crown land set aside by regulation under the Public Lands Act to complement provincial parks in protecting representative natural areas and specific landscape features. Most recreational activities (e.g. hiking, skiing, tourism related uses, nature appreciation) and non-industrial commercial activities (e.g. fur harvesting, bait fishing and commercial fishing) that have traditionally been enjoyed in the area will continue – provided that these uses do not impact upon the natural features requiring protection. Recreational hunting and fishing are permitted uses within all new conservation reserves identified through the OLL Land Use Strategy. Commercial timber harvesting, mining, aggregate extraction and hydroelectric development are prohibited in conservation reserves.
The Longlac North Conservation Reserve is located approximately 4.5 km north of the town of Longlac, within the geographic townships of Bickle, Bain, and Daley. The conservation reserve consists of three distinct areas:
- The Kenogami River Reservoir – the conservation reserve includes approximately 120 metres of shoreline along the majority of the 9 km stretch of the reservoir. The Reservoir begins approx. 4.5 km north of the town of Longlac and ends just south of the Kenogami Dam, controlled by Ontario Power Generation
- The northern portion of the Kenogamisis River – this includes an approximate 8.5 km stretch of the Kenogamisis River between its junction with the Kenogami River and the CN Railway crossing to the west. The site includes 120 metres of shoreline along the north side of the river and 30 metres of shoreline along the south side of the river
- An area of wetland adjacent to the east side of the CN Railway
The Longlac North Conservation Reserve contains representative landform and vegetation types and is a popular fishing and waterfowl hunting area (OLL Factsheet, 2001). The site is easily accessed by either boat or motor vehicle. More detail on the natural and recreational values of the site can be found in the attached Earth Science Report, Life Science Report and the Recreation Resource Assessment Report.
The purpose of this Statement of Conservation Interest is to identify the natural heritage values of the Longlac North Conservation Reserve; this Statement also identifies the activities occurring within the conservation reserve. Through a set of management guidelines, this statement will outline the activities which will be permitted and those which will be prohibited. From this outline, the management direction for the area can be determined.
2. Background information
|Name||Longlac North Conservation Reserve (C2207)|
|Site region / site district||3W-4|
|OMNR Administrative Region / District / Area||Northwest Region /Nipigon District /Geraldton Area|
|Total area (ha)||1,823 hectares|
|Regulation date||Slated for regulation in 2003/04.|
|Interested First Nations||Long Lake #58 First Nation, Ginoogaming First Nation, Aroland First Nation, Constance Lake First Nation|
|Lat./Long.||49°52'30" / 86°30'00"|
|OBM||2016520055200, 2016530055200, 2016530055100|
|FRI Stands||Specific numbers for the FRI stands occurring within the conservation reserve can be obtained by contacting the Information Management Team in Nipigon or in Geraldton|
|General location||Located approximately 4.5 km north of the Town of Longlac.|
|Access||The majority of the conservation reserve is easily accessible by boat, canoe, or motor vehicle. Public boat launching facilities to the Kenogami River exist in the town of Longlac (located 4.5 km south of the site). The Blueberry Road runs along the east side of the Kenogami River Reservoir. Forest roads and hydro facility roads give direct access to sections of the reservoir. The site can also be accessed by canoe from Geraldton via the Kenogamisis River.|
3. Representation targets
This section provides a summary of the earth science, life science and cultural resource values represented in the site. It also outlines existing and potential recreational opportunities available.
