By the end of this chapter you should know:


  • The difference between regulatory, warning, temporary condition and information/ direction signs
  • How to read the symbols and messages of some common signs in each category

Traffic lights

  • The different colours and symbols that appear on traffic lights and what those mean
  • How to navigate turns using advanced green lights and arrows
  • How to proceed when approaching flashing amber or red lights
  • What to do in situations where the traffic lights are not operating

Pedestrian signals

  • What the symbols on pedestrian signals indicate
  • What an intersection pedestrian signal is and what to do if you encounter one

Pavement markings

  • How pavement markings are used to control traffic
  • What the different colours and types of markings are used to indicate