Observation – You must be continually aware of conditions so that necessary adjustments in speed and position can be made. It is important to constantly monitor mirrors to see vehicles approaching and observe where the vehicle is tracking.

Intersection/Railway Traffic Check - While travelling up to the intersection or railway crossing, you must monitor the surrounding traffic ahead, beside and to the rear through the vehicle mirrors.

Lane Usage - If you observe the environment ahead, you should choose the right-most lane that can be travelled safely. Stay as far to the right as possible. You may also use the next lane if the right-most lane requires constantly changing lanes.

Speed - You should operate within 10 km/h of the posted speed limit if conditions permit without exceeding the posted limit.

Spacing - Following distance must be adjusted to allow you to observe, react or manoeuvre the vehicle if necessary. You must also avoid passing too closely.

Clutch/Gears - Proper use of the clutch eliminates unnecessary stress on the drivetrain, which can lead to equipment damage or breakdowns.

Brakes/Accelerator - To ensure smooth traffic flow and equipment/shipment integrity, you must be aware of traffic conditions and execute smooth manoeuvres. Gradual slowing also allows proper control of the vehicle.

Steering - Keeping both hands on the wheel is better to be able to control the vehicle during quick evasive manoeuvres. You must maintain a two-handed grip on the steering wheel as much as possible. Situations where only one hand is on the wheel must be limited to times when it is necessary to operate other vehicle controls or make a gear selection.

Turn Signals - Signals alert other traffic that you are about to merge, exit or change lanes. Turn signals on most commercial vehicles are not self-cancelling and need to be manually cancelled so other road users are not confused.