|Life science representation||The site contains representative vegetation types, including wetlands and mixed forests. The Kenogami River is an important waterfowl staging area; numerous species of ducks frequent the area, including common mergansers, mallards, goldeneyes, buffleheads. Several areas within and adjacent to the conservation reserve are known walleye spawning areas.|
|Earth science representation||The site contains representative landform types, including lacustrine deposits and weakly broken ground moraine (OLL Factsheet, 2001).|
|Cultural resource representation||The Kenogami River was used historically for log drives beginning in 1938 with the construction of the Long Lake Diversion. Construction on the Kenogami River Dam was completed in 1938, flooding the Kenogami River and creating the Kenogami River Reservoir. Control of the water levels in this system is still being managed for hydro-electric power generation purposes. A popular recreation spot within the conservation reserve was originally created and utilized as 'log dump' by the forestry company – a location where cut logs were released ('dumped') into the river.|
|Recreational opportunities||Numerous opportunities exist for recreation within the conservation reserve, including: boating, canoeing, swimming, fishing, hunting (large game and waterfowl), picnicking, and summer camping.|
4. Survey information
This section provides an overview of the inventories completed, their level of detail and any further inventory work required.
|Survey level||Life science||Earth science||Cultural||Recreational|
|Reconnaissance||Yes, Aug. 2002||Yes, Aug. 2002||No||Yes, Aug. 2002|
|Requirement||No further requirement||No further requirement||No further requirement||No further requirement|
5. Natural & cultural heritage values
This section provides a description of the key natural and cultural heritage values of the site and their condition relative to past and present resource use and management activities. It also addresses the sensitivity of these values to future land use and management activities.
The forest cover on this site is representative of the surrounding area and is predominately fire origin mature stands.
The waterway portions of the site are surrounded by a 120 metre buffer of vegetation (except along the south side of the Kenogamisis River, where the buffer is only 30 metres wide). This vegetation buffer is composed primarily of black spruce and poplar. The wetland portion of the conservation reserve is made up predominately of upland and lowland spruce and treed fen/bog. The forest buffers are predominately mature to overmature forest stands. Forest harvest activities within recent decades have created young forest conditions immediately adjacent to much of the conservation reserve.
The conservation reserve is located on relatively flat terrain, predominately composed of lacustrine deposits and weakly broken ground moraine.
Fish & wildlife values
Several walleye spawning areas are located within the conservation reserve’s waters. Healthy populations of both walleye and perch are regularly reported by anglers. The southern end of the Kenogami River and the Kenogami River Reservoir is an important waterfowl staging area. Field visits also documented the presence of marten and marten denning areas, as well as beaver activity. Numerous river otter tracks, as well as great blue heron tracks, were documented in the mud and sand along the shoreline of the reservoir/river. An osprey nest is located just north of the site and several moose aquatic feeding areas are located within the conservation reserve.
The majority of the conservation reserve consists of riverine habitat. The site contains a portion of the Kenogamisis River as well as the entire flooded area known as the Kenogami River Reservoir. The rivers are important habitat for walleye, waterfowl and other fur-bearing mammals. The Kenogami Control Dam, built in 1938 is located 2.5 km north of the conservation reserve. This Dam serves to re-direct the northward direction of water flow of the Kenogami River to the south. Control of the water levels in this system is still being managed for hydro-electric power generation purposes. At present, a Water Management Plan for the Aguasabon watershed (including the Kenogami River) is being developed. This plan will guide future management of the water resource with regard to hydro-electric power generation and will take into account and attempt to preserve all identified values currently located within the system.
Recreation & tourism values
Recreational opportunities within the conservation reserve include: boating, canoeing, swimming, fishing, hunting (large game and waterfowl), picnicking, and summer camping. The conservation reserve has high tourism and recreation potential. Its proximity to the town of Longlac ensures that the site is accessible and well-utilized. Excellent walleye fishing opportunities exist within the site and a recognized canoe route, the "Kenogamisis-Burrows Canoe Route", passes through the majority of the site. A number of old logging roads access the site providing access to the water.
Cultural & historical values
The Kenogami River was used historically for log drives beginning in 1938 with the construction of the Long Lake Diversion. Construction on the Kenogami River Dam was completed in 1938, flooding the Kenogami River and creating the Kenogami River Reservoir. A popular recreation spot within the conservation reserve was originally created and utilized as a 'log dump' by the forestry company – a location where cut logs were released ('dumped') into the river. In recent history, there was a long standing fur trading post at the north end of Long Lake, only 5 to 6 kilometres south of the conservation reserve.
