Species at risk in Ontario

This searchable table provides links to information on each species at risk in Ontario. The Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List is the official list of endangered, threatened, special concern and extirpated animals and plants in Ontario. It is provided in Ontario Regulation 230/08.

Image Species Grouping Common Name Scientific Name Status
jefferson-salamander Amphibians Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum
unisexual-ambystoma-jefferson-salamander-dependent-population Amphibians Unisexual Ambystoma (Jefferson Salamander dependent population) Ambystoma laterale - (2) jeffersonianum
unisexual-ambystoma-small-mouthed-salamander-dependent-population Amphibians Unisexual Ambystoma (Small-mouthed Salamander dependent population) Ambystoma laterale - texanum
small-mouthed-salamander Amphibians Small-mouthed Salamander Ambystoma texanum
fowlers-toad Amphibians Fowler's Toad Anaxyrus fowleri
northern-dusky-salamander Amphibians Northern Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus
allegheny-mountain-dusky-salamander Amphibians Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander Desmognathus ochrophaeus
henslows-sparrow Birds Henslow's Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii
golden-eagle Birds Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
red-knot-rufa-subspecies Birds Red Knot rufa subspecies Calidris canutus rufa
piping-plover Birds Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
northern-bobwhite Birds Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
kirtlands-warbler Birds Kirtland's Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii
acadian-flycatcher Birds Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
yellow-breasted-chat Birds Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
loggerhead-shrike Birds Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus
prothonotary-warbler Birds Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
king-rail Birds King Rail Rallus elegans
barn-owl Birds Barn Owl Tyto alba
eastern-sand-darter Fish and Mussels Eastern Sand Darter Ammocrypta pellucida
american-eel Fish and Mussels American Eel Anguilla rostrata
redside-dace Fish and Mussels Redside Dace Clinostomus elongatus
shortnose-cisco Fish and Mussels Shortnose Cisco Coregonus reighardi
northern-riffleshell Fish and Mussels Northern Riffleshell Epioblasma torulosa rangiana
snuffbox Fish and Mussels Snuffbox Epioblasma triquetra
spotted-gar Fish and Mussels Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatus
warmouth Fish and Mussels Warmouth Lepomis gulosus
eastern-pondmussel Fish and Mussels Eastern Pondmussel Ligumia nasuta
northern-madtom Fish and Mussels Northern Madtom Noturus stigmosus
hickorynut Fish and Mussels Hickorynut Obovaria olivaria
round-hickorynut Fish and Mussels Round Hickorynut Obovaria subrotunda
river-darter Fish and Mussels River Darter (Great Lakes - upper St. Lawrence populations) Percina schumardi
round-pigtoe Fish and Mussels Round Pigtoe Pleurobema sintoxia
kidneyshell Fish and Mussels Kidneyshell Ptychobranchus fasciolaris
salamander-mussel Fish and Mussels Salamander Mussel Simpsonaias ambigua
fawnsfoot Fish and Mussels Fawnsfoot Truncilla donaciformis
rayed-bean Fish and Mussels Rayed Bean Villosa fabalis
rusty-patched-bumble-bee Insects Rusty-patched Bumble Bee Bombus affinis
gypsy-cuckoo-bumble-bee Insects Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee Bombus bohemicus
hungerfords-crawling-water-beetle Insects Hungerford's Crawling Water Beetle Brychius hungerfordi
northern-barrens-tiger-beetle Insects Northern Barrens Tiger Beetle Cicindela patruela
nine-spotted-lady-beetle Insects Nine-spotted Lady Beetle Coccinella novemnotata
mottled-duskywing Insects Mottled duskywing Erynnis martialis
rapids-clubtail Insects Rapids Clubtail Gomphus quadricolor
bogbean-buckmoth Insects Bogbean Buckmoth Hemileuca sp.
