Species at risk in Ontario

This searchable table provides links to information on each species at risk in Ontario. The Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List is the official list of endangered, threatened, special concern and extirpated animals and plants in Ontario. It is provided in Ontario Regulation 230/08.

Image Species Grouping Common Name Scientific Name Status
acadian-flycatcher Birds Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
algonquin-wolf Mammals Algonquin Wolf Canis sp.
allegheny-mountain-dusky-salamander Amphibians Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander Desmognathus ochrophaeus
american-badger Mammals American badger Taxidea taxus
american-burying-beetle Insects American Burying Beetle Nicrophorus americanus
american-chestnut Plants and Lichens American Chestnut Castanea dentata
american-columbo Plants and Lichens American Columbo Frasera caroliniensis
american-eel Fish and Mussels American Eel Anguilla rostrata
american-ginseng Plants and Lichens American Ginseng Panax quinquefolius
american-water-willow Plants and Lichens American Water-willow Justicia americana
american-white-pelican Birds American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
aweme-borer-moth Insects Aweme Borer Moth Papaipema aweme
bald-eagle Birds Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
bank-swallow Birds Bank swallow Riparia riparia
barn-owl Birds Barn Owl Tyto alba
barn-swallow Birds Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
beluga Mammals Beluga Delphinapterus leucas
bent-spike-rush Plants and Lichens Bent Spike-rush Eleocharis geniculata
birds-foot-violet Plants and Lichens Bird's-foot Violet Viola pedata
black-redhorse Fish and Mussels Black Redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei
black-tern Birds Black Tern Chlidonias niger
blackstripe-topminnow Fish and Mussels Blackstripe Topminnow Fundulus notatus
blanchards-cricket-frog Amphibians Blanchard's Cricket Frog (Northern Cricket Frog) Acris crepitanis
blandings-turtle Turtles Blanding's Turtle Emydoidea blandingii
blue-ash Plants and Lichens Blue Ash Fraxinus quadrangulata
blue-racer Snakes and Lizards Blue Racer Coluber constrictor foxii
bluehearts Plants and Lichens Bluehearts Buchnera americana
blunt-lobbed-woodsia Plants and Lichens Blunt-lobed Woodsia Woodsia obtusa
bobolink Birds Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
bogbean-buckmoth Insects Bogbean Buckmoth Hemileuca sp.
branched-bartonia Plants and Lichens Branched Bartonia Bartonia paniculata
bridle-shiner Fish and Mussels Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus
broad-banded-forestsnail Snails Broad-banded Forestsnail Allogona profunda
broad-beech-fern Plants and Lichens Broad Beech Fern Phegopteris hexagonoptera
butlers-gartersnake Snakes and Lizards Butler's Gartersnake Thamnophis butleri
butternut-species-risk Plants and Lichens Butternut Juglans cinerea
canada-warbler Birds Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
woodland-caribou Mammals Caribou (Boreal population) Rangifer tarandus
cerulean-warbler Birds Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
channel-darter Fish and Mussels Channel Darter Percina copelandi
cherry-birch-0 Plants and Lichens Cherry Birch Betula lenta
chimney-swift Birds Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
climbing-prairie-rose Plants and Lichens Climbing Prairie Rose Rosa setigera
colicroot Plants and Lichens Colicroot Aletris farinosa
common-five-lined-skink Reptiles Common Five-lined Skink Plestiodon fasciatus
common-hoptree-0 Plants and Lichens Common Hoptree Ptelea trifoliata
common-nighthawk Birds Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
crooked-stem-aster Plants and Lichens Crooked-stem Aster Symphyotrichum prenanthoides
cucumber-tree Plants and Lichens Cucumber Tree Magnolia acuminata
cutlip-minnow Fish and Mussels Cutlip Minnow Exoglossum maxillingua
deerberry Plants and Lichens Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum
dense-blazing-star Plants and Lichens Dense Blazing Star Liatris spicata
drooping-trillium Plants and Lichens Drooping Trillium Trillium flexipes
dwarf-hackberry Plants and Lichens Dwarf Hackberry Celtis tenuifolia
dwarf-lake-iris Plants and Lichens Dwarf Lake Iris Iris lacustris