The site has probably been used historically by First Nation peoples for traditional hunting, gathering and cultural activities. The MNR has no record that would indicate the levels of historical use for these activities, however, should any be discovered, they will be given appropriate priority and protection. First Nation people also currently utilize the site for hunting, trapping, fishing and recreation. Nothing in this Statement of Conservation Interest in any way affects existing Aboriginal or Treaty Rights.
6. Management guidelines
The following topics briefly indicate the existing situation within the Longlac North Conservation Reserve and outline the new and existing management guidelines to be implemented and followed. A copy of the Land Use Policy Report for the Longlac North Conservation Reserve can be viewed on the Crown Land Use Atlas Website.
6.1 Land tenure
The Longlac North Conservation Reserve consists entirely of Crown land. Sale of lands is not permitted. No private land or development currently exists in the area; no future disposition or development will be permitted. No commercial land or development exists within the site; no future disposition or development will be permitted.
6.2 Existing and proposed development
The area will be managed primarily for low-impact recreation, canoeing, boating, hunting, fishing, public nature appreciation, educational experiences and scientific study.
A number of tertiary forest access roads enter into the conservation reserve providing opportunity to access the area and its waterways. Current condition of these roads is not known. A secondary road, located off of the Blueberry Road, used to access the "old log dump' access point still sees active use by recreational users. Existing roads and the "old log dump" access point will be permitted to continue; new roads or access points are not permitted.
No private recreation camps, commercial tourist outpost camps, lodges or outfitting operations currently exist in the site; new operations will not be permitted.
6.3 Recreational activities
|Tourism||The conservation reserve has relatively high tourism potential. Its proximity to the town of Longlac ensures that the site is accessible and well-utilized. Excellent walleye fishing opportunities exist within the site and a recognized canoe route, the "Kenogamisis-Burrows Canoe Route", passes through the majority of the site.|
|Recreational Fishing||Several walleye spawning areas exist within the conservation reserve. Recreational anglers regularly have success in catching perch and walleye. Several access points and boat launching areas make the conservation reserve a popular site for recreational fishing enthusiasts.|
|Recreational Hunting||The entire Kenogami River Reservoir and the marshlands along the Kenogami River to the south of the site have been designated as a waterfowl staging area. The area sees use by duck hunters on a regular basis. Moose hunters also frequent the area. Several moose hunt camp tent frames and camp sites were observed during the field survey. Again, the accessibility of the site facilitates recreational hunting activities. No private recreation camps exist in the site.|
Low-intensity, non-structural activities that do not negatively impact site values (e.g. viewing, canoeing, boating, hunting, fishing, etc.) are permitted. ATV and snowmobile use is permitted to continue where it does not adversely affect the values being protected. Snowmobile and ATV use off trails is not permitted except for the direct retrieval of game. Access to the site by non-mechanized means is the preferred method.
Old logging roads existing within the conservation reserve may act as recreational trails and are permitted to continue unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. New trails can be considered through planning.
6.4 Commercial activities
|Mining||No mining claims exist within the conservation reserve.|
|Aggregate||No operations exist on site|
|Forest harvest||Mature forest cover on the site is commercially merchantable.|
|Wild Rice||None observed on site.|
|Trapping||Two traplines overlap the site: GE8, GE23. There are no known trap cabins within the site.|
|Bear Management Areas||Four BMA's overlap the site: GE-19-029, GE-19-028, GE-19-027, GE-19-030|
|Outpost camps/outfitters||None exist within the conservation reserve. It is likely that outfitters located in the town of Longlac utilize the area included in the conservation reserve.|
|Commercial Fisheries||No commercial fisheries operations currently occur within the conservation reserve. One active baitfish harvest area (GE1229) overlaps the site, however no locations which are fished for baitfish are actually located within the conservation reserve.|
|Hydro-electric development||The Kenogami Control Dam, built in 1938 is located 2.5 km north of the conservation reserve. This Dam served to re-direct the northward direction of water flow of the Kenogami River to the south; it also flooded a large portion of the Kenogami River, now known as the Kenogami River Reservoir (this reservoir is included within the conservation reserve). Control of the water levels in this system is still being managed for hydro-electric power generation purposes.|
The site forms part of two active traplines. Existing trapping activity is permitted to continue unless there are significant demonstrated conflicts. No trap cabins are known to exist in the area; new cabins are not permitted. The maintenance and repair of existing trails is permitted, as long as the scale and function of the trail is not significantly altered. New fur harvesting operations can be considered subject to the "test of compatibility."
