Population growth

Ontario’s population reached 15,007,816 on April 1, 2022, with a increase of 55,991 people during the first quarter of 2022. This compares to an increase of 36,452 people recorded in the same quarter of 2021.

Population growth, Ontario, Q1 2022
Thousands
Population, January 1, 202214,951.8
Plus Births34.3
Minus Deaths33.2
Plus Immigrants50.6
Minus Emigrants *7.1
Plus Net Change in Non-Permanent Residents23.0
Plus Interprovincial Arrivals15.4
Minus Interprovincial Departures26.9
Population, April 1, 202215,007.8

*Emigrants plus net change in temporary emigrants minus returning Canadians.
Source: Statistics Canada.

Births and deaths

There were 34,285 births during the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 2.2% from the same quarter of 2021. The number of deaths increased by 10.0% to reach 33,183.

Natural increase (births minus deaths) was 1,102 in the quarter, down from 3,396 in the same quarter of 2021.

International migration

Immigration to Ontario was 50,589 in the first quarter, up from 34,984 in the same quarter of 2021. Ontario received 44.5% of all immigrants to Canada in the quarter, a decrease from 49.6% in the same quarter of 2021. During the past year to March 31, Ontario received 214,135 immigrants, up sharply from 85,625 in the previous year.

There were 7,119 emigrants in the first quarter, compared to 4,283 during the same quarter of 2021. Ontario accounted for 46.4% of all emigration from Canada in the quarter.

The number of non‑permanent residents in Ontario (NPRs – i.e. international students, foreign workers, and refugee claimants) increased by 22,985 to about 625,000 by April 1.

Overall, there was a net international migration gain of 66,455 in the first quarter, up from a net gain of 38,943 in the same quarter of 2021.

Components of population growth, Q1 2022 and average for 2017-2021

Components of population growth in the first quarter of 2022 with the average of the same quarter of the previous five years (2017-2021)

* Includes emigrants plus net change in temporary emigrants minus returning Canadians.
Source: Statistics Canada.

Accessible description of chart

Interprovincial migration

In the first quarter of 2022, Ontario saw a net interprovincial migration loss of 11,566 people to the rest of Canada, compared to a net loss of 5,887 people in the same quarter of 2021. Ontario experienced net gains in its exchanges with Manitoba (+111), and net losses with the other 11 provinces and territories. The largest net losses were to Alberta (-3,577), New Brunswick (-2,353), British Columbia (-2,022), and Nova Scotia (-1,582). During the past 12 months to March 31, Ontario’s total net interprovincial migration loss was 36,911, compared to a net loss of 6,046 in the previous year.

Year-over-year growth

In the 12 months to March 31, Ontario’s population grew by 211,933 or 1.4%, much faster than in the previous year (66,559 or 0.5%). Among the provinces, Ontario had the fifth fastest population growth rate after Prince Edward Island (3.1%), Nova Scotia (2.2%), British Columbia (1.9%) and New Brunswick (1.8%). Canada’s population grew by 501,527 (1.3%) over the period.

For more information contact Alex Munger 437-242-7697.