eastern-box-turtle Turtles Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina
eastern-flowering-dogwood Plants and Lichens Eastern Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida
eastern-foxsnake Reptiles Eastern Foxsnake Pantherophis gloydi
eastern-hog-nosed-snake Snakes and Lizards Eastern Hog-nose snake Heterodon platirhinos
eastern-meadowlark Birds Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
eastern-mole Mammals Eastern Mole Scalopus aquaticus
eastern-musk-turtle-stinkpot Turtles Eastern Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus
eastern-persius-duskywing Insects Eastern Persius Duskywing Erynnis persius persius
eastern-pondmussel Fish and Mussels Eastern Pondmussel Ligumia nasuta
eastern-prairie-fringed-orchid Plants and Lichens Eastern prairie fringed-orchid Platanthera leucophaea
eastern-prickly-pear-cactus Plants and Lichens Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia humifusa
eastern-ribbonsnake Snakes and Lizards Eastern Ribbonsnake Thamnophis sauritus
eastern-sand-darter Fish and Mussels Eastern Sand Darter Ammocrypta pellucida
eastern-small-footed-bat Mammals Eastern Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii
eastern-tiger-salamander Amphibians Eastern Tiger Salamander Ambystoma tigrinum
eastern-wood-pewee Birds Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
eastern-whip-poor-will Birds Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus
engelmanns-quillwort Plants and Lichens Engelmann's quillwort Isoetes engelmannii
eskimo-curlew Birds Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis
false-hop-sedge Plants and Lichens False Hop Sedge Carex lupuliformis
false-rue-anemone Plants and Lichens False Rue-anemone Enemion biternatum
fawnsfoot Fish and Mussels Fawnsfoot Truncilla donaciformis
few-flowered-club-rush Plants and Lichens Few-flowered club rush Trichophorum planifolium
forked-three-awned-grass Plants and Lichens Forked Three-awned Grass Aristida basiramea
four-leaved-milkweed Plants and Lichens Four-leaved Milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia
fowlers-toad Amphibians Fowler's Toad Anaxyrus fowleri
frosted-elfin Insects Frosted Elfin Callophrys irus
gattingers-agalinis Plants and Lichens Gattinger's Agalinis Agalinis gattingeri
golden-eagle Birds Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
golden-winged-warbler Birds Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
goldensealscientific-name Plants and Lichens Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis
grass-pickerel Fish and Mussels Grass Pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus
grasshopper-sparrow Birds Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
gravel-chub Fish and Mussels Gravel Chub Erimystax x-punctata
gray-ratsnake Reptiles Gray Ratsnake Pantherophis spiloides
greater-prairie-chicken Birds Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido
green-dragon Plants and Lichens Green Dragon Arisaema dracontium
grey-fox Mammals Grey Fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus
gypsy-cuckoo-bumble-bee Insects Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee Bombus bohemicus
harts-tongue-fern Plants and Lichens Hart's-tongue Fern Asplenium scolopendrium
heart-leaved-plantain Plants and Lichens Heart-leaved Plantain Plantago cordata
henslows-sparrow Birds Henslow's Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii
hickorynut Fish and Mussels Hickorynut Obovaria olivaria
hills-pondweed Plants and Lichens Hill's Pondweed Potamogeton hillii
hills-thistle Plants and Lichens Hill's Thistle Cirsium hillii
hines-emerald Insects Hine's Emerald Somatochlora hineana
hoary-mountain-mint Plants and Lichens Hoary Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum incanum
horned-grebe Birds Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
horsetail-spike-rush Plants and Lichens Horsetail Spike-rush Eleocharis equisetoides
houghtons-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Houghton's Goldenrod Solidago houghtonii
hungerfords-crawling-water-beetle Insects Hungerford's Crawling Water Beetle Brychius hungerfordi
illinois-tick-trefoil Plants and Lichens Illinois Tick-trefoil Desmodium illinoense
incurved-grizzled-moss Plants and Lichens Incurved Grizzled Moss Ptychomitrium incurvum