Four bear management areas are currently active within the reserve. Existing BMA operations are permitted to continue; new operations are not permitted.
One baitfish harvest area overlaps the conservation reserve. These activities will be permitted to continue. New baitfish operations can be considered subject to the "test of compatibility."
No other commercial activities are known to exist within the conservation reserve boundaries and no new commercial activities will be permitted (i.e., mining, hydroelectric development, logging, aggregate extraction, road development, utility corridors, peat development and topsoil removal).
The area of the Longlac North Conservation Reserve will be permanently removed from the Kenogami Forest Sustainable Forest License. Currently the area is interim protected. The area has also been officially withdrawn from mineral staking by means of a withdrawal order.
6.5 Aboriginal interests
Local First Nation communities were asked to provide input into the regulation of the Longlac North Conservation Reserve. A meeting was held with Pays Plat First Nation to discuss the regulation of the Longlac North Conservation Reserve (along with 5 other OLL sites). Pays Plat expressed no concern over the regulation of the Longlac North Conservation Reserve.
Letters were sent to four 'affected' First Nations within the Nishnawbe-Aski Nation (NAN), informing them of the regulation process and inviting them to comment and consult on the boundaries (this included Aroland, Ginoogaming, Long Lake #58, and Constance Lake First Nations). Consultation is currently underway between the First Nations and the Ministry of Natural Resources at the District level
Regional and District offices received a letter from the Ontario Metis Aboriginal Association (OMAA) indicating a wish to participate in any management planning regarding OLL sites and also expressing the need to protect aboriginal rights such as hunting, fishing, trapping, and gathering. Consultation with OMAA is being coordinated at a corporate level.
Nothing in this Statement of Conservation Interest in any way affects existing Aboriginal or Treaty Rights.
6.6 Natural resources stewardship
6.6.1 Vegetation management and fire management
The area will be managed in accordance with relevant existing policies. Natural ecosystem processes and features will, for the most part, be allowed to occur with minimal human interference.
The MNR recognizes fire as an essential process fundamental to the ecological integrity of conservation reserves. In accordance with existing Conservation Reserve Policy and the Forest Fire Management Strategy for Ontario, forest fire protection will be carried out as on surrounding lands.
Whenever feasible, the MNR fire program will endeavor to use "light on the land" techniques, which do not unduly disturb the landscape, in this conservation reserve. Examples of light on the land techniques may include limiting the use of heavy equipment or limiting the number of trees felled during fire response efforts.
Opportunities for prescribed burning to achieve ecological or resource management objectives may be considered. These management objectives will be developed with public consultation prior to any prescribed burning, and reflected in the document that provides management direction for this conservation reserve. Plans for any prescribed burning will be developed in accordance with the MNR Prescribed Burn Planning Manual, and the Class Environmental Assessment for Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves (approval pending).
6.6.2 Fish and wildlife management
Fisheries and wildlife will be managed in accordance with existing policies. Opportunities for wildlife viewing will be encouraged.
No management requirements exist for this category, except that significant and unique landforms should be afforded continued protection as a natural resource.