Ontario Demographic Factsheet

Population (000s) - Estimates footnote 1
Region2006201120162018201920202021
Canada32,57134,33936,10937,06537,60138,03738,246
Ontario12,66213,26113,87514,30914,54514,74614,826
Ontario as % of Canada38.938.638.438.638.738.838.7
Ontario average annual growth rate
(Over previous year shown)
1.30.90.91.51.61.40.5
Population (000s) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Region20262031203620412046
Canada40,31542,27144,11545,84447,479
Ontario16,07617,09118,08319,05820,016
Ontario as % of Canada39.940.441.041.642.2
Ontario average annual growth rate
(Over previous year shown)
1.61.21.11.11.0
Age distribution (%) - Estimates footnote 1
Age group2006201120162018201920202021
0–45.45.45.25.05.04.94.8
5–1412.311.211.010.810.710.610.5
15–2413.813.712.913.013.012.812.5
25–4429.427.126.526.727.027.427.6
45–6426.028.328.127.527.126.726.5
65–746.97.69.29.69.810.010.3
75+6.26.67.17.37.57.67.8
Age distribution (%) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Age group20262031203620412046
0–44.94.94.94.94.9
5–1410.09.910.09.99.9
15–2412.912.712.412.412.5
25–4428.428.327.826.926.3
45–6424.122.722.823.624.2
65–7410.911.310.59.49.0
75+8.910.211.713.013.3
Selected age groups (%) - Estimates footnote 1
Age group2006201120162018201920202021
0–1417.816.616.115.815.615.515.3
15–6469.269.167.667.367.166.966.6
65+13.014.216.316.917.317.618.1
Selected age groups (%) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Age group20262031203620412046
0–1414.914.814.814.814.8
15–6465.463.762.962.862.9
65+19.821.622.322.422.2
Other characteristics - Estimates footnote 1
Other characteristic2006201120162018201920202021
Total dependency ratio (%) footnote 360.660.462.663.263.463.663.9
Median age (years)38.439.840.740.640.540.540.7
Age span of baby boom (years)41-6046-6551-7053-7254-7355-7456-75
Total fertility rate footnote 41.551.561.511.451.42n.a. n.a.
Female life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 483.284.184.484.484.784.4 n.a.
Male life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 478.779.980.480.280.479.9 n.a.
Families (000s)3,5393,7223,8323,9534,0104,0554,111
Households (000s) footnote 54,5554,8885,169n.a.n.a.n.a.5,491
Other characteristics - MOF Projections footnote 2
Other characteristic20262031203620412046
Total dependency ratio (%) footnote 367.972.374.074.574.3
Median age (years)40.440.941.542.042.3
Age span of baby boom (years)61-8066-8571-9076-9581-100
Total fertility rate footnote 41.391.391.421.461.50
Female life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 485.285.986.687.387.9
Male life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 481.282.283.184.084.8
Families (000s) n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Households (000s) footnote 5 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Regional distribution (%) - Estimates footnote 1
Region2006201120162018201920202021
Greater Toronto Area45.847.247.847.848.048.047.9
Central22.021.621.621.721.721.721.8
Eastern13.213.213.113.113.113.113.1
Southwestern12.612.011.711.711.711.711.7
Northeastern4.54.34.14.03.93.93.8
Northwestern1.91.81.71.71.71.61.6
Regional distribution (%) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Region20262031203620412046
Greater Toronto Area48.548.949.349.649.8
Central21.821.922.022.022.1
Eastern13.012.912.912.812.8
Southwestern11.611.411.311.211.1
Northeastern3.63.43.23.13.0
Northwestern1.51.41.41.31.2
Components of change (000s) footnote 6 — year beginning July 1
PeriodPopulation,
beginning of period
Total changeBirthsDeathsNatural increase
Five-Year: 2001–0611,898764658418240
Five-Year: 2006–1112,662600697441256
Five-Year: 2011–1613,261614702471231
Annual: 2016–1713,87519514110239
Annual: 2017–1814,07023914110734
Annual: 2018–1914,30923614010634
Annual: 2019–2014,54520114011228
Annual: 2020–2114,7468113711720
Components of change (000s) footnote 6 — year beginning July 1
International migration
PeriodImmigrantsNet emigrantsNet NPRsNet
Five-Year: 2001–0665312544573
Five-Year: 2006–1155810457511
Five-Year: 2011–1651912385481
Annual: 2016–17981963142
Annual: 2017–181321678194
Annual: 2018–191391672195
Annual: 2019–20127−340170
Annual: 2020–2110812−1878
Components of change (000s) footnote 6  — year beginning July 1
Interprovincial migration
PeriodInOutNet
Five-Year: 2001–06307336−30
Five-Year: 2006–11296355−59
Five-Year: 2011–16307346−39
Annual: 2016–17725813
Annual: 2017–18706010
Annual: 2018–1967607
Annual: 2019–2075723
Annual: 2020–216583−17

Note: All population figures are for July 1st.

Sources: Ontario Ministry of Finance and Statistics Canada.

June 22, 2022
Office of Economic Policy


Accessible Image Description:

This bar chart compares the components of population growth in the first quarter of 2022 with the average of the same quarter of the previous five years (2017-2021). In the first quarter of 2022, births, deaths, immigration, emigration and the net change in non-permanent residents were higher than the average of first quarters of the previous five years, while net interprovincial migration was lower.

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