Traffic Check – While approaching the stop, you must monitor the surrounding traffic ahead.

Speed/Gears – Gradual slowing allows for proper control of the vehicle. You must select a gear appropriate for the vehicle speed and load that allows the engine to operate within its normal r.p.m. range.

Signal – Appropriate signals must be used to communicate with other road users, but not too early.

Lane/Stop Position – Stop as far to the right as possible to minimize disruption of traffic flow, and park so that the vehicle does not restrict vision or cause distractions to other vehicles. Vehicles must be parked parallel and close to the curb or edge of roadway without hitting the curb.


Full-Stop Roll – Once you have reached the final parking position, you must secure the vehicle against movement. It is important that service brakes remain applied until the parking brake is activated.

Signals – The turn signal must be cancelled and the four-way flashers activated so as not to confuse other traffic.

Secure Vehicle – For the safety of those around the vehicle, it is important to secure the vehicle against any movement.


Start – To move the vehicle safely, you must place it in the correct gear and not attempt to pull forward without releasing the brake.

Signals – Cancel the four-way flashers and activate the left-turn signal to warn traffic of the intention to enter the lane. The left-turn signal must be cancelled as soon as you have entered the driving lane.

Traffic Check – Observe the traffic environment ahead, left and right, and checks mirrors so that you will be alerted to any changes around the vehicle, with checks especially in the direction of the merge.

Speed/Gears – Accelerating and merging properly prevents the vehicle from interfering with traffic flow.

Traffic Check – Once you have resumed traffic speed, make sure to check the mirrors to be aware of the traffic environment.