pygmy-snaketail Insects Pygmy Snaketail Ophiogomphus howei
aweme-borer-moth Insects Aweme Borer Moth Papaipema aweme
hoptree-borer Insects Hoptree Borer Prays atomocella
hines-emerald Insects Hine's Emerald Somatochlora hineana
riverine-clubtail Insects Riverine clubtail Stylurus amnicola
lauras-clubtail Insects Laura's Clubtail Stylurus laurae
eastern-small-footed-bat Mammals Eastern Small-footed Myotis Myotis leibii
little-brown-bat Mammals Little Brown Myotis Myotis lucifugus
northern-long-eared-bat Mammals Northern Myotis Myotis septentrionalis
tri-colored-bat Mammals Tri-colored Bat Perimyotis subflavus
mountain-lion-cougar Mammals Mountain Lion (Cougar) Puma concolor
american-badger Mammals American Badger (Northwestern Ontario population) Taxidea taxus
american-badger Mammals American Badger (Southwestern Ontario population) Taxidea taxus
gattingers-agalinis Plants and Lichens Gattinger's Agalinis Agalinis gattingeri
skinners-agalinis Plants and Lichens Skinner's Agalinis Agalinis skinneriana
colicroot Plants and Lichens Colicroot Aletris farinosa
scarlet-ammannia Plants and Lichens Scarlet Ammannia Ammannia robusta
forked-three-awned-grass Plants and Lichens Forked Three-awned Grass Aristida basiramea
four-leaved-milkweed Plants and Lichens Four-leaved Milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia
cherry-birch-species-risk Plants and Lichens Cherry Birch Betula lenta
spoon-leaved-moss Plants and Lichens Spoon-leaved Moss Bryoandersonia illecebra
bluehearts Plants and Lichens Bluehearts Buchnera americana
juniper-sedge Plants and Lichens Juniper Sedge Carex juniperorum
false-hop-sedge Plants and Lichens False Hop Sedge Carex lupuliformis
american-chestnut Plants and Lichens American Chestnut Castanea dentata
spotted-wintergreen Plants and Lichens Spotted Wintergreen Chimaphila maculata
eastern-flowering-dogwood Plants and Lichens Eastern Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida
small-white-ladys-slipper Plants and Lichens Small White Lady's-slipper Cypripedium candidum
horsetail-spike-rush Plants and Lichens Horsetail Spike-rush Eleocharis equisetoides
bent-spike-rush Plants and Lichens Bent Spike-rush Eleocharis geniculata
american-columbo Plants and Lichens American Columbo Frasera caroliniensis
white-prairie-gentian Plants and Lichens White Prairie Gentian Gentiana alba
engelmanns-quillwort Plants and Lichens Engelmann's quillwort Isoetes engelmannii
small-whorled-pogonia Plants and Lichens Small Whorled Pogonia Isotria medeoloides
large-whorled-pogonia Plants and Lichens Large Whorled Pogonia Isotria verticillata
butternut-species-risk Plants and Lichens Butternut Juglans cinerea
slender-bush-clover Plants and Lichens Slender Bush-clover Lespedeza virginica
cucumber-tree Plants and Lichens Cucumber Tree Magnolia acuminata
red-mulberry-species-risk Plants and Lichens Red Mulberry Morus rubra
eastern-prickly-pear-cactus Plants and Lichens Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia humifusa
american-ginseng Plants and Lichens American Ginseng Panax quinquefolius
pale-bellied-frost-lichen Plants and Lichens Pale-bellied Frost Lichen Physconia subpallida
heart-leaved-plantain Plants and Lichens Heart-leaved Plantain Plantago cordata
eastern-prairie-fringed-orchid Plants and Lichens Eastern prairie fringed-orchid Platanthera leucophaea
pink-milkwort Plants and Lichens Pink Milkwort Polygala incarnata
ogdens-pondweed Plants and Lichens Ogden's Pondweed Potamogeton ogdenii
hoary-mountain-mint Plants and Lichens Hoary Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum incanum
toothcup Plants and Lichens Lowland Toothcup Rotala ramosior
virginia-mallow Plants and Lichens Virginia Mallow Sida hermaphrodita
showy-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Showy Goldenrod (Great Lakes Plains population) Solidago speciosa
wood-poppy Plants and Lichens Wood-poppy Stylophorum diphyllum
western-silvery-aster Plants and Lichens Western Silvery Aster Symphyotrichum sericeum
virginia-goats-rue Plants and Lichens Virginia Goat's-rue Tephrosia virginiana
few-flowered-club-rush Plants and Lichens Few-flowered club rush Trichophorum planifolium
drooping-trillium Plants and Lichens Drooping Trillium Trillium flexipes
nodding-pogonia Plants and Lichens Nodding Pogonia Triphora trianthophoros
birds-foot-violet Plants and Lichens Bird's-foot Violet Viola pedata
blunt-lobed-woodsia Plants and Lichens Blunt-lobed Woodsia Woodsia obtusa
blue-racer Snakes and Lizards Blue Racer Coluber constrictor foxii
eastern-foxsnake Snakes and Lizards Eastern Foxsnake (Carolinian population) Pantherophis gloydi
common-five-lined-skink Snakes and Lizards Common Five-lined Skink (Carolinian population) Plestiodon fasciatus
queensnake Snakes and Lizards Queensnake Regina septemvittata
massasauga-rattlesnake Snakes and Lizards Massasauga (Carolinian population) Sistrurus catenatus
butlers-gartersnake Snakes and Lizards Butler's Gartersnake Thamnophis butleri
