Population growth

Ontario’s population reached 14,826,276 on July 1, 2021, with a increase of 30,393 people during the second quarter of 2021. This compares to an increase of 16,388 in the same quarter of the previous year.

Population growth, Ontario, Q2 2021
Thousands
Population, April 1, 202114,795.9
Plus Births34.9
Minus Deaths29.0
Plus Immigrants38.3
Minus Emigrants *5.4
Plus Net Change in Non-Permanent Residents3.3
Plus Interprovincial Arrivals25.3
Minus Interprovincial Departures37.2
Population, July 1, 202114,826.3

*Emigrants plus net change in temporary emigrants minus returning Canadians.
Source: Statistics Canada.

Births and deaths

There were 34,938 births during the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 0.8% from the same quarter of 2020. The number of deaths decreased by 3.0% to reach 28,974.

Natural increase (births minus deaths) was 5,964 in the quarter, up from 4,812 in the same quarter of 2020.

International migration

Immigration to Ontario was 38,307 in the quarter, up from 16,067 in the same quarter of 2020. Ontario received 51.5% of all immigrants to Canada in the quarter, an increase from 47.2% in the same quarter of 2020. Over the 12 months to June 30, Ontario received 107,865 immigrants, down sharply from 127,112 during the previous year.

There were 5,366 emigrants in the second quarter, compared to an unusual net return to Ontario of 7,522 previously-emigrated Canadians during the same quarter of 2020. Ontario accounted for 45.4% of all emigration from Canada in the quarter.

The number of non-permanent residents in Ontario (NPRs – i.e. foreign students, visa workers and refugee claimants) increased by 3,345 to about 572,000 in the quarter.

Overall, there was a net international migration gain of 36,286 in the second quarter, up from a net gain of 12,394 in the same quarter of 2020.

Components of population growth, Q2 2021 and average for 2016-2020

components of population growth in the second quarter of 2020 with the average of the same quarter of the previous five years (2016-2020)

* Includes emigrants plus net change in temporary emigrants minus returning Canadians.
Source: Statistics Canada.

Accessible description of chart

Interprovincial migration   

In the second quarter of 2021, Ontario had a net outflow of 11,857 people to the rest of Canada, compared to a net outflow of 818 people in the same quarter of 2020. Ontario experienced net gains in its exchanges with 3 of the 12 other provinces and territories, with the largest net gains from Saskatchewan (781) and Manitoba (636). The largest net losses were to British Columbia (−4,754) and Nova Scotia (−3,234). Over the 12 months to June 30, Ontario’s total net interprovincial migration outflow was 17,085, compared to a net inflow of 2,794 during the previous year.

Year-over-year growth

Over the 12 months to June 30, Ontario’s population grew by 80,564 or 0.5%, lower than growth of 201,011 (1.4%) during the previous year. Among the provinces, Ontario had the fifth fastest population growth rate after Prince Edward Island (1.9%), British Columbia (1.1%), Nova Scotia (1.0%) and New Brunswick (0.8%). Canada’s population grew by 208,904 (0.5%) over the period.

For more information contact Alex Munger 437-242-7697.