jefferson-salamander Amphibians Jefferson salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum
juniper-sedge Plants and Lichens Juniper Sedge Carex juniperorum
karner-blue Insects Karner Blue Lycaeides Melissa Samuelis
kentucky-coffee-tree-species-risk Plants and Lichens Kentucky Coffee-tree Gymnocladus dioicus
kidneyshell Fish and Mussels Kidneyshell Ptychobranchus fasciolaris
king-rail Birds King Rail Rallus elegans
kirtlands-warbler Birds Kirtland's Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii
lake-chubsucker Fish and Mussels Lake Chubsucker Erimyzon sucetta
lake-erie-watersnake Snakes and Lizards Lake Erie Watersnake Nerodia sipedon insularum
lake-sturgeon Fish and Mussels Lake Sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens
lakeside-daisy Plants and Lichens Lakeside Daisy Tetraneuris herbacea
large-whorled-pogonia Plants and Lichens Large Whorled Pogonia Isotria verticillata
lauras-clubtail Insects Laura's Clubtail Stylurus laurae
least-bittern Birds Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
lilliput Fish and Mussels Lilliput Toxolasma parvum
little-brown-bat Mammals Little Brown Myotis Myotis lucifugus
loggerhead-shrike Birds Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus
louisiana-waterthrush Birds Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla
mapleleaf-mussel Fish and Mussels Mapleleaf Mussel Quadrula quadrula
massasauga-rattlesnake Reptiles Massasauga rattlesnake Sistrurus catenatus
mottled-duskywing Insects Mottled duskywing Erynnis martialis
monarch Insects Monarch Danaus plexippus
mountain-lion-cougar Mammals Mountain Lion (Cougar) Puma concolor
nodding-pogonia Plants and Lichens Nodding Pogonia Triphora trianthophoros
northern-barrens-tiger-beetle Insects Northern Barrens Tiger Beetle Cicindela patruela
northern-bobwhite Birds Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
northern-brook-lamprey Fish and Mussels Northern Brook Lamprey Ichthyomyzon fossor
northern-dusky-salamander Amphibians Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus
northern-long-eared-bat Mammals Northern Myotis Myotis septentrionalis
northern-madtom Fish and Mussels Northern Madtom Noturus stigmosus
northern-map-turtle Turtles Northern Map Turtle Graptemys geographica
northern-riffleshell Fish and Mussels Northern Riffleshell Epioblasma torulosa rangiana
ogdens-pondweed Plants and Lichens Ogden's Pondweed Potamogeton ogdenii
olive-sided-flycatcher Birds Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
paddlefish Fish and Mussels Paddlefish Polyodon spathula
pale-bellied-frost-lichen Plants and Lichens Pale-bellied Frost Lichen Physconia subpallida
peregrine-falcon Birds Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus
pink-milkwort Plants and Lichens Pink Milkwort Polygala incarnata
piping-plover Birds Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
pitchers-thistle Plants and Lichens Pitcher's Thistle Cirsium pitcheri
polar-bear Mammals Polar Bear Ursus maritimus
prothonotary-warbler Birds Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
proud-globelet Snails Proud Globelet Patera pennsylvanica
pugnose-minnow Fish and Mussels Pugnose Minnow Opsopoeodus emiliae
pugnose-shiner Fish and Mussels Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus
purple-twayblade Plants and Lichens Purple Twayblade Liparis liliifolia
pygmy-pocket-moss Plants and Lichens Pygmy Pocket Moss Fissidens exilis
pygmy-snaketail Insects Pygmy Snaketail Ophiogomphus howei
queensnake Snakes and Lizards Queensnake Regina septemvittata
rainbow-mussel Fish and Mussels Rainbow Mussel Villosa iris
rapids-clubtail Insects Rapids Clubtail Gomphus quadricolor
rayed-bean Fish and Mussels Rayed Bean Villosa fabalis
red-knot-rufa-subspecies Birds Red Knot rufa subspecies Calidris canutus rufa
red-mulberry-species-risk Plants and Lichens Red Mulberry Morus rubra
red-necked-phalarope Birds Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
red-headed-woodpecker Birds Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
redside-dace Fish and Mussels Redside Dace Clinostomus elongatus
riddells-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Riddell's Goldenrod Solidago riddellii
river-redhorse Fish and Mussels River Redhorse Moxostoma carinatum