broad-banded-forestsnail Snails Broad-banded Forestsnail Allogona profunda
proud-globelet Snails Proud Globelet Patera pennsylvanica
spiny-softshell Turtles Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera
spotted-turtle Turtles Spotted Turtle Clemmys guttata
wood-turtle Turtles Wood Turtle Glyptemys insculpta
gray-ratsnake Reptiles Gray Ratsnake (Carolinian population) Pantherophis spiloides
blanchards-cricket-frog Amphibians Blanchard's Cricket Frog (Northern Cricket Frog) Acris blancharidi
eastern-tiger-salamander Amphibians Eastern Tiger Salamander Ambystoma tigrinum
spring-salamander Amphibians Spring Salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus
eskimo-curlew Birds Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis
greater-prairie-chicken Birds Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido
gravel-chub Fish and Mussels Gravel Chub Erimystax x-punctatus
paddlefish Fish and Mussels Paddlefish Polyodon spathula
frosted-elfin Insects Frosted Elfin Callophrys irus
eastern-persius-duskywing Insects Eastern Persius Duskywing Erynnis persius persius
karner-blue Insects Karner Blue Lycaeides Melissa Samuelis
american-burying-beetle Insects American Burying Beetle Nicrophorus americanus
spring-blue-eyed-mary Plants and Lichens Spring Blue-eyed Mary Collinsia verna
illinois-tick-trefoil Plants and Lichens Illinois Tick-trefoil Desmodium illinoense
incurved-grizzled-moss Plants and Lichens Incurved Grizzled Moss Ptychomitrium incurvum
timber-rattlesnake Reptiles Timber Rattlesnake Crotalus horridus
eastern-box-turtle Turtles Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina
grasshopper-sparrow Birds Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
short-eared-owl Birds Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
black-tern Birds Black Tern Chlidonias niger
common-nighthawk Birds Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
olive-sided-flycatcher Birds Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
eastern-wood-pewee Birds Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
yellow-rail Birds Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis
peregrine-falcon Birds Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus
bald-eagle Birds Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
wood-thrush Birds Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
red-headed-woodpecker Birds Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
red-necked-phalarope Birds Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
horned-grebe Birds Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
golden-winged-warbler Birds Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
canada-warbler Birds Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
lake-sturgeon Fish and Mussels Lake Sturgeon (Southern Hudson Bay - James Bay population) Acipenser fulvescens
upper-great-lakes-kiyi Fish and Mussels Upper Great Lakes Kiyi Coregonus kiyi kiyi
grass-pickerel Fish and Mussels Grass Pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus
blackstripe-topminnow Fish and Mussels Blackstripe Topminnow Fundulus notatus
northern-brook-lamprey Fish and Mussels Northern Brook Lamprey Ichthyomyzon fossor
silver-lamprey-0 Fish and Mussels Silver Lamprey (Great Lakes- Upper St. Lawrence River population) Ichthyomyzon unicuspis
northern-sunfish Fish and Mussels Northern Sunfish (Great Lakes - upper St. Lawrence populations) Lepomis peltastes
spotted-sucker Fish and Mussels Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops
river-redhorse Fish and Mussels River Redhorse Moxostoma carinatum
bridle-shiner Fish and Mussels Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus
rainbow-mussel Fish and Mussels Rainbow Villosa iris
yellow-banded-bumble-bee Insects Yellow-banded Bumble Bee Bombus terricola
monarch Insects Monarch Danaus plexippus
west-virginia-white Insects West Virginia White Pieris virginiensis
beluga Mammals Beluga Delphinapterus leucas
woodland-vole Mammals Woodland Vole Microtus pinetorum
eastern-mole Mammals Eastern Mole Scalopus aquaticus
green-dragon Plants and Lichens Green Dragon Arisaema dracontium
tuberous-indian-plantain Plants and Lichens Tuberous Indian-plantain Arnoglossum plantagineum
harts-tongue-fern Plants and Lichens Hart's-tongue Fern Asplenium scolopendrium
swamp-rose-mallow Plants and Lichens Swamp Rose-mallow Hibiscus moscheutos
dwarf-lake-iris Plants and Lichens Dwarf Lake Iris Iris lacustris
broad-beech-fern Plants and Lichens Broad Beech Fern Phegopteris hexagonoptera
hills-pondweed Plants and Lichens Hill's Pondweed Potamogeton hillii
common-hoptree-species-risk Plants and Lichens Common Hoptree Ptelea trifoliata
shumard-oak-species-risk Plants and Lichens Shumard Oak Quercus shumardii
climbing-prairie-rose Plants and Lichens Climbing Prairie Rose Rosa setigera
riddells-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Riddell's Goldenrod Solidago riddellii
