Traffic Check - You must look ahead, in your mirrors and pay attention to the other vehicles on the expressway while accelerating on the on ramp to determine a safe opportunity to merge. It is important to remember the onus is on you–and not other vehicles–to merge safely onto the expressway.

Signal - The proper signal must be activated early, as soon as other vehicles can see you on the on-ramp and not cancelled until your vehicle is in the new lane to give other vehicles time to make any necessary adjustments. However, keep in mind that you do not have the right-of-way.

Spacing - Because of the increased stopping distance of loaded or empty trucks and other commercial vehicles, the following distance must be adjusted to allow you the ability to observe, react or manoeuvre the vehicle if necessary. You must also stay within the lane markings.

Speed - You should not exceed but travel as closely to the posted ramp advisory speed limit as possible. Use the acceleration lane to gain as much speed as necessary, and reach as closely to the expressway speed as possible.

Merge - The merge needs to be deliberate, but smooth and steady. Sudden lateral movements should be avoided. Taking too much time should also be avoided. The vehicle should be steered into the centre of the target lane while adjusting speed necessary to establish safe distances from other vehicles.

Diagram 7-6