Ontario Demographic Factsheet

Population (000s) - Estimates footnote 1
Region2006201120162018201920202021
Canada32,57134,33936,10937,06537,60138,03738,246
Ontario12,66213,26113,87514,30914,54514,74614,826
Ontario as % of Canada38.938.638.438.638.738.838.7
Ontario average annual growth rate
(Over previous year shown)
1.30.90.91.51.61.40.5
Population (000s) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Region20262031203620412046
Canada40,31542,27144,11545,84447,479
Ontario16,07617,09118,08319,05820,016
Ontario as % of Canada39.940.441.041.642.2
Ontario average annual growth rate
(Over previous year shown)
1.61.21.11.11.0
Age distribution (%) - Estimates footnote 1
Age group2006201120162018201920202021
0–45.45.45.25.05.04.94.8
5–1412.311.211.010.810.710.610.5
15–2413.813.712.913.013.012.812.5
25–4429.427.126.526.727.027.427.6
45–6426.028.328.127.527.126.726.5
65–746.97.69.29.69.810.010.3
75+6.26.67.17.37.57.67.8
Age distribution (%) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Age group20262031203620412046
0–44.94.94.94.94.9
5–1410.09.910.09.99.9
15–2412.912.712.412.412.5
25–4428.428.327.826.926.3
45–6424.122.722.823.624.2
65–7410.911.310.59.49.0
75+8.910.211.713.013.3
Selected age groups (%) - Estimates footnote 1
Age group2006201120162018201920202021
0–1417.816.616.115.815.615.515.3
15–6469.269.167.667.367.166.966.6
65+13.014.216.316.917.317.618.1
Selected age groups (%) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Age group20262031203620412046
0–1414.914.814.814.814.8
15–6465.463.762.962.862.9
65+19.821.622.322.422.2
Other characteristics - Estimates footnote 1
Other characteristic2006201120162018201920202021
Total dependency ratio (%) footnote 360.660.462.663.263.463.663.9
Median age (years)38.439.840.740.640.540.540.7
Age span of baby boom (years)41-6046-6551-7053-7254-7355-7456-75
Total fertility rate footnote 41.551.561.511.45n.a.n.a. n.a.
Female life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 483.184.084.484.5n.a.n.a. n.a.
Male life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 478.879.880.380.3n.a.n.a. n.a.
Families (000s)3,5393,7223,8323,9533,9904,030 n.a.
Households (000s) footnote 54,5554,8885,169n.a.n.a.n.a. n.a.
Other characteristics - MOF Projections footnote 2
Other characteristic20262031203620412046
Total dependency ratio (%) footnote 367.972.374.074.574.3
Median age (years)40.440.941.542.042.3
Age span of baby boom (years)61-8066-8571-9076-9581-100
Total fertility rate footnote 41.391.391.421.461.50
Female life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 485.285.986.687.387.9
Male life expectancy at birth (years) footnote 481.282.283.184.084.8
Families (000s) n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Households (000s) footnote 5 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Regional distribution (%) - Estimates footnote 1
Region2006201120162018201920202021
Greater Toronto Area45.847.247.847.848.048.0 n.a.
Central22.021.621.621.721.721.7 n.a.
Eastern13.213.213.113.113.113.1 n.a.
Southwestern12.612.011.711.711.711.7 n.a.
Northeastern4.54.34.14.03.93.9 n.a.
Northwestern1.91.81.71.71.71.6 n.a.
Regional distribution (%) - MOF Projections footnote 2
Region20262031203620412046
Greater Toronto Area48.548.949.349.649.8
Central21.821.922.022.022.1
Eastern13.012.912.912.812.8
Southwestern11.611.411.311.211.1
Northeastern3.63.43.23.13.0
Northwestern1.51.41.41.31.2
Components of change (000s) footnote 6 — year beginning July 1
PeriodPopulation,
beginning of period
Total changeBirthsDeathsNatural increase
Five-Year: 2001–0611,898764658418240
Five-Year: 2006–1112,662600697441256
Five-Year: 2011–1613,261614702471231
Annual: 2016–1713,87519514110239
Annual: 2017–1814,07023914110734
Annual: 2018–1914,30923614010634
Annual: 2019–2014,54520114011228
Annual: 2020–2114,7468113711720
Components of change (000s) footnote 6 — year beginning July 1
International migration
PeriodImmigrantsNet emigrantsNet NPRsNet
Five-Year: 2001–0665312544573
Five-Year: 2006–1155810457511
Five-Year: 2011–1651912385481
Annual: 2016–17981963142
Annual: 2017–181321678194
Annual: 2018–191391672195
Annual: 2019–20127−340170
Annual: 2020–2110812−1878
Components of change (000s) footnote 6  — year beginning July 1
Interprovincial migration
PeriodInOutNet
Five-Year: 2001–06307336−30
Five-Year: 2006–11296355−59
Five-Year: 2011–16307346−39
Annual: 2016–17725813
Annual: 2017–18706010
Annual: 2018–1967607
Annual: 2019–2075723
Annual: 2020–216583−17

Note: All population figures are for July 1st.

Sources: Ontario Ministry of Finance and Statistics Canada.

September 29, 2021
Office of Economic Policy


Accessible Image Description:

This bar chart compares the components of population growth in the second quarter of 2021 with the average of the same quarter of the previous five years (2016-2020). In the second quarter of 2021, deaths, immigration and emigration were higher than the average of second quarters of the previous five years, while births, the net change in the number of non-permanent residents and net interprovincial migration were lower.

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