6.7 Cultural resource stewardship
There are no requirements for management of cultural resources at this time based on existing information. The Ministry of Natural Resources will continue to work with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Recreation’s regional chief archaeologist to identify archaeological sites requiring further protection. To date there has been no field survey to assess cultural resources in the Longlac North Conservation Reserve and the potential for archaeological finds is unknown.
6.8 Client services
Nipigon District and the Information Management Team staff will be the primary contact for responding to inquiries about the basic level of information such as access, nature appreciation, scientific study requests, wildlife viewing opportunities, hunting, permitted uses and boundaries.
Non-destructive scientific research by qualified/recognized Canadian institutions or organizations that will contribute to the Ministry of Natural Resources' natural heritage information base will be encouraged. All research programs will require the approval of the Ministry of Natural Resources and will be subject to ministry policy and other relevant legislation.
Activities will include producing a fact sheet highlighting the importance of the reserve and responding to inquiries about the site. There are no other requirements at this time.
Implementation of this Statement of Conservation Interest will primarily involve monitoring activities to ensure adherence to management guidelines. The conservation reserve will be managed under the supervision of the Information Management Team supervisor (Nipigon District) and the Geraldton Area supervisor. Any affected clients will be notified of any amendments to this Statement of Conservation Interest.
The Longlac North Conservation Reserve is slated for regulation in 2003/04 under the Public Lands Act, following the process set out in the Ontario’s Living Legacy Protected Areas Regulation Implementation Manual (MNR, 2000).
8. Review and revisions
Any changes that may occur to the management direction outlined in this Statement of Conservation Interest for the Longlac North Conservation Reserve will be evaluated for their significance. Minor changes, which do not alter the overall protection objectives, may be considered and approved by the Area Supervisor. Local consultation may also be required, as determined by the Area Supervisor. In the case of major changes, the need for a more comprehensive Resource Management Plan will be considered first along with any legislative notification requirements that may exist at that particular time. Any major amendments to this document will require public consultation and the approval of the District Manager and Regional Director.
9. Public consultation
9.1 Results of past consultation
The Longlac North Conservation Reserve has been a part of the land use planning and consultation process during:
- Lands for Life round table consultation (June 1997 to July 1998)
- Ontario’s Living Legacy consultations (Fall 1998, Spring 1999)
- OLL Site Regulation and Public Consultation Process (June 2001)
During the Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy site regulation and public consultation process for the Longlac North Conservation Reserve, contact was made with local stakeholders. In June of 2001, letters from the District Manager were sent to First Nations, representatives from the forestry industry, trappers, municipalities, landowners, prospectors, fish and game clubs, trail and recreational clubs, and tourist operators/outfitters. Newspaper advertisements were also released at this time.
One written comment was received regarding the Longlac North Conservation Reserve (see Appendix 7 for a copy of the OLL Public and Aboriginal Consultation Documentation Form for the Longlac North Conservation Reserve). A meeting was held with Pays Plat First Nation to discuss the regulation of the Longlac North Waterway Conservation Reserve (along with 5 other OLL sites). Please see Section 6.5 for an account of the comments put forward by First Nations. Concerns that arose with respect to the establishment of the conservation reserve were addressed accordingly.
9.2 Present and future consultation
Further widespread consultation is not deemed necessary at this time because of the extensive consultation that has already occurred to date.
Once the Longlac North Conservation Reserve has been formally regulated under the Public Lands Act, notification letters will be sent to all members of the public who expressed interest in the site. Notices will also be sent to all First Nations, industry and municipal organizations potentially affected by the regulation of this site.
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. (1999). Ontario’s Living Legacy Land Use Strategy, Queen’s Printer for Ontario, Ontario Canada.
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. (2000). Protected Areas Regulation Implementation Manual, Internal Document.
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. (2001). Longlac North Conservation Reserve (C2207) Fact Sheet, June 2001. Public Document.
Peet, Simon Edward. (1978). The Long Lake Diversion: An Environmental Evaluation. Thesis document. University of Waterloo. Waterloo, Ontario.