crooked-stem-aster Plants and Lichens Crooked-stem Aster Symphyotrichum prenanthoides
lake-erie-watersnake Snakes and Lizards Lake Erie Watersnake Nerodia sipedon insularum
common-five-lined-skink Snakes and Lizards Common Five-lined Skink (Southern Shield population) Plestiodon fasciatus
eastern-ribbonsnake Snakes and Lizards Eastern Ribbonsnake Thamnophis sauritus
snapping-turtle Turtles Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina
northern-map-turtle Turtles Northern Map Turtle Graptemys geographica
eastern-musk-turtle-stinkpot Turtles Eastern Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus
eastern-whip-poor-will Birds Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus
chimney-swift Birds Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
cerulean-warbler Birds Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
bobolink Birds Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
barn-swallow Birds Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
least-bittern Birds Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
louisiana-waterthrush Birds Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla
american-white-pelican Birds American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
bank-swallow Birds Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
eastern-meadowlark Birds Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
lake-sturgeon Fish and Mussels Lake Sturgeon (Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence River population) Acipenser fulvescens
lake-sturgeon Fish and Mussels Lake Sturgeon (Northwestern Ontario population) Acipenser fulvescens
shortjaw-cisco Fish and Mussels Shortjaw Cisco Coregonus zenithicus
lake-chubsucker Fish and Mussels Lake Chubsucker Erimyzon sucetta
cutlip-minnow Fish and Mussels Cutlip Minnow Exoglossum maxillingua
wavy-rayed-lampmussel Fish and Mussels Wavy-rayed Lampmussel Lampsilis fasciola
silver-chub Fish and Mussels Silver Chub Macrhybopsis storeriana
black-redhorse Fish and Mussels Black Redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei
pugnose-shiner Fish and Mussels Pugnose Shiner Notropis anogenus
silver-shiner Fish and Mussels Silver Shiner Notropis photogenis
threehorn-wartyback Fish and Mussels Threehorn Wartyback Obliquaria reflexa
pugnose-minnow Fish and Mussels Pugnose Minnow Opsopoeodus emiliae
channel-darter Fish and Mussels Channel Darter Percina copelandi
mapleleaf-mussel Fish and Mussels Mapleleaf Mussel Quadrula quadrula
lilliput Fish and Mussels Lilliput Toxolasma parvum
lake-huron-grasshopper Insects Lake Huron Grasshopper Trimerotropis huronia
algonquin-wolf Mammals Algonquin Wolf Canis sp.
wolverine Mammals Wolverine Gulo gulo
woodland-caribou Mammals Caribou (Boreal population) Rangifer tarandus
grey-fox Mammals Gray Fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus
polar-bear Mammals Polar Bear Ursus maritimus
branched-bartonia Plants and Lichens Branched Bartonia Bartonia paniculata
wild-hyacinth Plants and Lichens Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides
dwarf-hackberry Plants and Lichens Dwarf Hackberry Celtis tenuifolia
hills-thistle Plants and Lichens Hill's Thistle Cirsium hillii
pitchers-thistle Plants and Lichens Pitcher's Thistle Cirsium pitcheri
false-rue-anemone Plants and Lichens False Rue-anemone Enemion biternatum
white-wood-aster Plants and Lichens White Wood Aster Eurybia divaricata
blue-ash Plants and Lichens Blue Ash Fraxinus quadrangulata
kentucky-coffee-tree-species-risk Plants and Lichens Kentucky Coffee-tree Gymnocladus dioicus
goldenseal Plants and Lichens Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis
american-water-willow Plants and Lichens American Water-willow Justicia americana
dense-blazing-star Plants and Lichens Dense Blazing Star Liatris spicata
purple-twayblade Plants and Lichens Purple Twayblade Liparis liliifolia
small-flowered-lipocarpha Plants and Lichens Small-flowered Lipocarpha Lipocarpha micrantha
round-leaved-greenbrier Plants and Lichens Round-leaved Greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia
houghtons-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Houghton's Goldenrod Solidago houghtonii
showy-goldenrod Plants and Lichens Showy Goldenrod (Boreal population) Solidago speciosa
willowleaf-aster Plants and Lichens Willowleaf Aster Symphyotrichum praealtum
lakeside-daisy Plants and Lichens Lakeside Daisy Tetraneuris herbacea
deerberry Plants and Lichens Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum
blandings-turtle Turtles Blanding's Turtle Emydoidea blandingii
eastern-hog-nosed-snake Snakes and Lizards Eastern Hog-nosed Snake Heterodon platirhinos
eastern-foxsnake Snakes and Lizards Eastern Foxsnake (Georgian Bay population) Pantherophis gloydi
gray-ratsnake Snakes and Lizards Gray Ratsnake (Frontenac Axis population) Pantherophis spiloides
massasauga-rattlesnake Snakes and Lizards Massasauga (Great Lakes - St. Lawrence population) Sistrurus catenatus
Updated: January 30, 2018