riverine-clubtail Insects Riverine clubtail Stylurus amnicola
round-hickorynut Fish and Mussels Round Hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda
round-pigtoe Fish and Mussels Round Pigtoe Pleurobema sintoxia
round-leaved-greenbrier Plants and Lichens Round-leaved Greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia
rusty-patched-bumble-bee Insects Rusty-patched Bumble Bee Bombus affinis
salamander-mussel Fish and Mussels Salamander Mussel Simpsonaias ambigua
scarlet-ammannia Plants and Lichens Scarlet Ammannia Ammannia robusta
short-eared-owl Birds Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
shortjaw-cisco Fish and Mussels Shortjaw Cisco Coregonus zenithicus
shortnose-cisco Fish and Mussels Shortnose Cisco Coregonus reighardi
showy-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Showy Goldenrod Solidago speciosa
shumard-oak-species-risk Plants and Lichens Shumard Oak Quercus shumardii
silver-chub Fish and Mussels Silver Chub Macrhybopsis storeriana
silver-lamprey-0 Fish and Mussels Silver Lamprey Ichthyomyzon unicuspis
silver-shiner Fish and Mussels Silver Shiner Notropis photogenis
skinners-agalinis Plants and Lichens Skinner's Agalinis Agalinis skinneriana
slender-bush-clover Plants and Lichens Slender Bush-clover Lespedeza virginica
small-white-ladys-slipper Plants and Lichens Small White Lady's-slipper Cypripedium candidum
small-whorled-pogonia Plants and Lichens Small Whorled Pogonia Isotria medeoloides
small-flowered-lipocarpha Plants and Lichens Small-flowered Lipocarpha Lipocarpha micrantha
small-mouthed-salamander Amphibians Small-mouthed Salamander Ambystoma texanum
snapping-turtle Turtles Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina
snuffbox Fish and Mussels Snuffbox Epioblasma triquetra
spiny-softshell Turtles Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera spinifera
spoon-leaved-moss Plants and Lichens Spoon-leaved Moss Bryoandersonia illecebra
spotted-gar Fish and Mussels Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatus
spotted-sucker Fish and Mussels Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops
spotted-turtle Turtles Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata
spotted-wintergreen Plants and Lichens Spotted Wintergreen Chimaphila maculata
spring-blue-eyed-mary Plants and Lichens Spring Blue-eyed Mary Collinsia verna
spring-salamander Amphibians Spring Salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus
swamp-rose-mallow Plants and Lichens Swamp Rose-mallow Hibiscus moscheutos
threehorn-wartyback Fish and Mussels Threehorn wartyback Obliquaria reflexa
timber-rattlesnake Snakes and Lizards Timber Rattlesnake Crotalus horridus
toothcup Plants and Lichens Toothcup Rotala ramosior
tri-colored-bat Mammals Tri-colored Bat Perimyotis subflavus
tuberous-indian-plantain Plants and Lichens Tuberous Indian-plantain Arnoglossum plantagineum
upper-great-lakes-kiyi Fish and Mussels Upper Great Lakes Kiyi Coregonus kiyi kiyi
virginia-goats-rue Plants and Lichens Virginia Goat's-rue Tephrosia virginiana
virginia-mallow Plants and Lichens Virginia Mallow Sida hermaphrodita
warmouth Fish and Mussels Warmouth Lepomis gulosus
wavy-rayed-lampmussel Fish and Mussels Wavy-rayed Lampmussel Lampsilis fasciola
west-virginia-white Insects West Virginia White Pieris virginiensis
western-silvery-aster Plants and Lichens Western Silvery Aster Symphyotrichum sericeum
white-prairie-gentian Plants and Lichens White Prairie Gentian Gentiana alba
white-wood-aster Plants and Lichens White Wood Aster Eurybia divaricata
wild-hyacinth Plants and Lichens Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides
willowleaf-aster Plants and Lichens Willowleaf Aster Symphyotrichum praealtum
wolverine Mammals Wolverine Gulo gulo
wood-thrush Birds Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
wood-turtle Turtles Wood Turtle Glyptemys insculpta
wood-poppy Plants and Lichens Wood-poppy Stylophorum diphyllum
woodland-vole Mammals Woodland Vole Microtus pinetorum
yellow-banded-bumble-bee Insects Yellow-banded Bumble Bee Bombus terricola
yellow-rail Birds Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis
yellow-breasted-chat Birds Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
Updated: June 7, 2017